U.S. Route 40 in Colorado
U. S. Route 40 is a part of the U. S. Highway System that travels from Utah, to Atlantic City, New Jersey. In the U. S. state of Colorado, US 40 is a major east–west route. It crosses the Rocky Mountains, passing over the Continental Divide at Berthoud Pass before descending to the front range, it traverses through the Denver Metro Area exits by following Interstate 70 and US 287. It is concurrent with US 287 for about 145 miles to Kit Carson. US 40 exits into Kansas east of Arapahoe in Cheyenne. At a length of 500 miles, US 40 is the longest numbered route in the state. Entering Colorado to the south of Dinosaur National Monument, US 40 runs east through the small town of Dinosaur along Brontosaurus Boulevard; the route continues a easterly course though Moffat and Routt counties, passing through several small communities along the way. It follows the course of the Yampa River. US 40 becomes Lincoln Avenue as it runs through Colorado. Taking a circuitous route through Rabbit Ears Pass, Muddy Pass and Berthoud Pass it descends the escarpment along the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains.
Just to the east of Empire, it merges with I-70 for the first time. US 40 and I-70 will run concurrently numerous times across the U. S; the route leaves I-70 at exit 244, to the east of Idaho Springs and rejoins it again at between exits 252 and 254 in El Rancho. It parallels I-70 as a frontage road, until the intersection with former State Highway 26 to the south of GoldenBeginning in Golden, US 40 becomes Colfax Avenue, the main east–west thoroughfare through the Denver-Aurora Metropolitan Area. Along with US 40, the entire route along Colfax Avenue is cosigned as Business Loop 70; the route travels northeast through Golden turns due east to travel through Lakewood and Aurora. Among the sights to be seen along US 40 is Lake Steam Bath, once the location of a thriving health industry centered on tuberculosis sanatoriums. Along Colfax Avenue in Denver is the Denver branch of the United States Mint, which produces 50 million coins per day. US 40 rejoins I-70 at exit 288, just to the east of Aurora.
At exit 359 in Limon, US 40 leaves I-70 along Main Street, which it shares with Business Loop 70, US 24, US 287, SH 71. US 40/US 287 continues to the southeast to the town of Kit Carson. From there, it leaves US 287 and continues east through the towns of Cheyenne Wells and Arapahoe before entering the state of Kansas. Victory Highway U. S. Highway 340
Mogul skiing is a freestyle skiing competition consisting of one timed run of free skiing on a steep moguled course, stressing technical turns, aerial maneuvers and speed. Internationally, the sport is contested at the FIS Freestyle World Ski Championships, at the Winter Olympic Games. Moguls are a series of bumps on a piste formed when skiers push snow into mounds as they do sharp turns; this tends to happen as skiers use the slope but they can be constructed artificially. Once formed, a occurring mogul tends to grow as skiers follow similar paths around it, further deepening the surrounding grooves known as troughs. Since skiing tends to be a series of linked turns, moguls form together to create a bump field; the term "mogul" is from the Bavarian/Austrian German word Mugel, meaning "mound, hillock". The first competition involving mogul skiing occurred in 1971; the FIS created the Freestyle World Cup Circuit in 1980. The first World Championships were held in 1986, are held in odd-numbered years.
It was a demonstration sport in freestyle skiing at the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary. It has been a medal event in the Winter Olympics since 1992. Mogul courses are between 270 metres with an average slope grade of 26 degrees; the moguls themselves are set 3.5 metres apart. The course includes two small jumps. Athletes can perform inverted tricks off these jumps in the course of a competition run. Dual Mogul competition consists of elimination rounds where pairs of competitors compete against each other; each loser is eliminated and each winner advances to the next round until a final result is achieved. Scoring: Turns count for 60% of the score; this is a technical evaluation by judges, includes the rhythmic changes in direction of travel to either side of the fall line, using an aggressive, controlled technique. The skier should employ carve turns, should not skid or plough; the head should remain still. The chest should stay straight and natural. Hands stay in front of the body in a natural position.
