Wintel is the partnership of Microsoft Windows and Intel producing personal computers using Intel x86-compatible processors running Microsoft Windows. The word Wintel is a portmanteau of Intel. By the early 1980s, the chaos and incompatibility, rife in the early microcomputer market had given way to a smaller number of de facto industry standards, including the S-100 bus, CP/M, the Apple II, Microsoft BASIC in read-only memory, the 5 1⁄4 inch floppy drive. No single firm controlled the industry, fierce competition ensured that innovation in both hardware and software was the rule rather than the exception. Microsoft Windows and Intel processors gained ascendance and their ongoing alliance gave them market dominance. Intel claimed that this partnership has enabled the two companies to give customers the benefit of "a unending spiral of falling prices and rising performance". In addition, they claim a "history of innovation" and "a shared vision of flexible computing for the agile business". In 1981 IBM entered the microcomputer market.
The IBM PC was created by a small subdivision of the firm. It was unusual for an IBM product because it was sourced from outside component suppliers and was intended to run third-party operating systems and software. IBM published the technical specifications and schematics of the PC, which allowed third-party companies to produce compatible hardware, the so-called open architecture; the IBM PC became one of the most successful computers of all time. The key feature of the IBM PC was, it was an accident of history that the IBM PC happened to have an Intel CPU, that it shipped with IBM PC DOS rather than the CP/M-86 operating system, but these accidents were to have enormous significance in years. Because the IBM PC was an IBM product with the IBM badge, personal computers became respectable, it became easier for a business to justify buying a microcomputer than it had been a year or two before, easiest of all to justify buying the IBM Personal Computer. Since the PC architecture was well documented in IBM's manuals, PC DOS was designed to be similar to earlier CP/M operating system, the PC soon had thousands of different third-party add-in cards and software packages available.
This made the PC the preferred option for many, since the PC supported the hardware and software they needed. Industry competitors took one of several approaches to the changing market; some persevered with their quite different systems. Of those systems, Apple's Macintosh is the only one remaining on the market. Others concentrated on making technically superior models. Other early market leaders stayed with outdated architectures and proprietary operating systems for some time before belatedly realizing which way market trends were going and switching to the most successful long-term business strategy, to build a machine that duplicated the IBM PC as as possible and sell it for a lower price, or with higher performance. Given the conservative engineering of the early IBM personal computers and their higher than average prices, this was not a difficult task at first, bar only the great technical challenge of crafting a BIOS that duplicated the function of the IBM BIOS but did not infringe on copyrights.
The two early leaders in this last strategy were both start-up companies: Columbia Data Products and Compaq. They were the first to achieve reputations for close compatibility with the IBM machines, which meant that they could run software written for the IBM machine without recompilation. Before long, IBM had the best-selling personal computer in the world and at least two of the next-best sellers were, for practical purposes, identical. For the software industry, the effect was profound. First, it meant that it was rational to write for the IBM PC and its clones as a high priority, port versions for less common systems at leisure. Second, when a software writer in pre-IBM days had to be careful to use as plain a subset of the possible techniques as practicable, with a major part of the market now all using the same exact hardware it was practical to take advantage of any and every hardware-specific feature offered by the IBM. Independent BIOS companies like Award and Technologies, Phoenix began to market a clean room BIOS, 100% compatible with IBM's, from that time on any competent computer manufacturer could achieve IBM compatibility as a matter of routine.
From around 1984, the market was fast growing but stable. There was as yet no sign of the "Win" half of "Wintel," though Microsoft was achieving enormous revenues from DOS sales both to IBM and to an ever-growing list of other manufacturers who had agreed to buy an MS-DOS license for every machine they made those that shipped with competing products; as for Intel, every PC made either had an Intel processor or one made by a second source supplier under license from Intel. Intel and Microsoft had enormous revenues and many other makers between them made far more machines than IBM, but the power to decide the shape of the personal computer rested in IBM's hands. In 1987, IBM introduced the PS/2 computer line
Long Beach is a city in Pacific County, United States. The population was 1,392 at the 2010 census. Long Beach began when Henry Harrison Tinker bought a land claim from Charles E. Reed in 1880, he platted the town and called it "Tinkerville." Long Beach was incorporated on January 18, 1922. From 1889 to 1930, a narrow gauge railroad called the Ilwaco Railway and Navigation Company ran up the whole peninsula; the Long Beach depot was built between First and Second Streets on the east side of the track, which ran north along "B" Street. A major destination in Long Beach was Tinker's Hotel renamed the Long Beach Hotel, built close to the station; this was the second hotel built at the site by the founder of Long Beach. Tinker's first hotel burned down in 1894, he built another one south of the rail depot. The image in the gallery shows a crowd waiting for the train sometime between 1901 and 1907. Just across the tracks from Tinker's Hotel in Long Beach was the Portland Hotel; the Portland Hotel, owned by the Hanniman family featured an enormous round turret-like structure.
