Love Metal is the fourth studio album by Finnish gothic rock band HIM. Released on 11 April 2003, HIM began recording demos for the album in spring 2002, after an exhausting touring cycle for their previous album, which nearly broke the band up. Excited and invigorated by the new material, HIM entered Finnvox Studios in September 2002 with producer Hiili Hiilesmaa, who had helmed the group's 1997 debut album. Musically Love Metal featured a more raw and organic sound, inspired by the band's early influences, seen as a reaction to the difficulties they faced while recording their previous album. Vocalist Ville Valo has since described Love Metal as the album. Love Metal was the band's first album to predominantly feature their logo, the heartagram, on the cover, while the album's title was coined in the mid-nineties as a description for HIM's musical genre. Love Metal received positive reviews from critics, with many praising the songwriting and calling the album a return to form after Deep Shadows and Brilliant Highlights.
The album charted in eleven countries, reaching number one in Finland and Germany going platinum and gold respectively. Love Metal was the band's first album to chart in the UK and France at number 55 and 141 respectively. Three singles were released, with "The Funeral of Hearts" reaching number one on the Finnish Singles Chart. Music videos were produced for all three singles, with professional skateboarder and Jackass member Bam Margera directing two. Following the album's release, HIM toured the US for the first time, with all of the shows being sold-out. After nearly breaking up following an exhausting supporting tour for their previous album Deep Shadows and Brilliant Highlights, HIM took a two month break in early 2002. While other members of the band flew on vacation, vocalist Ville Valo stayed behind in Helsinki and began writing new material; when HIM regrouped at the turn of February and March 2002, the band felt re-energized, as well as excited about the new songs Valo had written.
The group soon began recording demos in the spring of 2002, with producer Hiili Hiilesmaa, who had produced the band's 1997 debut album. HIM continued to work on new material for six months, before entering Finnvox Studios in September 2002 to record their fourth studio album with Hiilesmaa actingg as producer; the recording process lasted two months, after which the band flew to Los Angeles for two weeks to mix the album at Studio Scream with Tim Palmer, who had worked with Pearl Jam and U2 among others. Additional mixing for the tracks "Buried Alive by Love" and "Sweet Pandemonium" was done at Sphere Studios in London, while the album was mastered at Sterling Sound in New York by George Marino; the artwork for Love Metal was designed by Valo and Janne Uotila, marks the first predominant use of the band's logo the heartagram, designed by Valo on his twentieth birthday in 1996. According to Valo, the inclusion of the heartagram on the cover was done as "a statement of intent musically and ideologically", as well as to "get the symbol across".
The term "love metal" was coined by the band in the late-nineties as way to respond to peoples' difficulty categorizing HIM's music, was chosen as the title of the album in order to explain to people what the term means, with Valo stating: "When somebody asks'what is love metal', we can give him or her the album". The overall sound of Love Metal was described by Ville Valo as being more "organic" and "dynamic" than some of the band's previous work, whilst at the same time containing elements from all their albums in one, he described Love Metal as a "hats off" to the band's influences, such as Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin, Iggy Pop, as well as a reaction to the difficulties they faced during the making-of Deep Shadows and Brilliant Highlights. He elaborated, stating: "After what we considered a disappointment with Deep Shadows and Brilliant Highlights, because there were so many chefs in the kitchen, we wanted to be a band that we control what we do, everybody else can fuck-off." Valo referred to Love Metal as a "moment of realization" for the band, stating: "This is what we are, this is what we're going to do".
He described the album as the point where the group found "the identity of the band"."Buried Alive by Love" was one of the first songs composed for the album, opens with a riff inspired by "Search and Destroy" by The Stooges, which Valo had written while on tour for Razorblade Romance. According to Valo, the song was deliberately chosen as the first track of the album to display "that youthful, animalistic energy", "lacking" in some of the band's previous work. "The Funeral of Hearts" wasn't considered for the album, as it was unfinished when recording began. The song was added at the last minute after bassist Mikko "Mige" Paananen heard the chorus, demanding it be included on the album. Lyrically "The Funeral of Hearts" talks about "being able to celebrate what you have though things might end." Valo described the song as "the most straight on HIM-tune" on Love Metal. "Beyond Redemption" was inspired by a relationship of a friend of Valo's, lyrically deals with "people who fall in love, they are beyond redemption.
