Catherine Ann Bosworth is an American actress and model. Following minor roles in the films The Horse Whisperer and Remember the Titans, she rose to prominence with her role as a teenage surfer in the box-office hit Blue Crush, she had roles in independent films, playing Dawn Schiller in the true crime film Wonderland, Sandra Dee in the Bobby Darin biographical drama Beyond the Sea. She portrayed Lois Lane in Superman Returns, had roles in 21, Straw Dogs, And While We Were Here and Still Alice. In 2016, she starred in the horror film. Bosworth was born in California, she is the only child of Patricia, a homemaker, Harold Bosworth, a former executive for Talbots. She was born with heterochromia iridum, has a hazel right eye and a blue left eye. At the age of six, Bosworth's family relocated from San Francisco to various parts of the country due to her father's job, she was raised on the East Coast, spending the rest of her youth in Massachusetts and Connecticut. Bosworth developed an interest in competitive horse racing, by the age of fourteen, she was a champion equestrian.
She graduated from Cohasset High School, in Cohasset, Massachusetts, in 2001. Bosworth's first film role came after an open casting call in New York for the supporting part of Judith in the 1998 film, The Horse Whisperer; the film's producers needed someone, an experienced horse rider, leading to Bosworth's successful audition for the role. The film received positive reception from film critics. In 2000, she starred in the television series drama Young Americans, in which she played Bella Banks; the series, was canceled. That same year, she had a small part in the film Remember the Titans. In 2001, Bosworth moved to Los Angeles in hopes of obtaining easier access to auditions and better film parts; the breakthrough role in Bosworth's career came in the 2002 surfing movie Blue Crush, which she prepared for by working out with two separate trainers seven hours a day for months in order to add fifteen pounds of muscle to her frame. In his review of the film, Rolling Stone's Peter Travers wrote: "Bosworth is a star in the making, but she can't outshine the surfing footage, flat-out spectacular."
The film grossed $40 million at the United States box office. Following the success of Blue Crush, Bosworth took on the lead role in low-budget Wonderland opposite Val Kilmer. Bosworth played the teenage girlfriend of porn star John Holmes. In 2004, she played the lead role in romantic comedy Win a Date with Tad Hamilton!, opposite Topher Grace. The film was financially unsuccessful. In 2004, Bosworth depicted actress Sandra Dee in Beyond the Sea; the movie received mixed reception, was a box office disappointment, though Bosworth received critical acclaim for her performance. The following year, Bosworth portrayed Chali, a Hare Krishna, in the film adaptation of Myla Goldberg's novel Bee Season, about a dysfunctional Jewish family, she has appeared in several Revlon ads and ranked as number 60 in FHM's "100 Sexiest Women in the World 2005" list. For two years running, she has placed on the Maxim Hot 100 List – number 38 in 2005 and number 8 in 2006. Bosworth was cast as reporter Lois Lane in Bryan Singer's superhero film Superman Returns.
She starred along with her Beyond the Sea co-star Kevin Spacey as Lex Luthor, as well as newcomer Brandon Routh as Superman. The film was a box office success and received positive reviews. Bosworth's performance however, was not well received among critics. San Francisco Chronicle film critic Mick LaSalle felt that Bosworth, at the age of 22 years, was too young to portray Lois Lane, the climax did not "match the potential of the tiring 154 minute long film". Although Bosworth's performance was ambivalently received, she herself loved the experience of working on the movie; as she told Teen Vogue in August 2006, "You know how you have an experience, a time in your life when you feel you've come into your own? When you grow up a bit, think, Now I get it? That's. I feel a little bit more complete." The movie grossed $52 million during its opening weekend in North America and went on to earn $391 million worldwide. Bosworth starred as Louise in the psychological drama called The Girl in the Park with Sigourney Weaver, Alessandro Nivola and Keri Russell and directed by Pulitzer Prize winner David Auburn in his directorial debut.