The Portland Hotel burned down on December 6, 1914, was not replaced. The Driftwood Hotel was another common Long Beach destination; the boardwalk area near the station was known as "Rubberneck Row." Businesses existing in August 1911 that can be identified along Rubberneck Row from photographs include, on the west side of the tracks, an establishment advertising "Baths", Milton York Candies, a "Postal Shop," and a soda fountain just across from the station advertising "Milk Shake." A somewhat earlier photograph shows a sign for a livery stable to the west across the tracks from Tinker's Hotel, followed by a barber shop, "Vincent's Souvenirs," and "The Candy Man". A banner stretching above the tracks advertises a restaurant; the photo published by Feagans shows it was produced by H. A. Vincent and Long Beach, the owner of Vincent's Souvenirs. In the late 80's, the Marsh's free Museum was made to show people wonders of the northwest. Long Beach is located at 46°21′3″N 124°3′13″W on the Long Beach Peninsula.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.35 square miles, all of it land. With a Marine West Coast-cool summer Mediterranean climate, Long Beach is known for its year round mild climate. Both hot and cold weather is rare; the record high temperature is 99 degrees Fahrenheit on August 10, 1981 and the record low is 0 degrees Fahrenheit on December 8, 1972. Long Beach records nearly 80 inches of rainfall annually. Snow can happen every once in a while. If a magnitude 9.0 earthquake were to hit the Cascadia subduction zone, emergency planners estimate the first tsunami waves could hit Long Beach 20 to 25 minutes later. At a December 2016 open house, the city government presented initial plans of a proposed 32-foot berm which could accommodate eight-hundred and fifty persons; the structure would have a "modified prow" much like a ship looking out to sea. The shape is designed to withstand the backwash from a tsunami; the total estimated cost would be $3.4 million of which the Federal Emergency Management Agency would pay 75%, the Emergency Management Division of Washington State 12.5%, the City of Long Beach 12.5%.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,392 people, 726 households, 342 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,031.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,564 housing units at an average density of 1,158.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 91.5% White, 0.1% African American, 0.8% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 3.7% from other races, 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.7% of the population. There were 726 households of which 15.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.9% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 52.9% were non-families. 44.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.85 and the average family size was 2.54. The median age in the city was 50.1 years. 14.5% of residents were under the age of 18.
The gender makeup of the city was 52.2 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,283 people, 660 households, 314 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,018.7 people per square mile. There were 1,155 housing units at an average density of 917.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.87% White, 0.08% African American, 1.09% Native American, 1.40% Asian, 1.56% from other races, 6.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.83% of the population. 19.6% were of German, 11.5% Irish, 10.3% English, 6.3% American and 5.7% Norwegian ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 660 households out of which 17.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.2% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 52.3% were non-families. 43.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.92 and the average family size was 2.63.
In the city, the popula
Martha Southgate is an African-American novelist and essayist best known for her novel Third Girl from the Left. Her work has appeared in The New York Times Magazine, O, Essence. Southgate was born in Ohio, she attended Smith College before obtaining an MFA in creative writing from Goddard. Southgate's first novel Another Way to Dance, about a 14-year-old black aspiring ballerina, was published in 1997 by Delacorte Press. For that work she won the Coretta Scott King John Steptoe Award for New Talent. In 2002 she released The Fall of Rome: A Novel, set in a New England private boys boarding school, her third novel, Third Girl from the Left, was published in 2005. Southgate's most recent novel, The Taste of Salt was published in 2011 by Algonquin Books. In 2013 plans for an adaptation of Southgate's novel Third Girl from the Left were announced. Actresses Kerry Washington and Viola Davis were attached to star. Another Way to Dance The Fall of Rome: A Novel Third Girl from the Left The Taste of Salt Martha Southgate at Library of Congress Authorities, with 4 catalog records
Jesse Bogdonoff is a former Bank of America financial advisor to the government of Tonga and court jester of Taufa'ahau Tupou IV, the king of Tonga. He was embroiled in a financial scandal. Bogdonoff made headlines in 2001 and 2002 after being accused of mismanaging millions of dollars from the nation of Tonga, he had been the Tongan government's financial advisor since 1994, claiming to have made the government millions in the rising stock markets of the booming 1990s. Bogdonoff managed the Tonga Trust Fund after it had been funded by the Tongan government in 1986 in a scheme in which the Tongan government sold passports to frightened Hong Kong nationals who were unnerved by the 1997 expiration of the British lease on Hong Kong from China. In 1999 Bogdonoff recommended moving the Tongan portfolio out of the bulging stock market bubble and into a pool of insurance backed investments called viatical contracts managed by the Millennium Asset Management Company. In 2001 he learned that Herchell Hyatt, the owner of Millennium Asset Management Company, had stolen millions of Tonga's money and filed false accounting statements for the Tonga account.
