Edmonson County, Kentucky
Edmonson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,161, the county was formed in 1825 and named for Captain John Jack Edmonson, who was killed at the Battle of Frenchtown during the War of 1812. The sale of alcohol is prohibited in Edmonson County. Edmonson County is included in the Bowling Green, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area, Edmonson County was established on January 12,1825 from land given by Grayson and Warren counties. A courthouse built in 1873 replaced a former structure rendered unfit when its floor collapsed. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 308 square miles. The population density was 38 per square mile, there were 6,104 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98. 39% White,0. 58% Black or African American,0. 44% Native American,0. 07% Asian,0. 06% from other races,0. 56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22. 40% of all households were made up of individuals and 9. 60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the county, the population was out with 23. 60% under the age of 18,9. 00% from 18 to 24,27. 80% from 25 to 44,25. 30% from 45 to 64. The median age was 38 years, for every 100 males there were 92.50 females. For every 100 males age 18 and over, there were 89.33 females, the median income for a household in the county was $25,413, and the median income for a family was $31,843. Males had an income of $26,770 versus $17,158 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,480, about 14. 20% of families and 18. 40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25. 50% of those under age 18 and 21. 00% of those age 65 or over. There are currently four public schools operating as part of the Edmonson County School System and they are Kyrock Elementary, South Edmonson Elementary, the Edmonson County Fifth/Sixth Grade Center and Edmonson County Middle/High School. There are two routes that form the major transportation corridors through Edmonson County. KY70 is the primary west to east route, traversing the width of the county, KY259 enters Edmonson County at the border with Grayson County, near the town of Bee Spring.
The highway continues on, bridging the Green River, before intersecting with KY101, KY259 branches off in a southeastern direction while KY101 continues as the main north-south route through the county, exiting into Warren County just south of the community of Chalybeate
A city is a large and permanent human settlement. Cities generally have complex systems for sanitation, land usage, housing, a big city or metropolis usually has associated suburbs and exurbs. Such cities are associated with metropolitan areas and urban areas. Once a city expands far enough to another city, this region can be deemed a conurbation or megalopolis. Damascus is arguably the oldest city in the world, in terms of population, the largest city proper is Shanghai, while the fastest-growing is Dubai. There is not enough evidence to assert what conditions gave rise to the first cities, some theorists have speculated on what they consider suitable pre-conditions and basic mechanisms that might have been important driving forces. The conventional view holds that cities first formed after the Neolithic revolution, the Neolithic revolution brought agriculture, which made denser human populations possible, thereby supporting city development. The advent of farming encouraged hunter-gatherers to abandon nomadic lifestyles and to settle near others who lived by agricultural production, the increased population density encouraged by farming and the increased output of food per unit of land created conditions that seem more suitable for city-like activities.
In his book and Economic Development, Paul Bairoch takes up position in his argument that agricultural activity appears necessary before true cities can form. According to Vere Gordon Childe, for a settlement to qualify as a city, it must have enough surplus of raw materials to support trade and a relatively large population. To illustrate this point, Bairoch offers an example, Western Europe during the pre-Neolithic, when the cost of transport is taken into account, the figure rises to 200,000 square kilometres. Bairoch noted that this is roughly the size of Great Britain, the urban theorist Jane Jacobs suggests that city formation preceded the birth of agriculture, but this view is not widely accepted. In his book City Economics, Brendan OFlaherty asserts Cities could persist—as they have for thousands of years—only if their advantages offset the disadvantages, OFlaherty illustrates two similar attracting advantages known as increasing returns to scale and economies of scale, which are concepts usually associated with businesses.
Their applications are seen in more basic economic systems as well, increasing returns to scale occurs when doubling all inputs more than doubles the output an activity has economies of scale if doubling output less than doubles cost. To offer an example of these concepts, OFlaherty makes use of one of the oldest reasons why cities were built, in this example, the inputs are anything that would be used for protection and the output is the area protected and everything of value contained in it. OFlaherty asks that we suppose the protected area is square, the advantage is expressed as, O = s 2, where O is the output and s stands for the length of a side. This equation shows that output is proportional to the square of the length of a side, the inputs depend on the length of the perimeter, I =4 s, where I stands for the quantity of inputs. So there are increasing returns to scale, O = I2 /16 and this equation shows that with twice the inputs, you produce quadruple the output
Occasionally, municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, and services become the responsibility of a higher administration. In some countries, such as in Brazil, France or the United Kingdom, unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government immediately beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area often contains several towns and even entire cities, aside from very sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases, almost all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are often in locations, cover vast areas or have very small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in parts of Australia. Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory has no municipalities and is in some sense an unincorporated area, the territorial government is directly responsible for matters normally carried out by local government.
