Saint Boniface, Winnipeg
Saint Boniface is a city ward of Winnipeg, the centre of much of the Franco-Manitoban community. It features such landmarks as the St. Boniface Cathedral, Boulevard Provencher, the Provencher Bridge, Esplanade Riel, St. Boniface Hospital, the Université de Saint-Boniface and the Royal Canadian Mint, it covers the southeast part of the city and includes le Vieux Saint-Boniface, Norwood West, Norwood East, Windsor Park, Niakwa Park, Niakwa Place, Southland Park, Sage Creek and Island Lakes, plus a large industrial area. The ward is represented by Matt Allard, a member of Winnipeg City Council, corresponds to the neighbourhood clusters of St. Boniface East and West; the population was 54,201 according to the Canada 2011 Census. Succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples lived in the area for thousands of years before European exploration, it was an area of historic Ojibwe occupation. Fur traders and European mercenaries hired by Lord Selkirk to protect his fledgling Red River Colony were among the area's first European settlers.
With the founding of a Roman Catholic mission in 1818, St Boniface began its role in Canadian religious and cultural history – as mother parish for many French settlements in Western Canada. French-speaking religious orders, including the Sisters of Charity of Montreal, who arrived in 1844, founded the early educational and social-service institutions, such as St. Boniface Hospital, the first in Western Canada. Early French-speaking missionary Catholic priests in the region founded the Collège de Saint-Boniface to teach Latin and general humanities to the local boys; the early economy was oriented to agriculture. Industrialization arrived in the early 20th century; the Union Stockyards, developed 1912–13, became the largest livestock exchange in Canada and a center of the meat-packing and -processing industry. By the early 1900s, numerous light and heavy industries were established. St Boniface was incorporated as a town in 1883 and as a city in 1908. In 1971, St. Boniface was amalgamated, along with several neighboring communities, into the City of Winnipeg.
As one of the larger French communities outside Québec, it has been a centre of struggles to preserve French-Canadian language and culture within Manitoba. The Festival du Voyageur is held annually in February outdoors at Fort Gibraltar. St Boniface is home to the Centre culturel franco-manitobain, which features an art gallery, meeting rooms, a community radio station; the area is home to Le Musée de Saint-Boniface Museum, a French theatre company Le Cercle Molière, a local museum dedicated to Franco-Manitoban culture and history. Louis Bétournay – lawyer and judge Modere "Mud" Bruneteau – professional hockey player Len Cariou – Broadway actor Bryan Fustukian – radio disc jockey, concert promoter and performer Butch Goring – professional hockey player George R. D. Goulet – best-selling Métis author Bob Hunter – Greenpeace co-founder Earl Mindell – writer and nutritionist Maurice Paquin and comedian Louis Riel – Métis leader and founder of Manitoba Gabrielle Roy – French-language author Lucille Starr – singer Jonathan Toews – professional hockey player Tony Gingras – star right-winger for the Winnipeg Victorias Winnipeg's three Francophone radio stations, CKXL-FM CKSB-10-FM and CKSB-FM, are located in St. Boniface and are licensed there, a legacy of when St. Boniface was a separate city.
The French-language weekly newspaper La Liberté is based out of St-Boniface. St. Boniface is represented by the St. Boniface Riels hockey team which plays in the Manitoba Major Junior Hockey League; the St. Boniface Riels were founded in 1971, they play at the Southdale Arena and have won five MMJHL championships: 1971–1972, 1972–1973, 1984–1985, 1985–1986, 2014–2015. Tourisme Riel Saint Boniface Heritage Centre
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing and hardware. It is considered one of the Big Four technology companies, alongside Amazon and Facebook. Google was founded in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin while they were Ph. D. students at Stanford University in California. Together they own about 14 percent of its shares and control 56 percent of the stockholder voting power through supervoting stock, they incorporated Google as a held company on September 4, 1998. An initial public offering took place on August 19, 2004, Google moved to its headquarters in Mountain View, nicknamed the Googleplex. In August 2015, Google announced plans to reorganize its various interests as a conglomerate called Alphabet Inc. Google is Alphabet's leading subsidiary and will continue to be the umbrella company for Alphabet's Internet interests. Sundar Pichai was appointed CEO of Google.