Pole plants should be well-timed. Air counts for 20% of the score. Air is scored in two parts: difficulty. Jumps include flips, loops and upright jumps such as a spread eagle. Speed counts for 20% of the score; the Pace Speed for the moguls is 9.7 m/s for men. List of Olympic medalists in freestyle skiing Alpine skiing
Poma known as Pomagalski S. A. is a French company which manufactures cable-driven lift systems, including fixed and detachable chairlifts, gondola lifts, aerial tramways, people movers, surface lifts. Poma has installed about 7800 devices for 750 customers worldwide. Poma's only major competitor is the Doppelmayr Garaventa Group, based in Austria and Switzerland. Italy's Leitner was another competitor until 2000 when Poma became part of Leitner Group. Poma and Leitner remain independent, but formed a strategic partnership which includes the combined purchase of raw materials and the formation of Leitner-Poma as a joint venture in North America; the majority of Poma's lifts are used in ski areas in Europe and Asia, they have installed installations in amusement parks, scenic locations, industrial transportation applications. In some areas Poma lift is used as a generic term for a platter lift, as this was the company's first and most popular product. In 1936, Jean Pomagalski installed their first ski lift on the Eclose Trail in l'Alpe d'Huez in France.
In 1947, he founded Pomagalski S. A. in Fontaine, France. The first Poma chairlifts were built in 1958 in the United States. 1967 brought the first detachable gondolas built by Poma. The corporate headquarters and the production shops are still in Fontaine, but since 1988 most of their management, design engineering and service offices are in Voreppe, France. Poma employs 750 people worldwide. Early Poma chairlifts were installed at California for the 1960 Winter Olympics. Poma supplied lifts for the Olympic Winter Games at Sarajevo, Yugoslavia in 1984, at Albertville, France in 1992, at Lillehammer, Norway in 1994 and has worked on the lifts for the 2014 Games at Sochi, Russia. Poma's fixed grip chairlifts have proven popular throughout the world. Poma's first two-seater fixed grip chairlift was constructed in 1958. Following this, the three-seater chairlift was introduced in 1973; this was followed by four-seater, more six seater fixed grip chairlifts. The Alpha chairlift terminal continues to be popular today.
Prior to the Alpha terminal, Delta terminals were used. This type of terminal was such a great success that presently a majority can still be seen operating worldwide. Both the Delta and Alpha chairlift terminals have the capability of being converted into detachable lifts on, thus increasing the chairlift's capacity without constructing an new installation. Poma introduced detachable chairlifts in 1972 in Saint-Lary. In 1982, Poma built a detachable chairlifts with an operating speed of 5 m/s - which, at the time, was the fastest in the world. In 1991, Poma unveiled their Omega detachable terminal, more compact than previous terminals; the company built its first six-passenger detachable chairlift in 1993 and its first eight-passenger lift was constructed in Méribel, France in the year 2000. In 2000, the company replaced the Omega line of detachable terminals with the new Phoenix model. In addition, Poma have now introduced the Multix terminals in their detachable chairlifts, while new North American lifts continue to feature the Omega terminal.
Poma built its first detachable gondolas in Val d'Isere and Queenstown in 1966, its first automatic gondolas in Chalmazel, Les Menuires in 1967. It built the world's first six-passenger gondola in 1973 in France in Villard-de-Lans; the world's first ten-passenger gondola was built by the company in 1984, followed by the world's first 16-passenger version in The company has built three funitels to date: the Funitel du Grand Fond, a detachable funitel built in 2001, the Funitel du Bouquetin, a fixed grip jig-back funitel built in 2003 and the more recent Funitel de la Perdrix in Super-Besse, built in 2008 and is the first Funitel to feature the shared mechanics of Leitner and Poma. Telemix is Poma's brand name for a detachable lift, equipped with both gondola cabins and chairs; the terminal stations are the same as the company's detachable chairlifts. These are common in the French resort of Alpe d'Huez. Poma's first model was a surface lift with a disk that skiers straddle, it has the ability to travel at high speeds because the platters are detachable from the haul rope, because the perch is telescopic and has a pneumatic system which allows for a smooth and progressive departure.
