Anseriformes is an order of birds that comprise about 180 living species in three families: Anhimidae and Anatidae, the largest family, which includes over 170 species of waterfowl, among them the ducks and swans. Most modern species in the order are adapted for an aquatic existence at the water surface. With the exception of screamers, all have phalli, a trait, lost in the Neoaves. Due to their aquatic nature, most species are web-footed. Anseriformes are one of two types of modern bird thought to be confirmed present during the mesozoic alongside the other dinosaurs, in fact were among the few birds to survive their extinction, along with their cousins the galliformes; these two groups only occupied ecological niches during the mesozoic, living in water and on the ground, while the toothed enantiornithes were the dominant birds that ruled the trees and air. But the fireball, thought to have ended the era of the dinosaurs destroyed all trees as well as animals in the open, a condition that took years to recover.
The anseriformes and galliformes are thought to have survived in the cover of burrows and water, not to have needed trees for food and reproduction. The earliest cretaceous anseriform found so far is vegavis, a goose-like waterfowl thought to have lived as long as 99 million years ago; some members surviving the KT extinction event, including presbyornithids, thought to be the common ancestors of ducks, geese and screamers, the last group once thought to be galliformes, but now genetically confirmed to be related to geese. The first known duck fossils start to appear about 34 million years ago; the Anseriformes and the Galliformes are the most primitive neognathous birds, should follow ratites and tinamous in bird classification systems. Together they belong to the Galloanserae. Several unusual extinct families of birds like the albatross-like pseudotooth birds and the giant flightless gastornithids and mihirungs have been found to be stem-anseriforms based on common features found in the skull region, beak physiology and pelvic region.
The genus Vegavis for a while was found to be the earliest member of the anseriform crown group but a recent 2017 paper has found it to be just outside the crown group in the family Vegaviidae. Below is the general consensus of the phylogeny of their stem relatives. Anatidae systematics regarding placement of some "odd" genera in the dabbling ducks or shelducks, is not resolved. See the Anatidae article for more information, for alternate taxonomic approaches. Anatidae is traditionally divided into subfamilies Anserinae; the Anatinae consists of tribes Anatini, Aythyini and Tadornini. The higher-order classification below follows a phylogenetic analysis performed by Mikko's Phylogeny Archive and John Boyd's website. Order Anseriformes †Anatalavis Olson & Parris 1987? †Conflicto Claudia P. Tambussi et al. 2019? †Naranbulagornis Zelenkov 2019 Sub Order Anhimae Wetmore & Miller 1926 Genus †Chaunoides de Alvarenga 1999 Family Anhimidae Stejneger 1885 Genus Anhima Brisson 1760 Genus Chauna Illiger 1811 Sub Order Anseres Superfamily Anseranatoidea Family Anseranatidae Sclater 1880 Genus †Anserpica Mourer-Chauviré, Berthet & Hugueney 2004 Genus †Eoanseranas Worthy & Scanlon 2009 Genus †Anatalavis Olson & Parris 1987 Genus Anseranas Lesson 1828 Superfamily Anatoidea Family †Presbyornithidae Wetmore 1926 ^ Genus †Teviornis Kuročkin, Dyke & Karhu 2002 Genus †Telmabates Howard 1955 Genus †Headonornis Harrison & Walker 1976 Genus †Presbyornis Wetmore 1926 Genus †Wilaru Boles et al. 2013 Family †Paranyrocidae Miller & Compton 1939 Genus †Paranyroca Miller & Compton 1939 Family Anatidae Leach 1820 Subfamily †Romainvilliinae Lambrecht 1933 Genus †Romainvillia Lebedinský 1927 Genus †Saintandrea Mayr & De Pietri 2013 Subfamily Dendrocygninae Reichenbach 1849–50 Genus Dendrocygna Swainson 1837 Genus Thalassornis Eyton 1838 Subfamily †Dendrocheninae Livezey & Martin 1988 Genus †Dendrochen Miller 1944 Genus †Manuherikia Worthy et al. 2007 Genus †Mionetta Livezey & Martin 1988 Subfamily Stictonettinae Genus Stictonetta Reichenbach 1853 Subfamily Anserinae Vigors 1825 sensu Livezey 1996 Genus †Anserobranta Kuročkin & Ganya 1972 Genus †Asiavis Nesov 1986 Genus †“Chenopis” De Vis 1905 Genus †Cygnavus Lambrecht 1931 Genus †Cygnopterus Lambrecht 1931 Genus †Eremochen Brodkorb 1961 Genus †Megalodytes Howard 1992 Genus †Paracygnus Short 1969 Genus †Presbychen Wetmore 1930 Genus †Cnemiornis Owen 1866 Genus Coscoroba Reichenbach 1853 Genus Cereopsis Latham 1801 Genus Cygnus Garsault 1764 Genus †Afrocygnus chauvireae Louchart et al. 2005 Genus Branta Scopoli 1769 Tribe Anserini Vigors 1825 Genus Anser Brisson 1760 [Chen Boie 1822.
