Hook railway station
Hook railway station serves the town of Hook and surrounding villages in Hampshire, southern England. There are two platforms serving the outer pair of tracks while the centre pair of tracks have no platforms and are used by through-services, it is 42 miles 13 chains down the main line from London Waterloo and is situated between Winchfield and Basingstoke. Trains run every 30 minutes in each direction between Waterloo and Basingstoke, it is located within a five-minute walk of Hook. The railway that runs through Hook was built in 1839, but Hook only got its railway station in 1883 after a lengthy campaign by local landowners, it was built by South Western Railway in their typical style. It was built with two platforms and two tracks, but was expanded to four platforms and tracks in 1901-2 as Hook grew in size; the middle island platform was removed around the 1960s but its tracks still survive. In 1940, a bomb landed on the tracks a little way from the station. Worried it could damage the tracks, six soldiers were called to dispose of the bomb.
The bomb went off killing the six soldiers and injuring their sergeant. A group of local people have arranged to have a memorial plaque to them displayed in the station
Winchfield is a small village in the Hart District of Hampshire in the South-East of England. It is situated 1 mile south-west of Hartley Wintney, 8 miles east of Basingstoke, 2 miles north-east of Odiham and 38 miles west of London, it is connected to London Basingstoke by the South Western Main Line. Winchfield consists of a rebuilt village hall, a church, a 17th-century inn called the Winchfield Inn and a combination of old residential properties and new ones. Winchfield parish has a population of 581 people, projected to rise to just over 600 in 2008; the population is scattered across this wide parish, which includes Potbridge, settlement around Winchfield church, Winchfield Hurst and Shapley Heath. There was a Stone Age settlement at Bagwell Green, a few hundred yards past the church in the direction of Odiham Common. Winchfield has a few examples of 16th- and 17th-century buildings near the church. Winchfield's manor was mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1088. In 1838, a station was constructed, known as Shapley Heath and was renamed Winchfield Station in 1840, although the exact date for this is unknown.
Between 1838 and 1839, Shapley Heath station served as the terminus point for all rail services from London. From here, all mail was distributed to the rest of the South of England by mail coach; this continued for about a year, when the railway was extended to Basingstoke late in 1839.. Notably, there was a large workhouse located in Pale Lane which became a hospital and has since been the subject of redevelopment into a housing development; the parish council was formed in 1894, since the village has continued to expand, with newer properties constructed at Winchfield Hurst and near the Station. St Mary the Virgin was built during the 12th century; the church has been hardly altered since its original construction in the 12th century, with the exception of the sixteenth-century south porch and a modern north aisle and top stage of the tower. The Old School was built in 1860–61 by William Burges; the building is of brick, in the gothic style, with a patterned tiled roof. Its most striking feature is the pair of "full height windows with open timberwork gables marking the former schoolroom."
Following alteration, the school is now a private residence. Winchfield holds a biennial festival, centred on Winchfield's 12th-century church; the festival developed from a single musical event initiated sixteen years ago to raise funds to renovate the church organ. Since the festival has expanded with the help of the local community to include both fun and educational events; the Winchfield Festival is a properly constituted charity, with educational as well as entertainment goals. During the 2006 festival, the festival had jazz performances, a male voice choir, easy classics and the Gould Piano Trio, as well as some classical soloists such as Tasmin Little, John Lenehan and Llŷr Williams. On 27 November 2014, Hart District Council voted to test Winchfield as a suitable location for a new settlement of up to 5,000 homes. Bullen, Michael; the Buildings Of England: Hampshire:Winchester and the North. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-12084-4. Winchfield - Hart District Council Website Winchfield Parish's Official Website St Mary's Winchfield Website Winchfield Action Group
Hampshire is a county on the southern coast of England. The county town is the city of Winchester, its two largest cities and Portsmouth, are administered separately as unitary authorities. First settled about 14,000 years ago, Hampshire's history dates to Roman Britain, when its chief town was Winchester; when the Romans left Britain, the area was infiltrated by tribes from Scandinavia and mainland Europe, principally in the river valleys. The county was recorded in the 11th century Domesday Book, divided into 44 hundreds. From the 12th century, the ports grew in importance, fuelled by trade with the continent and cloth manufacture in the county, the fishing industry, a shipbuilding industry was established. By the 16th century, the population of Southampton had outstripped that of Winchester. By the mid-19th century, with the county's population at 219,210 in more than 86,000 dwellings, agriculture was the principal industry and 10 per cent of the county was still forest. Hampshire played a crucial military role in both World Wars.