They are still sold today along with fixed grip platters. Poma has built a number of large aerial tramways. In 2003, Poma built the world's largest reversible ropeway to connect the French resorts of Les Arcs and La Plagne, the Vanoise Express; the double decker tramway can hold up to 200 people at a time in each cabin. In 2010, Poma worked on the replacement of the Roosevelt Island Tramway in New York, using a design based mechanically on the Vanoise Express. Poma has built numerous funiculars. Poma had a partnership with Otis Elevator, known as Poma-Otis Transportation Systems, to build Automated People Movers. Leitner-Poma of America, Inc. is a partnership between Poma and Leitner of Italy that builds Poma lifts in North America, New Zealand, Australia. Leitner-Poma offers the full line of Poma products and manufactures most of the components at its headquarters in Grand Junction, Colorado. Poma came to North America in the early 1950s under the name of Pomalift, Inc. installing its first lift in Canada in 1952 and in the US in 1953.
Pomalift Inc. changed its name to Poma of America in 1981 with the establishment of its office and factory at G
The tree line is the edge of the habitat at which trees are capable of growing. It is found at high latitudes. Beyond the tree line, trees cannot tolerate the environmental conditions; the tree line is sometimes distinguished from a lower timberline or forest line, the line below which trees form a forest with a closed canopy. At the tree line, tree growth is sparse and deformed by wind and cold; this is sometimes known as krummholz. The tree line appears well-defined, but it can be a more gradual transition. Trees grow shorter and at lower densities as they approach the tree line, above which they cease to exist. Several types of tree lines are defined in ecology and geography: An alpine tree line is the highest elevation that sustains trees; the climate above the tree line of mountains is called an alpine climate, the terrain can be described as alpine tundra. Treelines on north-facing slopes in the northern hemisphere are lower than on south-facing slopes, because the increased shade on north-facing slopes means the snowpack takes longer to melt.
This shortens the growing season for trees. In the southern hemisphere, the south-facing slopes have the shorter growing season; the alpine tree line boundary is abrupt: it forms a transition zone between closed forest below and treeless alpine tundra above. This zone of transition occurs "near the top of the tallest peaks in the northeastern United States, high up on the giant volcanoes in central Mexico, on mountains in each of the 11 western states and throughout much of Canada and Alaska". Environmentally dwarfed shrubs form the upper limit; the decrease in air temperature due to increasing elevation causes the alpine climate. The rate of decrease can vary in different mountain chains, from 3.5 °F per 1,000 feet of elevation gain in the dry mountains of the western United States, to 1.4 °F per 1,000 feet in the moister mountains of the eastern United States. Skin effects and topography can create microclimates. Compared with arctic timberlines, alpine timberlines may receive fewer than half of the number of degree days based on air temperature, but because solar radiation intensities are greater at alpine than at arctic timberlines the number of degree days calculated from leaf temperatures may be similar.
Summer warmth sets the limit to which tree growth can occur, for while timberline conifers are frost-hardy during most of the year, they become sensitive to just 1 or 2 degrees of frost in mid-summer. A series of warm summers in the 1940s seems to have permitted the establishment of "significant numbers" of spruce seedlings above the previous treeline in the hills near Fairbanks, Alaska. Survival depends on a sufficiency of new growth to support the tree; the windiness of high-elevation sites is a potent determinant of the distribution of tree growth. Wind can mechanically damage tree tissues directly, including blasting with windborne particles, may contribute to the desiccation of foliage of shoots that project above snow cover. At the alpine timberline, tree growth is inhibited when excessive snow lingers and shortens the growing season to the point where new growth would not have time to harden before the onset of fall frost. Moderate snowpack, may promote tree growth by insulating the trees from extreme cold during the winter, curtailing water loss, prolonging a supply of moisture through the early part of the growing season.
