Albany is a city in the U. S. state of Georgia. Located on the Flint River, it is the seat of Dougherty County. Located in southwest Georgia, it is the principal city of Georgia metropolitan area; the population was 77,434 at the 2010 U. S. Census, it became prominent in the nineteenth century as a shipping and market center, first served by riverboats and by railroads. Seven lines met in Albany, it was a center of trade in the Southeast, it was part of the extensive area in the Deep South of cotton plantations. From the mid-20th century, it received military investment during World War II and after, that helped develop the region. Albany and this area were prominent during the civil rights era during the early 1960s as activists worked to regain voting and other civil rights. Railroad restructuring and reduction in the military here caused job losses, but the city has developed new businesses; the region where Albany is located was long inhabited by the Creek Indians, who called it Thronateeska after their word for "flint", the valuable mineral found in beds near the Flint River.
They used it for making other tools. In 1830 Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, the United States made treaties to extinguish Creek and other Native American land claims in the Southeast; the US Army forcibly removed most of the native peoples to Indian Territory, lands west of the Mississippi River. European-American settlement began with Nelson Tift of Groton, who took land along the Flint River in October 1836 after Indian removal. Tift and his colleagues named the new town Albany after the capital of New York. Alexander Shotwell laid out the town in 1836, it was incorporated as a city by an act of the General Assembly of Georgia on December 27, 1838. Tift for decades was the city's leading entrepreneur. An ardent booster, he promoted education and railroad construction. During the Civil War he helped build two ships, he opposed Radical Reconstruction inside the state and in Congress, was scornful of the Yankee carpetbaggers who came in. Historian John Fair concludes that Tift became "more Southern than many natives."
His pro-slavery attitudes before the war and his support for segregation afterward made him compatible with Georgia's white elite. This area was developed for cotton cultivation by planters, who used numerous enslaved African Americans to clear lands and process the cotton; as a result of the planters' acquisition of slave workers, by 1840 Dougherty County's majority population was black, composed overwhelmingly of slaves. The market center for cotton plantations, Albany was in a prime location for shipping cotton to other markets by steamboats on the river. In 1858, Tift hired Horace King, a former slave and bridge builder, to construct a toll bridge over the river. King's bridge toll house still stands. Important as a shipping port, Albany became an important railroad hub in southwestern Georgia. Seven lines were constructed to the town. An exhibit on trains is located at the Thronateeska Heritage Center in the former railroad station. After the war, Carey Wentworth Styles founded the newspaper Albany News.
In the early years following the war, like Tift, took great exception to the Radical Reconstruction program in force, advocated for a more moderate response based on his interpretation of Georgia's rights under the Constitution. Styles backed "constitutional reconstruction" advanced by Benjamin H. Hill and sought support for the idea from the national Democratic party. While on a trip to Atlanta in May 1868, to meet with Democratic party leaders, Styles took measure of the contemporary Atlanta newspapers, found them lacking. Styles believed them to be little more than organs for the Radical Republican reconstruction agenda, he resolved to bring a paper aligned with the Democratic party viewpoint to the Atlanta market, one supporting his constitutional reconstruction ideals. Styles moved from Albany to Atlanta, on May 9th he announced that he had obtained the necessary financial backing to purchase the Daily Opinion. On June 16, 1868 the new Democratic daily printed its first edition, under the name The Constitution.