The Isle of Wight left the county to form its own in 1974. The county's geography is varied, with upland to 286 metres and south-flowing rivers. There are areas of downland and marsh, two national parks: the New Forest, part of the South Downs, which together cover 45 per cent of Hampshire. Hampshire is one of the most affluent counties in the country, with an unemployment rate lower than the national average, its economy derived from major companies, maritime and tourism. Tourist attractions include the national parks and the Southampton Boat Show; the county is known as the home of writers Jane Austen and Charles Dickens, the childhood home of Florence Nightingale and the birthplace of engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel. Hampshire takes its name from the settlement, now the city of Southampton. Southampton was known in Old English as Hamtun meaning "village-town", so its surrounding area or scīr became known as Hamtunscīr; the old name was recorded in the Domesday book as Hantescire, from this spelling, the modern abbreviation "Hants" derives.
From 1889 until 1959, the administrative county was named the County of Southampton and has been known as Southamptonshire. Hampshire was the departure point of some of those who left England to settle on the east coast of North America during the 17th century, giving its name in particular to the state of New Hampshire; the towns of Portsmouth, New Hampshire and Portsmouth, Virginia take their names from Portsmouth in Hampshire. The region is believed to have been continuously occupied since the end of the last Ice Age about 12,000 BCE. At this time, Britain was still attached to the European continent and was predominantly covered with deciduous woodland; the first inhabitants were Mesolithic hunter-gatherers. The majority of the population would have been concentrated around the river valleys. Over several thousand years, the climate became progressively warmer, sea levels rose. Notable sites from this period include Bouldnor Cliff. Agriculture had arrived in southern Britain by 4000 BCE, with it a neolithic culture.
Some deforestation took place at that time, although during the Bronze Age, beginning in 2200 BCE, this became more widespread and systematic. Hampshire has few monuments to show from these early periods, although nearby Stonehenge was built in several phases at some time between 3100 and 2200 BCE. In the late Bronze Age, fortified hilltop settlements known as hillforts began to appear in large numbers in many parts of Britain including Hampshire, these became more and more important in the early and middle Iron Age. By this period, the people of Britain predominantly spoke a Celtic language, their culture shared much in common with the Celts described by classical writers. Hillforts declined in importance in the second half of the second century BCE, with many being abandoned. Around this period, the first recorded invasion of Britain took place, as southern Britain was conquered by warrior-elites from Belgic tribes of northeastern Gaul - whether these two events are linked to the decline of hillforts is unknown.
By the Roman conquest, the oppidum at Venta Belgarum, modern-day Winchester, was the de facto regional administrative centre. Julius Caesar invaded southeastern England in 55 and again in 54 BCE, but he never reached Hampshire. Notable sites from this period include Hengistbury Head, a major port; the Romans invaded Britain again in 43 CE, Hampshire was incorporated into the Roman province of Britannia quickly. It is believed their political leaders allowed themselves to be incorporated peacefully. Venta became the capital of the administrative polity of the Belgae, which included most of Hampshire and Wiltshire and reached as far as Bath. Whether the people of Hampshire played any role in Boudicca's rebellion of 60-61 CE is not recorded, but evidence of burning is seen in Winchester dated to around this period. For most of the next three centuries, southern Britain enjoyed relative peace; the part of th
Farnborough (Main) railway station
Farnborough railway station is on the South Western Main Line and serves the town of Farnborough in Hampshire, England. The station, all trains serving it, are operated by South Western Railway, it is one of two stations in the town, the other, named Farnborough North, is situated on the North Downs Line. The station is known as Farnborough in order to distinguish it from Farnborough North, including by National Rail and South Western Railway, although it is signposted as Farnborough, it is 33 miles 17 chains from London Waterloo and is situated between Fleet. Farnborough railway station was opened in 1838 by the London and South Western Railway, on the line from London to Winchfield; the next year, the line was extended to Basingstoke the next year it was connected to Southampton. Throughout its life, Farnborough was a through station. In 1849, South Eastern Railway built the North Downs Line, opened a station known as Farnborough, but it was not renamed as its existing name Farnborough North until 1923.