However, snow accumulation in sheltered gullies in the Selkirk Mountains of southeastern British Columbia causes the timberline to be 400 metres lower than on exposed intervening shoulders. In a desert, the tree line marks; these tend to be called the "lower" tree line, occur below about 5,000 ft elevation in the desert of the southwestern United States. The desert tree line tends to be lower on pole-facing slopes than equator-facing slopes, because the increased shade on the former keeps them cooler and prevents moisture from evaporating as giving trees a longer growing season and more access to water. In some mountainous areas, higher elevations above the condensation line, or on equator-facing and leeward slopes, can result in low rainfall and increased exposure to solar radiation; this dries out the soil. Many south-facing ridges of the mountains of the Western U. S. have a lower treeline than the northern faces because of aridity. Different tree species have different tolerances to cold. Mountain ranges isolated by oceans or deserts may have restricted repertoires of tree species with gaps that are above the alpine tree line for some species yet below the desert tree line for others.
For example, several mountain ranges in the Great Basin of North America have lower belts of Pinyon Pines and Junipers separated by intermediate brushy but treeless zones from upper belts of Limber and Bristlecone Pines. On coasts and isolated mountains the tree line is much lower than in corresponding altitudes inland and in larger, more complex mountain systems, because strong winds reduce tree growth. In addition the lack of suitable soil, such as along talus slopes or exposed rock formations, prevents trees from gaining an adequate foothold and exposes them to drought and sun; the arctic tree line is the northernmost latitude in the Northern Hemisphere where tr
Lift Engineering, more known as Yan Lifts, was a major ski lift manufacturer in North America. Founded in 1965 and based in Carson City, the firm came under scrutiny by state safety officials after a fatal accident in 1985, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in July 1996 after multiple other accidents resulting in 3 deaths; the company built at least 200 fixed-grip chairlifts, as well as 31 high-speed quads. The company's lifts have been involved in the deaths of five people and the injury of at least 70, the worst record of any ski-lift maker operating in North America. After a series of accidents, Yan Lifts were outlawed in certain states including California and Colorado; the company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 1996. Yan Lifts manufactured new track and cables for the Angels Flight funicular, but the company, now called YanTrak, went out of business in 2001 after a major accident. Lift Engineering was founded by Janek Kunczynski, a Polish immigrant and former ski racer who worked at Poma.
He founded Lift Engineering to build his own ski lifts. One of his first customers was Squaw Valley; the name "Yan" is the English spelling of his first name, the brand under which Mr. Kunczynski sold his lifts; the company grew through the 1980s. Mr. Kunczynski was known for dining with prospective clients instead of just simple negotiating, would sketch plans out on paper napkins. Another attractive feature to buyers was the price. Mr. Kunczynski sold his lifts at prices well below those of larger manufacturers. Mr. Kunczynski is credited with being the first manufacturer of ski lifts to incorporate aesthetics into the design of his equipment, creating sleek designs that were popular with ski resorts; the company is most noted for its achievements in designing fixed-grip chairlifts. Mr. Kunczynski created a standard system; the design was easy to operate and maintain. For example, rather than put all the control panels in the operator's booth, thus confuse whoever is operating the lift, Yan operator booths contain only two switches: a switch that stops and starts the lift, one that selects its speed.
The main controls were placed in the standard shipping crate-reminiscent machine room. Lift Engineering was the first company to design and build a DC motor control tailored to the ski lift industry. From the company's beginnings, it always built its own low voltage controls. Besides being easy to operate, Yan lifts are easily maintained — the setup is foolproof - both mechanically and electrically. Yan's tower designs were always overbuilt, meaning that it is possible to turn one of his triple chairs into a fixed quad, or double into a triple by changing the chairs, something, done at Killington and Whistler Blackcomb, British Columbia, respectively. Lift Engineering plunged headfirst into a new market in the 1980s, the high-speed detachable quad lift. Whereas other ski lift firms spent as much as four years developing these lifts, Yan installed its first after only a year of development, at Mammoth Mountain in California. By the late 1980s, Lift Engineering was one of the largest suppliers of ski lifts based in North America.