Styles' tenure at the Atlanta Constitution would be brief. Unable to pay for his portion of the purchase, when the sale of his Albany News fell through, Styles was forced to surrender his interest in the paper to his joint venture partners. Styles returned to Albany as editor of the News. In 1872, he was elected to the Georgia Senate, representing Augusta and surrounding communities, in an ironic turn of events, having killed a member of the Georgia House of Representatives in his earlier years. After his legislative service, Styles returned to Atlanta. While integral to the economic life of the town, the Flint River has flooded regularly, it caused extensive property damage in 1841 and 1925. The city has been subject to tornadoes. On February 10, 1940, a severe tornado hit Albany, killing eighteen people and causing large-scale damage. On April 11, 1906, the Carnegie Library, created by matching funds from the philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, was opened downtown. A segregated facility under Jim Crow laws, it was not open to African Americans until after the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
It functioned as a library through 1985. In 1992, after renovation, the building was reopened as the headquarters of the Albany Area Arts Council. In 1912, the downtown U. S. Po
Luverne is a city in and the county seat of Crenshaw County, United States. The city describes itself ais "The Friendliest City in the South", a slogan that appears on its "welcome" signs. At the 2010 census the population was 2,800. Luverne was one of numerous towns developed in the state as a result of railroad construction, it was founded in 1889 in the central part of Crenshaw County, near the Patsaliga River, in association with the construction of the Montgomery and Florida Railroad. The new railroad station attracted the town grew, it incorporated in 1891. This was a center of timbering in the Piney Woods of southern Alabama, as the land was not fertile enough to be suitable for large-scale cotton plantation agriculture. In 1893, the citizens of Crenshaw County voted to move the county seat from Rutledge to the more populous Luverne. By the late 1930s, lynchings of African Americans were conducted in small groups or in secret, rather than in the former mass public displays. On June 22, 1940, an African-American man named Jesse Thornton was lynched in Luverne for failing to address a white man with the title of "Mister".
He was fatally shot and his body was found in the Patsaliga River. The Equal Justice Initiative documented that the white man Thornton had offended by his Jim Crow infraction was a police officer; this was the only lynching recorded in the county. Luverne is located at 31°42′52″N 86°15′48″W; the town of Rutledge lies along Luverne's western border. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.7 square miles, of which 15.6 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles, or 0.17%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,635 people, 1,107 households, 710 families residing in the city; the population density was 212.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,249 housing units at an average density of 100.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 70.25% White, 28.43% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, 0.95% from two or more races. 0.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,107 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together, 19.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.8% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.85. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, 23.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $22,457, the median income for a family was $30,950. Males had a median income of $30,680 versus $17,813 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,244. About 19.2% of families and 22.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.3% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,800 people, 1,135 households, 729 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 62.6% White, 29.6% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 5.5% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races. 1.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,135 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 19.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.8% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.95. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 22.4% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.6 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $40,602, the median income for a family was $51,500. Males had a median income of $43,464 versus $19,483 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,869. About 12.6% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 20.6% of those age 65 or over. Primary and secondary educationPublic education for the city of Luverne is provided by the Crenshaw County School District. There are two schools in the city: Luverne High School and Crenshaw Christian Academy, a private, religiously oriented K-12 school. Post-secondary educationLurleen B. Wallace Community College offers certificate and two-year associate degrees at its Luverne location. Radio station WHLW 104.3 FM WSMX-FM 100.3 FM Newspaper Luverne Journal Television Hunt Channel TV Chester Adams, former American football guard Dorothy Bendross-Mindingall, former member of the Florida House of Representatives Wendell Mitchell, Served as a Democratic member of the Alabama Senate, representing the 30th District from 1974 to 2010 Ryan Waters, Singer/Songwriter Dante Hall, College basketball player for the University of Alabama City of Luverne official website Luverne Journal
Washington County, Florida
Washington County is a county located in the state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,935, its county seat is Chipley. Washington County is a prohibition or dry county, meaning that the sale of alcoholic beverages is banned in the county. Washington County, Florida was created in 1825, was nearly twice the size of the State of Delaware, stretching all the way to the Gulf of Mexico. After a century of boundary shifts, the county, with over 382,000 acres of rolling hills covered in thick, stately pines and mixed hardwood forests, now covers a large portion of the central Florida Panhandle. Over a span of more than 150 years, Washington County has seen Native American and English cultural influences; the County's historical lore is rich with stories of the exploits of Andrew Jackson. There are evidence of strong settlements still being discovered. Named after George Washington, the first President of the United States of America, the area was first settled by those seeking both economic and political freedom in this frontier land of vast timber and mineral resources.