The main line railway station was known as Farnborough and this has become its official name. It is referred to as simply'Farnborough' on platform and road signs, but National Rail and South Western Railway use the suffix, it was sometimes advertised as'Farnborough for Aldershot' at an early stage. As with Hook and Winchfield, there is a wide gap between the tracks. An island platform stood between them; when the railway was quadrupled, the existing up track became the down fast. The former up platform, an island which had a loop line running behind it was demolished with the loop line becoming the up fast; the new up slow line and a new platform for up services were built at this time. One source suggests that it may have been used by Queen Victoria to get to Windsor Castle, though the main station she used for Windsor was Slough until Windsor got its own station. In 2011, the forecourt underwent refurbishment to add two lifts to the platforms plus a new transport interchange complete with taxi rank, three new bus stops and a large bicycle shelter.
In 2012, the station booking hall underwent an extensive refurbishment and the booking hall was modernised and enlarged as a result. Furthermore, a double level car park was built in the station during 2014, which has increased car parking capacity at the station. On 26 November 1947, a passenger train was in a rear-end collision with another due to a signalman's error. Two people were killed. On 5 April 2016, the "country" side waiting room was targeted by arsonists, causing damage to the interior and attempting to set fire to the ticket office. 4tph to London Waterloo, of which: 1tph calls at Clapham Junction Only 1tph calls at Woking Only 2tph call at Brookwood, Weybridge, Walton on Thames and Surbiton, of which: 1tph call at Clapham Junction, 4tph towards Basingstoke, of which: 2tph stopping local services to Basingstoke 1tph stopping regional service to Poole 1tph via Eastleigh to Portsmouth Harbour On site, there are three coffee shops, a waiting room on each platform, a ticket office, Self Service Ticket Machines, smartcard travel facilities, cycle parking facilities.
Train times and station information for Farnborough railway station from National Rail
National Rail in the United Kingdom is the trading name licensed for use by the Rail Delivery Group, an unincorporated association whose membership consists of the passenger train operating companies of England and Wales. The TOCs run the passenger services provided by the British Railways Board, from 1965 using the brand name British Rail. Northern Ireland, bordered by the Republic of Ireland, has a different system. National Rail services share a ticketing structure and inter-availability that do not extend to services which were not part of British Rail; the name and the accompanying double arrow symbol are trademarks of the Secretary of State for Transport. National Rail should not be confused with Network Rail. National Rail is a brand used to promote passenger railway services, providing some harmonisation for passengers in ticketing, while Network Rail is the organisation which owns and manages most of the fixed assets of the railway network, including tracks and signals; the two coincide where passenger services are run.
Most major Network Rail lines carry freight traffic and some lines are freight only. There are some scheduled passenger services on managed, non-Network Rail lines, for example Heathrow Express, which runs on Network Rail track; the London Underground overlaps with Network Rail in places. Twenty eight owned train operating companies, each franchised for a defined term by government, operate passenger trains on the main rail network in Great Britain; the Rail Delivery Group is the trade association representing the TOCs and provides core services, including the provision of the National Rail Enquiries service. It runs Rail Settlement Plan, which allocates ticket revenue to the various TOCs, Rail Staff Travel, which manages travel facilities for railway staff, it does not compile the national timetable, the joint responsibility of the Office of Rail Regulation and Network Rail. Since the privatisation of British Rail there is no longer a single approach to design on railways in Great Britain; the look and feel of signage and marketing material is the preserve of the individual TOCs.
However, National Rail continues to use BR's famous double-arrow symbol, designed by Gerald Burney of the Design Research Unit. It has been incorporated in the National Rail logotype and is displayed on tickets, the National Rail website and other publicity; the trademark rights to the double arrow symbol remain state-owned, being vested in the Secretary of State for Transport. The double arrow symbol is used to indicate a railway station on British traffic signs; the National Rail logo was introduced by ATOC in 1999, was used on the Great Britain public timetable for the first time in the edition valid from 26 September in that year. Rules for its use are set out in the Corporate Identity Style Guidelines published by the Rail Delivery Group, available on its website. "In 1964 the Design Research Unit—Britain’s first multi-disciplinary design agency founded in 1943 by Misha Black, Milner Gray and Herbert Read—was commissioned to breathe new life into the nation’s neglected railway industry".
