Wine lactone

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Wine lactone
Chemical structure of the wine lactone
IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
Molar mass 166.22 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Wine lactone is a pleasant smelling compound found naturally in apples, orange juice, grapefruit juice, orange essential oil, clementine peel oil and various grape wines. It was first discovered as an essential oil metabolite in Koala urine by Southwell in 1975.[1] It was discovered several years later by Guth in white wines and was named "wine lactone".[2] This monoterpene imparts "coconut, woody and sweet" odors to a wine. There are 8 possible isomers of wine lactone with the (3S, 3a S, 7aR) isomer being the only one that has been found in wine.[3] This isomer is also the most potent of all eight with an odor detection threshold of 10 ng/L in model wine.

The odor threshold of the (3S,3aS,7aR)-wine lactone stereoisomer is 0.00001-0.00004 ng/l in air.[3]


  1. ^ Southwell, I. A. (1975). "Essential oil metabolism in the koala iii novel urinary monoterpenoid lactones". Tetrahedron Letters. 16 (24): 1885–1888. doi:10.1016/S0040-4039(00)72311-2.
  2. ^ Bonnlander, B.; Baderschneider, B.; Messerer, M.; Winterhalter, P. (1998). "Isolation of Two Novel Terpenoid Glucose Esters from Riesling Wine". J. Agric. Food Chem. 46 (4): 1474–1478. doi:10.1021/jf9706033.
  3. ^ a b Guth, H. (1996). "Determination of the Configuration of Wine Lactone". Helvetica Chimica Acta. 79 (6): 1559–1571. doi:10.1002/hlca.19960790606.

External links[edit]

  • Leffingwell website lists a number of wine lactone variants, notably the 0.00001-0.00004 ng/l version with animated structures