Wimbledon (UK Parliament constituency)

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Wimbledon
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Wimbledon in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 65,936 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Wimbledon, Raynes Park, Morden, Motspur Park
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of parliament Stephen Hammond (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Mid Surrey (northern half of)
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Wimbledon is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. Since 2005, the seat has been represented by Stephen Hammond, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 from the northeastern part of the former Mid Surrey constituency that elected two MPs. The constituency covered a much larger area than it does today and was reduced in 1918 to create the Mitcham constituency and in 1950 to create Merton and Morden[n 3].

Political history[edit]

Since 1885 the seat has elected Conservative MPs, except for 1945-1950 and 1997-2005, when the Labour candidate won the seat during the party's national landslide years. While the 2005 Conservative majority was marginal, the 2010 majority was 24.1% of the vote, returning the constituency to a Conservative safe seat.[n 4]

In elections to the London Borough of Merton, the seat returns most of the council's Conservative councillors, the hillside and hilltop wards have since 1921 been unpromising territory for any party other than the Conservatives. However, since 1990, the ward of Merton Park has only ever returned councillors for Merton Park Ward Residents Association.[2] Since 1994, the three-member ward of West Barnes, which contains Merton's half of the town of Motspur Park, has also had a tradition of voting Liberal Democrat:[3] its three Liberal Democrat councillors were deseated by the Conservatives in 2002 and, after having regained two of these in 2010 and lost one in 2014, the party now holds one seat in the ward.[4][5] The wards of Abbey and Cannon Hill return Labour councillors.[6]

In 2010, the second-placed candidate was a Liberal Democrat, at 25%, this was the highest vote for the Liberal Party/Liberal Democrats in the constituency since 1987. The national collapse in the Liberal Democrat vote at the 2015 election meant that Labour returned to second place in 2015, an order which was repeated in 2017.

In the 2016 referendum on the UK's membership of the European Union, the London Borough of Merton, of which the constituency is a part, voted to remain by 62.9%.[7]

Prominent frontbenchers[edit]

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918: The Sessional Division of Croydon except so much as is within a district of the Metropolis, the parishes of Caterham, Chelsham, Farley, Warlingham, Merton, and Wimbledon, so much of the Parliamentary Borough of Deptford as is in Surrey, and the area of the Parliamentary Boroughs of Battersea and Clapham, Camberwell, Lambeth, Newington, Southwark, and Wandsworth.

1918-1950: The Borough of Wimbledon, and the Urban District of Merton and Morden.

1950-1955: The Boroughs of Wimbledon, and Malden and Coombe.

1955-1974: The Borough of Wimbledon.

1974-1983: The Borough of Merton wards of Cannon Hill, Priory, West Barnes, Wimbledon East, Wimbledon North, Wimbledon South, and Wimbledon West.

1983-2010: The Borough of Merton wards of Abbey, Cannon Hill, Dundonald, Durnsford, Hillside, Merton Park, Raynes Park, Trinity, Village, and West Barnes.

2010-present: As above less Durnsford and with Wimbledon Park added.

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat has a commuter-sustained suburban economy with an imposing shopping centre, overwhelmingly privately-built and owned or rented homes and a range of open green spaces, ranging in value from elevated Wimbledon Village sandwiched between Wimbledon Common and Wimbledon Park[n 5] where a large tranche of homes exceed £1,000,000 to Merton Abbey ruins and South Wimbledon, with more social housing in its wards.

Wimbledon station is a southern terminus of the District line as well as a station on the South West main line. It is also the western terminus of the Croydon Tramlink. South Wimbledon is a station on the Northern line branch to Morden.

Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.5% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[8]

In many respects, the seat is similar in socio-economic outlook to the nearby constituencies of Richmond Park, Kingston and Surbiton and Twickenham.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[9] Party
1885 Cosmo Bonsor Conservative
1900 Eric Hambro Conservative
1907 by-election Henry Chaplin Conservative
1916 by-election Sir Stuart Coats Conservative
1918 Sir Joseph Hood Conservative
1924 Sir John Power Conservative
1945 Arthur Palmer Labour
1950 Sir Cyril Black Conservative
1970 Sir Michael Havers Conservative
1987 Dr. Charles Goodson-Wickes Conservative
1997 Roger Casale Labour
2005 Stephen Hammond Conservative

Election results[edit]

Results of House of Commons seat Wimbledon since 1950 - it having lost substantial territory immediately beforehand due to local population and housing expansion.

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Wimbledon[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen Hammond 23,946 46.5 −5.6
Labour Imran Uddin[n 6][12] 18,324 35.6 +9.6
Liberal Democrat Carl Quilliam 7,472 14.5 +1.8
Green Charles Barraball 1,231 2.4 −1.7
UKIP Strachan McDonald 553 1.1 −4.0
Majority 5,622 10.9 −15.2
Turnout 51,526 77.2 +3.7
Conservative hold Swing -7.6
General Election 2015: Wimbledon[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen Hammond 25,225 52.1 +3.0
Labour Andrew Judge 12,606 26.0 +3.8
Liberal Democrat Shas Sheehan 6,129 12.7 −12.3
UKIP Peter Bucklitsch 2,476 5.1 +3.2
Green Charles Barraball 1,986 4.1 +2.9
Majority 12,619 26.1 +2.0
Turnout 48,422 73.5 +0.5
Conservative hold Swing −0.4
General Election 2010: Wimbledon[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen Hammond 23,257 49.1 +7.7
Liberal Democrat Shas Sheehan 11,849 25.0 +6.8
Labour Andrew Judge 10,550 22.3 −13.4
UKIP Mark McAleer 914 1.9 +1.0
Green Rajeev Thacker 590 1.2 −1.9
Christian David Martin 235 0.5 N/A
Majority 11,408 24.1 +18.8
Turnout 47,395 73.0 +5.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Wimbledon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen Hammond 17,886 41.2 +4.6
Labour Roger Casale 15,585 35.9 −9.8
Liberal Democrat Stephen M. Gee 7,868 18.1 +5.1
Green Giles T.Barrow 1,374 3.2 +0.8
UKIP Andrew T. Mills 408 0.9 −0.1
Independent Christopher J. Coverdale 211 0.5 N/A
Tiger's Eye - the Party for Kids Alastair P. Wilson 50 0.1 N/A
Rainbow Dream Ticket George Weiss 22 0.1 N/A
Majority 2,301 5.3 -3.8
Turnout 43,404 68.1 +3.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 7.2
General Election 2001: Wimbledon[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Roger Casale 18,806 45.7 +2.9
Conservative Stephen Hammond 15,062 36.6 0.0
Liberal Democrat Martin D. Pierce 5,341 13.0 −3.6
Green Rajeev K. Thacker 1,007 2.4 +1.4
Christian Peoples Roger E. Glencross 479 1.2 N/A
UKIP Mariana Bell 414 1.0 N/A
Majority 3,744 9.1 +2.9
Turnout 41,109 64.3 −11.1
Labour hold Swing +1.5