"Sweet Pandemonium" talks about "understanding you've got a problem" and the difficulty to "talk about it", while "Circle of Fear" deals with the inability to help other people "without loving yourself first". "The Path" was inspired by the legend of Orpheus, was included in the end credits of the Finnish film Honey Baby, as was "The Sacrament" in the 2007 anime film Highlander: The Search for Vengeance. "The Funeral of Hearts" was released in March 2003 as the
Dark Light (HIM album)
Dark Light is the fifth studio album by Finnish gothic rock band HIM. Released on 26 September 2005, HIM began recording the album in March 2005 at the Paramour Estate is Los Angeles, with producer Tim Palmer, who had mixed the band's previous album Love Metal. Dark Light served as HIM's first worldwide release with Sire Records, with whom the band had signed with in September 2004. In Finland, the album was released under the band's own label Heartagram. Musically, Dark Light featured a more "polished" and "accessible" sound than previous albums, was written as a cross between Black Sabbath and U2 influenced by the work of composer Angelo Badalamenti. Dark Light received positive reviews from critics, with many praising the writing and the band's performance, while some criticism was given to the second half of the album. Dark Light charted in fifteen countries, reaching number one in Finland going platinum, as well as gold in Germany, the UK and the US, making HIM the first Finnish artists to receive a gold record in the United States.
Three singles were released, with "Wings of a Butterfly" peaking at number one in Finland, "Killing Loneliness" at number two. "Wings of a Butterfly" received the award for "Song of the Year" at the 2005 Emma Awards, was awarded at the 2007 BMI Pop Awards as well. During the album's world tour, HIM made their live debut in various countries, including Japan and Australia. In August 2003, HIM separated after fulfilling their contractual obligations to the label. In September 2004, HIM announced that they had signed a new recording contract with Sire Records, who would handle the band's future releases in Europe, the United States and Australia. In their native Finland, however, HIM's recordings would be released through the band's own Heartagram label. In March 2005, HIM relocated to Los Angeles, California, to start work on their fifth studio album at The Paramour Estate, with producer Tim Palmer, who had mixed the band's fourth album Love Metal. After two days of rehearsals, the band began recording drums.
This was followed by the bass, guitars and keyboards. The band were faced with multiple distractions during the recording process, including dogs around the estate, as well as a Playboy video shoot; because of this, the studio equipment was moved upstairs for Ville Valo to record his vocals, while the other members of the band flew to Las Vegas with professional skateboarder and friend of the band Bam Margera. In May 2005, HIM recruited Andy Wallace to mix the album. According to Valo, Wallace lost the "melancholia" in his mixes, explaining: "It sounded fucking good, but it sounded like radio-friendly American rock and we're not that." Thus, producer Tim Palmer was tasked with mixing the album at Electric Lady Studios in New York, after which the album was mastered by Stephen Marcussen at Sterling Sound. Planned as In the Nightside of Eden, the album's title was changed to Dark Light, because the band felt that the latter would be a more memorable title, seeing as how this would be HIM's first album to be released in Japan and North America.