POL-X West developed a new version of the YAN-7 detachable grip, the one, used on the majority of the high-speed lifts, replacing the marshmallow springs with high-tension springs. The redesign was ordered by a group of British Columbia and Alberta ski resorts that included Silver Star and Lake Louise; this grip proved unsatisfactory. Lift Engineering moved into the funitel market in the early 1990s; the quad mono cable, or QMC funitel, was invented by Mr. Kunczynski; the lift consisted of four separate loops of cable, strung between lower stations. Two cables were run in the uphill direction, two were run in the downhill direction; the cabins would be mounted between the cables. But, because the cables were looped, once the cabins reached the upper station, the cables would loop back downhill not carrying a load. Only one of these lifts was built, at June Mountain, California; the owners had difficulty getting the cables to run in synchronicity. The lift developed the grip problems that occurred on the Yan high-speed quads, was removed in 1997.
Despite questions about safety, Yan managed to sell a total of 31 high-speed quads in the United States and Canada. Many of the lifts have been retrofitted by companies such as Doppelmayr. A controversial figure, Yanek Kunczynksi was a Polish figurehead of the company, he brought experience from French chair lift making to the American company Lift Engineering. He was known for taking away what he deemed as unnecessary parts and substituting certain equipment for others, examples of this include replacing aluminum towers for steel ones and swapping rubber rings for steel coils. Many blame him for the accidents, though he claims that bad maintenance are the culprits for the lift failures. Potential problems with Yan lifts began to surface as early as 1985, when the upper bullwheel on the Teller lift at Keystone Ski Resort in Colorado disconnected from the main gearbox shaft. Faulty welding was blamed. Two people were killed and 47 injured; the Teller lift, its twin lift, were two triple chairlifts constructed in 1984 as part of Keystone's North Peak expansion.
Teller was renamed the Ruby lift, free of charge. Santiago was replaced by a Doppelmayr high speed quad in 1998 and relocated to Big Sky, while Ruby was replaced by a Poma high speed six pack in 2000. During the late 1980s, the Co
Breckenridge Ski Resort
Breckenridge Ski Resort is an alpine ski resort in the western United States, in Breckenridge, Colorado. Just west of the Continental Divide in Summit County, it is perennially one of the most visited ski resorts in the western hemisphere. Breckenridge is operated by Vail Resorts, Inc.. The mountain first opened on December 16, 1961, consisting of trails on Peak 8 serviced by the Colorado SuperChair; the main lift was Lift 1, which had a midway unloading station. Lift 1 ran from the base area up to a point west of the top of the current Colorado SuperChair; this small butte overlooks the Rocky Mountain SuperChair and is accessible by hiking from the Vista Haus along a short dirt road in the summer. A year a double chairlift was installed up the double-black trail Mach One; the lift numbered Lift 3, ran from near the present-day Peak 8 SuperConnect's midway load station up to near the top of Lift 5. In 1965, Lift 1 was supplemented by Lift 2, constructed to serve the south part of Peak 8. A base lodge was opened on Peak 8, but it was destroyed in an explosion shortly after completion.
Breckenridge expanded into high alpine terrain with the construction of a platter lift from near the top of Lift 2 to near the top of the current Lift 6 in 1967. In 1970, Breckenridge was purchased by the Aspen Skiing Company. From 1970 to 1978, the resort expanded onto Peak 9, opening four Riblet double chairlifts and one triple chairlift. Lift A serviced beginner terrain, while Lift C services trails on the north part of the main Peak 9 face. Lift D ran from near the bottom of the Beaver Run SuperChair to near the top of the EpicMix course on Sundown. Lift B ran alongside Cashier, running from the top of the original Quicksilver SuperChair and offloading at the top of the Mercury SuperChair. In 1979, Lift 6 replaced the Peak 8 platter lift. In 1979, an alpine slide was constructed on Peak 8 under Lift 5; the slide is composed of three fiberglass tubes - Lanes "A", "B", "C". "A" and "B" are for run parallel to each other. Lane "C" is for solo, more experienced riders, follows a different alignment from the other two lanes, with a different arrangement of turns, including the presence of a triple-down drop and one more steep straightaway drop.
