Women's City Club of New York

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Women's City Club of New York banner held up at a Planned Parenthood rally in NYC in 2011.

The Women's City Club of New York (WCC) is a nonprofit organization founded in 1915 in New York city, the WCC is still active in the New York community. It is a progressive and generally liberal organization which was first founded by suffragettes.

About[edit]

The WCC helps create neighborhood reports by conducting surveys.[1] Approximately a third of published reports as of 1990 dealt with city affairs and especially "fiscal matters." [2] WCC has also helped educate people in New York about local civics issues and works to improve the quality of life in the city.[3] Overall, it has been generally progressive and liberal on both women's and racial issues in the city.[4] Other issues that the club has tackled successfully are housing reforms and judicial recommendations,[2] the group also created school lunch programs and programs for disabled students in local schools.[5]

History[edit]

The club was started in 1915 and in September of that year, the club had more than 1,500 members,[6] the founders were suffragettes and were interested in social issues,[7] especially those relating to women and children.[3] The City Club of New York was only open to men at the time.[8]

The WCC held their first officer elections on January 31, 1916.[9] By 1917, there were 1,800 members,[10] and in 1919, 3,100 members.[11] Early on, the club met on the eighteenth floor of the Vanderbilt Hotel, where members discussed topics of interest to the woman's club movement;[12] in 1918, they moved to an address on Park Avenue.[13] Mary Garrett Hay was nominated for president of the club in 1918 and helped organize it so that it was more civically effective.[14] In 1924, Eleanor Roosevelt became one of the club's board of directors.[15]

The club was organized into special committees which included those on education, welfare, children, the justice system and health issues,[16] during World War I, the club created a special war committee where they raised money for the war effort.[13] The WCC raised $5,000 for war aid.[17]

The WCC successfully lobbied Columbia University to admit women to their law school in 1917;[18] in the 1930s, they campaigned for a citywide Department of Sanitation.[2] In 1935, they were involved with charter revision of the county government,[19] the club was also involved in discussing worker's issues, in the late 1930s, such as minimum wage and eight-hour days for domestic workers.[20] WCC educated the public in order to allow women to serve on juries in the mid-1940s.[21]

Starting in the 1970s, WCC has actively worked to have more inclusive membership of people of diverse backgrounds in the city.[22]

Notable members[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Kinetz, Erika (10 August 2003). "A New Restoration Period Arrives". The New York Times. 
  2. ^ a b c Perry 1990, p. 426.
  3. ^ a b Perry 1990, p. 417.
  4. ^ Perry 1990, p. 424.
  5. ^ a b Perry 1990, p. 428.
  6. ^ "Activities of Women". The Daily Notes. 21 September 1915. Retrieved 28 February 2017 – via Newspapers.com. 
  7. ^ "Women's City Club Celebrates 100 Years of Activism at 2016 Civic Spirit Awards Dinner". Broadway World. 23 April 2016. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  8. ^ Perry 1990, p. 421.
  9. ^ "Women's City Club to Open". The New York Times. 23 January 1916. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "Women Elect Pacifists". The New York Times. 23 March 1917. Retrieved 28 February 2017 – via Newspapers.com. 
  11. ^ a b "Liquors for Women". Harford Courant. 20 August 1919. Retrieved 1 March 2017 – via Newspapers.com. 
  12. ^ "'In Little Old New York'". The Mt Sterling Advocate. 8 March 1916. Retrieved 28 February 2017 – via Newspapers.com. 
  13. ^ a b "War Savings Society a Woman's City Club Adjunct in War Work". The Evening World. 29 June 1918. Retrieved 6 April 2017 – via Newspapers.com. 
  14. ^ Simmons, Eleanor Booth (17 February 1918). "Women's City Club May Come Into its Own". New York Herald. Retrieved 6 April 2017 – via Newspapers.com. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h Perry 1990, p. 429.
  16. ^ "$10,000 Fund Asked". The Atlanta Constitution. 29 June 1919. Retrieved 1 March 2017 – via Newspapers.com. 
  17. ^ "Gets $5,000 for War Aid". The New York Times. 10 January 1918. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  18. ^ "The Women's City Club of New York is push-". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 10 June 1917. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  19. ^ a b "Annual Political Meeting". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 29 October 1940. Retrieved 6 April 2017 – via Newspapers.com. 
  20. ^ May 2011, p. 14.
  21. ^ Perry 1990, p. 427.
  22. ^ Perry 1990, p. 423.
  23. ^ a b c Perry 1990, p. 431.
  24. ^ a b c d Perry 1990, p. 432.
  25. ^ a b c d e "Women's City Club of New York". The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project. The George Washington University. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  26. ^ a b c d "History". Women's City Club of New York. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  27. ^ a b Perry 1990, p. 430.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]