Inland waterway transportation brought about heavy river settlements. The arrival of railroads in the late 1800s boosted economic and political developments. Vernon, the geographical center of the county derives is named for George Washington's Virginia home, Mt. Vernon; the pioneer town was the site of a major Indian settlement. The county courthouse was located in Vernon during the early part of this century until a railroad town in northeastern Washington County, became the new and present county seat in 1927. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 616 square miles, of which 583 square miles is land and 33 square miles is water. Holmes County, Florida - north Jackson County, Florida - northeast Bay County, Florida - south Walton County, Florida - west As of the census of 2000, there were 20,973 people, 7,931 households, 5,646 families residing in the county; the population density was 36 inhabitants per square mile. There were 9,503 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 81.72% White, 13.69% Black or African American, 1.54% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.58% from other races, 2.05% from two or more races. 2.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,931 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.80% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.93. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 24.70% from 45 to 64, 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 105.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,922, the median income for a family was $33,057.
Males had a median income of $26,597 versus $20,198 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,980. About 15.40% of families and 19.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.90% of those under age 18 and 19.40% of those age 65 or over. The Washington County School District includes: Kate Smith Elementary School Vernon Elementary School Roulhac Middle School Vernon Middle School Chipley High School Vernon High School Washington County Public Library system has three branches: Sam Mitchell Public Library Wausau Public Library Sunny Hills Public Library The Washington County News The Investigator OnLine Newspaper Foster Folly News The Chipley Bugle Chipley Vernon Caryville Ebro Wausau Crow Five Points Gilberts Mill Greenhead Hinson's Crossroads Holmes Valley New Hope Poplar Head Red Head Sunny Hills Dry counties Washington is a dry county. Alcohol can not be sold on Sunday within the city limits of Chipley. Vernon and Wausau are excluded from this ordinance.
National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington County, Florida Washington County News newspaper that serves Washington County, Florida available in full-text with images in Florida Digital Newspaper Library Chipley Banner newspaper that served Washington County, Florida from 1897-1900 available in full-text with images in Florida Digital Newspaper Library Washington County Board of County Commissioners Washington County Supervisor of Elections Washington County Property Appraiser Washington County Sheriff's Office Washington County Tax Collector Washington District School Board Northwest Florida Water Management District Washington County Clerk of Courts Circuit and County Court for the 14th Judicial Circuit of Florida serving Bay, Gulf, Holmes and Washington counties Washington County Council on Aging Provides senior and elderly services including meals on wheels, case management, respite and more to residents throughout Washington County, Florida. UF IFAS Extension Washington County The Cooperative Extension Service is nationwide and was established by the Smith-Lever Act of 1914.
It is a partnership between state land grant universities, the United States Department of Agriculture and the county governments throughout the nation. In Florida, the Cooperative Extension Service is administered by the University of Florida. Thus, the Washington County Extension Service is a partnership between the USDA, the University of Florida and Washington County gove
The Chattahoochee River forms the southern half of the Alabama and Georgia border, as well as a portion of the Florida - Georgia border. It is a tributary of the Apalachicola River, a short river formed by the confluence of the Chattahoochee and Flint rivers and emptying from Florida into Apalachicola Bay in the Gulf of Mexico; the Chattahoochee River is about 430 miles long. The Chattahoochee and Apalachicola rivers together make up the Apalachicola–Chattahoochee–Flint River Basin; the Chattahoochee makes up the largest part of the ACF's drainage basin. The source of the Chattahoochee River is located in Jacks Gap at the southeastern foot of Jacks Knob, in the southeastern corner of Union County, in the southern Blue Ridge Mountains, a subrange of the Appalachian Mountains; the headwaters of the river flow south from ridges. The Appalachian Trail crosses the river's uppermost headwaters; the Chattahoochee's source and upper course lies within Chattahoochee National Forest. From its source in the Blue Ridge Mountains, the Chattahoochee River flows southwesterly to Atlanta and through its suburbs.