Otters are carnivorous mammals in the subfamily Lutrinae. The 13 extant otter species are all semiaquatic, aquatic or marine, with diets based on fish and invertebrates. Lutrinae is a branch of the weasel family Mustelidae, which includes badgers, honey badgers, minks and wolverines; the word otter derives from the Old English word oter. This, cognate words in other Indo-European languages stem from the Proto-Indo-European language root *wódr̥, which gave rise to the English word "water". An otter's den is called a couch. Male otters are called dogs or boars, females are called bitches or sows, their offspring are called pups; the collective nouns for otters are bevy, lodge, romp or, when in water, raft. The feces of otters are identified by their distinctive aroma, the smell of, described as ranging from freshly mown hay to putrefied fish; the gestation period in otters is about 60 to 86 days. The newborn pup is cared for by the bitch and older offspring. Bitch otters reach sexual maturity at two years of age and males at three years.
The holt is built under a rocky cairn, more common in Scotland. It is lined with moss and grass. After one month, the pup can leave the holt and after two months, it is able to swim; the pup lives with its family for one year. Otters live up to 16 years, its usual source of food is fish, further downriver, but it may sample frogs and birds. Otters have long, slim bodies and short limbs, their most striking anatomical features are the powerful webbed feet used to swim, their seal-like abilities holding breath underwater. Most have sharp claws on their feet and all except the sea otter have long, muscular tails; the 13 species range in adult size from 0.6 to 1 to 45 kg in weight. The Asian small-clawed otter is the smallest otter species and the giant otter and sea otter are the largest, they have soft, insulated underfur, protected by an outer layer of long guard hairs. This traps a layer of air which keeps them dry and somewhat buoyant under water. Several otter species have high metabolic rates to help keep them warm.
European otters must eat 15% of their body weight each day, sea otters 20 to 25%, depending on the temperature. In water as warm as 10 °C, an otter needs to catch 100 g of fish per hour to survive. Most species hunt for three to nursing mothers up to eight hours each day. For most otters, fish is the staple of their diet; this is supplemented by frogs and crabs. Some otters are experts at opening shellfish, others will feed on available small mammals or birds. Prey-dependence leaves otters vulnerable to prey depletion. Sea otters are hunters of sea urchins and other shelled creatures, they are notable for their ability to use stones to break open shellfish on their stomachs. This skill must be learned by the young. Otters are active hunters, chasing prey in the water or searching the beds of rivers, lakes or the seas. Most species live beside water, but river otters enter it only to hunt or travel, otherwise spending much of their time on land to prevent their fur becoming waterlogged. Sea otters are more aquatic and live in the ocean for most of their lives.