The company's rapid growth since incorporation has triggered a chain of products and partnerships beyond Google's core search engine. It offers services designed for work and productivity, email and time management, cloud storage, instant messaging and video chat, language translation and navigation, video sharing, note-taking, photo organizing and editing; the company leads the development of the Android mobile operating system, the Google Chrome web browser, Chrome OS, a lightweight operating system based on the Chrome browser. Google has moved into hardware. Google has experimented with becoming an Internet carrier. Google.com is the most visited website in the world. Several other Google services figure in the top 100 most visited websites, including YouTube and Blogger. Google is the most valuable brand in the world as of 2017, but has received significant criticism involving issues such as privacy concerns, tax avoidance, antitrust and search neutrality. Google's mission statement is "to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful".
The companies unofficial slogan "Don't be evil" was removed from the company's code of conduct around May 2018. Google began in January 1996 as a research project by Larry Page and Sergey Brin when they were both PhD students at Stanford University in Stanford, California. While conventional search engines ranked results by counting how many times the search terms appeared on the page, the two theorized about a better system that analyzed the relationships among websites, they called this new technology PageRank. Page and Brin nicknamed their new search engine "BackRub", because the system checked backlinks to estimate the importance of a site, they changed the name to Google. The domain name for Google was registered on September 15, 1997, the company was incorporated on September 4, 1998, it was based in the garage of a friend in California. Craig Silverstein, a fellow PhD student at Stanford, was hired as the first employee. Google was funded by an August 1998 contribution of $100,000 from Andy Bechtolsheim, co-founder of Sun Microsystems.
Google received money from three other angel investors in 1998: Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos, Stanford University computer science professor David Cheriton, entrepreneur Ram Shriram. Between these initial investors and family Google raised around 1 million dollars, what allowed them to open up their original shop in Menlo Park, California After some additional, small investments through the end of 1998 to early 1999, a new $25 million round of funding was announced on June 7, 1999, with major investors including the venture capital firms Kleiner Perkins and Sequoia Capital. In March 1999, the company moved its offices to Palo Alto, home to several prominent Silicon Valley technology start-ups; the next year, Google began selling advertisements associated with search keywords against Page and Brin's initial opposition toward an advertising-funded search engine. To maintain an uncluttered page design, advertisements were text-based. In June 2000, it was announced that Google would become the default search engine provider for Yahoo!, one of the most popular websites at the time, replacing Inktomi.
In 2003, after outgrowing two other locations, the company leased an office complex from Silicon Graphics, at 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway in Mountain View, California. The complex became known as the Googleplex, a play on the word googolplex, the number one followed by a googol zeroes. Three years Google bought the property from SGI for $319 million. By that time, the name "Google
Transcona is a suburb of Winnipeg, located about 10 kilometres east of the downtown area. Until 1972 it was a separate municipality, having been incorporated first as the Town of Transcona on 6 April 1912 and as the City of Transcona in 1961. Today it is represented by the Transcona city ward, represented by a member of Winnipeg City Council, with much larger boundaries including large areas that were part of the Municipality of North Kildonan, much of the area west of Plessis, the Transcona neighbourhood cluster, it is a working class residential area with some light industry. Transcona was founded in 1909 as the site of the repair shops for the Grand Trunk Pacific and National Transcontinental Railways, its name is derived from combining Transcontinental with Strathcona, the name of Donald Smith, Lord Strathcona, a former Manitoban, instrumental in building the Canadian Pacific Railway. Today the Canadian National Railway is still a major employer in the community. CNR 2747 a Class N-5-c, 2-8-0 steam locomotive on display at the corner of Plessis Road and Kildare Avenue in the Kiwanis Park courtesy of the Winnipeg Railway Museum.