The Alpine slide has been unchanged since construction, the only alteration being a redesign of the lower section of the layout for both tracks as part of One Ski Hill Place construction in 2009. Breckenridge and other ski resorts faced a severe drought in the winter of 1980-1981 and installed snowmaking systems the following year. In 1981, Breckenridge installed the world's first high speed detachable quad chairlift, the Quicksilver Quad, running from the Village base area to near the bottom of Lift B; the lift was constructed by Doppelmayr. In 1983, Riblet constructed Lift E, a double chairlift servicing the north-facing chutes on Peak 9. In 1984, Doppelmayr constructed the T-Bar. In 1985, Breckenridge expanded to Peak 10, with the opening of Lift F, a Poma fixed grip quad. A year it was upgraded to a high speed quad and renamed the Falcon SuperChair. Runs on Peak 10 were named by mountain manager Jim Gill after World War II planes, like Crystal, Cimarron and Mustang. In 1986, the Colorado SuperChair was built on Peak 8, replacing Lift 1.
The replacement lift ran a different alignment from its predecessor, running up the south side of Spruce and ending at the Vista Haus. With the addition of both the Colorado SuperChair and the Falcon SuperChair, each open peak had one high speed quad on it. All chairlifts built at Breckenridge since these two lifts have been built by Poma, or its successor, Leitner-Poma. In the 1987-1988 ski season, Breckenridge topped one million skier visits, as it was sold to Victoria Ltd of Tokyo. Local residents supported the change in ownership, as some believed that the Aspen Skiing Company was exploiting revenue from Breckenridge to support its own four ski areas. Despite Aspen's withdrawal of ownership, there are still remnants of this ownership that can still be found around the mountain, in the form of a small number of trail signs scattered around Peaks 9 and 10. In 1990, Peak 9 received its second high speed quad with the addition of the Beaver Run SuperChair, which replaced Lift D and provided top-to-bottom lift service on Peak 9.
It is the longest operating lift on the mountain, has the largest vertical drop of any chairlift on the mountain. A few of Lift D's towers were repurposed as a lift evacuation training area, located just uphill from where the Beaver Run SuperChair crosses under the Peak 8 SuperConnect. In 1993, Breckenridge was purchased by Ralston-Purina, which owned Keystone Resort and Arapahoe Basin; the three ski resorts logged a combined 2.6 million skier visits. Breckenridge and Keystone were purchased by Vail Resorts in 1996, joining the company's other ski areas of Beaver Creek and Vail Ski Resort. In 1996, Poma constructed the Snowflake double chairlift, providing mountain access for a number of condominium developments off of Four O'Clock Road; the lift has a midway load partway up that provides access from Peak 9 to Peak 8 as an alternative route to the Peak 8 SuperConnect. The highlight of the lift is a complex 45 degree turn just above the midway load station; as the lift runs clockwise, uphill chairs make a simple 45 degree turn, while downhill chairs must make two separate turns and a 315 degree clockwise turn, plus cross over themselves.
In 1997, two aging double chairlifts were removed and two new high speed quads were built. On Peak 9, the Mercury SuperChair re
Paralympic alpine skiing is an adaptation of alpine skiing for athletes with a disability. The sport evolved from the efforts of disabled veterans in Germany and Austria during and after the Second World War; the sport is governed by the International Paralympic Committee Sports Committee. The primary equipment used includes outrigger skis, sit-skis, mono-skis. Para-alpine skiing disciplines include the Downhill, Super-G, Giant Slalom, Super Combined and Snowboard. Para-alpine skiing classification is the classification system for para-alpine skiing designed to ensure fair competition between alpine skiers with different types of disabilities; the classifications are grouped into three general disability types: standing and sitting. A factoring system was created for para-alpine skiing to allow the three classification groupings to compete against each other in the same race despite different functional skiing levels and medical problems. Alpine skiing was one of the foundation sports at the first Winter Paralympics in 1976 with Slalom and Giant Slalom events being held.