The title Dark Light was inspired by a book of the same name by Mette Newth, was thought up as a play on words. Dark Light continues the band's tradition of "contradictions in titles"; the cover art of Dark Light was designed by Sonny Gerasimowicz. According to Valo, the band entered the studio with the idea of creating a cross between Black Sabbath's Sabbath Bloody Sabbath and Achtung Baby by U2, Dark Light has been described as more "polished" and "accessible" than HIM's previous albums; the first half of the record was written long before entering the studio, while the second half was composed a month and a half prior, after Valo threw away much of the original material, because "it was too slow". According to Valo, the band's approach on Dark Light was to make the songs sound more "cinematic and close to the listeners", inspired by the works of composer Angelo Badalamenti. Valo mentioned This Mortal Coil as an influence on the album's "spooky, eerie" sound. Lyrically, Dark Light deals with themes of "girls and boys and the politics of the heart"."Vampire Heart" opens with a riff reminiscent of the theme to the 1978 film Halloween, while "Rip Out the Wings of a Butterfly" was described by Valo as a "link between'She Sells Sanctuary' by The Cult and'Billie Jean' by Michael Jackson".
The lyrics were inspired by a legend of immortal souls possessing the wings of a butterfly, talks about: "Whether you are willing enough to destroy something beautiful to gain yourself some power." According to Valo, the song was chosen as the first single from Dark Light, because it was "the perfect song to describe what's going to happen on the entire album", containing all the signature elements of the band's sound as well. "Killing Loneliness" was inspired by professional skateboarder Brandon Novak and his heroin addiction, talks about the various ways people "kill their loneliness, with what", while "Behind the Crimson Door" features Valo humming a poem by Finnish author Timo K. Mukka. Valo described "The Face of God" as "Achtung-era U2, with Queens of the Stone Age meeting the Satanic Bee Gees", "In the Nightside of Eden" as the "prog rock" song of the album, which makes mention of the Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri; the band's cover of "Poison Heart" by the Ramones features claps by Sire Records' co-founder Seymour Stein and A&R executive Michael Goldstone.
"Rip Out the Wing
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Greece the Hellenic Republic, self-identified and known as Hellas, is a country located in Southern and Southeast Europe, with a population of 11 million as of 2016. Athens is largest city, followed by Thessaloniki. Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe and Africa. Situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, it shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, North Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, Turkey to the northeast; the Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, the Cretan Sea and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the 11th longest coastline in the world at 13,676 km in length, featuring a large number of islands, of which 227 are inhabited. Eighty percent of Greece is mountainous, with Mount Olympus being the highest peak at 2,918 metres; the country consists of nine geographic regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Epirus, the Aegean Islands, Thrace and the Ionian Islands.
Greece is considered the cradle of Western civilisation, being the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, Western literature, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, Western drama and notably the Olympic Games. From the eighth century BC, the Greeks were organised into various independent city-states, known as poleis, which spanned the entire Mediterranean region and the Black Sea. Philip of Macedon united most of the Greek mainland in the fourth century BC, with his son Alexander the Great conquering much of the ancient world, from the eastern Mediterranean to India. Greece was annexed by Rome in the second century BC, becoming an integral part of the Roman Empire and its successor, the Byzantine Empire, in which Greek language and culture were dominant. Rooted in the first century A. D. the Greek Orthodox Church helped shape modern Greek identity and transmitted Greek traditions to the wider Orthodox World. Falling under Ottoman dominion in the mid-15th century, the modern nation state of Greece emerged in 1830 following a war of independence.
Greece's rich historical legacy is reflected by its 18 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The sovereign state of Greece is a unitary parliamentary republic and developed country with an advanced high-income economy, a high quality of life, a high standard of living. A founding member of the United Nations, Greece was the tenth member to join the European Communities and has been part of the Eurozone since 2001, it is a member of numerous other international institutions, including the Council of Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. Greece's unique cultural heritage, large tourism industry, prominent shipping sector and geostrategic importance classify it as a middle power, it is the largest economy in the Balkans. The names for the nation of Greece and the Greek people differ from the names used in other languages and cultures.
