Lisa Valerie Kudrow is an American actress, comedian and producer. After making guest appearances in several television sitcoms, including Cheers, she came to prominence with her recurring role of Ursula in Mad About You. Kudrow gained worldwide recognition for portraying Phoebe Buffay on the television sitcom Friends, for which she received several accolades, including a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series from six nominations, two Screen Actors Guild Awards from 12 nominations, a Golden Globe Award nomination. Kudrow starred in the cult comedy film Romy and Michele's High School Reunion and followed it with an acclaimed performance in the romantic comedy The Opposite of Sex, which won her the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress and a nomination for the Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Female. In 2005, she went on to produce and star in the HBO comedy series The Comeback, revived nine years for a second season. Kudrow received two Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series nominations for both seasons.
In 2007, Kudrow received praise for her starring role in the film Kabluey and appeared in the box office hit film P. S. I Love You, she produced and starred in the Showtime program Web Therapy, nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award. She is a producer on the TLC reality program Who Do You Think You Are, which garnered her four Primetime Emmy Award nominations. Kudrow has made several notable film appearances, including roles in Analyze This, Dr. Dolittle 2, Hotel for Dogs, Easy A, Neighbors and its sequel Neighbors 2: Sorority Rising, The Girl on the Train, The Boss Baby. Lisa Kudrow was born in Los Angeles, California, to Nedra S. a travel agent, Lee N. Kudrow, a physician who specialized in the treatment of headaches, she has an older sister, Helene Marla, an older brother, Santa Monica neurologist David B. Kudrow. Kudrow had a Bat Mitzvah ceremony, her ancestors emigrated from Belarus, Germany and Poland, some of them lived in the village of Ilya, in the Minsk area. Kudrow's paternal grandparents were Gertrude Farberman.
Her paternal great-grandmother, Mera Mordejovich, was murdered in Ilya during the Holocaust. Her paternal grandmother immigrated to Brooklyn. Kudrow attended Portola Middle School in California. In 1979, at the age of 16, she underwent rhinoplasty to reduce the size of her nose, she graduated from Taft High School in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles where N. W. A. member Ice Cube attended. Kudrow received her Bachelor of Arts degree in Biology from Vassar College, intending to follow in her father's footsteps and research headaches. Kudrow worked on her father's staff for eight years while breaking into acting, earning a research credit on his study on the comparative likelihood of left-handed individuals developing cluster headaches. At the urging of her brother's childhood friend, comedian Jon Lovitz, she began her comedic career as a member of The Groundlings, an improv and sketch comedy school in Los Angeles. Kudrow has credited Cynthia Szigeti, her improv teacher at The Groundlings, for changing her perspective on acting, calling her "the best thing that happened, on so many levels."
Kudrow joined with Conan O'Brien and director Tim Hillman in the short-lived improv troupe Unexpected Company. She was the only regular female member of the Transformers Comedy Troupe, she played a role in an episode of the NBC sitcom Cheers. She tried out for Saturday Night Live in 1990, she had a recurring role as Kathy Fleisher in three episodes of season one of the Bob Newhart sitcom Bob, a role she played after taking part in the memorable series finale of Newhart's previous series Newhart. Prior to Friends, she appeared in at least two produced network pilots: NBC's Just Temporary in 1989, playing Nicole. Kudrow was cast to play the role of Roz Doyle in Frasier, but the role was re-cast with Peri Gilpin during the taping of the pilot episode. Kudrow said in 2000. I could feel it all slipping away, I was panicking, which only made things worse." Her first recurring television role was Ursula Buffay, the eccentric waitress on the NBC sitcom Mad About You. Kudrow would reprise the character on the NBC sitcom Friends, in which Kudrow co-starred as massage therapist Phoebe Buffay, Ursula's twin sister.
