Weikersheim is a town in the Main-Tauber district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated on the river Tauber, 9 km east of Bad Mergentheim, Weikersheim is the location of the famous castle Schloss Weikersheim. Bronn, Haagen, Laudenbach, Neubronn, Queckbronn and Schäftersheim belong to Weikersheim. Weikersheim Castle
Tauberbischofsheim is a German town in the north-east of Baden-Württemberg on the river Tauber with a population of about 13,200. It is the capital of the Main-Tauber district, it is a popular tourist destination due to the presence of numerous historical buildings, including substantial remains of the Medieval town fortifications. Tauberbischofsheim is known for its fencers, who have won several Olympic medals and world championships. Tauberbischofsheim is located in the Tauberfranken region of Franconia on the river Tauber. Tauberbischofsheim consists of the main town of Tauberbischofsheim, as well as the Ortsteile Dienstadt, Dittigheim, Dittwar and Impfingen; the boundaries of these Ortsteile are the same as that of the former independent municipalities. Dienstadt is located west of Tauberbischofsheim. Distelhausen is located south of Tauberbischofsheim. Dittigheim is located south of Tauberbischofsheim. Dittwar is located south-west of Tauberbischofsheim. Hochhausen is located north of Tauberbischofsheim.
Impfingen is located north of Tauberbischofsheim. The area was settled at least since around 3000 B. C. based on prehistoric finds. The town was first mentioned in a biography of Saint Lioba in 836, it bears its name due to its close relation to bishop Saint Boniface. Boniface brought his relative Lioba to the town around 735. Boniface founded the convent at Bischofsheim. In 1180 the town's oldest building, the Chapel of S. Peter, was built. Between 1237 and 1245 town rights were granted to Tauberbischofsheim. Around 1280 the Türmersturm-tower and the Kurmainz Castle were constructed. In 1318 the Bischofsheim market was first mentioned in official records. From 1525 to 1627 the town was denied self-rule after picking the losing side in the Peasant's War. New municipal laws were introduced by Albrecht, Archbishop of Mainz restricting citizens' rights. In 1629 Franciscan friars settled in Bischofsheim. During the Thirty Years' War Bischofsheim was under Swedish occupation from 1631 to 1635. In 1688 a Latin school was founded by the Franciscans.
The school became the Matthias-Grünewald Grammar School. In 1803 Bischofsheim was placed under the rule of the Prince of Leiningen, after having been part of Kurmainz for over 560 years. In 1806 Bischofsheim joined the newly created Grand Duchy of Baden. In 1823 the Franciscan monastery was dissolved. Around 1850 the town became known as Tauberbischofsheim. To distinguish the town from other towns named Bischofsheim, the name of the river Tauber was added to the name; the new town hall was built between 1865 and 1867. In 1866, a battle in the Austro-Prussian War took place in and around Tauberbischofsheim between troops from Württemberg and Prussia. Between 1894-95 the "Christuskirche" was built as a Protestant church. From 1910 to 1914 the Catholic Church of St. Martin was reconstructed; the six Ortsteile were incorporated to Tauberbischofsheim during the local government reform in Baden-Württemberg in the 1970s: July 1, 1971: Hochhausen and Impfingen and Distelhausen, Dittigheim and Dittwar. The mayors of Tauberbischofsheim since 1945 were: 1945–1946: August Haun 1946–1952: August Otto Bruch 1952–1958: Anton Baumann 1958–1972: Walter Grosch 1973–1980: Hans Dörfle 1981–1995: Erich Hollerbach since 1995: Wolfgang Vockel In a red shield is a silver-white helmet crested by a wheel with seven spokes and attached by four ribbons ending in roses, all of the same colour.
According to source the archbishopric of Mainz gained the village of Tauberbischofsheim in 1237 and the fiefdom of a castle in 1316. The archbishops were rulers of the city until 1802; the helmet is symbolizing this fiefdom. The image was taken from seals and was not changed until 1740. 1865 some elements had been added. Over time, the old version was re-established; the old town, completely surrounded by a defensive wall, features many historical buildings. The Tauberbischofsheim Castle dates back to second half of the 13th century; the marketplace is encircled by the Gothic Revival town hall. The parish church of St. Martin was completed in 1914 after its predecessor burnt down; the Gothic Revival church contains works of art from many past churches including an altar from the Ulm workshop of Niklaus Weckmann the Elder with panel paintings by Hans Schäufelein, a Madonna by Hans Multscher and a copy of the Tauberbischofsheim altarpiece by Matthias Grünewald. The oldest church in the city is the Peterskapelle, built in the 12th century.
