Windsor uniform

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King George III wearing the Windsor uniform in 1807
Undress Windsor uniform, as worn by Prince Augustus Frederick (a son of King George III) in 1798

The Windsor uniform is a type of formal dress worn at Windsor Castle by male members of the British royal family (and some very senior courtiers).[1]


The uniform was introduced by King George III in 1777.[2] The full dress version, which had a good deal of gold braid about it, did not survive beyond 1936, but the undress version is still worn today: a dark blue jacket with red facings. It is now worn only at Windsor Castle, and since the reign of King Edward VII, it has generally been worn only as evening dress (although Charles, Prince of Wales has worn a version of it as a riding coat).

The uniform currently takes the form of an evening tail coat of dark blue cloth, lapelled, with scarlet collar and cuffs.[1] There are three buttons on each front, two at the back of the waist, two at the end of each tail, and also two on each cuff (plus one above). The gilt buttons bear a design of a Garter star within a garter, surmounted by the imperial crown.

It is worn with a white single-breasted waistcoat with three small gilt buttons of the same pattern, and with plain black evening-dress trousers.[1] When the court is in mourning, a black waistcoat and black armband are worn. As well as the tail coat version, the Duke of Edinburgh and the Prince of Wales also wear a dinner jacket version of the coat.


  1. ^ a b c "Windsor uniform". Dress and insignia worn at His Majesty's court (London: 1921). Retrieved 2017-11-25.
  2. ^ Jeremy Black, George III: America's Last King (New Haven: Princeton University Press, 2006), 118 and 428.

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