For her starring role as Phoebe on Friends Kudrow won the 1998 Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, Kudrow and co-stars Jennifer Aniston and Courteney Cox became the highest paid TV actresses of all time, earning $1 million per episode for the ninth and tenth seasons of Friends. During her tenure on Friends Kudrow appeared in multiple comedic films such as Romy and Michele's High School Reunion, Hanging Up, Marci X, Dr. Dolittle 2, Analyze This and its sequel Analyze That, dramatic films, such as Wonderland and The Opposite of Sex, she guest starred on numerous television series during Friends, including The Simpsons and Gloria, King of the Hill, hosting Saturday Night Live. Kudrow starred as protagonist Valerie Cherish on the single-season HBO series The Comeback, about
Dylan McDermott is an American actor. He is best known for his role as lawyer and law firm head Bobby Donnell on the legal drama series The Practice, which earned him a Golden Globe Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Television Series – Drama and a nomination for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series. McDermott is known for his roles in the first two seasons of American Horror Story, entitled American Horror Story: Murder House and American Horror Story: Asylum, portraying Ben Harmon and Johnny Morgan, respectively, he reprised his role as Ben Harmon in American Horror Story: Apocalypse, the eighth season of the show. He starred as Lt. Carter Shaw on the TNT series Dark Blue and starred in two short-lived CBS dramas and Stalker. McDermott was born in Waterbury, the son of Diane and Richard McDermott, he is of Italian, Irish and French descent. Diane was fifteen and Richard was seventeen when McDermott was born. On February 9, 1967, Diane was killed, her death was ruled an accident, but police claimed that evidence they had found would be enough to file murder charges against John Sponza, living with Diane at the time.
Sponza told authorities. Sponza, who police say had ties to organized crime, was killed in 1972. McDermott and his sister were raised by their maternal grandmother Avis in Waterbury; as a teenager, he began taking trips to visit his biological father, who owned the West Fourth Street Saloon in Greenwich Village, New York. The two would go to the movies and the younger McDermott would work in his father's bar, serving drinks and breaking up fights, he would fast-talk his way into the Mudd Club and Studio 54. McDermott was uncomfortable with himself as a teenager, saying he had a "Dorothy Hamill hairdo." He began to imitate his acting heroes, such as Marlon Brando and Humphrey Bogart, to adopt their demeanor. In 1979, McDermott graduated from Holy Cross High School in Waterbury. McDermott's father's third wife was playwright Eve Ensler, who adopted McDermott when he was 15 and she was 23, she has since divorced his father. Ensler, with whom McDermott has remained close, encouraged him to pursue an acting career, began writing roles for him into her plays.
After Ensler suffered a miscarriage, he took on the name Dylan, the name planned for her unborn child. He attended acting school at the Jesuit-run Fordham University, as well as studying under Sanford Meisner at the Neighborhood Playhouse School of the Theatre in New York City, the same year as Allison Janney. McDermott made his screen debut in Hamburger Hill before starring in the 1989 film Steel Magnolias opposite Julia Roberts as her husband Jackson Latcherie, he starred in Twister, a film about a man trying to rescue his girlfriend and daughter from a tornado storm. The same year brought a movie about the rise and fall of one man in Las Vegas. However, his first big break as an actor was in the hit film In the Line of Fire. Through his connection with Clint Eastwood, McDermott was able to land his first major gig in The Practice; the show expanded McDermott's stardom, he made People's list of the "50 Most Beautiful People in the World 1998" with the magazine calling him "a prime-time heartthrob".
He got this distinction again in 2000. Despite his success on The Practice, McDermott was cut from the show. Executive producer David E. Kelley cited "economic and creative realities" as a result of pressure from ABC to reduce costs. McDermott did appear in the final two episodes of the final season. In 2004, McDermott starred alongside Julianna Margulies four-part mini-series The Grid, playing FBI Special Agent Max Canary in an anti-terrorist unit. Returning to theater in 2006, the actor played a returned soldier suffering from post traumatic stress disorder in the Ensler's play The Treatment. In 2007, McDermott starred in the television series Big Shots. Due to low viewership, the show was canceled in January 2008 after 11 episodes without completing the planned 13-episode season. On October 30, 2008, TV Guide reported that McDermott was due to co-star alongside Shannen Doherty in the film Burning Palms, a satire based on Los Angeles stereotypes told through five intertwining storylines. Beginning in 2009, McDermott starred in the TNT drama Dark Blue, playing a veteran cop who heads a squad of undercover LAPD officers.