The locomotive is the first steam locomotive built in 1926 at CNR Transcona Shops. 1907 - Canadian Pacific builds additional railway tracks near district in the Municipality of Kildonan 1908 - Grand Trunk Pacific decides on Transcona as location for railway shops and buys 800 acres of land. Name of Transcona adopted for future town. Townsite was to be created in what is now the South Transcona area, but this area was low lying and subject to flooding so main townsite was moved north of shops. 1909 - Haney and Robertson start work on excavation for the foundation of the new shops 1910 - first steel pillar is raised in the new shop building, the post office opened 1911 - first Board of Trade is organized. 1912 - Town of Transcona receives its charter, on November 12 Municipal offices and Fire Hall opened for Public Inspection. The first electric light and power installed from Pointe du Bois generating station of Winnipeg Hydro. Central School opened but classes do not begin until 1913. 1913 - GTP shops opened, on April 10 Mayor Transcona presents Morley Donaldson, Vice-President of GTP, with golden key as memento of shop opening.
CPR builds grain elevator and opens yards near Transcona in the Municipality of Springfield and the Municipality of Kildonan. In October, the grain elevator tilts due to failure of its foundations, becoming a textbook example of the importance of soil mechanics, it is restored.1914 - Sewage system installed 1915-1918 - GTP shops engaged in manufacture of munitions 1919 - Shoal Lake water connection for Town. Transcona athletic organization 1919 - Biggest sports field in Transcona's history held 1921 - Having run out of money, the town council dissolves, the town is run until 1928 by provincially-appointed administrators1926 - First locomotive built in CNR shops 1929 - New post office built 1930 - Transcona Horticultural Society organized 1933 - Effects of the Great Depression hit Transcona. At the peak the town is paying the rent for 192 families.1942 - HMCS Transcona is commissioned, a Bangor-class minesweeper named for the town. The vessel participates in anti-submarine combat in the North Atlantic in December 1944.1950 - The Red River floods.
Some Winnipeg residents are temporarily sheltered in Transcona churches. 1961 - Becomes City of Transcona 1972 - Amalgamated with the City of Winnipeg along with 11 other communities In 2011, Transcona was home to 33,510 people, an increase of 9% over 2006. Though the majority of the area consists of houses built several decades ago, there are newer developments located in the east and northwest sections of the community including Canterbury Park, Lakeside Meadows, Mission Gardens. Transcona's future expansion is limited by the presence of the Red River Floodway and the Perimeter Highway. Transcona is part of the Elmwood-Transcona federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons by Daniel Blaikie of the New Democratic Party of Canada. In the Manitoba Legislature, the representatives are Daryl Reid and by Bidhu Jha, of the New Democratic Party of Manitoba. In 1959, the Transcona-Springfield School Division was created, supported jointly by the Town of Transcona and the Rural Municipality of Springfield for high school education only, administered by a School Board of nine officials.
The Transcona School District No. 39 remained for junior high students. The School Division and Transcona School District merged in 1967. In 2002, the Transcona part of the former Transcona-Springfield School Division and the River East School Division were united as the River East Transcona School Division. Bernie Wolfe Community School Ecole Centrale Ecole Margaret-Underhill Harold Hatcher Elementary School Joseph Teres School Radisson School Wayoata Elementary School Westview Elementary School St. Joseph The Worker School Arthur Day Middle School Bernie Wolfe Community School Ecole Regent Park School John W. Gunn Middle School Transcona Collegiate Institute Murdoch MacKay Collegiate Collège Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau Collège Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau École Regent Park School École Centrale École Margaret-Underhill The neighbourhood has produced several celebrities, including sports commentator Rod Black, former MuchMusic on-air personality Bradford How, Canadian athlete and cancer research activist Terry Fox, professional wrestler Kenny Omega, Olympic speed skater Susan Auch.
In 2005, following in the style of CBC's The Greatest Canadian series, the Transcona Historical Museum sponsored their own local version called "The Greatest Transconian." The award was giv
Grand Beach (Manitoba)
Grand Beach is a freshwater beach located within the Rural Municipality of St. Clements on the eastern shore of Lake Winnipeg in Manitoba, Canada, it is located on the northern edge of the town of Manitoba. Grand Beach is on the historic La Vérendrye Trail. Founded by homesteaders, it was home to a substantial Metis community who were the only settlers until the Canadian Northern Railway built its line and set up the resort along the'Grand' beach in 1917. After being made accessible by the railway it became a popular resort for Manitobans. In the early days the grandest of all buildings in the resort was the Dance Pavilion, rated by some as the largest dance hall of its time in the Commonwealth, it was destroyed in a fire in 1950. Along with the incredible beaches the dance hall made Grand Beach a attractive day trip destination for Winnipeggers in the 1920s; this was made possible by regular train services to Winnipeg, with the last train leaving at midnight. Grand Beach is part of Grand Beach Provincial Park and features 3 km of fine, white sand and is backed by sand dunes that rise up to 12 meters above the beach.