It turns due-south to form the southern half of the Georgia/Alabama state line. Flowing through a series of reservoirs and artificial lakes, it flows by Columbus, the second-largest city in Georgia, the Fort Benning Army base. At Columbus, it crosses the Fall Line of the eastern United States. From Lake Oliver to Fort Benning, the Chattahoochee Riverwalk provides cycling and walking along 15 miles of the river's banks. Farther south, it merges with the Flint River and other tributaries at Lake Seminole near Bainbridge, to form the Apalachicola River that flows into the Florida Panhandle. Although the same river, this portion was given a different name by separated settlers in different regions during the colonial times; the name Chattahoochee is thought to come from a Muskogean word meaning "rocks-marked", from chato plus huchi. This refers to the many colorful granite outcroppings along the northeast-to-southwest segment of the river. Much of that segment of the river runs through the Brevard fault zone.
A local Georgia nickname for the Chattahoochee River is "The Hooch". The vicinity of the Chattahoochee River was inhabited in prehistoric times by indigenous peoples since at least 1000 BC; the Kolomoki Mounds, now protected in the Kolomoki Mounds Historic Park near present-day Blakely in Early County in southwest Georgia, were built from 350 AD to 650 AD and constitute the largest mound complex in the state. Among the historical Indigenous nations, the Chattahoochee served as a dividing line between the Muscogee and the Cherokee territories in the Southeast; the Chattahoochee River became the dividing point for the Creek Confederacy, which straddled the river and became known as the Upper Creek Red Sticks and the Lower Creek White Sticks. The United States accomplished the removal of Native Americans, to extinguish their claims and make way for European-American settlement, through a series of treaties, land lotteries, forced removals lasting from 1820 through 1832; the Muscogee were first removed from the southeastern side of the river, the Cherokee from the northwest.
The Chattahoochee River was of considerable strategic importance during the Atlanta Campaign by Union General William Tecumseh Sherman of the American Civil War. Between the tributaries of Proctor Creek and Nickajack Creek on the Cobb and Fulton county lines in metropolitan Atlanta, are nine remaining fortifications nicknamed "Shoupades" that were part of a defensive line occupied by the Confederate Army in early July 1864. Designed by Confederate Brigadier General Francis A. Shoup, the line became known as Johnston's River Line after Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. A month prior to the Battle of Atlanta, Shoup talked with Johnston on June 18, 1864 about building fortifications. Johnston agreed, Shoup supervised the building of 36 small elevated earth and wooden triangular fortifications, arranged in a sawtooth pattern to maximize the crossfire of defenders. Sherman tried to avoid the Shoupade defenses by crossing the river to the northeast.
The nine remaining Shoupades consist of the earthworks portion of the original earth and wooden structures. Two of the last battles of the war, West Point and Columbus took place at strategically important crossings of the Chattahoochee. Since the nineteenth century, early improvements and alterations to the river were for the purposes of navigation; the river was a major transportation route. In the twentieth century, the United States Congress passed legislation in 1944 and 1945 to improve navigation for commercial traffic on the river, as well as to establish hydroelectric power and recreational facilities on a series of lakes to be created by building dams and establishing reservoirs. Creating the manmade, 46,000-acre Walter F. George Lake required evacuating numerous communities, including the majority-Native American settlement of Oketeyeconne, Georgia; the lakes were complete in 1963, covering over numerous historic and prehistoric sites of settlement. Beginning in the late twentieth century, the nonprofit organization called "Upper Chattahoochee Riverkeeper" has advocated for the preservation of the environment and ecology of the northern part of the river the part traversing Metropolitan Atlanta.
In 2010, a campaign to create a whitewater river course was launched in the portion of the Chattahoochee River that runs through Columbus, Georgia. Between 2010 and 2013, const
The 23rd Wing is a front-line United States Air Force Air Combat Command wing assigned to Moody Air Force Base, Georgia. The mission of the 23rd Wing is to organize and employ combat-ready Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II, HC-130 and HH-60, as well as pararescuemen and force protection assets, it consists of 6,100 military and civilian personnel, including geographically separated units at Nellis AFB, Davis-Monthan AFB, MacDill AFB, Florida and the Avon Park Air Force Range, Florida. The 23rd Wing consists of the following groups: 347th Rescue Group 38th Rescue Squadron 41st Rescue Squadron 71st Rescue Squadron 347th Operations Support Squadron23rd Fighter Group 74th Fighter Squadron 75th Fighter Squadron 23rd Operations Support Squadron563rd Rescue Group 48th Rescue Squadron 55th Rescue Squadron 79th Rescue Squadron 563rd Operations Support Squadron 58th Rescue Squadron 66th Rescue Squadron 23rd Mission Support Group 23rd Medical Group 23rd Maintenance Group The 23rd Fighter Wing was activated on 10 August 1948 at Northwest Guam Air Force Base, Guam as part of the Wing-Base organization plan, which prescribed a standard organizational setup for all USAF bases worldwide.