The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, a civil servant in the state capital manages such matters as are necessary. The second unincorporated area of state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory,1. 45% of the area and 4. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive services provided by a state agency. Firstly, the remote area that is unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands. Secondly, the unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to. In Canada, depending on the province, a settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs solely over the settlement. It is usually, but not always, part of a municipal government. This can range from hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries entirely, Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data.
In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in the United States, Romania, China, in the United Kingdom and Ireland, county towns have a similar function. In the United States, counties are the subdivisions of a state. Depending on the state, counties may provide services to the public, impose taxes. Some types of subdivisions, such as townships, may be incorporated or unincorporated. The city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county, a county seat is usually, but not always, an incorporated municipality. The exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, likewise, some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, in some of the colonial states, county seats include or formerly included Court House as part of their name.
Most counties have only one county seat, an example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats. The practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days when travel was difficult, there have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states, Coffee County, for example, the official county seat is Greensboro, but an additional courthouse has been located in nearby High Point since 1938. For example, Clearwater is the county seat of Pinellas County, Florida, in New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government. Historically, counties in this region have served mainly as dividing lines for the judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of government and thus no county seats, in Vermont and Maine the county seats are legally designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the shire town.
Bennington County has two towns, but the Sheriff is located in Bennington. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town governments. As such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county
Kentucky Transportation Cabinet
The Transportation Cabinet is led by the Kentucky Secretary of Transportation, who is appointed by the governor of Kentucky. The current Secretary is Mike Hancock, who was appointed by Democratic Governor Steve Beshear, as of October 2012, KYTC maintains 27,562.975 miles of roadways in the state. The Transportation Cabinet is composed of four operating Departments, headed by Commissioners and those units are subdivided into Divisions headed by Directors
Bowling Green, Kentucky
Bowling Green is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Warren County, United States. Founded by pioneers in 1798, Bowling Green was the capital of Confederate Kentucky during the American Civil War. The city was the inspiration for the 1967 Everly Brothers song Bowling Green and it is the home of numerous manufacturers, including General Motors and Fruit of the Loom. The Bowling Green Assembly Plant has been the source of all Chevrolet Corvettes built since 1981, Bowling Green is home to the states second-largest public university, Western Kentucky University. In 2014, Forbes magazine listed Bowling Green as one of the Top 25 Best Places to Retire in the United States, the first Europeans known to have reached the area carved their names on beech trees near the river around 1775. By 1778, settlers established McFaddens Station on the bank of the Barren River. Present-day Bowling Green grew out of homesteads erected by Robert and George Moore and General Elijah Covington, the Moore brothers arrived from Virginia circa 1794.
In 1798, only two years after Warren County had been formed, Robert Moore donated 2 acres of land to county trustees for the purpose of constructing public buildings, soon after, he donated an additional 30 to 40 acres surrounding the original plot. The city of Bowling Green was officially incorporated by the Commonwealth of Kentucky on March 6,1798, some controversy exists over the source of the towns name. Some historians dispute this and credit Bowling Green, early records indicate that the city name was spelled Bowlingreen. By 1810, Bowling Green had 154 residents, growth in steamboat commerce and the proximity of the Barren River increased Bowling Greens importance. Canal locks and dams on the Barren River made it more navigable. In 1832, the first portage railway connected the river to the location of the current county courthouse, mules pulled freight and passengers to and from the city on the tracks. Despite rapid urbanization of the Bowling Green area in the 1830s, Bowling Green declared itself neutral in an attempt to escape the Civil War.
