Bilston Central tram stop
Bilston Central is a tram stop in Bilston near Wolverhampton, England. It was opened on 31 May 1999 and is situated on Midland Metro Line 1; the stop is in the brick-lined former Great Western Railway cutting in the centre of the town, is next to Bilston bus station. The platforms here are staggered, with the Birmingham platform being further north than the Wolverhampton platform, this was made necessary by the narrowness of the cutting; the tram stop is a short distance to the north from the original Bilston Central railway station, situated on the Birmingham Snow Hill-Wolverhampton Low Level Line and closed in 1972. Mondays to Saturdays, Midland Metro services in each direction between Birmingham and Wolverhampton run at six to eight-minute intervals during the day, at fifteen-minute intervals during the evenings and on Sundays. Article on this Metro stop from Rail Around Birmingham & the West Midlands Article on this Metro stop from thetrams.co.uk
St Paul's tram stop
St Paul's tram stop is a tram stop serving nearby St Paul's Square, England. It was opened on 31 May 1999 on the Midland Metro Line 1; the stop is a short distance west of Birmingham Snow Hill station, visible from the stop. Pedestrian access is via Constitution Hill; the stop sits in the shadow of Livery Street, which, at this point, is on a blue-brick lined embankment, preventing direct access to the square. Livery street crosses the tram and railway lines, at a acute angle, at the Wolverhampton end of the stop; the Birmingham to Worcester railway line runs alongside, but the stop is served only by trams, as there are no railway platforms. Mondays to Saturdays, Midland Metro services in each direction between Birmingham and Wolverhampton run at six to eight-minute intervals during the day, at fifteen-minute intervals during the evenings and on Sundays. Maps for grid reference SP064877 St. Paul's at Midland Metro Rail Around Birmingham
National Express Midland Metro
National Express Midland Metro operated the Midland Metro tram system between Birmingham and Wolverhampton in England from May 1999 until June 2018. It was a subsidiary of National Express, who owned the local bus company National Express West Midlands; the National Express Midland Metro brand name and logo were not carried on trams and on most publicity, just'The Metro' branding with the exception printed timetables. The Midland Metro was built and operated by the Altram consortium owned by Ansaldo, John Laing and National Express opening on 30 May 1999. In March 2006 National Express bought out its consortium partners. Midland Metro was financed by the West Midlands Passenger Transport Executive; the operating company was named Travel Midland Metro in keeping with National Express' previous naming structure for subsidiary companies. National Express operated the concession until 23 June 2018, when it was taken over by Transport for West Midlands; the original fleet consisted of 16 T-69 trams.
These were replaced by 21 Urbos 3s in 2014/15. Trams were intended to carry an off-white with yellow and green stripes livery, but instead carried a purple, red and grey livery; this was replaced by a pink and silver livery in 2007. Media related to Midland Metro at Wikimedia Commons Midland Metro Official site Network West Midlands Metro Page
West Midlands Metro rolling stock
The West Midlands Metro is a passenger light rail line in the West Midlands conurbation in England, which opened in 1999. Its rolling stock consists of 21 Urbos 3 trams which came into service in 2014/15, replacing the older T-69 trams which had operated the line since 1999. A new fleet of 21 CAF Urbos 3 trams began to enter service in September 2014, they replaced the old T-69 fleet in 2015. In February 2012 Centro named CAF the preferred bidder for a contract to supply 19 to 25 Urbos 3 trams. A £40 million firm order for 20 was subsequently signed, with options for five more; the first of the new trams was unveiled at the Wednesbury depot in October 2013, with the first four entering service on 5 September 2014. The new fleet provided an increased service of 10 trams per hour in each direction, with an increased capacity of 210 passengers per tram, compared with the 156 passengers on the former T69 trams; the Urbos 3 trams are 33 m long. They are low floor throughout, consists of five sections with four articulations.
Three of the modules are mounted on bogies and the other two modules are suspended. At 2.65 m wide, The Urbos 3 trams are wider than the 2.48 m wide T69s. The line was closed for two weeks during March and April 2013, in order for the platforms on each of the stops to be narrowed by 15 cm to accommodate the new trams; the T69s were modified with wider steps to be compatible with the narrower platforms. In 2016, it was announced that the Urbos 3 fleet would be fitted with rechargeable batteries to allow them to operate along various extensions of the Midland Metro network intended to be constructed without overhead lines.. The first tram to be fitted this way, number 31, was relaunched in a new blue livery on 16 July 2018. Sixteen T-69 trams, were the original fleet, introduced into service in 1999, These were withdrawn from service during 2014/15 as the new Urbos 3 fleet was introduced; the last, no. 16, was withdrawn from service in August 2015. In February 2016 proposals were unveiled to convert the Isle of Wight Island Line into a tram line.