The NR title is sometimes described as a "brand". As it was used by British Rail, the single operator before franchising, its use maintains continuity and public familiarity; the lettering used in the National Rail logotype is a modified form of the typeface Sassoon Bold. Some train operating companies continue to use the former British Rail Rail Alphabet lettering to varying degrees in station signage, although its use is no longer universal; the British Rail typefaces of choice from 1965 were Helvetica and Univers, with others coming into use during the sectorisation period after 1983. TOCs may use what they like: examples include Futura, Frutiger, a modified version of Precious by London Midland. Although TOCs compete against each other for franchises, for passengers on routes where more than one TOC operates, the strapline used with the National Rail logo is'Britain's train companies working together'. Several conurbations have their own metro or tram systems, most of which are not part of National Rail.
These include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, London Tramlink, Blackpool Tramway, Glasgow Subway, Tyne & Wear Metro, Manchester Metrolink, Sheffield Supertram, Midland Metro and Nottingham Express Transit. On the other hand, the self-contained Merseyrail system is part of the National Rail network, urban rail networks around Birmingham, Cardiff and West Yorkshire consist of National Rail services. London Overground is a hybrid: its services are operated via a concession awarded by Transport for London, are branded accordingly, but until 2010 all its routes used infrastructure owned by Network Rail. LO now possesses some infrastructure in its own right, following the reopening of the former London Underground East London line as the East London Railway. Since all the previous LO routes were operated by National Rail franchise Silverlink until November 2007, they have continued to be shown in the National Rail timetable and are still considered to be a part of National Rail.
Heathrow Express and Eurostar are not part of the National Rail network despite sharing of stations. Northern Ireland Railways were
West of England line
The West of England line is a British railway line from Basingstoke, Hampshire, to Exeter St David's in Devon, England. Passenger services run between Exeter. Despite its historic title, it is not today's principal route from London to the West of England: Exeter and everywhere further west is reached more from London Paddington via the Reading–Taunton line. At Salisbury, the line intersects with the Wessex Main Line; when all sections had been incorporated into the London and South Western Railway, they consisted of the following: Basingstoke to Salisbury Basingstoke to Andover, opened 3 July 1854 Andover to Salisbury, opened 1 May 1857 Branches: Basingstoke and Alton Light Railway opened June 1901, closed 30 May 1936 From Hurstbourne and Andover to Romsey and on to Eastleigh and Southampton: both closed. Link via Longparish opened 1 June 1885. At Andover, junction with the Midland and South Western Junction Railway to Cheltenham Bulford Camp branch Salisbury to Romsey, with a branch to Bournemouth At Salisbury, the Great Western Railway line from Westbury and Bristol had its own terminus: the L&SWR continued the route southeast towards Southampton.
This route is known nowadays the Wessex Main Line. Between Salisbury and Exeter: Salisbury–Yeovil opened 2 May 1859 Yeovil–Exeter opened 19 July 1860 Branches: To Yeovil Town joint station with the GWR To Chard joint station with the GWR To Lyme Regis from Axminster To Seaton from Seaton Junction To Sidmouth from Sidmouth Junction To Exmouth from Exmouth Junction near ExeterThe line was downgraded by being singled for long sections west of Salisbury by British Rail; this restricts the number of trains on this section, but passing loops have been added to alleviate this problem. Beyond Exeter, the line continued to Plymouth via Okehampton and Tavistock as the Exeter to Plymouth railway of the LSWR; this line is now closed, with the surviving sections downgraded to branch lines. The section from Exeter to Coleford Junction, near Yeoford, is still in existence as part of the Tarka Line; the Dartmoor Railway still exists as a heritage line and industrial line from Coleford Junction to Okehampton, where the track breaks.
Tavistock lacks a rail connection, the final section of the original main line, from Bere Alston, continues to Plymouth as part of the Tamar Valley Line. Trains between London Waterloo and Exeter run on the South Western Main Line as far as Basingstoke; the West of England Line diverges from this line at Worting Junction, a short distance west of Basingstoke. Network Rail splits the line into two sections: the first section from the line's start at Worting Junction to Wilton Junction is classified as "London & SE commuter"; the secondary route west of Salisbury is predominantly single track, but has three sections of double track and four passing loops. The double track sections and passing loops are: a loop just outside Tisbury station,a loop at Gillingham station, double track from Templecombe to Yeovil Junction, a loop at the former Chard Junction station, 3 miles of double track centred on Axminster, a loop at Honiton station, double track from Pinhoe to Exeter; the line's speed limit is 80–90 mph over its whole length from Basingstoke to Exeter.
