Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug First Nation
Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug known as Big Trout Lake First Nation or KI for short, is an Oji-Cree First Nation reserve in Northwestern Ontario and is a part of Treaty 9. The community is about 580 km north of Ontario; the First Nation's land-base is a 29,937.6 ha Kitchenuhmaykoosib Aaki 84 Reserve, located on the north shore of Big Trout Lake. Big Trout Lake is a fly-in community, accessible by air, winter road in the colder months; the population of Big Trout Lake was 1,322 residents in January 2007, making it one of the largest First Nations communities in the region. The current band chief is Donny Morris and deputy chief is Darryl Sainnawap. Current band councillors are Cecelia Begg, Joseph Mckay, Enos Mckay, Randy Nanokeesic, Bonnie Sanderson and Jack Mckay. Languages spoken: Oji-Cree, English When Treaty 9 was first signed in Osnaburgh, Ontario in 1905, KI was located in land that was, at the time, not considered part of Ontario; when band members learned of the signing they sent repeated letters for treaty terms.
Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug is within the boundaries of the territory described by the 1929-30 Adhesion to the James Bay Treaty of 1905 - Treaty 9. Full reserve status was granted to Big Trout Lake in 1976. Marion Anderson, who became a band councillor for Big Trout Lake in 1950, was the first woman to serve as a First Nations band councillor in Ontario, she was awarded the Order of Ontario in honour of this distinction. The band's website describes three locally owned stores serving the community supplying groceries, clothing and various other supplies; the community relies on these businesses as The North West Company, a store found with northern operations, was asked to leave by the community in 1996. The community felt that they would be better off keeping the business locally operated. A post office and Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Agency Bank are located in the community. There is one band-run community radio station, 100.3 FM, which broadcasts everything from public health announcements, Sunday mass, rebroadcasts the Wawatay Native Communications Society from Sioux Lookout, Ontario.
The First Nation is policed by Big Trout Lake Police, a force administered by the Ontario Provincial Police. There are only 19 First Nations in Ontario who operate with this agreement and only four in North-Western Ontario; the remainder are policed directly by the Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service. There are water pumping stations providing underground running water to homes on the island while those living on the mainland are serviced by water tanker trucks. There is underground sewage piping with two lagoons at the west end of the island; the school and Post Island houses are the only structures supplied by underground sewage, the remainder of the community is serviced by a sewage truck. The community is a fly-in reservation with scheduled flights by Wasaya Airways; the Big Trout Lake Airport has a gravel airstrip, 1,191 metres in length. During the winter months, the community is accessible by winter road to Pickle Lake, serviced by Ontario Highway 599, the northern most highway in the province.
Healthcare was traditionally provided by the Hudson's Bay Company post master who would dispense medication etc. The first nursing station was constructed in 1938, funded by Reverend Leslie Garrett; the two-story building was 36 x 12. Indian Affairs built a new nursing station in 1950, staffed by two nurses; the current nursing station was constructed in 1973. Like other reserves, the healthcare is delivered by the federal Health Canada. It's a six-nurse station with a physician on site Monday to Friday; the station has visiting specialists including optometrists and dentists. The nursing station plays host to two first year medical students every May from the Northern Ontario School of Medicine, a key component of their first year curriculum Radio-carbon dating of a human burial site nearby suggests that the region has been occupied for at least 7000 years; the people of the region are called Inninuwug. The first Europeans gave various names to people of the region including Kiristinon or Kritinou, shortened to Cree.
This reservation is located at the major head-water lake of the Fawn River and subsequently the Severn River to Hudson Bay. It has been a traditional gathering place for centuries; the first recorded European trader was James Swain who, in 1807, was charged with establishing a trading post at "Trout Lake" for the Hudson's Bay Company. Upon entering the area he noticed the ruins of a settlement left by the rival North West Company who settled as early as 1793; the community is predominantly Christian. The exposure to Christianity occurred as early as the late 1700s, brought by early fur traders; the first recorded missionary was W. W. Kirkby and his wife who, in 1872, formally brought the Anglican faith to the community, he discovered that many community members were Christian reading from biblical texts written in Canadian Aboriginal syllabics. These texts were provided by the people living in Fort York (Churchill, MB. One of the islands off the shore of Big Trout Lake translates to "Catholics dwelling island".