The film premiered at the 2007 Toronto International Film Festival, it has since been picked up by The Weinstein Company. Alissa Simon of Variety wrote that Bosworth "tries her best, but her character's too drawn." Bosworth filmed 21, an adaptation of the book Bringing Down the House, in early 2007 in Boston and Las Vegas, Nevada. This film reunites her with director Robert Luketic. 21 garnered mixed reviews, with Joanne Kaufman of the Wall Street Journal concluding, "Very little adds up in 21."In 2006, she optioned the film rights to Catherine Hanrahan's novel Lost Girls and Love Hotels and was set to produce the project alongside filmmaker Nadia Connors. As of 2016, the project was at a standstill. In 2010, she starred in The Warrior's Way, shot in New Zealand alongside Korean actor Jang Dong-gun and Geoffrey Rush; the film was one of 2010's biggest box office flops, grossing only more than $11,000,000 worldwide, but costing $42 million. She has said about her roles, "I just don't do comfort zones."In January 2008, Bosworth was
Eric Bogosian is an American actor, monologuist and historian. Bogosian, an Armenian-American, was born in Woburn, the son of Edwina, a hairdresser and instructor, Henry Bogosian, an accountant, he attended the University of Chicago before graduating from Oberlin College. In 1980, Bogosian married Jo Anne Bonney, with whom he has two sons and Travis Bogosian. Bogosian is an author and actor known for his plays Talk Radio and subUrbia as well as numerous one-man shows. In recent years he has starred on Broadway in Donald Margulies' Time Stands Still, published three novels, was featured on Law & Order: Criminal Intent as Captain Danny Ross. Between 1980 and 2000, six major solos written and performed by Eric Bogosian were produced Off-Broadway, garnering him three Obie Awards as well as the Drama Desk award, his first two solos, Men Inside and funHouse were presented at the New York Shakespeare Festival. His third, Drinking in America, was produced by American Place Theater. Sex, Rock & Roll, Pounding Nails in the Floor with My Forehead and Wake Up and Smell the Coffee were all produced commercially Off-Broadway by Frederick Zollo.
In addition to Bogosian's touring the United States and Europe, the solos have been produced featuring other actors in Argentina, Brazil and Poland. Eric Bogosian is the author of six produced plays, including Talk Radio at the New York Shakespeare Festival, nominated for a Pulitzer Prize and subsequently adapted to film by Oliver Stone, garnering Bogosian the prestigious Berlin Film Festival Silver Bear. In 2007 a Broadway revival of Talk Radio directed by Robert Falls starred Liev Schreiber. SubUrbia, directed by Robert Falls and produced by Lincoln Center Theater, was adapted to film by Richard Linklater. Other titles include Griller. Bogosian's one-person drama, Notes from Underground has had several productions, most starring Jonathan Ames at Performance Space 122. In addition to his many appearances in his solo work and starring in his play, Talk Radio, Bogosian has starred in Stephen Adly Guirgis' The Last Days of Judas Iscariot directed by Philip Seymour Hoffman and Donald Margulies' Time Stands Still directed by Daniel Sullivan.
Bogosian's plays Talk Radio and subUrbia were adapted to film as was his solo, Drugs, Rock & Roll. He has starred in several films including Wonderland. In addition he has been featured in films by such directors as Woody Allen, Robert Altman, Taylor Hackford, Atom Egoyan and Agnieszka Holland. In television, Bogosian is best known for his starring role as Captain Danny Ross in the series Law & Order: Criminal Intent. In addition, he has appeared as a guest star on dramas and in 1994 created with Steven Spielberg the series High Incident for ABC television, he portrayed defense attorney, in the TV film The Caine Mutiny Court Martial. He appeared in the episode "His Story" on Scrubs as Dr. Cox's therapist and was recurring character Lawrence Boyd in Billions' second season. In 1993, Bogosian played the role of Stan Paxton, Larry's ex standup partner in the series'The Larry Sanders Show', he has appeared in HBO's show Succession as Senator Gil Eavis. Bogosian is the author of three novels published by Simon & Schuster: Mall, Wasted Beauty, Perforated Heart.