Because of its location and resources, both the Union and Confederacy sought control of the city. The majority of its residents rejected both the Confederacy and the Lincoln administration, on September 18,1861, around 1300 Confederate soldiers arrived from Tennessee to occupy the city, placed under command of Kentucky native General Simon Bolivar Buckner. The citys pro-Union feelings surprised the Confederate occupiers, surrounding hills were fortified to secure possible military approaches to the valuable river and railroad assets. In November 1861, the provisional Confederate government of Kentucky chose Bowling Green as its capital and they destroyed bridges across the Barren River, the railroad depot, and other important buildings that could be used by the enemy
Brownsville is a home rule-class city in Edmonson County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 836 at the time of the 2010 census and it is included in the Bowling Green metropolitan area. It is just outside Mammoth Cave National Park, Brownsville is located near the center of Edmonson County at 37°11′28″N 86°15′40″W. The city limits border the edge of Mammoth Cave National Park. State Routes 70 and 259 pass through the city together as Main Street. KY70 leads east 20 miles to Cave City and west 27 miles to U. S. Route 231 at Aberdeen, while KY259 leads southeast 12 miles to U. S. Route 31W and north 25 miles to Leitchfield. According to the United States Census Bureau, Brownsville has an area of 2.6 square miles, of which 0.01 square miles. The city is located on the Green River, a tributary of the Ohio River, as of the census of 2000, there were 921 people,387 households, and 229 families residing in the city. The population density was 581.0 people per square mile, there were 421 housing units at an average density of 265.6 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 98. 37% White,0. 11% African American,0. 43% Native American,0. 11% Asian,0. 11% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 76% of the population. 37. 5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15. 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.81. In the city, the population was out with 20. 3% under the age of 18,8. 6% from 18 to 24,22. 8% from 25 to 44,24. 4% from 45 to 64. The median age was 43 years, for every 100 females there were 72.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.1 males, the median income for a household in the city was $15,370, and the median income for a family was $21,250. Males had an income of $26,125 versus $14,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,711, about 30. 8% of families and 32. 6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45. 2% of those under age 18 and 24. 5% of those age 65 or over.
There is a Plain and buggy community with about 40 to 50 people in Peace Valley, the community is affiliated with the Caneyville Christian Community. Brownsville is served by the Edmonson County Schools
Central Time Zone
The North American Central Time Zone is a time zone in parts of Canada, the United States, Central America, some Caribbean Islands, and part of the Eastern Pacific Ocean. Central Standard Time is six hours behind Coordinated Universal Time, during summer most of the zone uses daylight saving time, and changes to Central Daylight Time which is five hours behind UTC. The province of Manitoba is the province or territory in Canada that observes Central Time in all areas. Also, most of the province of Saskatchewan is on Central Standard Time year-round, major exceptions include Lloydminster, a city situated on the boundary between Alberta and Saskatchewan. The city charter stipulates that it shall observe Mountain Time and DST, putting the community on the time as all of Alberta, including the major cities of Calgary. As a result, during the summer, clocks in the province match those in Alberta. The Central Time Zone is the second most populous in the US after the Eastern Time Zone and Valley observe Eastern Time historically because they were textile mill towns and the original home office of their mills was in West Point, Georgia.
Some eastern counties observe Central Time because they are close to the border of the Middle Tennessee counties surrounding the Nashville metropolitan area. Louisiana Michigan, All of Michigan observes Eastern Time except the four Upper Peninsula counties that border Wisconsin, other westernmost counties from this area such as Ontonagon observe Eastern Time. South Dakota, Eastern half as divided by the Missouri river adjacent to the state capital, the metropolitan area of Pierre is Central, including Fort Pierre. Wisconsin Most of Mexico—roughly the eastern three-fourths—lies in the Central Time Zone, except for six northwestern states, the federal entities of Mexico that observe Central Time, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua all use Central Standard Time year-round. The Galápagos Islands in Ecuador uses Central Standard Time all year-round, Daylight saving time is in effect in much of the Central time zone between mid-March and early November. The modified time is called Central Daylight Time and is UTC−5, in Canada, Saskatchewan does not observe a time change.
One reason that Saskatchewan does not take part in a change is that, geographically. The province elected to move onto permanent daylight saving by being part of the Central Time Zone, Mexico decided not to go along with this change and observes their horario de verano from the first Sunday in April to the last Sunday in October. In December 2009, the Mexican Congress allowed ten border cities, eight of which are in states that observe Central Time, to adopt the U. S. daylight time schedule effective in 2010
Kentucky Route 70
Kentucky Route 70 is a long east-east state highway that originates at a junction with U. S. Route 60 in Smithland in Livingston County, just east of the Ohio River. Kentucky Route 70 begins in the Livingston County seat of Smithland, Kentucky and it travels eastward to a junction with KY866, and reaches a dead end at Tiline, along the Cumberland River. KY70 does not connect from there to Dycusburg, not since the service at that point was discontinued in 1951. KY70 returns to life at Dycusburg, on the Crittenden County side of the river, KY295 ends at that same point. KY70 moves on to join US Route 641 and Kentucky Route 91 in southern Crittenden County, KY70 and 91 departs from US641, and the two state routes split not too long after. Highway 91 goes southeast for Princeton, while KY70 continues due east to go through mainly rural sections of northern Caldwell County, KY70 crosses the Tradewater River into Hopkins County. It intersects }KY109 at Beulah, and reaches Madisonville and it gets co-signed with U. S.