Otters are playful animals and appear to engage in various behaviors for sheer enjoyment, such as making waterslides and sliding on them into the water. They may find and play with small stones. Different species vary in their social structure, with some being solitary, while others live in groups – in a few species these groups may be large. Genus Lutra Eurasian otter Hairy-nosed otter Japanese otter† Lutra euxena† Lutra castiglionis† Lutra simplicidens† Lutra trinacriae†Genus Hydrictis Spotted-necked otter Genus Lutrogale Smooth-coated otter Lutrogale robusta†Genus Lontra North American river otter Southern river otter Neotropical river otter Marine otter Genus Pteronura Giant otter Genus Amblonyx Asian small-clawed otter Genus Aonyx African clawless otter Genus Enhydra Sea otter Enhydra reevei†Genus †Megalenhydris Genus †Sardolutra Genus †Algarolutra Genus †Cyrnaonyx Genus †Teruelictis Genus †Enhydriodon Genus †Enhydritherium Genus †Teruelictis Genus †Limnonyx Genus †Lutravus Genus †Sivaonyx Genus †Torolutra Genus †Tyrrhenolutra Genus †Vishnuonyx Genus †Siamogale The European otter called the Eurasian otter, inhabits Europe, most of Asia and parts of North Africa.
In the British Isles, they were common as as the 1950s, but became rare in many areas due to the use of chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticides, habitat loss and water pollution. Population levels are now recovering strongly; the UK Biodiversity Action Plan envisages the re-establishment of otters by 2010 in all the UK rivers and coastal areas they inhabited in 1960. Roadkill deaths have become one of the significant threats to the success of their re-establishment; the North American river otter became one of the major animals hunted and trapped for fur in North America after European contact. River otters eat a variety of fish and shellfish, as well as birds. They
Bartlett is a city in Shelby County, United States, located northeast of Memphis. The population was 54,613 at the 2010 U. S. Census; the community from which the city of Bartlett grew was first called Green Bottom. It was the last major way station in Tennessee along the stagecoach route from Nashville westward and came into being about 1830; when the Memphis & Ohio Railroad took the place of the stages, Bartlett continued as a depot. This was a farming community, with major plantations along Stage Road. On November 1, 1866, with a population of less than 100, the city was incorporated and the name changed to Bartlett. Upon incorporation, Bryan Wither was named the city's inaugural mayor, it was named for Major Gabriel M. Bartlett, a planter, whose homeplace was located on the old Raleigh-Somerville Road at the present location of Bartlett Station Plaza. Bartlett is located at 35°13′23″N 89°50′28″W, adjacent to the northeastern boundary of Memphis. According to the City of Bartlett, the city limits encompass a total area of 23.42 square miles.
The annexation reserves of the city extend another 20.54 square miles. Bartlett's public school system was part of the Shelby County Schools Until the end of the 2013-2014 school year. On July 16, 2013, the residents of Bartlett approved a referendum to form a Bartlett City School District; this district launched in fall 2014 and includes the 11 school buildings within Bartlett city limits, according to an agreement reached between parties to a federal lawsuit. The district's superintendent is David Stephens, former deputy superintendent of Shelby County Schools. Residents are in the Bartlett City Schools. Bartlett Baptist Pre-School Kin St. Ann Elementary School As of the census of 2000, there were 40,543 people, 13,773 households, 11,817 families residing in the city; the city was the 12th largest city in Tennessee. The population density was 2,124.5 people per square mile. There were 14,021 housing units at an average density of 734.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.44% White, 4.86% African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.24% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, 0.77% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population. There were 13,773 households out of which 44.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.6% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 14.2% were non-families. 12.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.18. In the city, the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $66,369, the median income for a family was $69,962. Males had a median income of $45,281 versus $32,382 for females; the per capita income for the city was $24,616. About 2.1% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
In existence since about 1829, Bartlett was incorporated in 1866 and remained a small town for another 100 years. From the "old" town of only 508 people at Stage Road and the railroad in 1960, Bartlett grew in the 1970s and 1980s both through new residents due to "white flights" from Memphis, through annexation to the east and north, to over 54,000 people today. In 2007, it was the ninth largest city in Tennessee. In 2007 Money magazine listed it as one of the best 100 places to live in the United States, it ranked 95th out of 100. The John H. McFadden House was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1994, it is located at 3712 Broadway. Davies Manor Plantation is a historic property that includes the oldest log home in Shelby County open to the public, thirty-two acres of plantation land, numerous outbuildings; these outbuildings range from a tenant cabin to a gristmill to an outhouse. Additionally, the property contains several gardens, including a kitchen garden and a medicinal herb garden.