The Greek name of the country is Hellas or Ellada, its official name is the Hellenic Republic. In English, the country is called Greece, which comes from Latin Graecia and means'the land of the Greeks'; the earliest evidence of the presence of human ancestors in the southern Balkans, dated to 270,000 BC, is to be found in the Petralona cave, in the Greek province of Macedonia. All three stages of the stone age are represented for example in the Franchthi Cave. Neolithic settlements in Greece, dating from the 7th millennium BC, are the oldest in Europe by several centuries, as Greece lies on the route via which farming spread from the Near East to Europe. Greece is home to the first advanced civilizations in Europe and is considered the birthplace of Western civilisation, beginning with the Cycladic civilization on the islands of the Aegean Sea at around 3200 BC, the Minoan civilization in Crete, the Mycenaean civilization on the mainland; these civilizations possessed writing, the Minoans writing in an undeciphered script known as Linear A, the Mycenaeans in Linear B, an early form of Greek.
The Mycenaeans absorbed the Minoans, but collapsed violently around 1200 BC, during a time of regional upheaval known as the Bronze Age collapse. This ushered from which written records are absent. Though the unearthed Linear B texts are too fragmentary for the reconstruction of the political landscape and can't support the existence of a larger state contemporary Hittite and Egyptian records suggest the presence of a single state under a "Great King" based in mainland Greece; the end of the Dark Ages is traditionally dated to the year of the first Olympic Games. The Iliad and the Odyssey, the foundational texts of Western literature, are believed to have been composed by Homer in the 7th or 8th centuries BC. With the end of the Dark Ages, there emerged various kingdoms and city-states across the Greek peninsula, which spread to the shores of the Black Sea, So
Screamworks: Love in Theory and Practice
Screamworks: Love in Theory and Practice, Chapters 1−13 is the seventh studio album by Finnish gothic rock band HIM. Released on 8 February 2010, the album was recorded at The Lair Studios and NRG Studios in Los Angeles, with producer Matt Squire. Following his time in rehab, Screamworks was the first HIM album vocalist Ville Valo worked on sober; this resulted in the band rehearsing the material more than before, as Valo had set out to prove himself and the band following his new-found sobriety. Musically Screamworks featured a more accessible and straightforward sound than many of its predecessor, reminiscent of the music of the 1980s. Much of the album's material was inspired by Valo's relationship with an undisclosed partner, whom he referred to as his muse for the record. Screamworks received positive reviews from critics. Valo's vocals and songwriting received praise, although the "lighter" tone of the album received mixed opinions. Screamworks charted in eleven countries, including the top ten in Finland, Germany and Switzerland being certified gold in the band's home country.
Two singles were released, with "Heartkiller" peaking at number five in Finland. The release of Screamworks was followed by a world tour, starting with several European dates and a tour of Australia as a part of the Soundwave Festival; this was followed-up by several dates throughout the UK and the US in 2010. In December 2010, HIM released a companion album to Screamworks, titled SWRMXS, featuring remixes done by various different artists, such as Tiësto and Morgan Page. HIM began rehearsing material for a new album in February 2009; the band soon teamed up with producer Matt Squire, who had worked with The Used, Taking Back Sunday and Panic! at the Disco among others. Over the course of three months and the band rearranged much of the material and rehearsed more, before entering The Lair Studio in Los Angeles, California, in August 2009. Screamworks was the band's first album that vocalist Ville Valo worked on sober following his time in rehab, which played a part in the group rehearsing more than before.
According to Valo, he set out to prove all he could do with Screamworks, but he remarked that in hindsight the excessive rehearsing wore much of the band out drummer Mika "Gas Lipstick" Karppinen, who had become a father. Additional recording for the album was done at NRG Studios in North Hollywood, while the album was mixed at Paramount Studios by Neal Avron. Screamworks was mastered by Ted Jensen at Sterling Sound in New York, with Valo receiving the album's first master on Halloween; the album's title was inspired by the book Magick in Theory and Practice by Aleister Crowley, DreamWorks, The Scream by Edvard Munch. Another title considered for the album was Pick Up Lines from Hell, taken from the lyrics of the song "Scared to Death"; the title was deemed to be too "joky". The cover art of Screamworks is a picture taken of a late 19th-century nun sculpture, that Valo had purchased in Bavaria; the picture was edited in Photoshop to include another set of eyes and a mouth, after which it was silkscreened in the style of Andy Warhol.