All of his dramatic work is in print, published by Theater Communication Group. In 2015, he published Operation Nemesis: The Secret Plot that Avenged the Armenian Genocide, a history of Operation Nemesis which involved a group of Armenian assassins who set out to avenge the deaths of the one and a half million victims of the Armenian Genocide. Bogosian founded the dance series at The Kitchen. During his charter tenure there, he produced the first concerts in New York City by Bill T. Jones and Arnie Zane, Karole Armitage and Molissa Fenley as well as dozens of other choreographers. In 2006 Bogosian acted as producer on the New York City Ballet's documentary, Bringing Back Balanchine. Bogosian is a 2004 Guggenheim fellow and the recipient of two fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts. Men in Dark Times Scenes from the New World Sheer Heaven Men Inside The New World FunHouse Drinking in America Talk Radio Sex, Rock & Roll Notes from the Underground Pounding Nails in the Floor with My Forehead subUrbia Griller Mall Wake Up and Smell the Coffee Humpty Dumpty Non-profit Benefit Red Angel Wasted Beauty Perforated Heart Operation Nemesis Eric Bogosian on IMDb Eric Bogosian at AllMovie Eric Bogosian at the Internet Broadway Database Eric Bogosian at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
Val Edward Kilmer is an American actor. A stage actor, Kilmer became popular in the mid-1980s after a string of appearances in comedy films, starting with Top Secret! and Real Genius, as well as the military action film Top Gun, the fantasy film Willow, the western Tombstone. Some of his other notable film roles include Jim Morrison in The Doors, armed robber Chris Shiherlis in Heat, Bruce Wayne / Batman in Batman Forever, Simon Templar in The Saint, Moses in The Prince of Egypt. Kilmer was born December 31, 1959, in Los Angeles, the son of Gladys Swanette and Eugene Dorris Kilmer, an aerospace equipment distributor and real estate developer, his mother was of Swedish descent. His father's ancestry included English, Scots-Irish and German, his parents divorced in 1968. Kilmer's grandfather was a gold miner in New Mexico, near the border with Arizona. In 1977 Kilmer's younger brother Wesley drowned in a swimming pool at age 15. Kilmer attended a Christian Science school in Los Angeles, until ninth grade.
He attended Chatsworth High School with Kevin Spacey and Mare Winningham, attended the Hollywood Professional School. He became the youngest person at the time to be accepted into the Juilliard School's Drama Division, where he was a member of Group 10. In 1981, while at Juilliard, Kilmer co-authored and starred in the play How It All Began, performed at the Public Theater at the New York Shakespeare Festival. Kilmer turned down a role in Francis Ford Coppola's 1983 film The Outsiders, as he had prior theatre commitments. In 1983 he appeared off Broadway in The Slab Boys with Sean Penn.. That same year, his first off-stage acting role came in the form of an episode of ABC Afterschool Special called One Too Many, an educational drama on drinking and driving. In 1983, Kilmer self-published a collection of his own poetry entitled My Edens After Burns, that included poems inspired by his time with Pfeiffer; the book of poems is difficult to obtain, expensive. His big break came when he received top billing in the comedy spoof of spy movies Top Secret!, where he played an American rock and roll star.
Kilmer sang all the songs in the film and released an album under the film character's name, "Nick Rivers." While garnering more substantial roles and prestige, he gained a reputation as a ladies man, dating numerous women, some many years older, including Cher and Ellen Barkin. During a brief hiatus, he backpacked throughout Europe before going on to play the lead character in the 1985 comedy Real Genius, he turned down a role in David Lynch's Blue Velvet before being cast as naval aviator "Iceman" in the action film Top Gun alongside Tom Cruise. Top Gun made Kilmer a major star. Following roles in the television films The Murders in the Rue Morgue and The Man Who Broke 1,000 Chains, Kilmer played Madmartigan in the fantasy Willow. Kilmer starred in the Colorado Shakespeare Festival production of Hamlet in 1988. In 1989, Kilmer played the lead in both Kill Me Again, again opposite Whalley, in TNT's Billy the Kid. After several delays, director Oliver Stone started production on the film The Doors, based on the band of the same name.