Built in 1830, th
In Canada, the First Nations are the predominant indigenous peoples in Canada south of the Arctic Circle. Those in the Arctic area are distinct and known as Inuit; the Métis, another distinct ethnicity, developed after European contact and relations between First Nations people and Europeans. There are 634 recognized First Nations governments or bands spread across Canada half of which are in the provinces of Ontario and British Columbia. Under the Employment Equity Act, First Nations are a "designated group", along with women, visible minorities, people with physical or mental disabilities. First Nations are not defined as a visible minority under the Act or by the criteria of Statistics Canada. North American indigenous; some of their oral traditions describe historical events, such as the Cascadia earthquake of 1700 and the 18th-century Tseax Cone eruption. Written records began with the arrival of European explorers and colonists during the Age of Discovery, beginning in the late 15th century.
European accounts by trappers, traders and missionaries give important evidence of early contact culture. In addition and anthropological research, as well as linguistics, have helped scholars piece together an understanding of ancient cultures and historic peoples. Although not without conflict, Euro-Canadians' early interactions with First Nations, Métis, Inuit populations were less combative compared to the violent battles between colonists and native peoples in the United States. Collectively, First Nations, Métis peoples constitute Indigenous peoples in Canada, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, or first peoples. First Nation as a term became used beginning in 1980s to replace the term Indian band in referring to groups of Indians with common government and language; the term had come into common usage in the 1970s to avoid using the word Indian, which some Canadians considered offensive. No legal definition of the term exists; some indigenous peoples in Canada have adopted the term First Nation to replace the word band in the formal name of their community.
A band is a "body of Indians for whose use and benefit in common lands... have been set apart... moneys are held... or declared... to be a band for the purposes of" the Indian Act by the Canadian Crown. The term Indian is a misnomer given to indigenous peoples of North America by European explorers who erroneously thought they had landed on the Indian subcontinent; the use of the term Native Americans, which the US government and others have adopted, is not common in Canada. It refers more to the Indigenous peoples residing within the boundaries of the United States; the parallel term Native Canadian is not used, but Native and autochtone are. Under the Royal Proclamation of 1763 known as the "Indian Magna Carta," the Crown referred to indigenous peoples in British territory as tribes or nations; the term First Nations is capitalized. Bands and nations may have different meanings. Within Canada, First Nations has come into general use for indigenous peoples other than Inuit and Métis. Individuals using the term outside Canada include U.
S. tribes within the Pacific Northwest, as well as supporters of the Cascadian independence movement. The singular used on culturally politicized reserves, is the term First Nations person. A more recent trend is for members of various nations to refer to themselves by their tribal or national identity only, e.g. "I'm Haida". For pre-history, see: Paleo-Indians and Archaic periods First Nations by linguistic-cultural area: List of First Nations peoplesFirst Nations peoples had settled and established trade routes across what is now Canada by 1,000 BC to 500 BC. Communities developed, each with its own culture and character. In the northwest were the Athapaskan-speaking peoples, Slavey, Tłı̨chǫ, Tutchone-speaking peoples, Tlingit. Along the Pacific coast were the Haida, Kwakiutl, Nuu-chah-nulth, Nisga'a and Gitxsan. In the plains were the Blackfoot, Kainai and Northern Peigan. In the northern woodlands were the Chipewyan. Around the Great Lakes were the Anishinaabe, Algonquin and Wyandot. Along the Atlantic coast were the Beothuk, Innu and Micmac.
The Blackfoot Confederacies reside in the Great Plains of Montana and Canadian provinces of Alberta, British Columbia and Saskatchewan. The name "Blackfoot" came from the colour of the peoples' leather footwear, known as moccasins, they had painted the bottoms of their moccasins black. One account claimed that the Blackfoot Confederacies walked through the ashes of prairie fires, which in turn coloured the bottoms of their moccasins black, they had migrated onto the Great Plains from the Plateau area. The Blackfoot may have lived in their homeland since the end of the Pleistocene 11,000 years ago.. For thousands of years, they managed the prairie to support bison herds and cultivated berries and edible roots, they allowed only legitimate traders into their territory, making treaties only when the bison herds were exterminated in the 1870s. The Squamish history is a series of past events, both passed on through oral tradition and recent history, of the Squamish indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast.