The show ran for two seasons, each consisting of ten episodes. In 2011, McDermott starred on American Horror Story on FX as Ben Harmon, a psychologist and cheating husband, he returned to the second season as a new character due to the series' anthology format, this time portraying Johnny Morgan. In 2012, he appeared in three films: The Campaign, playing Tim Wattley, a campaign manager, The Perks of Being a Wallflower, as the father of main character Charlie, Nobody Walks, as Leroy, he appeared in the action thriller Olympus Has Fallen as a treacherous Secret Service Agent who helps a group of terrorists seize control of the White House. In May 2013, McDermott launched his first Photography Exhibition in Montreal, Quebec at Avenue Art Gallery as part of a collaboration with Art Agent, Marina Cutler; the Exhibition titled THE DYLAN PROJECT, MAKE SOME NOISE! Tied his support for The V-Day Organization and love of photography together as the proje
Homicide is the act of one human killing another. A homicide requires only a volitional act by another person that results in death, thus a homicide may result from accidental, reckless, or negligent acts if there is no intent to cause harm. Homicides can be divided into many overlapping legal categories, including murder, justifiable homicide, killing in war and capital punishment, depending on the circumstances of the death; these different types of homicides are treated differently in human societies. Criminal homicide takes many forms including purposeful murder. Criminal homicide is divided into two broad categories and manslaughter, based upon the state of mind and intent of the person who commits the homicide. Murder is the most serious crime. In many jurisdictions, homicide may be punished by life in prison or capital punishment. Although categories of murder can vary by jurisdiction, murder charges fall under two broad categories: First degree murder: the premeditated, intentional killing of another person.
Second degree murder: The intentional, unlawful killing of another person, but without any premeditation. In some jurisdictions, a homicide that occurs during the commission of a dangerous crime may constitute murder, regardless of the actor's intent to commit homicide. In the United States, this is known as the felony murder rule. In simple terms, under the felony murder rule a person who commits a felony may be guilty of murder if someone dies as a result of the commission of the crime, including the victim of the felony, a bystander or a co-felon, regardless their intent—or lack thereof—to kill, when the death results from the actions of a co-defendant or third party, reacting to the crime. Manslaughter is a form of homicide in which the person who commits the homicide either does not intend to kill the victim, or kills the victim as the result of circumstances that would cause a reasonable person to become or mentally disturbed to the point of losing control of their actions; the distinction between murder and manslaughter is sometimes said to have first been made by the ancient Athenian lawmaker Draco in the 7th century BC.
The penalty for manslaughter is less than the penalty for murder. The two broad categories of manslaughter are: Voluntary manslaughter: the intentional, unpremeditated killing of another person as the result of a disturbed state of mind, or heat of passion. Involuntary manslaughter: the unintentional killing of another person through an act of recklessness that shows indifference to the lives and safety of others, or an act of negligence that could reasonably be foreseen to result in death; the act that results in death may be intentional, such as pushing somebody in anger, but their death is not. Another form of manslaughter in some jurisdictions is constructive manslaughter, which may be charged in the event that a person causes a death without intention, but as the result of violating an important safety law or regulation. Not all homicides are crimes, or subject to criminal prosecution; some are privileged, meaning that they are not criminal acts at all. Others may occur under circumstances that provide the defendant with a full or partial defense to criminal prosecution.