The Badischer Hof is the oldest hotel in Tauberbischofsheim. It was built in 1733. For many years the town was home to the Tauberbischofsheim altarpiece, a monumental piece of German renaissance art by Master Mathis now kept in the Karlsruhe Kunsthalle. In Tauberbischofsheim and its suburbs there are the following museums: Pharmacy Museum Farm Museum, Distelhausen Village Museum, Dittwar Village Museum, Impfingen School Furniture Museum, Tauberbischofsheim Tauber Franconian countryside museum in the Kurmainz Castle, Tauberbischofsheim Every May there is a traditionally a "Maypole Festival" at Wörth place. In the same month there is an "Italian Night" at the market place; the "Tauberbischofsheimer Altstadtfest" is traditionally on the first weekend of July. During Advent, the traditional "Tauberbischofsheim Christmas Market" is a popular meeting place on the castle square. Tauberbischofsheim and its environments are characterized in the lowlands by extensive fruit and wine growing areas. Here Tau
Würzburg is a city in the region of Franconia, northern Bavaria, Germany. Located on the Main River, it is the capital of the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia; the regional dialect is East Franconian. Würzburg lies about equidistant from Frankfurt am Nuremberg. Although the city of Würzburg is not part of the Landkreis Würzburg, it is the seat of the district's administration; the city has a population of around 130,000 people. A Bronze Age refuge castle stood on the site of the present Fortress Marienberg; the former Celtic territory was settled by the Alamanni in the 4th or 5th century, by the Franks in the 6th to 7th. Würzburg was the seat of a Merovingian duke from about 650, it was Christianized in 686 by Irish missionaries Kilian and Totnan. The city is mentioned in a donation by Duke Hedan II to bishop Willibrord, dated 1 May 704, in castellum Virteburch; the Ravenna Cosmography lists the city as Uburzis at about the same time. The name is of Celtic origin, but based on a folk etymological connection to the German word Würze "herb, spice", the name was Latinized as Herbipolis in the medieval period.
Beginning in 1237, the city seal depicted the cathedral and a portrait of Saint Kilian, with the inscription SIGILLVM CIVITATIS HERBIPOLENSIS. It shows a banner on a tilted lance in a blue field, with the banner quarterly argent and gules or and gules; this coat of arms replaced the older seal of the city, showing Saint Kilian, from 1570. The first diocese was founded by Saint Boniface in 742 when he appointed the first bishop of Würzburg, Saint Burkhard; the bishops created a secular fiefdom, which extended in the 12th century to Eastern Franconia. The city was the site of several Imperial Diets, including the one of 1180, at which Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony and Bavaria, was banned for three years from the Empire and his duchy Bavaria was handed over to Otto of Wittelsbach. Massacres of Jews took place in 1147 and 1298; the first church on the site of the present Würzburg Cathedral was built as early as 788 and consecrated that same year by Charlemagne. The University of Würzburg was founded in 1402 and re-founded in 1582.
The citizens of the city revolted several times against the prince-bishop. In 1397, King Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia had visited the city and promised its people the status of a free Imperial City. However, the German ruling princes forced him to withdraw these promises. In 1400, the citizenry was decisively defeated by the troops of the bishop in the Schlacht von Bergtheim, the city fell under his control permanently until the dissolution of the fiefdom; the Würzburg witch trials, which occurred between 1626 and 1631, are one of the largest peace-time mass trials. In Würzburg, under Bishop Philip Adolf an estimated number between 600 and 900 alleged witches were burnt. In 1631, Swedish King Gustaf Adolf plundered the castle. In 1720, the foundations of the Würzburg Residence were laid. In 1796, the Battle of Würzburg between Habsburg Austria and the First French Republic took place; the city passed to the Electorate of Bavaria in 1803, but two years in the course of the Napoleonic Wars, it became the seat of the Electorate of Würzburg, the Grand Duchy of Würzburg.
In 1814, the town became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria and a new bishopric was created seven years as the former one had been secularized in 1803. In 1817, Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Bauer founded Schnellpressenfabrik Bauer. In the early 1930s, around 2,000 Jews had lived in Würzburg, a rabbinic center. Between November 1941 and June 1943 Jews from the city were sent to the Nazi concentration camps in Eastern Europe. On 16 March 1945, about 90% of the city was destroyed in 17 minutes by fire bombing from 225 British Lancaster bombers during a World War II air raid. Würzburg became a target for its role as a traffic hub. All of the city's churches and other monuments were damaged or destroyed; the city center, which dated from medieval times, was destroyed in a firestorm in which 5,000 people perished. Over the next 20 years, the buildings of historical importance were painstakingly and reconstructed; the citizens who rebuilt the city after the end of the war were women – Trümmerfrauen – because the men were either dead or still prisoners of war.