Kilmer spoke with Oliver Stone early on, concerned about what he might want to do with the story because Kilmer didn't believe in or want to promote substance abuse. Kilmer saw Morrison as having picked the wrong heroes, who had different issues, that were not part of the creativity or inspiration. Kilmer saw Morrison's story as one that could be told "a thousand different ways" and didn't want to tell it by playing the role in the style of drugs, with which Oliver Stone agreed. Kilmer memorized the lyrics to all of lead singer Jim Morrison's songs prior to his audition, sent a video of himself performing some Doors songs to director Stone. Stone was not impressed with the tape, but Paul Rothchild said "I was shaken by it" and suggested they record Kilmer in the studio. After Kilmer was cast as Morrison, he prepared for the role by attending Doors tribute concerts and reading Morrison's poetry, he spent close to a year before production dressing in Morrison-like clothes, spent time at Morrison's old hangouts along the Sunset Strip.
His portrayal of Morrison was praised and members of The Doors noted that Kilmer did such a convincing job that they had trouble distinguishing his voice from Morrison's. Paul Rothchild played Kilmer's version of "The End" for the band's guitarist, Robby Krieger, who told him, "I'm glad they got'The End'. We never got a recording of that live with Jim and now we've got it." However, Doors keyboardist Ray Manzarek was less than enthusiastic with how Morrison was portrayed in Stone's interpretation. In the early 1990s, Kilmer starred in the mystery thriller Thunderheart, the action comedy The Real McCoy, again teamed with Top Gun director Tony Scott to play Elvis Presley in True Romance, written by Quentin Tarantino. In 1993, Kilmer played Doc Holliday in the western Tombstone alongside Kurt Russell. In the film, Doc Holliday performs Chopin's Nocturne in E minor, Op.72, No. 1. In 1995, Kilmer starred in Wings of Courage, a 3D IMAX film, that same year, he starred opposite Al Pacino and Robert De Niro in Heat, now considered one of the best crime/drama films of the 19
Crime films, in the broadest sense, are a cinematic genre inspired by and analogous to the crime fiction literary genre. Films of this genre involve various aspects of crime and its detection. Stylistically, the genre may overlap and combine with many other genres, such as drama or gangster film, but include comedy, and, in turn, is divided into many sub-genres, such as mystery, suspense or noir. Crime films are based on real events or are adaptations of plays or novels. For example, the 1957 film version of Witness for the Prosecution is an adaptation of a 1953 stage play of that name, in turn based on Agatha Christie's short story published in 1933; the film version was remade in 1982, there have been other adaptations. However, each of these media has its own advantages and limitations, which in the case of cinema is the time constraint. Witness for the Prosecution is a classic example of a "courtroom drama". In a courtroom drama, a charge is brought against one of the main characters, who claims to be innocent.
Another major part is played by the lawyer representing the defendant in court and battling with the public prosecutor. He or she may enlist the services of a private investigator to find out what happened and who the real perpetrator is. However, in most cases it is not clear at all whether the accused is guilty of the crime or not—this is how suspense is created; the private investigator storms into the courtroom at the last minute in order to bring a new and crucial piece of information to the attention of the court. This type of literature lends itself to the literary genre of drama focused more on dialogue and little or no necessity for a shift in scenery; the auditorium of the theatre becomes an extension of the courtroom. When a courtroom drama is filmed, the traditional device employed by screenwriters and directors is the frequent use of flashbacks, in which the crime and everything that led up to it is narrated and reconstructed from different angles. In Witness for the Prosecution, Leonard Vole, a young American living in England, is accused of murdering a middle-aged lady he met in the street while shopping.