A boardwalk at the West end of the beach offers shopping. Change rooms and plumbed washrooms are available all along the beach. Canada Day Family Festival Grand Marais Family Festival Manitoba Summerfest Beaches Half Marathon Grand Beach Tourism Manitoba Conservation Eastern Beaches of Manitoba Manitoba Historical Society Website of Great Canadian Lakes
Winnipeg Route 42
Route 42 is a major arterial road located in Winnipeg, Manitoba. It connects the suburbs of North Kildonan, East Kildonan, Fort Rouge, Fort Garry, St. Norbert with the city's downtown core. In the north, it is a continuation of Manitoba Provincial Road 204; the route begins at PTH 75 and Turnbull Drive in the suburb of St. Norbert and, as Pembina Highway, crosses the Perimeter Highway South, runs north-northwest through Fort Garry. At Confusion Corner, it takes the name Donald Street until it crosses the Assiniboine River at the Midtown Bridge, splits into one-way streets where southbound traffic continues along Donald Street and northbound traffic follows Smith Street. At Notre Dame Avenue, it becomes King Street and Princess Street until it crosses Main Street and becomes the Disraeli Freeway, continuing northeast, passing through the neighbourhood of Point Douglas and crosses the Red River at the Disraeli Bridge, where it becomes Henderson Highway. Running north along the east bank of the Red River, it passes Hespeler Avenue and Chief Peguis Trail to Perimeter Highway North where it leaves the city as Provincial Road 204.
The namesakes of the various roads making up Route 42 are as follows: Pembina Highway, together with PTH 75, originated as a trail used by early settlers to travel between the Selkirk Settlement and Fort Pembina. Donald Street and Smith Street are named for the 1st Lord Strathcona. King Street is named for a local clergyman. Princess Street is named for Duchess of Argyll. Disraeli Freeway is named for Benjamin Disraeli. Henderson Highway is named for early Manitoba pioneer Samuel Robert Henderson
Canadian National Railway
Canadian National is a Canadian Class I freight railway headquartered in Montreal, Quebec that serves Canada and the Midwestern and Southern United States. CN is Canada's largest railway, in terms of both revenue and the physical size of its rail network, is Canada's only transcontinental railway company, spanning Canada from the Atlantic coast in Nova Scotia to the Pacific coast in British Columbia across about 20,400 route miles of track. CN is a public company with 24,000 employees and as of September 2018 it had a market cap of $84 billion Canadian dollars. CN was government-owned, having been a Canadian Crown corporation from its founding to its privatization in 1995. In 2011, Bill Gates was the largest single shareholder of CN stock; the railway was referred to as the "Canadian National Railways" between 1918 and 1960, as "Canadian National"/"Canadien National" from 1960 to the present. The Canadian National Railways was incorporated on June 6, 1919, comprising several railways that had become bankrupt and fallen into federal government hands, along with some railways owned by the government.
On November 17, 1995, the federal government privatized CN. Over the next decade, the company expanded into the United States, purchasing Illinois Central Railroad and Wisconsin Central Transportation, among others. Now a freight railway, CN operated passenger services until 1978, when they were assumed by Via Rail; the only passenger services run by CN after 1978 were several mixed trains in Newfoundland, a several commuter trains both on CN's electrified routes and towards the South Shore in the Montreal area. The Newfoundland mixed trains lasted until 1988, while the Montreal commuter trains are now operated by Montreal's AMT. In response to public concerns fearing loss of key transportation links, the government of Canada assumed majority ownership of the near bankrupt Canadian Northern Railway on September 6, 1918, appointed a "Board of Management" to oversee the company. At the same time, CNoR was directed to assume management of Canadian Government Railways, a system comprising the Intercolonial Railway of Canada, National Transcontinental Railway, the Prince Edward Island Railway, among others.