The plan called for the creation of a wing headquarters that established policy and supervised four functional groups: an operational group, an air base group, a maintenance and supply group, a medical group. The 23rd Fighter Group was assigned as the operational group under the new 23rd Fighter Wing; the wing was assigned to Twentieth Air Force. The 23rd's mission on Guam was to provide air defense of the island; the 23rd Fighter Group was assigned the 74th, 75th and 76th Fighter Squadrons, being equipped with Republic F-47 Thunderbolts. The 23rd Fighter Wing was reassigned to Howard Air Force Base, Panama Canal Zone, in April 1949, where it acquired a squadron of Lockheed RF-80 Shooting Stars; the 23rd Fighter Wing conducted air defense of the Canal Zone under the Caribbean Air Command until it was again inactivated on 24 September 1949. Reactivated on 12 January 1951, at Presque Isle Air Force Base, the wing was redesignated the 23rd Fighter-Interceptor Wing with the 74th and 75th Fighter-Interceptor Squadrons assigned, as part of the Air Defense Command.
Equipped with North American F-86 Sabre, North American F-51 Mustang, Northrop F-89D Scorpion and F-80 Shooting Star aircraft, its mission was to provide air defense for the northeastern United States during the Korean War and conduct basic training for about 500 Air Force recruits. The 23rd was inactivated 6 February 1952 along with the 23rd Fighter-Interceptor Group; the Wing's equipment and personnel were transferred to the 4711th Defense Wing, organized at Presque Isle on 1 February 1952. Following its longest period of inactivation, the group was organized as the 23rd Tactical Fighter Wing on 8 February 1964, at McConnell Air Force Base, under Tactical Air Command and Twelfth Air Force; the 23 TFW was activated to replace the 388th Tactical Fighter Wing at McConnell after its deployment to Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand. Squadrons of the 23 TFW were: 561st Tactical Fighter Squadron 562nd Tactical Fighter Squadron 563rd Tactical Fighter Squadron 560th Tactical Fighter Squadron 4519th Combat Crew Training Squadron 419th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron Squadron markings on the natural metal / silver lacquered aircraft included the following: 561 TFS - black/yellow checkerboarding on rudder.
When Southeast Asian camouflaged, the squadrons carried the following tail codes: 561 TFS "MD". Flying the Republic Aviation F-105D/G "Thunderchief" aircraft, the mission of the 23 TFW at McConnell was to provide training for Thud pilots prior to their deployment to Southeast Asia; the 560th acted as a combat training squadron, while the other three squadrons began rotational TDY deployments to Southeast Asia beginning in November 1964. In February 1965, when the 23 TFW deployed three squadrons to Southeast Asia for combat, these units were under the control of the 2nd Air Division; the 6441 TFW was activated at Takhli RTAFB in July 1965, taking control of the 23rd's squadrons deployed there. It was during this five-month tour that the 563rd TFS lost 10 of its 18 F-105's deployed and was awarded two Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards with Combat "V" for Valor. In addition to the deployments to Thailand, detachments of the 561 TFS deployed to Da Nang Air Base RVN for operations within the borders of the Republic of Vietnam.