Common defenses include: Self-defense: while most homicides by civilians are criminally prosecutable, a right of self-defense is recognized, including, in dire circumstances, the use of deadly force. Mental incapacity: A defendant may attempt to prove that they are not criminally responsible for a homicide due to a mental disorder. In some jurisdictions, mentally incompetent killers may be involuntarily committed in lieu of criminal trial. Mental health and development are taken into account during sentencing. For example, in the United States, the death penalty cannot be applied to convicted murderers with intellectual disabilities.if the defendant in a capital case is sufficiently mentally disabled in the United States they cannot be executed. Instead, the individual is placed under the category of "insane". Defense of infancy - Small children are not held criminally liable before the age of criminal responsibility. A juvenile court may handle defendants above this age but below the legal age of majority, though because homicide is a serious crime some older minors are charged in an adult justice system.
Age is sometimes taken into account during sentencing if the perpetrator is old enough to have criminal responsibility. Justifiable homicide or privilege: Due to the circumstances, although a homicide occurs, the act of killing is not unlawful. For example, a killing on the battlefield during war is lawful, or a police officer may shoot a dangerous suspect in order to protect the officer's own life or the lives and safety of others; the availability of defenses to a criminal charge following a homicide may affect the homicide rate. For example, it has been suggested that the availability of "stand your ground" defense has resulted in an increase in the homicide rate in U. S. jurisdictions. Killing by governments and the agents thereof may be considered lawful or unlawful according to: Domestic law International law to which the government has agreed by treaty Peremptory norms which are de facto enforced as obligatory on all countries, such as prohibitions against genocide and slaveryTypes of state killings include: Capital
Janeane Garofalo is an American actress, stand-up comedian, writer. Garofalo began her career as a stand-up comedian and became a cast member on The Ben Stiller Show, The Larry Sanders Show, Saturday Night Live appeared in more than 50 movies, with leading or major roles in The Truth About Cats and Dogs, Wet Hot American Summer, The Matchmaker, Reality Bites, Steal This Movie!, Clay Pigeons, Mystery Men, The Independent, among numerous others. She has been a series regular on television programs such as Wet Hot American Summer: First Day of Camp, 24, Girlfriends' Guide to Divorce. Garofalo is an outspoken progressive activist. From March 2004 to July 2006, she hosted Air America Radio's The Majority Report with Sam Seder. Garofalo was born in the daughter of Joan and Carmine Garofalo, her mother, a secretary in the petrochemical industry, died of cancer when Janeane was 24. Her father is a former executive at Exxon. Garofalo was raised in a conservative Catholic family, is of Italian and Irish descent.
She grew up in California. She was quoted as having disliked life in Texas because of the heat and the emphasis on prettiness and sports in high school. While studying history at Providence College, Garofalo entered a comedy talent search sponsored by the Showtime cable network, winning the title of "Funniest Person in Rhode Island", her original gimmick was to read off her hand, not successful in subsequent performances. Dreaming of earning a slot on the writing staff of the TV show Late Night with David Letterman, she became a professional standup comedian upon graduating from college with degrees in History and American Studies, she struggled for a number of years, working as a bike messenger in Boston. She has described herself thus: "I guess I just prefer to see the dark side of things; the glass is always half empty. And cracked, and I just cut my lip on it. And chipped a tooth." Garofalo was known as a stand-up comedian, making numerous stand-up appearances on television and in live clubs and larger venues beginning in the 1990s and continuing today.
She said. She was part of the alternative comedy scene in Los Angeles in the early 1990s, appearing at Un-Cabaret and other venues, she co-created the Eating It weekly stand-up comedy series, which ran at the Luna Lounge on the Lower East Side of New York City between 1995 and 2005 hosting the show and appearing as a performer, she did an HBO Comedy Half-Hour special in 1995, among similar subsequent appearances, including a one-hour stand-up special in June 2010 entitled "If You Will," performed at Seattle's Moore Theatre, that aired on Epix in June 2010 and was released on DVD in September 2010. During her filmed stand-up show in Seattle, she proclaimed herself asexual, brought up her ten-year sexless relationship with her boyfriend. Garofalo has performed a variety of leading and cameo roles in more than 50 feature films, playing leading or large roles in Reality Bites, The Truth About Cats and Dogs, I Shot a Man in Vegas, The Matchmaker, Clay Pigeons, Steal This Movie!, Mystery Men, The Independent, Wet Hot American Summer, Ash Tuesday, Bad Parents, among others, supporting roles in The Cable Guy and Michele's High School Reunion, Cop Land, Half Baked, Permanent Midnight, Dogma, 200 Cigarettes, The Wild.