Prior to colonization, they recorded their history through oral tradition as a way to transmit stories and knowledge across generations. This was common among all the peoples; the writing system esta
Kingfisher First Nation
Kingfisher First Nation is an Oji-Cree First Nation reserve located 350 kilometres north of Sioux Lookout, Ontario. It is accessible by air all year round, waterways during ice roads in winter; as of December, 2009, the First Nation had a total registered population of 500 people, of which their on-Reserve population was 462. The community speaks the Oji-Cree language, with majority of the population being fluent in English as well. Kingfisher Lake is policed by an Aboriginal-based service. In 1808 the Hudson's Bay Company established an outpost at Big Beaver House, located 12 kilometres southwest of the present Kingfisher Lake reserve. Big Beaver House was frequented by Kingfisher Lake people for trading fur, community activity and freight hauling employment. During 1929-1930 the leaders of Kingfisher Lake First Nation were required to gather at Big Trout Lake to participate in the signing of the adhesion to Treaty 9; as the result of this document, Kingfisher Lake was considered a part of Big Trout Lake Band.
In 1947, Ontario enacted the Trapline Registration and Fee Program which forced the Kingfisher Lake people to outline their ancestral hunting areas into trapping boundaries and to pay for the land use requirements. In 1964 the leaders of Kingfisher Lake decide to establish permanent community and moved to the current location of the reserve lands; as Kingfisher Lake was included in the Big Trout Lake Band and thus had reserve status, formality of gaining band status was achieved in 1975. In 2011, many of the residents were temporarily housed in Ottawa due to forest fires in the surrounding area; the officials of Kingfisher First Nation are elected for a two-year term through the Custom Electoral System. Their council consists of Chief Eddie Mamakwa, Deputy Chief Verna Aganash and three Councillors: Amos Mamakwa, Esther Sakakeep, Samuel Sturgeon; the First Nation is part of the Shibogama First Nations Council, a Regional Chiefs Council, the Nishnawbe Aski Nation, a Tribal Political Organization representing majority of the First Nations in northern Ontario.
The First Nation have reserved three tracts for their Indian Reserve: 596 hectares Kingfisher Lake 1 Indian Reserve, which serves as their main Reserve, containing the community of Kingfisher Lake, Ontario. 5,444.7 hectares Kingfisher 2A Indian Reserve 921.9 hectares Kingfisher 3A Indian Reserve AANDC profile Profile from Chiefs of Ontario 2006 Canadian Census: Kingfisher Lake Indian Reserve 1
Fort Severn First Nation
Fort Severn First Nation is a Cree First Nation band government located on Hudson Bay and is the most northern community in Ontario, Canada. In 2001, the population was 401; the legal name of the reserve is Fort Severn 89, with the main settlement of Fort Severn. The town is linked by winter/ice road called the Wapusk Trail the winter to Peawanuck, Ontario in the east, Shamattawa and Gillam, Manitoba to the west. Fort Severn is policed by an Aboriginal-based service; this area was inhabited for thousands of years by varying cultures of indigenous peoples. At the time of European contact, the historic Swampy Cree, an Algonquian-speaking people, lived in the area. In 1689 the Hudson's Bay Company built Fort Severn at this site naming it Fort James. After years of international competition between the English and French, with their wars playing out in North America, the French attacked the outpost and pillaged it in 1782 when they were allies of the Thirteen Colonies during the American Revolutionary War.
In the early 20th century, when the federal government negotiated a treaty with the First Nations, it set aside land for a native reserve in the Rocksand area at the confluence of the Severn and Sachigo Rivers, with the consent of the leaders at the time. In 1973, the reserve was relocated to the mouth of the Severn River on Hudson Bay, for more direct access to shipping; the reserve achieved full status on January 11, 1980. The local band council consists of an elected chief, a deputy chief, four band councilors. There is no hospital in Fort Severn, with medical needs provided either at the local nursing station or via Keewaytinook Okimakanak Telemedicine link. There are only local roads in town and residents travel by snowmobile or walking; the Fort Severn Airport is located a short distance from the settlement and is accessible by an access road. Wasayo Cree Nation School is the only full functioning school providing primary education needs, it was built in 2016. Keewaytinook Internet High School is housed in a small building and provides distance learning for residents needing secondary education.
