Wittenberge

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Wittenberge
Wittenberge Panorama2.jpg
Coat of arms of Wittenberge
Coat of arms
Wittenberge   is located in Germany
Wittenberge
Wittenberge
Location of Wittenberge within Prignitz district
Wittenberge in PR.png
Coordinates: 53°00′N 11°45′E / 53.000°N 11.750°E / 53.000; 11.750Coordinates: 53°00′N 11°45′E / 53.000°N 11.750°E / 53.000; 11.750
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Prignitz
Government
 • Mayor Oliver Hermann (—)
Area
 • Total 50.44 km2 (19.47 sq mi)
Elevation 25 m (82 ft)
Population (2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total 17,318
 • Density 340/km2 (890/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 19322
Dialling codes 03877
Vehicle registration PR
Website www.wittenberge.de

Wittenberge (German pronunciation: [ˌvɪtənˈbɛɐ̯ɡə]) is a town of eighteen thousand people on the middle Elbe in the district of Prignitz, Brandenburg, Germany.

Geography[edit]

Wittenberge is situated at the right (north-eastern) bank of the middle Elbe at its confluence with the Stepenitz and Karthane in the German district of Prignitz. Within the same district, the town borders the Ämter Lenzen-Elbtalaue and Bad Wilsnack/Weisen as well as the district capital Perleberg. The Verbandsgemeinde Seehausen (Altmark) in the district of Stendal, Saxony-Anhalt, lies on the opposite side of the Elbe.

History[edit]

The Rathaus building

The site was marked out in 1239 at Wendischwalde and in 1300 the Saxon king, Otto I, established the settlement. It grew slowly but steadily. The town castle (1669) survives as the town museum but it suffered fires in 1686 and 1757, and floods from the Elbe in 1709 and 1761. Nevertheless, because of its position, it prospered from the opening of the BerlinHamburg steamship traffic. By 1823 milling, processing and refining of foodstuffs were important industries. In 1846 the railway came and a silk factory was built, followed by a chemical factory in 1849. The Reichsbahn railway workshops were established in 1875 and the world-famous Singer Sewing Machine Company set up there in 1903. By 1914 the Rathaus was built.

From August 15, 1942 until February 17, 1945 a concentration camp was established in Wittenberge. The camp was a subcamp to the Neuengamme concentration camp.[2]

Between the wars much architecture characteristic of the period was built in the form of workers' housing for the rapidly increased population. It suffered as most German towns did during WW II. Only the railway workshops remain as significant employers of the old industries but the large, skilled workforce remains for the newer industries of precision engineering and applied chemistry.

Demography[edit]

Wittenberge: Population development
within the current boundaries (2013)[3]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 8,407—    
1890 13,294+3.10%
1910 21,262+2.38%
1925 26,310+1.43%
1933 25,996−0.15%
1939 28,496+1.54%
1946 32,349+1.83%
1950 32,166−0.14%
1964 33,021+0.19%
1971 33,704+0.29%
1981 31,765−0.59%
1985 30,757−0.80%
1989 29,780−0.80%
1990 28,378−4.71%
1991 27,297−3.81%
1992 26,691−2.22%
1993 26,148−2.03%
1994 25,630−1.98%
1995 24,890−2.89%
1996 24,441−1.80%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1997 23,833−2.49%
1998 23,398−1.83%
1999 22,825−2.45%
2000 22,163−2.90%
2001 21,513−2.93%
2002 21,112−1.86%
2003 20,639−2.24%
2004 20,120−2.51%
2005 19,767−1.75%
2006 19,566−1.02%
2007 19,297−1.37%
2008 19,023−1.42%
2009 18,710−1.65%
2010 18,571−0.74%
2011 17,638−5.02%
2012 17,476−0.92%
2013 17,297−1.02%
2014 17,200−0.56%
2015 17,206+0.03%
2016 17,318+0.65%



Hinzdorf - church
Railway bridge over the Elbe Wittenberge
Wittenberge station

Mayor[edit]

  • 1993–2008: Klaus Petry (SPD)
  • since 2008: Oliver Hermann (independent)

Oliver Hermann was reelected in 2016 with 94,8 % of the vote.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Wittenberge is twinned with:

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2016 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2016. 
  2. ^ The camp is listed as No. 1587 Wittenberge, Kreis Wittenberge in the official German list of concentration camps Verzeichnis der Konzentrationslager und ihrer Außenkommandos Archived 2009-04-23 at the Wayback Machine. (in German)
  3. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]

Media related to Wittenberge at Wikimedia Commons