The cover art was influenced by 1980s British New wave acts, such as Siouxsie and the Banshees and Ultravox. Musically Valo has described Screamworks as a "lighter shade of black", being more "direct" and "straightforward" than some of HIM's previous albums; the album was influenced by music of the 1980s, including such acts as a-ha, Depeche Mode and The Cult, featured a bigger focus on keyboards to counterbalance the guitar-centric sound of the band's previous album Venus Doom. Screamworks has thus been described as one of the band's most accessible albums to date, sounding more "hopeful" and "poppy". Thematically the album was inspired by a relationship of Valo's with an undisclosed partner, who served as his muse while writing the material. "In Verene Veritas" makes use of a Casio SK-1 sampling keyboard, included on the insistence of Valo. "Scared to Death" was described by Valo as lyrically being a simplified version of the album's theme about "trying to get back to life, have a bit of hope in yourself".
The song makes mention of the novel Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen, was described by Valo as being the album's most straightforward "pop song", containing elements of Hüsker Dü, Foo Fighters and "The NeverEnding Story" by Limahl. "Heartkiller" was titled "The Biblical Sense", makes mention of the biblical figure Lazarus and Frankenstein by Mary Shelley. Lyrically the song talks about "opening the door for new possibilities, not trying to be afraid of new things and things that might hurt you". "Dying Song" had been written in 1996, lyrically talks about having to "go to the depths of Hell, to appreciate the glimpse of Heaven". "Disarm Me" is performed in 3/4 tempo, was described by Valo as being HIM's "first attempt in the realm of classic rock ballad". The song had been demoed in 2003 with producer Hiili Hiilesmaa, considered for the band's 2005 album Dark Light. Valo singled the song out as one of his favorites from Screamworks, lyrically talks about "teasing people into believing that you still have that much hope for something life-changing, at the last minute the carpet's being taken from underneath you".
Valo described "Love, the Hardest Way" as being "retro HIM", with a "Billy Idol -vibe", while the song's chorus mentions French poet Charles Baudelaire and lyrically deals with "the illogical in relationships in general". "Katherine Wheel" was inspired by the Christian saint Catherine of Alexandria, lyrically deals
UK Singles Chart
The UK Singles Chart is compiled by the Official Charts Company, on behalf of the British record industry, listing the top-selling singles in the United Kingdom, based upon physical sales, paid-for downloads and streaming. The Official Chart, broadcast on BBC Radio 1 and MTV, is the UK music industry's recognised official measure of singles and albums popularity because it is the most comprehensive research panel of its kind, today surveying over 15,000 retailers and digital services daily, capturing 99.9% of all singles consumed in Britain across the week, over 98% of albums. To be eligible for the chart, a single is defined by the Official Charts Company as either a'single bundle' having no more than four tracks and not lasting longer than 25 minutes or one digital audio track not longer than 15 minutes with a minimum sale price of 40 pence; the rules have changed many times as technology has developed, the most notable being the inclusion of digital downloads in 2005 and streaming in July 2014.
The OCC website contains the Top 100 chart. Some media outlets only list the Top 75 of this list; the chart week runs from 00:01 Friday to midnight Thursday, with most UK physical and digital singles being released on Fridays. From 3 August 1969 until 5 July 2015, the chart week ran from 00:01 Sunday to midnight Saturday; the Top 40 chart is first issued on Friday afternoons by BBC Radio 1 as The Official Chart from 16:00 to 17:45, before the full Official Singles Chart Top 100 is posted on the Official Charts Company's website. A rival chart show, The Vodafone Big Top 40, is based on iTunes downloads and commercial radio airplay across the Global Radio network only, is broadcast on Sunday afternoons from 16:00 to 19:00 on 145 local commercial radio stations across the United Kingdom; the Big Top 40 is not regarded by the industry or wider media. There is a show called "Official KISS Top 40", counting down 40 most played songs on Kiss FM every Sunday 17:00 to 19:00; the UK Singles Chart began to be compiled in 1952.