His wife hires the best lawyer available because she is convinced, or rather she knows, that her husband is innocent. Another classic courtroom drama is U. S. playwright Reginald Rose's Twelve Angry Men, set in the jury deliberation room of a New York Court of Law. Eleven members of the jury, aiming at a unanimous verdict of "guilty", try to get it over with as as possible, and they would succeed in achieving their common aim if it were not for the eighth juror, who, on second thoughts, considers it his duty to convince his colleagues that the defendant may be innocent after all, who, by doing so, triggers a lot of discussion and anger. A hybrid of action films and crime films and a subgenre of action films as well. Most films of this kind fall in the category of heist films, prison films and sometimes cop and gangster films. Car chases and shootouts are featured. Example include Police Story, The Dark Knight, Baby Driver, Master and Heat. A hybrid of crime and comedy films. Mafia comedy looks at organized crime from a comical standpoint.
Humor comes from the incompetence of the criminals and/or black comedy. Examples include Analyze This, The Pope of Greenwich Village, Lock and Two Smoking Barrels, In Bruges, Mafia!, Tower Heist and Pain & Gain. A combination of crime and drama films. Examples include such films as Straight Badlands. A thriller in which the central characters are involved in crime, either in its investigation, as the perpetrator or, less a victim. While some action films could be labelled as such for having criminality and thrills, the emphasis in this genre is the drama and the investigative/criminal methods. Examples include Untraceable, The Silence of the Lambs, Seven, Memories of Murder, The Call, Running Scared. A genre of Indian cinema revolving around dacoity; the genre was pioneered by Mehboob Khan's Mother India. Other examples include Gunga Jumna and Bandit Queen. A genre popular in the 1940s and 1950s fall into the crime and mystery genres. Private detectives hired to solve a crime are in such films as The Maltese Falcon, The Big Sleep, Kiss Me Deadly, L.
A. Confidential, The Long Goodbye, Chinatown. Neo-noir refers to modern films influenced by film noir such as Sin City. A genre of film that focuses on gangs and organized crime. Examples include Goodfellas, The Godfather, Casino; this film deals with a group of criminals attempting to perform a theft or robbery, as well as the possible consequences that follow. Heist films that are lighter in tone are called "Caper films". Examples include The Killing, Oceans 11, Dog Day Afternoon, Reservoir Dogs, The Town. A Hong Kong action cinema crime film genre; the genre was pioneered by John Woo's A Better Tomorrow and Ringo Lam's City on Fire, starring Chow Yun-fat. Elements of the genre can be seen in Hollywood crime films since the 1990s, such as the work of John Woo and Quentin Tarantino. Film dealing with African-American urban issues and culture, they do not always revolve around crime, but criminal activity features in the storyline. Examples include Menace II Boyz n the Hood. Not concerned with the actual crime so much as the trial in the aftermath.
A typical plot would involve a lawyer trying to prove the innocence of his or her cli
Roger Joseph Ebert was an American film critic, journalist and author. He was a film critic for the Chicago Sun-Times from 1967 until his death in 2013. In 1975, Ebert became the first film critic to win the Pulitzer Prize for Criticism. Ebert and Chicago Tribune critic Gene Siskel helped popularize nationally televised film reviewing when they co-hosted the PBS show Sneak Previews, followed by several variously named At the Movies programs; the two verbally traded humorous barbs while discussing films. They created and trademarked the phrase "Two Thumbs Up", used when both hosts gave the same film a positive review. After Siskel died in 1999, Ebert continued hosting the show with various co-hosts and starting in 2000, with Richard Roeper. Neil Steinberg of the Chicago Sun-Times said Ebert "was without question the nation's most prominent and influential film critic", Tom Van Riper of Forbes described him as "the most powerful pundit in America", Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times called him "the best-known film critic in America".