There are a walking tour and nature trails available for visitors who love the outdoors. The website is www.daviesmanorplantation.org The Nicholas Gotten House is located at 2969 Court Street. It houses a local history museum operated by the Bartlett Historical Society; the white frame structure was built by Nicholas Gotten in 1871 in the New England saltbox style. A saltbox is a wooden frame house with a pitched roof that slopes down to the back; the Bartlett Recreation Center is a 55,000 sq ft facility, completed in August 2000. The recreation center is located at 7700 Flaherty Place directly behind the Bartlett Police Station; the recreation center is a popular place amongst the people of Bartlett with its swimming pool, racquetball courts, basketball courts, running track, workout rooms. Since its opening the recreation center has done remarkably well and required no help from the city to remain open; the Bartlett Performing Arts & Conference Center known as BPACC, was finished in 1999 where it held its first show by Art Garfunkel.
BPACC is located at 3663 Appling Road, directly across the street from the Bartlett Police Station and Appling Middle School. The facility is not limited to performances
Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia. Modern amphibians are all Lissamphibia, they inhabit a wide variety of habitats, with most species living within terrestrial, arboreal or freshwater aquatic ecosystems. Thus amphibians start out as larvae living in water, but some species have developed behavioural adaptations to bypass this; the young undergo metamorphosis from larva with gills to an adult air-breathing form with lungs. Amphibians use their skin as a secondary respiratory surface and some small terrestrial salamanders and frogs lack lungs and rely on their skin, they are superficially similar to lizards but, along with mammals and birds, reptiles are amniotes and do not require water bodies in which to breed. With their complex reproductive needs and permeable skins, amphibians are ecological indicators; the earliest amphibians evolved in the Devonian period from sarcopterygian fish with lungs and bony-limbed fins, features that were helpful in adapting to dry land.
They diversified and became dominant during the Carboniferous and Permian periods, but were displaced by reptiles and other vertebrates. Over time, amphibians shrank in size and decreased in diversity, leaving only the modern subclass Lissamphibia; the three modern orders of amphibians are Anura and Apoda. The number of known amphibian species is 8,000, of which nearly 90% are frogs; the smallest amphibian in the world is a frog from New Guinea with a length of just 7.7 mm. The largest living amphibian is the 1.8 m Chinese giant salamander, but this is dwarfed by the extinct 9 m Prionosuchus from the middle Permian of Brazil. The study of amphibians is called batrachology, while the study of both reptiles and amphibians is called herpetology; the word "amphibian" is derived from the Ancient Greek term ἀμφίβιος, which means "both kinds of life", ἀμφί meaning "of both kinds" and βιος meaning "life". The term was used as a general adjective for animals that could live on land or in water, including seals and otters.
Traditionally, the class Amphibia includes all tetrapod vertebrates. Amphibia in its widest sense was divided into three subclasses, two of which are extinct: Subclass Lepospondyli† Subclass Temnospondyli† Subclass Lissamphibia Salientia: Jurassic to present—6,200 current species in 53 families Caudata: Jurassic to present—652 current species in 9 families Gymnophiona: Jurassic to present—192 current species in 10 families The actual number of species in each group depends on the taxonomic classification followed; the two most common systems are the classification adopted by the website AmphibiaWeb, University of California and the classification by herpetologist Darrel Frost and the American Museum of Natural History, available as the online reference database "Amphibian Species of the World". The numbers of species cited above follows Frost and the total number of known amphibian species as of March 31, 2019 is 8,000, of which nearly 90% are frogs. With the phylogenetic classification, the taxon Labyrinthodontia has been discarded as it is a polyparaphyletic group without unique defining features apart from shared primitive characteristics.