It was reported that the remaining T-69s could be re-used for this scheme. The T69s were used only on the Midland Metro, were built by the Italian company AnsaldoBreda, their closest "brothers" were the SL95 running in Norway. At 24.36 m long, the T-69s were the shortest modern tramcars in Britain. The vehicles are articulated, resting on three bogies, have low floors over about 60% of the length; the central section of the trams is low floor, with inwards facing seating at the sides, while at each end is a raised seating area, accessible by steps. Each tram has 56 seats, with space for another 100 standing, they are accessible from three 1.25 m wide entrances on each side, with twin plug doors. At delivery, all trams had a livery of a blue body, red fronts, grey skirt and yellow doors, but several were refurbished and repainted in Network West Midlands' silver and magenta livery. From their entry into service, each tram had a roller-blind style destination board. In 2013, these were replaced with new LED Destination boards on all trams.
Most trams were named after local people of note. After withdrawal 1-15 were placed in storage at Long Marston. In 2018 two were donated for preservation with the remaining 13 sold for scrap. Tram 16 remains at Wednesbury Depot. National Express Midland Metro, the operator of the tramway, acquired a number of vehicles for maintaining the line; these included a Unimog, a road-rail lifting platform and one of the used T69s
England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate
Tim Tolkien is an English sculptor who has designed several monumental sculptures, including the award-winning Sentinel. He has a wood metal sculpture business at Cradley Heath, West Midlands, he is a bass player and member of the band Klangstorm, founded in 1996. Tim is the great-nephew of the writer J. R. R. Tolkien, he went to the Royal Grammar School, High Wycombe. He graduated with a degree in fine art from the University of Reading in 1981. Sentinel is Tolkien's most famous work to date. In 1996, he was appointed by CAN who were awarded the contract to develop public art proposals for the estate using National Lottery money, as an artist in residence to help with regeneration of the Castle Vale estate in Birmingham; the following year, he consulted with residents about an art project for the entrance to the estate. They favoured a sculpture featuring Spitfires, reflecting the area's flying history and the Castle Bromwich Assembly which stood nearby; the large steel and aluminium Sentinel Spitfire sculpture was the result, showing three Spitfires peeling off up into the air in different directions.
It was unveiled on 14 November 2000, near the former factory which built them, by their former test pilot Alex Henshaw. Tolkien sculpted a memorial to the actor Sir Cedric Hardwicke, at the latter's birthplace of Lye, West Midlands, for Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council; the memorial takes the form of a giant filmstrip, the illuminated cut metal panels illustrating scenes from some of Sir Cedric's best-known roles, which include The Hunchback of Notre Dame, The Shape of Things to Come, The Ghost of Frankenstein. It was unveiled in November 2005, his proposals for a 20-foot high statue of Treebeard, an Ent from The Lord of the Rings, to be erected on the Green at Moseley, near J. R. R. Tolkien's childhood home in Birmingham, have met with some controversy, but permission for its erection – scheduled for May 2007 – was granted by Birmingham City Council. Tolkien undertook the redesign of Lea Hall railway station, with Eric Klein Velderman. R. R.'s home town, Birmingham. Sentinel Spitfire sculpture Birmingham Post: Tolkien statue plan splits community Lye movie star gets civic honour Interview with Tim Tolkien's father Klangstorm review archived website Toyah Armour for Toyah Film with Toyah
Corporation Street tram stop
Corporation Street is a tram stop on Line 1 of the West Midlands Metro serving Corporation Street, a major thoroughfare in Birmingham City Centre, England. Government approval for the extension from Snow Hill to Grand Central was given on 16 February 2012, it was opened on 30 May 2016. The stop only has a shelter on the northbound side; the southbound side, the penultimate stop on the line, serving only Grand Central for New Street Station, a short distance further on, has none. Mondays to Saturdays, Midland Metro services in each direction between New Street and Wolverhampton St George's run at six to eight-minute intervals during the day, at fifteen-minute intervals during the evenings and on Sundays. Midland Metro Order - Inspector's Report Proposed Metro City centre map of 2003