Ebert lived with cancer of the thyroid and salivary glands beginning in 2002. In 2006, he required treatment necessitating the removal of his lower jaw, leaving him disfigured and costing him the ability to speak or eat normally, his ability to write remained unimpaired and he continued to publish both online and in print until his death on April 4, 2013. Roger Joseph Ebert was born in Urbana, the only child of Annabel, a bookkeeper, Walter Harry Ebert, an electrician, he was raised Roman Catholic, attending St. Mary's elementary school and serving as an altar boy in Urbana, his paternal grandparents were German his maternal ancestry was Irish and Dutch. Ebert's interest in journalism began when he was a student at Urbana High School, where he was a sports writer for The News-Gazette in Champaign, Illinois. In his senior year, he was class president and editor-in-chief of his high school newspaper, The Echo. In 1958, he won the Illinois High School Association state speech championship in "radio speaking", an event that simulates radio newscasts.
Regarding his early influences in film criticism, Ebert wrote in the 1998 parody collection Mad About the Movies: Ebert began taking classes at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign as an early-entrance student, completing his high school courses while taking his first university class. After graduating from Urbana High School in 1960, Ebert attended and received his undergraduate degree in 1964. While at the University of Illinois, Ebert worked as a reporter for The Daily Illini and served as its editor during his senior year while continuing to work as a reporter for the News-Gazette of Champaign-Urbana, Illinois; as an undergraduate, he was a member of the Phi Delta Theta fraternity and president of the U. S. Student Press Association. One of the first movie reviews he wrote was a review of La Dolce Vita, published in The Daily Illini in October 1961. Ebert spent a semester as a master's student in the department of English there before attending the University of Cape Town on a Rotary fellowship for a year.
He returned from Cape Town to his graduate studies at Illinois for two more semesters and after being accepted as a PhD candidate at the University of Chicago, he prepared to move to Chicago. He needed a job to support himself while he worked on his doctorate and so applied to the Chicago Daily News, hoping that, as he had sold freelance pieces to the Daily News, including an article on the death of writer Brendan Behan, he would be hired by editor Herman Kogan. Instead Kogan referred Ebert to the city editor at the Chicago Sun-Times, Jim Hoge, who hired Ebert as a reporter and feature writer at the Sun-Times in 1966, he attended doctoral classes at the University of Chicago while working as a general reporter at the Sun-Times for a year. After movie critic Eleanor Keane left the Sun-Times in April 1967, editor Robert Zonka gave the job to Ebert; the load of graduate school and being a film critic proved too much, so Ebert left the University of Chicago to focus his energies on film criticism.
Ebert began his career as a film critic in 1967. That same year, he met film critic Pauline Kael for the first time at the New York Film Festival. After he sent her some of his columns, she told him they were "the best film criticism being done in American newspapers today"; that same year, Ebert's first book, a history of the University of Illinois titled Illini Century: One Hundred Years of Campus Life, was published by the University's press. In 1969, his review of Night of the Living Dead was published in Reader's Digest. Ebert co-wrote the screenplay for the 1970 Russ Meyer film Beyond the Valley of the Dolls and sometimes joked about being responsible for the film, poorly received on its release yet has become a cult classic. Ebert and Meyer made Beneath the Valley of the Ultra-Vixens, Up!, other films, were involved in the ill-fated Sex Pistols movie Who Killed Bambi? Starting in 1968, Ebert worked for the University of Chicago as an adjunct lecturer, teaching a night class on film at the Graham School of Continuing Liberal and Professional Studies.
In 1975, Ebert received the Pulitzer Prize for Criticism. As of 2007, his reviews were syndicated to more than 200 newspapers in the United States and abroad. Ebert publish
Janeane Garofalo is an American actress, stand-up comedian, writer. Garofalo began her career as a stand-up comedian and became a cast member on The Ben Stiller Show, The Larry Sanders Show, Saturday Night Live appeared in more than 50 movies, with leading or major roles in The Truth About Cats and Dogs, Wet Hot American Summer, The Matchmaker, Reality Bites, Steal This Movie!, Clay Pigeons, Mystery Men, The Independent, among numerous others. She has been a series regular on television programs such as Wet Hot American Summer: First Day of Camp, 24, Girlfriends' Guide to Divorce. Garofalo is an outspoken progressive activist. From March 2004 to July 2006, she hosted Air America Radio's The Majority Report with Sam Seder. Garofalo was born in the daughter of Joan and Carmine Garofalo, her mother, a secretary in the petrochemical industry, died of cancer when Janeane was 24. Her father is a former executive at Exxon. Garofalo was raised in a conservative Catholic family, is of Italian and Irish descent.
