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Wisconsin Blue Book

The Wisconsin Blue Book is a biennial publication of the Wisconsin's Legislative Reference Bureau. The Blue Book is an almanac containing information on the government, demographics and history of the state of Wisconsin, it was published annually from 1879-1883, biennially since 1885 to the present day. It is published in the fall of every odd-numbered year, corresponding to the start of each new biennium of the Wisconsin state government. Since 1995, the Blue Book has been available free in electronic form. Many editions provide a special article of substantial length, focusing on either a natural feature or some social aspect about the state. Hardcover editions of the book may be obtained for no cost by Wisconsin residents by contacting their State Representative or State Senator, it can be ordered from the Wisconsin Department of Administration's "Document Sales and Distribution Unit". Wisconsin Blue Books from the University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries Wisconsin Blue Books from the Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau

Provincial Development Service (Uttar Pradesh)

Provincial Development Service is the Government of Uttar Pradesh civil service responsible for administering rural development programmes of the Uttar Pradesh and Indian governments. PDS officers are recruited from a pool of applicants who take a competitive examination conducted by the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission. Half of PDS officers are hired directly, while the other half are transferred from other departments. PDS officers, regardless of their mode of entry, are appointed by the Governor of Uttar Pradesh. Hundreds of BDO officer posts remain vacant, putting a greater workload on PDS officers and officers from other departments. After completing their training, a PDS officer serves as Block Development Officer in Blocks in a District. After that, they get promoted as, District Development Officer or as Project Director of District Rural Development Agency or Deputy Commissioners of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee or Deputy Commissioners of National Rural Livelihood Mission and Chief Development Officer in districts or as Joint Development Commissioners in Divisions and as Joint Commissioners in Commissionerate of Rural Development.

The union for PDS officers demanded that IAS and PCS officers not be promoted to the rank of CDO, claiming that they have less expertise in rural development than PDS officers. They claim that it takes much longer for PDS officers to be promoted than PCS or IAS officers, that PDS officers get paid less than PCS officers. Due to the complaints, the Uttar Pradesh state government reserved twenty-eight districts of Uttar Pradesh for PDS officers; the PDS union opposed this, claiming that the districts, reserved for PDS officers were backward ones. Provincial Civil Service Provincial Forest Service Provincial Police Service Provincial Finance and Accounts Service Provincial Secretariat Service Provincial Transport Service

Sam Browne belt

The Sam Browne belt is a wide belt leather, supported by a narrower strap passing diagonally over the right shoulder. It is most a part of a military or police uniform. General Sir Sam Browne was a 19th-century British Indian Army officer. Browne came up with the idea of wearing a second belt which went over his right shoulder to hold the scabbard steady; this would hook into a waist belt with D-rings for attaching accessories. It securely carried a pistol in a flap-holster on his right hip and included a binocular case with a neck-strap. Other officers began wearing a similar rig and it became part of the standard uniform. During the Boer War, it was copied by other troops and became standard issue. Infantry officers wore a variant, it was invented in 1878 by Lieutenant Basil Templer Graham-Montgomery, of the 60th Rifles, while serving in India. Due to its former use as equipment for carrying a sword, it is traditionally only worn by those to whom a sword would have been issued, namely officers and warrant officers.

In the Finnish Army the Sam Browne belt known as a "command belt" or "officer belt", has been used by officers and senior NCOs as well as officer cadets when wearing service, dress or parade uniforms. It is used by high-ranking officers during parades and other ceremonies, as it is only worn with dress uniform M58 and service uniform M83; the Sam Browne belt featured prominently in many uniforms used by the Nazi Party in Nazi Germany, again in imitation of earlier European uniforms. It was popular with other leading Nazi officials; the Irish Citizen Army, Irish Volunteers and Irish Republican Army made extensive use of Sam Browne belts during the Irish revolutionary period. This included women serving with the Irish Citizen Army, among them Constance Markievicz; the folk song "The Broad Black Brimmer" mentions the Sam Browne belt. They were used by the Garda Síochána and the National Army. In the 20th century it was a mainstay in the British Army officers' corps, being adopted service-wide in 1900 during the Second Boer War after limited use in India, becoming popular with military forces throughout the Commonwealth.

After World War II the Sam Browne belt saw a decline in use in the Commonwealth. It was dropped from the standard officer's uniform in 1943 and replaced by the cloth P37 and P44 web gear; however and warrant officers class 1 of the British Army and Royal Marines still wear it in service dress and in non-ceremonial versions of No.1 dress. It was phased out by the Canadian military beginning with the unification of the armed services in 1968. In Australia, all officers and warrant officers class 1 are entitled to wear the belt in ceremonial dress. Within the corps of the Australian Army there is some variation, with members of the Royal Australian Armoured Corps, Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps and Australian Army Aviation Corps wearing black Sam Browne belts. A different arrangement invented in 1878 by Basil Templer Graham-Montgomery of the 60th Rifles while serving in India, consists of a similar wide belt with two vertical supporting straps, one over each shoulder; this design puts the burden of the gear, with its heavy ammo pouches on the belt and straps, on both shoulders.

It was worn by the officers of British and Commonwealth rifle regiments, who had to carry a rifle as their service arm rather than a pistol. It was worn by big game hunters in Africa and India in the late 19th and mid-20th centuries, it is seen worn in movies or TV shows as part of the costume of explorers or big game hunters. During World War I, the Sam Browne Belt was approved by General Pershing, commander of the AEF, for wear by American officers as a rank distinction. However, the Army as a whole did not approve its use. MPs were confiscated them from returning officers; the United States Army mandated the Sam Browne belt for overseas soldiers in 1918 under the name "Liberty belt" and for all service members in 1921, this time under the internationally accepted name "Sam Browne belt". It was a standard part of the uniform between World War I and World War II, it was limited in use in 1940 when the Army abandoned sabers and replaced with a cloth waistbelt, sewn to the officer's jacket. During World War I the Marine Corps adopted a brown leather Sam Browne Belt.

It was changed to black, the official color of Navy and Marine Corps leather gear. It is worn as part of the dress Blue A & B, Blue-white dress, service A uniform by sword-bearing commissioned and warrant officers. After the First World War, Sam Browne belts "become universal among American police"; the utility belts worn today by American police lack the cross-strap and the attachments for them. The belt fastens in the same way, with the bar of the buckle engaging a pair of hooks and the end of the belt retained by a post and keeper loop, they are frequently lined, as opposed to the old style half-linings, to support equipment the length of the belt. The Sam Browne be