On 1 August 1967, the 4519th Combat Crew Training squadron was added to the 23rd, the 560th Tactical Fighter Squadron was inactivated on 25 September 1968. The wing maintained proficiency in tactical fighter operations, also functioned as an F-105 replacement training unit and assisted Air National Guard units in their conversion to the F-105 when the Thunderchief left first-line service. For the dual role it played from June 1970 to June 1971 as both an operational and a training unit, the wing received the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award in March 1971. Two of its squadrons, the 562nd and 563rd received the same award for their duty in Vietnam during 1965, but with the combat "V" added, the 563rd receiving two such
Tifton is a city in Tift County, United States. The population was 16,869 at the 2010 census; the city is the county seat of Tift County. The area's public schools are administered by the Tift County School District. Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College has its main campus in Tifton. Southern Regional Technical College and the University of Georgia have Tifton campuses. Sites in the area include the Coastal Plain Research Arboretum, Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College, the Georgia Museum of Agriculture & Historic Village; the Tifton Residential Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Tifton is located in south central Georgia along Interstate 75, which runs north to south through the city, leading north 167 mi to Atlanta and south 45 mi to Valdosta. Other highways that pass through the city include U. S. Route 41, U. S. Route 82, U. S. Route 319, Georgia State Route 125. Interstate 75 U. S. Highway 41 U. S. Route 82 U. S. Route 319 State Route 125 Henry Tift Myers AirportHenry Tift Myers Airport is a public airport located two miles southeast of Tifton, serving the general aviation community, with no scheduled commercial airline service.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,350 people residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 49.4% White, 36.0% Black, 0.1% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from some other race and 1.1% from two or more races. 11.4% were Hispanic or Latino of any race. As of the census of 2000, there were 15,060 people, 5,532 households, 3,601 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,686.2 people per square mile. There were 6,102 housing units at an average density of 683.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 61.26% White, 31.57% African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.64% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.61% from other races, 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.56% of the population. There were 5,532 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% were married couples living together, 20.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.9% were non-families.
29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.08. The median income for a household in the city was $30,234, the median income for a family was $37,023. Males had a median income of $27,206 versus $20,174 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,455. About 20.7% of families and 26.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.0% of those under age 18 and 13.7% of those age 65 or over. Tifton was founded in 1872 at an important railroad junction in Berrien County; the community was named for local sawmill owner Henry H. Tift. Tifton was incorporated as a city in 1890. In 1905, it was designated county seat of the newly formed Tift County; the routing of major Chicago-Florida passenger trains with stops in Tifton reflected this importance as a railroad town: the Atlantic Coast Line's Seminole and City of Miami and the Southern Railway's Ponce de Leon and Royal Palm.
With the end of the Royal Palm in 1970, passenger trains were gone. Progress met the south when President Eisenhower called for a modern road system that would allow travelers to get from place to place safely and in record time: the interstate highways; the interstate was a major contributor to the demise of many downtowns. New areas of development came alongside these roadways. Since World War II, many women had joined the workforce and did not have the time or luxury of staying home with children while father was at work; the community's focus on town activities shifted from the town center to the new suburbs. Hotels were being built along the interstate to accommodate the travelers. Service stations and shopping areas were going where the development was occurring, on the interstate; the location along a major junction of highways made Tifton the ideal location for medical services serving a large geographic area. The Tifton Gazette is a thrice-weekly newspaper published in Georgia, it is operated by a division of Community Newspaper Holdings Inc..
The Tifton Grapevine is a twice-weekly online newspaper with an email circulation of 4,800. It is operated by Sayles Unlimited Marketing. In 2010, the indoor football team Georgia Firebirds relocated from Georgia to Tifton; the Tift County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, consists of a pre-K center, four primary schools, four elementary schools, one middle schools, one ninth grade campus, one high school, an alternative school. The district has 467 full-time teachers and over 7,641 students. Tiftarea Academy, located in Chula, Georgia Grace Baptist Christian School Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College - Main Campus Moultrie Technical College - Tifton Campus University of Georgia - Tifton Agricultural Campus Tifton has a public library, in addition to an extensive college library located at nearby Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College. Coastal Plain Research Arboretum Georgia AgriramaUntil Tifton was the home of the world's second largest magnolia tree, located in Magnolia Tree Park.
In 2004, the tree was burned in a fire. The cause of the fire has never been given by local authorities; the tree and observation area are blocked from visitors by a gate. Although it no longer grows, the tree still stands, it is not known. The Georgia Museum of Agriculture & Historic Village known as Agrirama, is located