Garofalo's first movie role, filmed the year before she appeared on national television, was a brief comical appearance as a counter worker in a burger joint in Late for Dinner in 1991, but her real breakthrough into film came in Reality Bites as Winona Ryder's character's Gap-managing best friend Vickie. The role helped solidify Garofalo's status as a Generation X icon, she remained visible from television work and supporting roles in feature films such as Bye Bye Love and Now and Then, a leading role in I Shot a Man in Vegas, until 1996 when she was cast in the starring role in the critically acclaimed romantic comedy The Truth About Cats & Dogs, a variation on Cyrano de Bergerac which featured top-billed Uma Thurman as a beautiful but dim-witted model, while Garofalo played the much larger role of Abby, a intelligent radio host. An independent film, it became a studio movie when Thurman was signed; the film was a modest hit, but Garofalo disparaged it back in 2003, saying: I think it's soft and corny, the soundtrack makes you want to puke, everybody's dressed in Banana Republic clothing.
The original script and the original intent was different than what it wound up being when it became a studio commercial film. It was supposed to be a small-budget independent film where there would be much more complexity to all the characters, Abby and the guy don't wind up together at the end. Based on the success of this film, a producer offered her the leading lady role in Jerry Maguire with Tom Cruise if she could lose weight, she turned down the role of television reporter Gale Weathers in Wes Craven's Scream because she thought the film would be too violent: "I said I didn't want to be in a movie where a teen girl was disemboweled. I didn't know it turned out so good, it was a funny movie." Garofalo had been David Fincher's first choice for the role of Marla Singer in the film Fight Club, but she turned it down, uncomfortable with the film's unusual sexual content, Helena Bonham Carter accepted the part. Following up the successful The Truth About Cats and Dogs i
Boogie Nights is a 1997 American drama film written and directed by Paul Thomas Anderson. It is set in Los Angeles' San Fernando Valley and focuses on a young nightclub dishwasher who becomes a popular star of pornographic films, chronicling his rise in the Golden Age of Porn of the 1970s through to his fall during the excesses of the 1980s; the film is an expansion of Anderson's mockumentary short film The Dirk Diggler Story, stars Mark Wahlberg, Julianne Moore, Burt Reynolds, Don Cheadle, John C. Reilly, William H. Macy, Philip Seymour Hoffman and Heather Graham; the film premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 11, 1997 and was released on October 10, 1997, garnering critical acclaim. It was nominated for three Academy Awards, including Best Original Screenplay for Anderson, Best Supporting Actress for Moore and Best Supporting Actor for Reynolds; the film's soundtrack has received acclaim. In 1977, Eddie Adams is a high-school dropout living with his stepfather and abusive mother in Torrance, California.
He works at the Reseda nightclub owned by Maurice Rodriguez, where he meets porn filmmaker Jack Horner, who auditions him by watching him have sex with Rollergirl, a porn starlet who always wears skates. After having an argument with his mother about his girlfriend and sex life, Adams moves in with Horner at his San Fernando Valley home. Adams gives himself the screen name "Dirk Diggler", becomes a star because of his good looks, youthful charisma, unusually large penis, his success allows him to buy a new house, an extensive wardrobe, a "competition orange" 1977 Chevrolet Corvette. With friend and fellow porn star Reed Rothchild, Dirk pitches a series of successful action-themed porn films. Dirk works and socializes with others from the porn industry, they live carefree lifestyles in the late 1970s disco era; that changes at a New Year's Eve party at Horner's house marking the year 1980, when assistant director Little Bill Thompson discovers his porn-star wife having sex with another man, shoots them both and kills himself.