She grew up in California. She was quoted as having disliked life in Texas because of the heat and the emphasis on prettiness and sports in high school. While studying history at Providence College, Garofalo entered a comedy talent search sponsored by the Showtime cable network, winning the title of "Funniest Person in Rhode Island", her original gimmick was to read off her hand, not successful in subsequent performances. Dreaming of earning a slot on the writing staff of the TV show Late Night with David Letterman, she became a professional standup comedian upon graduating from college with degrees in History and American Studies, she struggled for a number of years, working as a bike messenger in Boston. She has described herself thus: "I guess I just prefer to see the dark side of things; the glass is always half empty. And cracked, and I just cut my lip on it. And chipped a tooth." Garofalo was known as a stand-up comedian, making numerous stand-up appearances on television and in live clubs and larger venues beginning in the 1990s and continuing today.
She said. She was part of the alternative comedy scene in Los Angeles in the early 1990s, appearing at Un-Cabaret and other venues, she co-created the Eating It weekly stand-up comedy series, which ran at the Luna Lounge on the Lower East Side of New York City between 1995 and 2005 hosting the show and appearing as a performer, she did an HBO Comedy Half-Hour special in 1995, among similar subsequent appearances, including a one-hour stand-up special in June 2010 entitled "If You Will," performed at Seattle's Moore Theatre, that aired on Epix in June 2010 and was released on DVD in September 2010. During her filmed stand-up show in Seattle, she proclaimed herself asexual, brought up her ten-year sexless relationship with her boyfriend. Garofalo has performed a variety of leading and cameo roles in more than 50 feature films, playing leading or large roles in Reality Bites, The Truth About Cats and Dogs, I Shot a Man in Vegas, The Matchmaker, Clay Pigeons, Steal This Movie!, Mystery Men, The Independent, Wet Hot American Summer, Ash Tuesday, Bad Parents, among others, supporting roles in The Cable Guy and Michele's High School Reunion, Cop Land, Half Baked, Permanent Midnight, Dogma, 200 Cigarettes, The Wild.
Garofalo's first movie role, filmed the year before she appeared on national television, was a brief comical appearance as a counter worker in a burger joint in Late for Dinner in 1991, but her real breakthrough into film came in Reality Bites as Winona Ryder's character's Gap-managing best friend Vickie. The role helped solidify Garofalo's status as a Generation X icon, she remained visible from television work and supporting roles in feature films such as Bye Bye Love and Now and Then, a leading role in I Shot a Man in Vegas, until 1996 when she was cast in the starring role in the critically acclaimed romantic comedy The Truth About Cats & Dogs, a variation on Cyrano de Bergerac which featured top-billed Uma Thurman as a beautiful but dim-witted model, while Garofalo played the much larger role of Abby, a intelligent radio host. An independent film, it became a studio movie when Thurman was signed; the film was a modest hit, but Garofalo disparaged it back in 2003, saying: I think it's soft and corny, the soundtrack makes you want to puke, everybody's dressed in Banana Republic clothing.