Bogdonoff arranged a recovery program for Tonga backed by Lloyd's of London to protect against the losses. The Tongan government became paralyzed in an internal political debate led by the Tongan democracy movement in its effort to gain ground by embarrassing the royal family, which dismissed the only senior government ministers who were attempting to implement the recovery plan to save the Tonga Trust Fund. Without the recovery plan the Tonga Trust Fund was wiped out; the government proceeded to sue Bogdonoff and all the parties involved in the transaction for fraud and negligence. Without admitting guilt of any fraud, Bogdonoff settled his part of the lawsuit in 2004; as of 2006, Bogdonoff has not been to Tonga since 2004 due to his history there. He was not present during King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV's funeral in September 2006. Bogdonoff claimed he was concerned for his safety due to the large number of Tongan citizens who have settled in the United States, he now offers classes in hypnosis and is a clinical therapist using hypnosis to aid in recovery from post traumatic stress.
As of 2006, now called Jesse Dean, he is the founder and sole practitioner of the Open Window Institute of Emotional Freedom in Sonoma County, California. Bogdonoff's status as official court jester of Tupou's court made sensational news copy when the financial scandal hit the media in 2001. Tonga was the first royal court to appoint a court jester in modern times, being appointed in 1999
The War at Home is a documentary film about the anti-war movement in the Madison, Wisconsin area during the time of the Vietnam War. It combines archival footage and interviews with participants that explore the events of the period on the University of Wisconsin–Madison campus; the film was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature. The film focuses on student protests of government policies in the Vietnam War, clashes between students and police, the responses of politicians and the public to the turmoil. Among the major events included is the Sterling Hall bombing. Intended to destroy the Army Math Research Center in the building, the bombing caused massive destruction to other parts of the building, resulting in the death of a physics researcher, Robert Fassnacht, not involved in the Army Math Research Center. Bomber Karleton Armstrong, brother of Dwight Armstrong, is interviewed for the film, as is Paul Soglin, an antiwar leader who went on to be mayor of Madison. In 2018, the film was restored in re-released.
Dialogue from The War at Home was used as samples in the song “Thieves” by the band Ministry on the album The Mind is a Terrible Thing to Taste. Bill Siegel, director of The Trials of Muhammad Ali, was inspired to become a filmmaker after seeing the film. Official website The War at Home on IMDb Re-release prepared of film Glenn Silber interview by Danny Peary
Omaha High School is a comprehensive public high school located in Omaha, United States. The school provides secondary education in grades 7 through 12 for students in the Omaha and surrounding unincorporated communities of Boone County, Arkansas, it is one of six public high schools in Boone County and the sole high school administered by the Omaha School District. Omaha High School is a Title I school, accredited by the ADE.. The assumed course of study follows the Smart Core curriculum developed by the Arkansas Department of Education, which requires students complete at least 22 units prior to graduation. Students complete regular coursework and exams and may take Advanced Placement courses and exam with the opportunity to receive college credit; the Omaha High School mascot is the Eagle with gold serving as the school colors. The Omaha Eagles compete in interscholastic activities within the 1A Classification, the state's smallest classification administered by the Arkansas Activities Association.
The Eagles play within the 1A East Conference. Omaha fields junior varsity and varsity teams in basketball, fastpitch softball and field. Students may engage in a variety of clubs and organizations such as: Beta Club, Future Farmers of America, FCCLA, Student Council, Future Business Leaders of America and Spatial Technologies, Mu Alpha Theta and Quiz Bowl. Official website