On a relative scale, Würzburg was destroyed to a larger extent than was Dresden in a firebombing the previous month. On 3 April 1945, Würzburg was occupied by the U. S. 12th Armored Division and U. S. 42nd Infantry Division in a series of frontal assaults masked by smokescreens. The battle continued until the final Wehrmacht resistance was defeated on 5 April 1945; the 2016 Würzburg train attack took place at the Würzburg-Heidingsfeld railway station on 18 July. Würzburg is located on both banks of the river Main in the region of Lower Franconia in Bavaria, Germany; the main body of the town is on the eastern bank of the river. The town is enclosed by the Landkreis Würzburg, but is not a part of it. Würzburg lies at an altitude of around 177 metres. Of the total municipal area, in 2007, building area accounted for 30%, followed by agricultural land, forestry/wood, green spaces, traffic and others; the centre of Würzburg is surrou
Ochsenfurt is a town in the district of Würzburg, in Bavaria, Germany. Ochsenfurt has around 11,000 inhabitants; this makes it the largest town in Würzburg district. Like Oxford, the town of Ochsenfurt is named after a ford; the town is situated on the left bank of the River Main, 21 kilometres south of Würzburg. The Stadtteile of Ochsenfurt are: Darstadt, Erlach, Goßmannsdorf, Hopferstadt, Kleinochsenfurt, Tückelhausen and Zeubelried. Ochsenfurt was one of the places in Germany where King Richard I of England was detained in 1193 while on his way to England from the Third Crusade. A monastery, Tückelhausen Charterhouse, dedicated to Saints Lambert, John the Baptist and George, was founded in 1138 by Otto I, Bishop of Bamberg, as a double canonry of the Premonstratensians. From 1351 it belonged to the Carthusians and was secularised in 1803; the charterhouse was converted for private residential use and since 1991 contains a museum of Carthusian life. Ochsenfurt features several Protestant and Roman Catholic churches, among them that of St Michael, a Gothic edifice In 1911 there was a considerable trade in wine and agricultural products, other industries being brewing and malting.
Ochsenfurt has one of the largest sugar factories in Germany. Peter Juks is the mayor of Ochsenfurt. Ochsenfurt is twinned with: Hieronymus Dungersheim, Catholic theologian Tomas Oral, football player and coach Maximilian Götz, racing driver Die Kunstdenkmäler von Unterfranken, Bd. 1: Bezirksamt Ochsenfurt. 2nd edition 1983. ISBN 978-3-486-50455-2 Halbleib, Volker. Ochsenfurt. Sutton. ISBN 978-3-86680-000-7. Retrieved 4 March 2010. List of medieval stone bridges in Germany Official town website Website of the Diocese of Würzburg: the Carthusian Museum
Lauda-Königshofen is a town in the Main-Tauber district in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated on the river Tauber, 7 km southeast of Tauberbischofsheim, 30 km southwest of Würzburg. Most of the 300 houses in the traditional village of Königshofen date to between the 16th century and mid-19th century, it is known for the 500+ year-old Königshöfer Messe, an annual festival that attracts 150,000 people over the 10-day festival. Lauda station is at a junction of the Tauber Valley Railway; the 12 districts with number of population:Area in km² Boissy-Saint-Léger Paks Rátka FV Lauda, soccer Lauda Hornets, American football Johann Gottfried von Aschhausen, Bishop of diocese Würzburg and Archbishopric of Bamberg Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg, composer Johann Martin Schleyer, developer of artificial language Volapük Albert Hehn, actor Heinrich Ehrler, Luftwaffe fighter Karl Weid, the mayor from 1970s onwards Jürgen Hehn, team world champion with his sword in 1973 Manuela Ruben, figure skater, Vice European Champion 1984 Thorsten Weidner, Olympic team champion with the foil 1992 Martin Lanig, football player Among the business entities located in Lauda are the two world famous manufacturers of laboratory equipment: Lauda, a manufacturer of thermostats.
Herzog, a manufacturer of crude oil and fuel testing equipment. The founder of the company, Walter Herzog, has moved to Lauda after World War II, pioneered a few important innovations in the testing of oil and fuels, like first automatic flash point tester, first automatic distillation apparatus, others. Keep It True, annual heavy metal festival Königshöfer Messe, annual fair Stefan Heidrich's page about Lauda-Königshofen Oliver Pinkos's page about the district Beckstein Ralf Liebenstein's page about the district Messelhausen Sascha Renk's page about the district Oberlauda
Niederstetten is a town and a municipality in the Main-Tauber district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 14 km southeast of Bad Mergentheim, 19 km west of Rothenburg ob der Tauber; the main attraction is the Castle Haltenbergstetten. The Albert-Sammt-Zeppelin-Museum is in memory of last German airship captain Albert Sammt and shows original parts as well as documents of Zeppelin history. Niederstetten is home to German Army Aviation Transport Helicopter Regiment 30 based at Niederstetten Air Base. Niederstetten is twinned with: Le Plessis-Bouchard
Igersheim is a town in the Main-Tauber district in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Igersheim is mentioned in chronicles as early as 1090. Since 1972 Bernsfelden, Harthausen and Simmringen belong to Igersheim. 1880: 982 2005: 5.709 2013: 5.504 In this house Johann Adam Möhler was born. He is one of the famous people from Igersheim, it was built in the 13th century. The 1st documentation of the castle dates the year 1281, it was rebuilt in both the German Peasants' War and the Schmalkaldic War. Today it is a place for horse breeding and middle age reenactment events