Dirk and Reed begin using cocaine. Due to Dirk's drug use, he finds it difficult to achieve an erection, falls into violent mood swings and becomes upset with Johnny Doe, a new leading man Jack has recruited. In 1983, after having an argument with Jack, Dirk is fired, he and Reed leave to start a rock and roll career along with Scotty, a boom operator who loves Dirk. Jack rejects business overtures from Floyd Gondolli, a theater magnate in San Diego and San Francisco, who insists on cutting costs by shooting on videotape, because Jack believes that video will diminish the quality of his films. After his friend and financier Colonel James is imprisoned for possession of child pornography, Jack works with Gondolli, becoming disillusioned with the projects he expects him to churn out. One of these projects involves Jack and Rollergirl riding in a limousine, searching for random men for her to have sex with, while being taped by a crew; when one man recognizes Rollergirl as a former high-school student, he insults her and Jack, who attacks the man, leaving him injured on the sidewalk as the crew drives off.
Leading lady Amber Waves finds herself in a custody battle with her ex-husband. The court determines she is an unfit mother, due to her involvement in the porn industry, prior criminal record and cocaine addiction. Buck Swope marries fellow porn star Jessie St. Vincent; because of his past, Buck is disqualified from a bank loan and cannot open his own stereo-equipment store. That night, he finds himself in the middle of a holdup at a donut shop in which the clerk, the robber and an armed customer are killed. Buck escapes with the money. Having squandered their money on drugs and Reed cannot pay a recording studio for demo tapes they believe will enable them to become music stars. Desperate for money, Dirk is assaulted and robbed by three men. Dirk and their friend Todd attempt to scam local drug dealer Rahad Jackson, by selling him a half-kilo of baking soda as cocaine. Dirk and Reed decide to leave before Rahad's bodyguard inspects it, but Todd fails to steal money from Rahad, who kills him in the ensuing gunfight.
Dirk reconciles with Jack. In 1984, Buck and Jessie give birth to their son, Amber shoots the television commercial for Buck's store opening, Reed practices a successful magic act at the strip club, Colonel James remains in prison, Rollergirl takes a GED class. Dirk and Amber prepare to start filming again. Boogie Nights is based on a mockumentary short film that Anderson made while he was still in high school called The Dirk Diggler Story; the short was based on the 1981 documentary Exhausted: John C. Holmes, The Real Story, a documentary about the life of legendary porn actor John Holmes, on whom Dirk Diggler is based, he wanted the role of Eddie to be played by Leonardo DiCaprio, after seeing him in The Basketball Diaries. DiCaprio had to turn it down because he signed on to star in Titanic, he recommended Mark Wahlberg for the role. Joaquin Phoenix was offered the role of Eddie, but turned it down due to concerns about playing a porn star. Phoenix collaborated with Anderson in the films The Master and Inherent Vice.
Bill Murray, Harvey Keitel, Warren Beatty, Albert Brooks and Sydney Pollack declined or were passed up on the role of Jack Horner, which went to Burt Reynolds. After starring in Hard Eight, Samuel L. Jackson declined the role of Buck Swope, which went to Don Cheadle. Anderson did not consider Heather Graham for the role of Rollergirl, because he had never seen her do nudity in a film. However, Graham's agent called Anderson asking. Drew Barrymo
Los Angeles Police Department
The Los Angeles Police Department the City of Los Angeles Police Department, is the police department of Los Angeles, California. With 9,988 officers and 2,869 civilian staff, it is the third-largest municipal police department in the United States, after the Chicago Police Department and the New York City Police Department; the department operates in a population of 4,030,904 people. The LAPD has been fictionalized in numerous films and television shows throughout its history; the department has been associated with a number of controversies concerned with racism, police brutality, police corruption. The first specific Los Angeles police force was founded in 1853, as the Los Angeles Rangers, a volunteer force that assisted the existing County forces; the Rangers were soon succeeded by another volunteer group. Neither force was efficient and Los Angeles became known for its violence and vice; the first paid force was created in 1869, when six officers were hired to serve under City Marshal William C. Warren.