Classification varies according to the preferred phylogeny of the author and whether they use a stem-based or a node-based classification. Traditionally, amphibians as a class are defined as all tetrapods with a larval stage, while the group that includes the common ancestors of all living amphibians and all their descendants is called Lissamphibia; the phylogeny of Paleozoic amphibians is uncertain, Lissamphibia may fall within extinct groups, like the Temnospondyli or the Lepospondyli, in some analyses in the amniotes. This means that advocates of phylogenetic nomenclature have removed a large number of basal Devonian and Carboniferous amphibian-type tetrapod groups that were placed in Amphibia in Linnaean taxonomy, included them elsewhere under cladistic taxonomy. If the common ancestor of amphibians and amniotes is included in Amphibia, it becomes a paraphyletic group. All modern amphibians are included in the subclass Lissamphibia, considered a clade, a group of species that have evolved from a common ancestor.
The three modern orders are Anura and Gymnophiona. It has been suggested that salamanders arose separately from a Temnospondyl-like ancestor, that caecilians are the sister group of the advanced reptiliomorph amphibians, thus of amniotes. Although the fossils of several older proto-frogs with primitive characteristics are known, the oldest "true frog" is Prosalirus bitis, from the Early Jurassic Kayenta Formation of Arizona, it is anatomically similar to modern frogs. The oldest known caecilian is another Early Jurassic species, Eocaecilia micropodia from Arizona; the earliest salamander is Beiyanerpeton jianpingensis from the Late Jurassic of northeastern China. Authorities disagree as to whether Salientia is a superorder that includes the order Anura, or whether
Vernonia is a genus of about 1000 species of forbs and shrubs in the family Asteraceae. Some species are known as ironweed; some species are edible and of economic value. They are known for having intense purple flowers; the genus is named for the English botanist William Vernon. There are numerous distinct subsections in this genus; this has led some botanists to divide this large genus into several distinct genera. For instance, the Flora of North America only recognizes about 20 species in Vernonia sensu stricto, 17 of which are in North America north of Mexico, with the others being found in South America. Several species of Vernonia, including V. calvoana, V. amygdalina, V. colorata, are eaten as leaf vegetables. Common names for these species include bitterleaf, onugbu in the Igbo language and ndole, they are common in most West Central African countries. They are one of the most consumed leaf vegetables of Nigeria, where the onugbu soup is a local delicacy of the Igbo people, of Cameroon, where they are a key ingredient of Ndolé.
The leaves have a bitter taste. They are sold fresh or dried, are a typical ingredient in egusi soup. is a key ingredient in ndolé, a national dish of Cameroon. Vernonia galamensis is used as an oilseed in East Africa, it is grown in many parts of Ethiopia around the city of Harar, with an average seed yield of 2 to 2.5 t/ha. It is reported that the Ethiopian strains of Vernonia have the highest oil content, up to 41.9% with up to 80% vernolic acid, is used in paint formulations, coatings plasticizers, as a reagent for many industrial chemicals. Vernonia calvoana or bitterleaf, is a common garden plant in many West African and Central African countries. Vernonia calvoana Vernonia amygdalina is used in traditional herbal medicine; these leaves are exported from several African countries and can be purchased in grocery stores aiming to serve African clients. In Brazil, V. condensata is known as "figatil" or "necroton" and used in local traditional medicine. Vernonia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Coleophora vernoniaeella and Schinia regia.
Species of this genus are found in South America, Southeast Asia, North America. Vernonia species are well known for hybridizing between similar species in areas of overlapping ranges. There are 1000 species of Vernonia. A partial species list is given below. Vernonia acaulis Vernonia arkansana Vernonia angustifolia Vernonia baldwinii Vernonia blodgettii Vernonia fasciculata Vernonia flaccidifolia Vernonia gigantea or Vernonia altissima Vernonia glauca Vernonia larseniae Vernonia lettermannii Vernonia lindheimeri Vernonia marginata Vernonia missurica Vernonia noveboracensis Vernonia proctorii Vernonia pulchella Vernonia texana Vernonia nonoensis Vernonia patens Vernonia scorpioides Vernonia condensata Vernonia amygdalina Vernonia bamendae Vernonia calvoana Vernonia colorata Vernonia galamensis Vernonia kotschyana Vernonia staehelinoides Vernonia cineria Vernonia arborea Vernonia cockburniana Vernonia elaeagnifolia Vernonia unicata Vernonia zollingerianoides Vernonia oil "Vernonia Information System".