Route 41 in downtown Madisonville before breaking off and traverses the Exit 114 interchange of Interstate 69 on the east side. It intersects KY85 just east of town before KY70 enters Muhlenberg County, in Central City, US431 and KY70 both meet US Route 62, and traverse the exit 58 interchange of the Wendell H. Ford Western Kentucky Parkway. That interchange was a toll booth site until the 1987 discontinuation of the WK Parkways toll plazas. The concurrently running US431 and KY70 continues southeastward from Central City through the intersection of KY176 in Drakesboro, much of US 431s concurrency with KY70 is designated as part of a Kentucky Scenic Byway. KY70 breaks off from US431 at that point south of Drakesboro, steam from the Tennessee Valley Authoritys Paradise Coal-firing plant can be seen from the highway between Drakesboro and Rochester. In Butler County, Kentucky Route 70 intersects KY369 while going through Rochester and it intersects Kentucky Route 106 not too far southeast of there, and would go on to the communities of South Hill and Dunbar.
Not too far east of Dunbar, KY70 intersects KY1468, the route intersects the Exit 29 interchange of the Natcher Parkway. That intersection opened during the 1999-2000 fiscal year, between the Natcher Parkway and US 231/KY79, KY70 is known as Veterans Way and runs concurrently with US231 Truck and KY79 Truck. KY70 runs concurrently with U. S. Route 231 and Kentucky Route 79 from Morgantown, in Aberdeen, KY70 actually departs US231 a little bit after KY79 does. KY70 intersects KY79 for a time, continuing east from Aberdeen through Jetson, and Roundhill. After the intersection with KY185, KY70 immediately enters Edmonson County, KY70 rolls onward towards the communities of Huff and Windyville. It meets KY259, and KY70 and 259 run concurrently to cross the Green River at Brownsville and this is KY 70s second crossing of the Green River
Morgantown is a home rule-class city in, and the seat of, Butler County, United States. The population was 2,394 at the time of the 2010 census, the etymology of the citys present name is uncertain. It may have chosen to honor a hunter named Morgan or to honor Daniel Morgan Smith. It was incorporated as Morgantown by the assembly in 1813. Granville Allen, a member of the 17th Kentucky Infantry, was one of the first Union soldiers to die in the Civil War, a monument was erected by the Granville Allen Post #93 GAR. This first skirmish between the North and South took place on the Daniel Boone Johnson property, the Johnson Cemetery is still there and is directly above the monument, which is a limestone marker cut into the side of the old Logansport road. Morgantown has one of two monuments in the country dedicated to soldiers of both sides who died in the Civil War. The Confederate-Union Veterans Monument in Morgantown is located on the grounds of the county courthouse, the city formerly had a sister city in Tatsuruhama, but that city is now part of Nanao.
Morgantown is located near the center of Butler County at 37°13′10″N 86°41′33″W and it is situated on the top of a bluff on the west side of the Green River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 2.4 square miles, of which 0.012 square miles. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,544 people,1,051 households, the population density was 754.8 people per square mile. There were 1,148 housing units at a density of 340.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95. 52% White,1. 10% African American,0. 16% Native American,0. 31% Asian,2. 36% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 3. 22% of the population. 36. 9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18. 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.90. In the city, the population was out with 23. 0% under the age of 18,11. 2% from 18 to 24,24. 8% from 25 to 44,21. 0% from 45 to 64. The median age was 38 years, for every 100 females there were 82.9 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.9 males, the median income for a household in the city was $19,912, and the median income for a family was $27,218. Males had an income of $24,671 versus $18,594 for females
Frankfort is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the seat of Franklin County. Based on population, it is the fifth-smallest state capital in the United States and it is a home rule-class city in Kentucky, the population was 25,527 at the 2010 census. Located along the Kentucky River, Frankfort is the city of the Frankfort, Kentucky Micropolitan Statistical Area. The town of Frankfort likely received its name from an event that took place in the 1780s, American Indians attacked a group of early European-American pioneers from Bryan Station, who were making salt at a ford in the Kentucky River. Pioneer Stephen Frank was killed, and the settlers called the crossing Franks Ford. This name was elided to Frankfort, in 1786, James Wilkinson purchased the 260-acre tract of land on the north side of the Kentucky River, which developed as downtown Frankfort. He was a promoter of Frankfort as the state capital. After Kentucky became the 15th state in early 1792, five commissioners from various counties were appointed on June 20 to choose a location for the capital and they were John Allen and John Edwards, Henry Lee, Thomas Kennedy, and Robert Todd.