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Wimbledon[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Roger Casale 20,674 42.8 +19.5
Conservative Charles Goodson-Wickes 17,684 36.6 −16.4
Liberal Democrat Alison L. Willott 8,014 16.6 −4.7
Referendum Abid Hameed 993 2.1 +2.1
Green Rajeev K. Thacker 474 1.0 −0.7
ProLife Alliance Sophie A.H. Davies 346 0.7 +0.7
Mongolian Barbeque Great Place to Party Matthew G. Kirby 112 0.2 +0.2
Rainbow Dream Ticket Graham L. Stacey 47 0.1 +0.1
Majority 2,990 6.2 N/A
Turnout 48,344 75.4 −2.7
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +17.9
General Election 1992: Wimbledon[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Goodson-Wickes 26,331 53.0
Labour Kingsley J. Abrams 11,570 23.3
Liberal Democrat Alison L. Willott 10,569 21.3
Green Vaughan H. Flood 860 1.7
Natural Law Hugh R.A. Godfrey 181 0.4
Independent Graham W. Hadley 170 0.3
Majority 14,761 29.7
Turnout 61,917 80.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Wimbledon[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Goodson-Wickes 24,538 50.9
Liberal Adrian Slade 13,237 27.46
Labour Christine Bickerstaff 10,428 21.63
Majority 11,301 23.44
Turnout 76.09
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Wimbledon[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Havers 24,169 52.06
Liberal David J. Twigg 12,623 27.19
Labour R.B. Tansey 8,806 18.97
Ecology Antony Jones 717 1.54
Party of Associates with Licensees E.J. Weakner 114 0.25
Majority 11,546 24.87
Turnout 72.40
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Wimbledon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Havers 27,567 55.10
Labour R.B. Tansey 14,252 28.48
Liberal David J. Twigg 7,604 15.20
National Front A. Bailey 612 1.22
Majority 13,315 26.61
Turnout 76.42
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Wimbledon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Havers 23,615 48.53
Labour K. Bill 14,909 30.64
Liberal K. Searby 10,133 20.83
Majority 8,706 17.89
Turnout 68.80
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Wimbledon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Havers 26,542 48.62
Labour K. Bill 14,329 26.25
Liberal K. Searby 13,478 24.69
Independent Bill Boaks 240 0.44
Majority 12,213 22.37
Turnout 77.75
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Wimbledon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Havers 15,285 53.47
Labour Ralph C. Holmes 8,554 29.92
Liberal John Reginald MacDonald 4,749 16.61
Majority 6,731 23.54
Turnout 66.83
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Wimbledon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cyril Black 15,191 50.33
Labour Tom Braddock 9,517 31.53
Liberal John Reginald MacDonald 5,475 18.14
Majority 5,674 18.80
Turnout 74.99
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Wimbledon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cyril Black 15,952 52.03
Labour John R. Daly 8.891 29.00
Liberal George Scott 5,817 18.97
Majority 7,061 23.02
Turnout 74.88
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Wimbledon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cyril Black 21,538 66.86
Labour Lawrence M. Kershaw 10,678 33.15
Majority 10,860 33.71
Turnout 78.43
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Wimbledon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cyril Black 22,112 65.55
Labour Greville Janner 11,622 34.45
Majority 10,490 31.10
Turnout 78.27
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Wimbledon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cyril Black 42,218 66.53
Labour Charles H. Ford 21,242 33.47
Majority 20,976 33.05
Turnout 82.34
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Wimbledon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cyril Black 40,339 61.33
Labour George Leonard Deacon 20,296 30.86
Liberal Ian Forester Gibson 5,136 7.81
Majority 20,043 30.47
Turnout 85.72
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Substantial loss of territory to create Mitcham and Morden

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Wimbledon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Palmer 30,188 44.41
Conservative Geoffrey Paul Hardy-Roberts[22] 28,820 42.39
Liberal A.D. Kay 6,501 9.56
Common Wealth K. Horne 2,472 3.64
Majority 1,368 2.01
Turnout 78.07
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Wimbledon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Power 36,816 67.84
Labour Tom Braddock 17,452 32.16
Majority 19,364 35.68
Turnout 67.60
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Wimbledon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Power 39,643 80.38
Labour Tom Braddock 9,674 19.62
Majority 29,969 60.77
Turnout 70.95
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Wimbledon [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Power 21,902 53.4 −20.8
Labour Tom Braddock 9,924 24.2 −1.6
Liberal Arthur Peters 9,202 22.4 N/A
Majority 11,978 29.2 −19.2
Turnout 41,028 68.8 −3.4
Registered electors 59,654
Unionist hold Swing −9.6
General Election 1924: Wimbledon [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Power 21,209 74.2 +4.4
Labour Mark Starr 7,386 25.8 −4.4
Majority 13,823 48.4 +8.8
Turnout 28,595 72.2 +14.9
Registered electors 39,604
Unionist hold Swing +4.4
General Election 1923: Wimbledon [25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Joseph Hood 15,495 69.8 −1.9
Labour Mark Starr 6,717 30.2 N/A
Majority 8,778 39.6 −3.8
Turnout 22,212 57.3 −4.7
Registered electors 38,793
Unionist hold Swing −1.9
General Election 1922: Wimbledon [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Joseph Hood 16,751 71.7 −9.9
Liberal Robert Oswald Moon 6,627 28.3 N/A
Majority 10,124 43.4 −19.8
Turnout 23,378 62.0 +15.9
Registered electors 37,677
Unionist hold Swing −9.9