Arid Land Agricultural Research Center. Archived from the original on 2007-12-13. Retrieved 2006-09-10. "Crop fact sheet for V. galamensis". Purdue University Center for New Crops and Plant Products. Retrieved 2006-09-10. " Multilingual taxonomic information". University of Melbourne. "Effect of Processing and Preservation Methods on Vitamin C and Total Carotenoid Levels of some Vernonia Species". Retrieved 2006-09-10
Rossville is a town in Fayette County, United States. The population was 664 at the 2010 census, up from 380 at the 2000 census. Rossville is located in southwestern Fayette County at 35°2′38″N 89°32′35″W, it is bordered to the south by Marshall County, Mississippi. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.8 square miles, of which 1.7 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water. The Wolf River, a tributary of the Mississippi River, flows to the west along the northern edge of the town. State Route 57 is the main highway through the town, leading east 8 miles to Moscow and west through Piperton 7 miles to Collierville. Downtown Memphis is 30 miles to the west. State Route 194 runs north from TN 57 through the oldest part of Rossville leads north 15 miles to Oakland. Rossville sits along the Norfolk Southern Railway. A new intermodal facility has been built southwest of the town and opened in 2012; as of the census of 2010, there were 664 people, 275 households, 196 families residing in the town.
The population density was 220.6 people per square mile. There were 182 housing units at an average density of 105.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 72.37% White, 25.00% African American, 0.53% Native American, 2.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.53% of the population. There were 164 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.6% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.99. In the town, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 33.9% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,333, the median income for a family was $48,929. Males had a median income of $33,036 versus $25,781 for females; the per capita income for the town was $17,735. About 8.9% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over. Compton Newby Crook, who wrote science fiction under the pseudonym Stephen Tall, was born in Rossville. Delta Blues legend and master of the bottleneck guitar Mississippi Fred McDowell was born here before moving to Mississippi. Town of Rossville official website Fayette County Chamber of Commerce
La Grange, Tennessee
La Grange is a town in Fayette County, United States. The population was 133 at the 2010 census. A large area in the town is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as La Grange Historic District. La Grange is located in southeastern Fayette County at 35°2′44″N 89°14′4″W, it sits on a ridge 200 feet above and 1 mile north of the Wolf River, a tributary of the Mississippi. Tennessee State Route 57 passes through the town, leading east 3.5 miles to Grand Junction and west 9.5 miles to Moscow. Somerville, the county seat, is 16 miles to the north, downtown Memphis is 47 miles to the west. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.8 square miles, all land. According to the 2000 census, there were 136 people, 59 households, 45 families residing in the town; the population density was 85.5 people per square mile. There were 69 housing units, at an average density of 43.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 83.09% White, 12.50% African American, 0.74% Native American, 2.21% Asian, 1.47% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.94% of the population. There were 59 households out of which 18.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.1% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.7% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.71. In the town, the population was spread out with 18.4% under the age of 18, 1.5% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 38.2% from 45 to 64, 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males. The median income for a household in the town was $53,214, the median income for a family was $63,333. Males had a median income of $36,875 versus $16,875 for females; the per capita income for the town was $38,626. There were 2.2% of families and 4.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 3.2% of under eighteens and 8.3% of those over 64.
La Tonya Johnson, Wisconsin state legislator Lucy Pickens, socialite "Queen of the Confederacy" born at a nearby plantation Daniel D. Stevens, Union Navy sailor and Medal of Honor recipient Franklin Cossitt, founder of La Grange, Illinois Town of La Grange official website