According to the Official Charts Company's statistics, as of 1 July 2012, 1,200 singles have topped the UK Singles Chart. The precise number of chart-toppers is debatable due to the profusion of competing charts from the 1950s to the 1980s, but the usual list used is that endorsed by the Guinness Book of British Hit Singles and subsequently adopted by the Official Charts Company; the company regards a selected period of the New Musical Express chart and the Record Retailer chart from 1960 to 1969 as predecessors for the period prior to 11 February 1969, where multiples of competing charts coexisted side by side. For example, the BBC compiled its own chart based on an average of the music papers of the time; the first number one on the UK Singles Chart was "Here in My Heart" by Al Martino for the week ending date 14 November 1952. As of the week ending date 18 April 2019, the UK Singles Chart has had 1352 different number-one hits; the current number-one single is "Someone You Loved" by Lewis Capaldi.
Before the compilation of sales of records, the music market measured a song's popularity by sales of sheet music. The idea of compiling a chart based on sales originated in the United States, where the music-trade paper Billboard compiled the first chart incorporating sales figures on 20 July 1940. Record charts in the UK began in 1952, when Percy Dickins of the New Musical Express gathered a pool of 52 stores willing to report sales figures. For the first British chart Dickins telephoned 20 shops, asking for a list of the 10 best-selling songs; these results were aggregated into a Top 12 chart published in NME on 14 November 1952, with Al Martino's "Here in My Heart" awarded the number-one position. The chart became a successful feature of the periodical. Record Mirror compiled its own Top 10 chart for 22 January 1955; the NME chart was based on a telephone poll. Both charts expanded in size, with Mirror's becoming a Top 20 in October 1955 and NME's becoming a Top 30 in April 1956. Another rival publication, Melody Maker, began compiling its own chart.
It was the first chart to include Northern Ireland in its sample. Record Mirror began running a Top 5 album chart in July 1956. In March 1960, Record Retailer had a Top 50 singles chart. Although NME had the largest circulation of charts in the 1960s and was followed, in March 1962 Record Mirror stopped compiling its own chart and published Record Retailer's instead. Retailer began independent auditing in January 1963, has been used by the UK Singles Chart as the source for number-ones since the week ending 12 March 1960; the choice of Record Retailer as the source has been criticised. With available lists of which record shops were sampled to compile the charts some shops were subjected to "hyping" but, with Record Retailer being less followed than some charts, it was subject to less hyping. Additionally, Retailer was set up by independent record shops and had no funding or affiliation with record companies. However, it had a smaller sample size than some ri
Greatest Lovesongs Vol. 666
Greatest Lovesongs Vol. 666 is the debut studio album by Finnish gothic rock band HIM. The album was recorded in fifteen days during the summer of 1997 with producer Hiili Hiilesmaa, whom vocalist Ville Valo has credited as the honorary sixth member of the band due his help in honing the band's sound, released on 3 November 1997. Musically Greatest Lovesongs Vol. 666 has been described as a combination of heavy metal and 1980s rock and goth, with lyrics centered around themes of love and death. The album features the only writing credits from guitarist Mikko "Linde" Lindström in the band's history, is their only album to feature keyboardist Antto Melasniemi and drummer Juhana "Pätkä" Rantala. Greatest Lovesongs Vol. 666 received positive reviews from critics, who commended the album's diversity and overall sound. The album peaked at number four in Finland and at number 50 in Germany going platinum in the former. Three singles were released, two of which reached the top ten in Finland, with music videos being produced for two.