Fort James, a British settlement controlled by a governor who reports to the king and who represents Hudson Bay Company, is the principal setting of the 2016 TV series, Frontier. As Ann Foster describes for ScreenerTV, "'Frontier' is set in the coastal settlement of Fort James: A snowy, treacherous pocket of land that would, in a century’s time, become part of Canada." Fort Severn First Nation Stats Canada Question and Answer
Long Lake 58 First Nation
Long Lake 58 First Nation is a Anishinaabe First Nation band government located in Northern Ontario, located 40 km east of Geraldton, Canada, on the northern shore of Long Lake north of Ginoogaming First Nation and west of the community of Longlac, Ontario. As of January, 2008, their total registered population was 1,248 people, of which their on-Reserve population was 427. In late August 1990, members of Long Lake 58 First Nation blocked the Canadian National Railway tracks passing through the 537-acre Long Lake 58 Indian reserve; the blockade was mounted both to support the Indian stand during the Oka crisis and to draw attention to the fact that the community's traditional lands have never been the object of treaty negotiations with the Crown. The First Nation maintains the key requirements of the Royal Proclamation of 1763 have never been met by the governments of Ontario and Canada making the CNR Crown Corporation one of a number of trespassers on the community's unceded hunting ground.
Because of the Crown's failure to deal with the community in the making of both the Robinson Superior Treaty in 1850 and in Treaty 9 in 1905, the citizens of Long Lake 58 were never able to negotiate a fair apportionment of land for their reserve. The Canadian government maintains that the First Nation ceded their lands to the Crown at the 1850 Robinson Superior Treaty. In the course of the blockade Long Lake 58 leaders demanded that officials of the Crown, including those overseeing the CNR, must show evidence to prove the legal basis for non-Aboriginal claims to the territory in question; the leadership asserted the unfairness of the principle that the onus of proof always lies with the Indigenous peoples to demonstrate the basis of their land claims. In the course of the dispute the leadership pointed to the contradiction between the government's position that Long Lake 58 lands have been ceded in the 1850 treaty covering the northern watershed of Lake Superior whereas the community itself is situated in lands drained by rivers flowing northward into Hudson Bay.
Regardless of land ownership clearcutting, the spraying of vast tree farms with toxic pesticides and herbicides, overfishing have left the community's traditional lands polluted and incapable of supporting hunting and other forms of traditional practice. Moreover, the community's town site had been relegated to a swampy lowland because the CNR tracks and the train yard on the reserve command the high ground of the Indian Reserve. Throughout this episode the blockade's elder statesman, Rayno Fisher, encouraged those in the protest camp to heed his interpretation; this experienced trapper extorted. "We're not trespassing the CNR, the CNR has been trespassing us for 75 years." Elder Frances Abraham provided inspirational leadership throughout ten-day blockade. When Indian OPP officials arrived on the reserve to read out in the Anishinaabe language an injunction obtained by the CNR, Abraham emplored, "Why do we always have to show the proof that our land has been taken but those who stole our land never have to prove anything."
No charges pressed by the Crown against the protesters suggests the veracity of Mr. Fisher's characterization. Long Lake 58's blockade of the CNR main line was backed up by simultaneous blockades of the Canadian Pacific Railway's main line led by members of Ojibways of the Pic River First Nation, Pic Mobert First Nation, Pays Plat First Nation further to the south. Of all the actions during the Indian summer of 1990 the train blockades initiated by Long Lake 58 in northern Ontario impacted most on transnational flows of commerce; the leadership of the First Nation is determined through the Act Electoral System. The current Chief is Veronica Waboose, serving along with the Deputy Chief and Councillor: Anthony Legarde and 9 other Councillors: Judy Desmoulin, Patrick Kakegabon, Marlow Wesley, Frank Sr. O'Nabigon, John Sr. O'Nabigon, Arthur Shebagabow, Noreen Agnew, Shirley Tyance and Mary Waboose; the First Nation is a member of a Regional Chiefs Council. Government services are provided by the First Nation, the Matawa First Nations and by the Nishnawbe Aski Nation.