On December 20, 1918, the federal government created the Canadian National Railways – a title only with no corporate powers – through a Canadian Privy Council Order in Council as a means to simplify the funding and operation of the various railway companies. The absorption of the Intercolonial Railway would see CNR adopt that system's slogan The People's Railway. Another Canadian railway, the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, encountered financial difficulty on March 7, 1919, when its parent company Grand Trunk Railway defaulted on repayment of construction loans to the federal government; the federal government's Department of Railways and Canals took over operation of the GTPR until July 12, 1920, when it too was placed under the CNR. The Canadian National Railway was organized on October 10, 1922; the bankrupt GTR itself was placed under the care of a federal government "Board of Management" on May 21, 1920, while GTR management and shareholders opposed to nationalization took legal action. After several years of arbitration, the GTR was absorbed into CNR on January 30, 1923.
In subsequent years, several smaller independent railways would be added to the CNR as they went bankrupt, or it became politically expedient to do so, however the system was more or less finalized following the addition of the GTR. Canadian National Railways was born out of both domestic urgency. Railways, until the rise of the personal automobile and creation of taxpayer-funded all-weather highways, were the only viable long-distance land transportation available in Canada for many years; as such, their operation consumed a great deal of political attention. Many countries regard railway networks as critical infrastructure and at the time of the creation of CNR during the continuing threat of the First World War, Canada was not the only country to engage in railway nationalization. In the early 20th century, many governments were taking a more interventionist role in the economy, foreshadowing the influence of economists like John Maynard Keynes; this political trend, combined with broader geo-political events, made nationalization an appealing choice for Canada.
The Winnipeg General Strike of 1919 and allied involvement in the Russian Revolution seemed to validate the continuing process. The need for a viable rail system was paramount in a time of civil unrest and foreign military intervention. CN Telegraph originated as the Great North West Telegraph Company in 1880 to connect Ontario and Manitoba and became a subsidiary of Western Union in 1881. In 1915, facing bankruptcy, GNWTC was acquired by the Canadian Northern Railway's telegraph company; when Canadian Northern was nationalized in 1918 and amalgamated into Canadian National Railways in 1921, its telegraph arm was renamed the Canadian National Telegraph Company. CN Telegraphs began co-operating with its Canadian Pacific owned rival CPR Telegraphs in the 1930s, sharing telegraph networks and co-founding a teleprinter system in 1957. In 1967 the two services were amalgamated into a joint venture CNCP Telecommunications which evolved into a telecoms company. CN sold its stake of the company to CP in 1984.
In 1923 CNR's second president, Sir Henry Thornton who succeeded David Blyth Hanna, created the CNR Radio Department to provide passengers with entertainment radio reception and give the railway a competitive advantage over its rival, CP
Winnipeg Route 17
Route 17 known as Chief Peguis Trail, or CPT, is a major highway in Winnipeg, Canada. The highway connects Routes 52 and 20. Route 17 the lowest numbered city route. Despite its comparatively short length of 5 km, the speed limit is 80 km/h; the first section of roadway was opened on October 19, 1990, named the Chief Peguis Trail on November 1, 1991. The second section was opened on December 2, 2011; the first extension routes most vehicular traffic away from collector and residential streets throughout the North Kildonan ward travelling west-east. The extension includes features such as: Grade-separated overpass at Rothesay Street Pedestrian bridge just west of Gateway Road—allowing the Northeast Pioneers Greenway to pass overtop of the CPT, circumventing the at-grade crosswalk Built-in Active Transportation trail along the northern projectionChief Peguis Trail crosses the Red River; the bridge over the river is called the Kildonan Settlers Bridge, features names of local early settlers of the area on each street light.
Chief Peguis Trail is part of a proposed strategic inner ring road, alternative to the Perimeter Highway. The City of Winnipeg is studying a 10 km western extension connecting with Routes 180 and 90. Anticipates the route being further extended—west and east Plessis Road and the East Perimeter; the entire route is in Winnipeg. List of Manitoba Expressways Official Website