Different disciplines were added to the Paralympic programme over time. The 2010 Winter Paralympics para-alpine skiing events were held at Whistler Creekside; the disciplines at Whistler included Super-Combined, Super-G, Slalom and Giant Slalom. Skiing as a sport for people with disabilities traces its origins back to the Second World War, which produced large numbers of wounded soldiers. In Germany, Franz Wendel, an amputee who had lost a leg attached a pair of crutches to short skis. Sepp "Peppi" Zwicknagel, an Austrian veteran who had lost both his legs to a hand grenade, taught himself to ski and became a ski instructor at Kitzbühel, founded a division of the Austrian Ski Association for handicapped skiers. By 1947, annual races were being held in Austria. Ludwig Guttman, a key figure in the history of paralympic sport, helped organise ski events. In the United States, Gretchen Fraser began teaching skiing to amputees in army hospitals. By the 1960s, a number of organisations had been founded.
For a long time, disability skiing was restricted to amputees, but in 1969, blind skier Jean Eymere, a former ski instructor before he lost his eyesight, began a skiing program in Aspen, Colorado for blind skiers. The first international competition, the World Disabled Alpine Championships, was held in France in 1974. Alpine skiing was one of the foundation sports at the first Winter Paralympics in 1976 with Slalom and Giant Slalom events being held. At the 1984 Winter Paralympics, the Downhill event was added to the para-alpine programme, along with sit-skiing as a demonstration sport. At the 1992 Winter Paralympics in Albertville, Downhill and Slalom events were on the programme. At the 1994 Winter Paralympics, the Super Giant Slalom was added to the para-alpine skiing programme. In 1998, para-alpine skiing classes for sitting and visually impaired skiers were added as full medal events after only having standing classes competing in previous Games. At the 2002 Winter Paralympics, women's Downhill and men's visually impaired Downhill were held on day 1 with men's standing and sitting Downhill taking place on day 2.
Men's standing and sitting Super-G took place on day 3, with men's visually impaired and women's Super-G taking place on day 5. Men's standing and sitting Giant Slalom took place on day 7, with women's and men's visually impaired Giant Slalom taking place on day 8. Men's standing and sitting Slalom took place on day 9, with women's and men's visually impaired Slalom taking place on day 10. For the 2006 Winter Paralympics, major changes were made to the classification system used for the Games that combined the 14 classes used into three groups with the results factored across different classifications in the group. At those Games, in the Super-G, there were 55 male competitors compared to 18 women in the standing group; the 2010 Winter Paralympics para-alpine skiing events were held at Whistler Creekside. The disciplines at Whistler included Super-Combined, Super-G, Slalom and Giant Slalom, it was the first time. In the Downhill event, there were 25 men and 18 women in the standing class, 25 men and 10 women in the sitting class and 12 men and 10 women in the vision impaired class.
In the super-combined, there were 18 men and 14 women for standing, 18 men and 10 women for sitting and 10 men and 10 women for vision impaired. The Slalom race had the shortest course length of the major para-alpine events at the Games; the Downhill was held for both men and women in all classes on day 2. The Super-G was held for men and women in standing classes on day 3, with visual impaired and sit-skiers competing in the Super-G on day 4; the Super Combined for all classes and both genders was held on day 5. The standing Giant Slalom for men and women was held on day 7 and the remaining classes on day 8; the Slalom was held for standing men and women on day 9 and remaining classes on day 10. The 2014 Winter Paralympics para-alpine skiing took place at the Rosa Khutor Extreme Park. Added to this discipline these games was the para-snowboard cross, held at Rosa Khutor along with the Super-G, Super-Combined and Giant Slalom. In the Downhill event for the visually impaired there were 6 women. For the Downhill standing, there were 8 women.
For the Downhill sitting, 22 men and 6 women participated. In the Super-G for the visually impaired, there were 6 women; the Super-G standing event had 15 women. The Super-G sitting was participated by 8 women; the men's and women's Super Combined Downhill and Super Combined Slalom took place on March 11 and both gender's Para-Snowboard Cross events took place on March 14. International and n