By 1900, under John M. Glass, there were one for every 1,500 people. In 1903, with the start of the Civil Service, this force was increased to 200; the CBS radio show Calling All Cars hired LAPD radio dispacher Jesse Rosenquist to be the voice of the dispatcher. Rosenquist was famous because home radios could tune in to early police radio frequencies; as the first police radio dispatcher presented to the public ear, he was the voice that actors went to when called upon for a radio dispatcher role. During World War II, under Clemence B. Horrall, the overall number of personnel was depleted by the demands of the military. Despite efforts to maintain numbers, the police could do little to control the 1943 Zoot Suit Riots. Horrall was replaced by retired United States Marine Corps general William A. Worton, who acted as interim chief until 1950, when William H. Parker succeeded him and would serve until his death in 1966. Parker advocated police autonomy from civilian administration. However, the Bloody Christmas scandal in 1951 led to calls for civilian accountability and an end to alleged police brutality.
The iconic television series Dragnet, with LAPD Detective Joe Friday as the primary character, was the first major media representation of the department. Real LAPD operations inspired Jack Webb to create the series and close cooperation with department officers let him make it as realistic as possible, including authentic police equipment and sound recording on-site at the police station. Due to Dragnet's popularity, LAPD Chief Parker "became after J. Edgar Hoover, the most well known and respected law enforcement official in the nation" at that time. In the 1960s, when the LAPD under Chief Thomas Reddin expanded its community relations division and began efforts to reach out to the African-American community, Dragnet followed suit with more emphasis on internal affairs and community policing than solving crimes, the show's previous mainstay. Under Parker, LAPD created the first SWAT team in United States law enforcement. Officer John Nelson and then-Inspector Daryl Gates created the program in 1965 to deal with threats from radical organizations such as the Black Panther Party operating during the Vietnam War era.
The old headquarters for the LAPD was Parker Center, named after former chief William H. Parker, which still stands at 150 N. Los Angeles St; the new headquarters is 300 yards west in the purpose built Police Administration Building located at 100 W. 1st St. south of Los Angeles City Hall, which opened in October 2009. The Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners known as the Police Commission, is a five-member body of appointed officials which oversees the LAPD; the board is responsible for setting policies for the department and overseeing the LAPD's overall management and operations. The Chief of Police reports to the board; the Office of the Inspector General is an independent part of the LAPD that has oversight over the department's internal disciplinary process and reviewing complaints of officer misconduct. It was created by the recommendation of the Christopher Commission and it is exempt from civil service and reports directly to the Board of Police Commissioners; the current Inspector General is Mark P. Smith, the Constitutional Policing Advisor for the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department.
The OIG receives copies of every complaint filed against members of the LAPD as well as tracking specific cases along with any resultant litigation. The OIG conducts audits on select investigations and conducts regular reviews of the disciplinary system in order to ensure fairness and equality; as well as overseeing the LAPD's disciplinary process, the Inspector General may undertake special investigations as directed by the Board of Police Commissioners. The Office of the Chief of Police has the responsibility for assisting the Chief of Police in the administration of the department; the Chief of Staff is responsible for coordinating the flow of information from command staff to ensure that the Chief is informed prior to making decisions and coordinating special administrative audits and investigations, assisting and submitting recommendations to the Chief of Police in matters involving employee relations. The Office of the Chief of Staff is composed of the Board of Police Commissioners Liaison, the Public Communications Group, the Media Relations Division, the Employee Relations Group.
The Director of the Office of Constitutional Policing and Policy Police Administrator III Arif Alikhan reports directl