Services include: Migizi Miigwanan Secondary School - Principal - Tom Rivers Long Lake Adult Education - Coordinator - Marlene Mitchell Migizi Wazisin Elementary School - Principal - Valerie Pheasant Early Learning Center - Manager - Marlene Mitchell Long Lake #58 General Store - Manager - Lloyd McLaughlin Subway Long Lake 58 First Nation Health Center Addictions and Harm Reductions Program Healthy Babies Program Victim Services Program AANDC profile FirstNation.ca profile
Deer Lake First Nation
Deer Lake First Nation is an Oji-Cree First Nation band government in Northern Ontario, located north of Red Lake, Canada. It is one of the few First Nations in Ontario to have signed Treaty 5, it is part of the Nishnawbe Aski Nation. As of December, 2007, the First Nation had 1,072 registered members, of which their on-reserve population was 868. Deer Lake is policed by an Aboriginal-based service; the people of Deer Lake are related to the people of Sandy Lake First Nation and North Spirit Lake First Nation. The three reserves speak a unique dialect of the Anishinaabe language that combines elements of Beren's River Ojibway and Severn Ojibway as spoken at Island Lake in Manitoba. In the local language, the people of Deer Lake call themselves Anishinawbe. In English "Oji-Cree" is becoming the most popular self-designation, while "Cree" remains popular as well. "Ojibway" is used except to refer to the Native people to the south. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada data from 2001 reported that 68% of Deer Lakers learned their native language as their first language with the rest speaking English first.
Public conversation is heard in both languages with the oldest members using native language exclusively, the youngest members using only English. Most adults comfortably navigate between the two, while younger adults and teenagers comprehend the language but speak it. To reverse the trend of language loss, local education efforts have implemented native-language immersion programs in the preschool and early-elementary grades. Literacy in the native language using Cree syllabics is emphasized by the local school and churches. Since the coming of Christianity and syllabic bibles in the early 20th century, Deer Lake has used its own version of the western variant of syllabics in which the "s", "sh", "z", "zh" sounds are combined into one set of characters and some of the finals are different from the more found versions in Ontario and Manitoba; the 1653.6 ha Deer Lake Reserve is within the boundaries of the territory described by Treaty 5. The community of Deer Lake, Ontario is located on this reserve.
It is connected to Pikangikum, Sandy Lake First Nation, North Spirit Lake First Nation by winter/ice roads. Scheduled flights to and from the community are provided by Wasaya Airways. Traditionally, the people of the Deer Lake area were semi-nomadic and like all Anishinaabe peoples organized themselves by doodem. Small groups maintained seasonal camps based on family and clan and moved around according to where the hunting and fishing was best; when the Hudson's Bay Company established fur-trading posts at Big Trout Lake and Island Lake in the 18th century, traditional patterns of living changed little with an increased emphasis on trapping for trade. The Deer Lake area remained inaccessible to white traders and only the men who brought fur to the distant posts had any contact with whites. By the 19th century and changes in the economics of the fur trade had devastating effects on the people of the area. With the boreal forests depleted of fur-bearing animals, the Hudson's Bay Company closed their posts and game remained scarce.
Starvation and disease were all too common during this time. When the HBC returned toward the end of the 19th century, they assigned family names to each of the clans; the Pelican clan became the Meekis family after their patriarch Meekis. The Sucker clan became the Fiddlers and the Quills). Many members of the Caribou and Sturgeon clans were given the surname Rae, while other Sturgeons were designated Mamakeesic after their patriarch; the Cranes were either Kakegamic or Kakepetum after their leaders, two brothers known by those names. At this time, these names were only used in trading, but they would become official with census records and are now the most common surnames found in Deer Lake. By 1900, the people of the area were among the last Indigenous peoples in North America living with no colonial influences. Christianity, which by that time had come to most Oji-Cree communities, Canadian law had no influence in the communities. Under Jack Fiddler a powerful ogema of the Sucker doodem, the people survived in the traditional way.
This, began to change. The arrival of North-West Mounted Police officers in 1906 to arrest Fiddler and his brother Joseph marked the first time most Deer Lakers had seen a white person; the elderly Fiddler brothers were taken away. In 1910, Robert Fiddler, the son of Jack, signed Treaty 5 at the east end of Deer Lake, the Deer Lake First Nation began its formal relationship with the government of Canada and the British Crown; the Fiddlers and many others soon left for better farming lands at Sandy Lake and others still went to settle at North Spirit Lake, the only members of the "Deer Lake Band" still living at Deer Lake were the Meekis and Quill families. The population of the entire band at all three locations at this time was 78 individuals, but this number grew with an influx of newcomers from Island Lake in Manitoba and numbered over 300 in 1929, it was that year that commissioners representing the Province of Ontario, determined that the Sandy Lake settlement was in the territories covered in the adhesions to the James Bay Treaty, created a reserve for the "Deer Lake Band" at Sandy Lake Narrows ignoring the fact that a significant
Nishnawbe Aski Nation
Nishnawbe Aski Nation is a political organization representing 49 First Nation communities across Treaty 9 and Treaty 5 areas of Northern Ontario, Canada. Re-organized to its present form in 1981, NAN's original objective was "to represent the social and economic aspirations of our people at all levels of government in Canada and Ontario until such time as real effective action is taken to remedy our problems."Its member-First Nations are Ojibwa, Oji-Cree and Cree, thus the languages within NAN include Ojibwe, Oji-cree and Cree. NAN's administrative offices are located in Ontario; the current Grand Chief is Alvin Fiddler of Muskrat Dam Lake First Nation. Founded as Grand Council of Treaty 9 in February, 1973, after a large anticipated deficit resulting from the anti-Reed Campaign and the Hart Commission of 1978, members of the Grand Council Treaty 9 re-organized in 1981 to become the Nishnawbe Aski Nation. After the first executive council of NAN was elected in March 1984, Grand Council Treaty No. 9 ceased to exist.