HIM would go on to win "Debut Album of the Year", as well as "Newcomer of the Year", at the 1997 Emma Awards. After a supporting tour across Finland, Greatest Lovesongs Vol. 666 received its international release in late 1998, followed by the band's first tour abroad in Germany. HIM began recording their debut album in the summer of 1997; the drums and guitars were recorded at MD-Studios in Munkkiniemi, while the vocals and keyboards were recorded at Peacemakers Studios in Jokela. All in all the recording process took fifteen days, while the album was mixed in one week. Due to HIM's minimal studio experience, producer Hiili Hiilesmaa played a key role in honing the band's sound, was touted as the honorary sixth member of the group by vocalist Ville Valo; when recording began, HIM had eight songs ready for the album, two of which were recorded for the group's 1996 EP 666 Ways to Love: Prologue. After initial recording ended, the album clocked in at 32 minutes, which the band's record label BMG felt was too short.
As a result, HIM opted to include a cover of Blue Öyster Cult's " the Reaper" on the record, which the band had recorded the previous winter. The track featured guest vocals by Sanna-June Hyde, an old school friend of Valo's and guitarist Linde Lindström's ex-girlfriend. During the album's mastering process, Hiili Hiilesmaa and Pauli Saastamoinen added an effect at the end "It's All Tears", where the stereo sound breaks, which caused many people to return the album to stores, believing they had received a faulty copy. Valo had envisioned the album's front cover as featuring a replica of his body that would turn into a skeleton as it went down. Due to minimal funds and time constraints, the band were unable to fulfill this idea, instead opting for a more traditional photo session with Vertti Teräsvuori; the finished cover art was meant as a combination of goth and eroticism with its dark red color scheme, while Valo posing was described as a "Jeanne d’Arc -style tortured figure". BMG were not fond of the finished artwork, feeling that it evoked too much of a "Billy Idol vibe" by just having one band member on the cover.
The label protested to the band's idea of having the name HIM visible on the cover. "For You" was chosen as the first track on the album at the insistence of BMG, with "Intro" in parentheses. According to Valo, this was done because the label didn't want people just listening to the long opening of the song, thinking the whole album would be like that. "Your Sweet Six Six Six" was switched out as the opening track on the international edition of the album. The sound of Greatest Lovesongs Vol. 666 has been described as a combination of heavy metal and 1980s rock and goth music, with Valo citing Type O Negative as the main influence on the album. Lyrically the material is heavy on symbolism centered around love and death, a theme that would continue through the band's work as well; as a whole however, Valo has described the album as much more "serious" than the band's releases, stating: "I guess I was a bit humorless back then. I thought we were making some fucking fine art or something, in hindsight, I realized that maybe it wasn't quite like that."
The album opens with "For You", which features a'50s-style guitar intro, inspired by Chris Isaak's "Wicked Game", while the main riff of the song is taken from "Bloody Hammer" by Roky Erickson. "For You", along with "Our Diabolikal Rapture", are the only two HIM-songs to date to be co-written by guitarist Linde Lindström. The latter of the two tracks came to be after Valo heard Lindström playing a riff, which they modified to be more "stonery"; this evolved into "Our Diabolikal Rapture", which Valo described as "progressive, yet catchy". "Your Sweet Six Six Six" is a love song about how "when another person does you harm, but still it's so fucking hard to let go. You're not sure if you want to let go" according to Valo; the title was inspired by the alleged backmasking featured on Led Zeppelin's "Stairway to Heaven", where TV evangelist Paul Crouch claimed that, when played backwards, satanic messages can be heard in the song, including the phrase "Here's to my sweet Satan". The use of the number 666 was seen by the band as purely "symbolic" and "traditionally rock'n' roll", not indicative of Satanism."The Heartless" was inspired by Valo's first crush, who fell in love with his best friend, whom Valo felt was being "completely heartless" to her.
"When Love and Death Embrace" was chosen as the first single from the album by BMG Finland's Asko Kallonen, who felt that the song "represented HIM at its core", to which Valo agreed, touting it as being a good rep