Speed is further limited around the junctions. The first section to Wilton Junction has a listed line speed of 50–90 mph, the secondary section to Exeter has a line speed of 85 mph with parts at 70 mph. Passenger services are operated by South Western Railway using Class 159 and Class 158 trains, they run half-hourly from London to Salisbury and hourly to Exeter, calling at Clapham Junction and/or Woking and most stations between Basingstoke and Exeter St David's although some smaller stations east of Salisbury and near Exeter have a reduced service. The Network Rail South West Main Line Route Utilisation Strategy recommended building an extended section of double track from Chard Junction to Axminster, plus a passing loop at Whimple. However, Network Rail's Route Plan is silent on the Whimple loop; the Axminster Loop is centred on Axminster station, does not extend to Chard Junction as proposed. The line between Basingstoke and Exeter is not electrified. Exeter to Plymouth railway of the LSWR Southern Railway routes west of Salisbury Network Rail Business Plan 2006: Route 3 – South West Main Line Network Rail Business Plan 2006: Route 4 – Wessex Routes Network Rail Business Plan 2006: Route 12 – Reading to Penzance Ordnance Survey R.
V. J. Butt; the Directory of Railway Stations. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens. ISBN 9781852605087. J. H. Lucking. Railways of Dorset: an outline of their establishment and progress from 1825. Lichfield: Railway Correspondence and Travel Society. OCLC 31916. Johnston, Howard. "Unlocking the potential to Exeter". RAIL. No. 329. EMAP Apex Publications. Pp. 20–24. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699
Fleet railway station
Fleet railway station serves the town of Fleet in Hampshire, England. It is situated on the South Western Main Line. There are two platforms on the outer pair of tracks, which are served by trains between London Waterloo and Basingstoke and Southampton; the centre pair of tracks are used by through-services. The station, all trains calling there, are operated by South Western Railway, it is 36 miles 38 chains from Waterloo and is situated between Winchfield stations. The railway line through Fleet was built by the London & Southampton Railway, renamed the London and South Western Railway in 1839. A station named Fleet Pond was opened in May 1847, it was built on the opposite side of Minley Road. When the line was increased to four tracks, the station was rebuilt on its current site. At the time however, the station saw little use and there were proposals to close the station, it was renamed Fleet on 1 July 1869. In 1906, the station was expanded again; the buildings were rebuilt in 1969. As of October 2013 work was under way to replace the station buildings and deck the southern car park to provide an extra 150 spaces.
The new station building and footbridge were opened in July 2014 with the former lattice footbridge removed overnight on 23/24 July. The current Monday-Saturday off-peak service is: 3 trains per hour to London Waterloo, of which: 1 calls at Farnborough Main and Clapham Junction, taking 41 minutes. 1 calls at Farnborough Main, Woking, Walton-on-Thames and Clapham Junction, taking 56 minutes. 1 calls at all station as Clapham Junction. This train is overtaken by the fast train and so should only be used to reach stations up to Surbiton. 2 tph terminating at Basingstoke, calling at Winchfield and Hook and taking 20 minutes. 1 tph to Poole, calling at Basingstoke, Shawford, Southampton Airport Parkway, Southampton Central, Ashurst New Forest, Sway, New Milton, Hinton Admiral, Pokesdown, Bournemouth and Parkstone, taking 2 hours 36 minutes. This train should only be used for stations to Ashurst New Forest and Hinton Admiral. Brockenhurst, New Milton, Pokesdown and Poole can be reached faster by changing at Southampton Central.
Branksome and Parkstone can be reached faster by changing at Brockenhurst. On Sundays this becomes: 1 tph to London, calling at Farnborough Main, Woking, Surbiton and Clapham Junction, taking 1 hour 7 minutes. 1 tph to Basingstoke as above, taking 17 minutes. In May 2010, the body of a newborn baby girl was found abandoned in a rubbish bin at the station. A murder investigation was opened based upon the baby's injuries; the two platforms are numbered. Train times and station information for Fleet railway station from National Rail