Grand Chief Alvin Fiddler - Portfolio - Administration and Housing, Aboriginal and Treaty Rights, GovernanceDeputy Grand Chief Anna Betty Achneepineskum - Portfolio - Social Services and Youth, Community Wellness Initiatives Deputy Grand Chief Derek Fox - Portfolio - Health Policy and Advocacy, Energy, Languages Deputy Grand Chief Jason Smallboy - Portfolio - Economic Development and Recreation, Forestry Nishnawbe Aski Nation represents 49 First Nation communities within northern Ontario. The total land-mass under James Bay Treaty No. 9 and Ontario’s portion of Treaty No. 5, covered by Nishnawbe Aski Nation, covering 2/3 of the province of Ontario. The land area is around 210,000 square miles, 544,000 square km, around the same size as Yemen; the population of membership estimated around 45,000 people. Administration Centennial Commemoration Communications and Media Crisis and Suicide Prevention Education Employment Opportunities Executive Council Fiscal Relations Governance Secretariat Harvesting Unit Health Land Rights and Treaty Lands and Resources Residential School Project Social Services Treaty Discussion Forum Treaty Education Process Women's Council Youth Aboriginal Diabetes Initiative Aboriginal Responsible Gambling Strategy AIDS and Healthy Chiropody Program Decade for Youth and Development Family Violence Project Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder/Child Nutrition Program Healthy Babies / Healthy Children Program NAN Crisis Team Funding and Training Peer Helping Program Recreation Residential School Project The 49 communities are grouped by Tribal Council according to region.
They are Windigo First Nations Council, Wabun Tribal Council, Shibogama First Nations Council, Mushkegowuk Council, Matawa First Nations, Keewaytinook Okimakanak, Independent First Nations Alliance. Six of the 49 communities are not affiliated with a specific Tribal Council. Mishkeegogamang First Nation Mocreebec Council of the Cree Nation Sandy Lake First Nation Independent First Nations Alliance Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug First Nation Lac Seul First Nation Muskrat Dam Lake First Nation Pikangikum First Nation Whitesand First Nation Keewaytinook Okimakanak Council Deer Lake First Nation Fort Severn First Nation Keewaywin First Nation McDowell Lake First Nation North Spirit Lake First Nation Poplar Hill First Nation Matawa First Nations Aroland First Nation Constance Lake First Nation Eabametoong First Nation Hornepayne First Nation Marten Falls First Nation Neskantaga First Nation Nibinamik First Nation Webequie First Nation Mushkegowuk Council Attawapiskat First Nation Chapleau Cree First Nation Fort Albany First Nation Fort Albany, Ontario Kashechewan First Nation Missanabie Cree First Nation Moose Cree First Nation Taykwa Tagamou Nation Weenusk First Nation Shibogama First Nations Council Kasabonika First Nation Kingfisher First Nation Wapekeka First Nation Wawakapewin First Nation Wunnumin Lake First Nation Wabun Tribal Council Beaverhouse First Nation Brunswick House First Nation Chapleau Ojibway First Nation Flying Post First Nation Matachewan First Nation Mattagami First Nation Wahgoshig First Nation Windigo First Nations Council Bearskin Lake First Nation Cat Lake First Nation Cat Lake, Ontario Koocheching First Nation North Caribou Lake First Nation Sachigo Lake First Nation Slate Falls First Nation Whitewater First Nation Official website