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Wimbledon [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Joseph Hood 13,652 81.6 N/A
Independent G.M. Edwardes Jones 3,079 18.4 N/A
Majority 10,573 63.2 N/A
Turnout 16,731 46.1 N/A
Registered electors 36,258
Unionist hold Swing N/A
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.
By-election, 1916: Wimbledon [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stuart Coats 8,970 55.6 N/A
Independent Kennedy Jones 7,159 44.4 N/A
Majority 1,811 11.2 N/A
Turnout 16,129 46.5 N/A
Registered electors 34,719
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election December 1910: Wimbledon [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Chaplin Unopposed
Conservative hold
General Election January 1910: Wimbledon[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Chaplin 14,445 61.8 +5.6
Liberal A. L. Holland 8,930 38.2 −5.6
Majority 5,515 23.6 +11.2
Turnout 23,375 84.1 +6.8
Registered electors 27,810
Conservative hold Swing +5.6

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Later these merged to form Mitcham and Morden
  4. ^ The other measure is the historic measure which was met also in this instance until 1997.
  5. ^ This is where the All-England lawn tennis club and the croquet club where The Championships are held in June each year.
  6. ^ The day before the vote Cllr Uddin (Labour) and his solicitors' business co-owner had their practising certificates suspended by their professional regulator, who seized the business' files and took control of its accounts. Crescent Law, the firm, specialises in personal injury. An investigation was opened into possible misconduct or unethical practices; it was set to report within weeks. Cllr Uddin remained on the ballot paper and his local Party took no action given the early stage of the intervention.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Merton Park Ward Residents Association". www.mertonpark.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-19. 
  3. ^ "London Borough of Merton Local Elections Statistics 1994" (PDF). Retrieved 19 April 2017, 12.35 UTC.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. ^ "Merton London Borough Council Election Results, 2002" (PDF). Retrieved 19 April 2017, 12.35 UTC.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  5. ^ Services, CS - Electoral. "Council election results 2010". www.merton.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-19. 
  6. ^ Services, CS-Democracy (2014-05-22). "Councillors". Retrieved 2017-04-19. 
  7. ^ "EU Referendum Results". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-04-19. 
  8. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  9. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)
  10. ^ "Merton Council Statement of Persons Nominated General Election 2017" (PDF). Merton Council. Retrieved 13 April 2017. 
  11. ^ "Wimbledon parliamentary constituency". BBC News. 
  12. ^ "Labour candidate in Wimbledon faces ‘dishonesty’ investigation". Evening Standard. 7 June 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  13. ^ Election Data 2015, Electoral Calculus, 17 October 2015
  14. ^ http://democracy.merton.gov.uk/mgElectionAreaResults.aspx?ID=47
  15. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  22. ^ "Hardy-Roberts, Brig. Sir Geoffrey (Paul)". Liddell Hart Military Archives. King's College London. 
  23. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  24. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  25. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  26. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  27. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  28. ^ a b c Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984. 
Further reading
  • Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955. 

Coordinates: 51°25′01″N 0°13′05″W / 51.417°N 0.218°W / 51.417; -0.218