A number of communities competed for this honor, but Frankfort won, Frankfort had a United States post office by 1794, with Daniel Weisiger as postmaster. John Brown, a Virginia lawyer and statesman, built a home now called Liberty Hall in Frankfort in 1796, before Kentuckys statehood, he represented Virginia in the Continental Congress and the U. S. Congress. While in Congress, he introduced the bill granting statehood to Kentucky, after statehood, he was elected by the state legislature as one of the states U. S. Senators. In 1796, the Kentucky General Assembly appropriated funds to provide a house to accommodate the governor, the Old Governors Mansion is claimed to be the oldest official executive residence still in use in the United States. In 1829, Gideon Shryock designed the Old Capitol, Kentuckys third and it served Kentucky as its capitol from 1830 to 1910. The separate settlement known as South Frankfort was annexed by the city in January 3,1850, during the American Civil War, the Union Army built fortifications overlooking Frankfort on what is now called Fort Hill.
The Confederate Army occupied Frankfort for a time starting from September 3,1862. On February 3,1900 Governor-elect William Goebel was assassinated in Frankfort while walking to the capitol on the way to his inauguration, former Secretary of State Caleb Powers was found guilty of a conspiracy to murder Goebel. Frankfort has grown considerably since the 1960s, a modern addition to the State Office Building was completed in 1967. The original building was completed in the 1930s on the location of the former Kentucky State Penitentiary, some of the stone from the old prison was used for the walls surrounding the office building
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Kentucky is one of four U. S. states constituted as a commonwealth, originally a part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 37th most extensive and the 26th most populous of the 50 United States, Kentucky is known as the Bluegrass State, a nickname based on the bluegrass found in many of its pastures due to the fertile soil. One of the regions in Kentucky is the Bluegrass Region in central Kentucky. In 1776, the counties of Virginia beyond the Appalachian Mountains became known as Kentucky County, the precise etymology of the name is uncertain, but likely based on an Iroquoian name meaning the meadow or the prairie. Kentucky is situated in the Upland South, a significant portion of eastern Kentucky is part of Appalachia. Kentucky borders seven states, from the Midwest and the Southeast, West Virginia lies to the east, Virginia to the southeast, Tennessee to the south, Missouri to the west and Indiana to the northwest, and Ohio to the north and northeast.
Only Missouri and Tennessee, both of which border eight states, touch more, Kentuckys northern border is formed by the Ohio River and its western border by the Mississippi River. The official state borders are based on the courses of the rivers as they existed when Kentucky became a state in 1792, for instance, northbound travelers on U. S.41 from Henderson, after crossing the Ohio River, will be in Kentucky for about two miles. Ellis Park, a racetrack, is located in this small piece of Kentucky. Waterworks Road is part of the land border between Indiana and Kentucky. Kentucky has a part known as Kentucky Bend, at the far west corner of the state. It exists as an exclave surrounded completely by Missouri and Tennessee, Road access to this small part of Kentucky on the Mississippi River requires a trip through Tennessee. The epicenter of the powerful 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes was near this area, much of the outer Bluegrass is in the Eden Shale Hills area, made up of short and very narrow hills.
The Jackson Purchase and western Pennyrile are home to several bald cypress/tupelo swamps, located within the southeastern interior portion of North America, Kentucky has a climate that can best be described as a humid subtropical climate. Temperatures in Kentucky usually range from daytime summer highs of 87 °F to the low of 23 °F. The average precipitation is 46 inches a year, Kentucky experiences four distinct seasons, with substantial variations in the severity of summer and winter. The highest recorded temperature was 114 °F at Greensburg on July 28,1930 while the lowest recorded temperature was −37 °F at Shelbyville on January 19,1994, due to its location, Kentucky has a moderate humid subtropical climate, with abundant rainfall