The original script and the original intent was different than what it wound up being when it became a studio commercial film. It was supposed to be a small-budget independent film where there would be much more complexity to all the characters, Abby and the guy don't wind up together at the end. Based on the success of this film, a producer offered her the leading lady role in Jerry Maguire with Tom Cruise if she could lose weight, she turned down the role of television reporter Gale Weathers in Wes Craven's Scream because she thought the film would be too violent: "I said I didn't want to be in a movie where a teen girl was disemboweled. I didn't know it turned out so good, it was a funny movie." Garofalo had been David Fincher's first choice for the role of Marla Singer in the film Fight Club, but she turned it down, uncomfortable with the film's unusual sexual content, Helena Bonham Carter accepted the part. Following up the successful The Truth About Cats and Dogs i
Cliff Martinez is an American musician and composer. Early in his career, Martinez was known as a drummer notably with the Red Hot Chili Peppers and Captain Beefheart. Since the 1990s he has worked as a film score composer, writing music for Spring Breakers, The Foreigner, multiple films by Steven Soderbergh and Nicolas Winding Refn. On April 14, 2012, Martinez was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Red Hot Chili Peppers. Martinez was born in the New York. Raised in Columbus, his first job composing was for the popular television show Pee Wee's Playhouse. At the time, however, he was more interested in rock bands, played drums in a variety of them in a temporary capacity. After several years drumming for such acts as Captain Beefheart, The Dickies, Lydia Lunch and The Weirdos, in late 1983, he and Jack Sherman were drafted in to join the Red Hot Chili Peppers for the recording of their eponymous first album after Jack Irons and Hillel Slovak left the band to concentrate on their other project at the time, What Is This?
Martinez again played on the recording of the band's second album Freaky Styley and its subsequent tour. In 2012 Martinez was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Red Hot Chili Peppers. Martinez performed with the band for the first time in 26 years when he joined them along with former drummer Jack Irons on their song, "Give it Away" during the ceremony. Martinez' interests shifted and he focused his attention toward film scoring. A tape Martinez had put together using new technologies made its rounds, leading him to score an episode of Pee-Wee's Playhouse; the same recording ended up in Steven Soderbergh's hands and Martinez was hired to score the famed director's first theatrical release, 1989's sex and videotape. Martinez's longstanding relationship with Soderbergh has continued through the years and they have worked together on ten theatrical releases including Kafka, The Limey, Solaris and 2011's Contagion, as well the Cinemax series The Knick, it is because of his time in the punk scene that Martinez's approach to scoring is nontraditional.
His scores tend towards being stark and sparse, utilizing a modern tonal palette to paint the backdrop for films that are dark, psychological stories like Pump Up the Volume, The Limey Wonderland, Wicker Park and Drive. Martinez has been nominated for a Grammy Award, a Cesar Award, a Broadcast Film Critics Award, he earned a Robert Award for his work on Only God Forgives. Martinez's use of audio manipulations for percussive sounds, has been evolving through the years and is evident by the hammered dulcimer of Kafka, the gray-areas between sound design and score for Traffic, the steel drums and textures of Solaris, what Martinez called "rhythmi-tizing pitched, ambient textures" of Narc, "using percussion performances to trigger and shape the rhythmic and tonal characteristics of those ambient textures," as he described his score for 2011's The Lincoln Lawyer. Martinez served as a juror for the 2012 Sundance Film Festival and served on the International Feature nominating committee for 2011 Film Independent Spirit Awards.
Martinez's recent films include Robert Redford's The Company You Keep, Nicholas Jarecki's Arbitrage, Harmony Korine's Spring Breakers, Nicolas Winding Refn's Only God Forgives and The Neon Demon. Martinez composed the main menu titled "Galaxy Theme" for Spore with Brian Eno in 2008. In 2014, Martinez composed the title score for Far Cry 4. In 2013, Martinez scored the "Fly Beyond" Grey Goose vodka commercial. Martinez composed two songs, "Vibe" and "Kotopulse", for the 2014 Lincoln Motor Company advertising campaign featuring Matthew McConaughey. Weird World 13.13 Stinkfist Ice Cream for Crow The Red Hot Chili Peppers Freaky Styley The Abbey Road E. P. – What Hits!? – Out in L. A. – Under the Covers: Essential Red Hot Chili Peppers – Killer Klowns From Outer Space The Second Coming Locked N' Loaded Live in London Idjit Savant Official website Cliff Martinez on IMDb