Hong Kong Premier League
Hong Kong Premier League is a Hong Kong professional football league organised by Hong Kong Football Association. It is sponsored by BOC Life and known as BOC Life Hong Kong Premier League; the inaugural season began in September 2014. It is the top-division football league in Hong Kong. On 7 February 2013, the Hong Kong Football Association stated that the new Premier League would get under way in Autumn 2014, where it was suggested that the 2013–14 season would be a transition year; as a result, the 2013–14 Hong Kong First Division League was the last season of the First Division to be the top tier of football in the Hong Kong league system. The clubs in the top division reacted negatively to the perceived increased running costs of competing in a professional league one where some felt that there was little difference to the old First Division. Five clubs – Citizen, Sun Hei, Happy Valley and Tuen Mun all decided against joining the new league, which led to fears that the HKFA's plan to start the league with a minimum of 8 teams would not be possible.
In the end, through public funding and government support, two teams from the Hong Kong Second Division were able to meet the new league licence requirements and were promoted, making a total of 9 teams for the first season. With the recent completion of'Project Phoenix' which started in 2011, the league has seen some improvements with further amendments planned for the future; this includes a new five-year funding agreement, a new licensing scheme for league member clubs, prize money for all participating teams and new measures put in place against corruption and match-fixing. Kitchee were crowned as champions of the inaugural season, after amassing a total of 36 points in the league with only 2 losses. Tai Po finished bottom of the league with only 7 points; the following season, Eastern won the league with a game to spare, winning their first top flight championship in 20 years. They created history, as they were the first team in the world to win a top flight men's title whilst being managed by a female coach.
Wong Tai Sin were relegated after finishing last in the league. In the 2016–17 season, Kitchee reclaimed the title on the final day of the season in a showdown with rivals Eastern, a game which they won 4:1. Eastern won the End-of-Season playoffs and will therefore compete along with Kitchee in the 2018 AFC Champions League. HKFC finished bottom of the table, were thus automatically relegated to the First Division. Kitchee defended their title in 2017–18, becoming the first club to repeat as champions the following year; the first season kicked off with 9 teams competing for the championship. It was suggested that a relegation system would not apply for the first few seasons, that teams would continue to be promoted to the top-tier league until there were 12 member clubs. In the end, the HKFA decided that one club would be relegated and one club would be promoted from the 2014-15 Hong Kong First Division League. By 2016–17, the league had expanded to 11 teams; the HKFA promoted Tai Po and HKFC who had finished at the top of the 2015–16 Hong Kong First Division into the league while adding expansion teams Hong Kong Sapling and R&F. Wong Tai Sin were relegated from the previous season and Metro Gallery chose to self relegate due to financial difficulties.
For the 2017–18 season, the league moved down to ten teams after Hong Kong's most successful and longest running top flight club South China chose to relegate themselves to the First Division in a shock move after the departure of their chairman, them failing to find suitable financial means to keep the club in the Premier League. Hong Kong FC were relegated after finishing bottom of the division; the league will revert to its previous system of promoting one club from the First Division and relegating the club at the bottom of the table. The winners of the league qualify directly into the group stage for the AFC Champions League, while the Hong Kong FA Cup winners gain a place in the 2nd qualifying rounds of the tournament; the FA Cup winners and the teams finishing in 2nd, 3rd and 4th competed in an end of season playoff for the final spot in the AFC Champions League, but this rule was abolished after the 2016–17 season. The structure of the prize money for the inaugural season is as below.
A total of 10 teams will participate in the 2018–19 season including newly promoted side Hoi King. Pink denotes a newly promoted club entering the league this year. Primary venues used in the Hong Kong Premier League: Live matches and highlights shows are provided free of charge through online website YouTube in Cantonese. With regards to English coverage, the official Hong Kong Football Association website, to a lesser extent the South China Morning Post, provide match reports, player interviews, club information and league data; the Hong Kong Football Podcast covers the HKPL regularly. Domestic tournamentsHong Kong FA Cup Hong Kong Senior Challenge Shield Hong Kong Sapling Cup Hong Kong League Cup Continental tournamentsAFC Champions League AFC Cup
Mong Kok Stadium
Mong Kok Stadium is a stadium in Mongkok, Hong Kong. With a capacity of 6,769, it hosts Hong Kong Premier League football matches, with Kitchee and Eastern ground-sharing the venue; the stadium is run by the Leisure and Cultural Services Department of Hong Kong. The stadium was known as the Army Sports Ground before it was taken over by the Urban Council in 1961. International Standard Natural Grass Pitch with 1200 Lux Floodlight Coloured Display LED scoreboard, 9.28m wide X 5.76m high. 6,600 spectator seats 127 VIP seats 42 wheelchair seats 1 VIP room Police Control Tower Broadcasting Tower 27 parking spaces 12 public toilets 8 disabled toilets 8 entrance turnstiles/ticket counters 4 teams' changing rooms 2 referees' changing rooms 1 VIP room 1 disabled washroom 1 fast food kiosk 1 press room 1 baby care room 1 anti-doping room On 15 April 2007, South China played to a 1–1 draw with Kitchee in the penultimate game of the Hong Kong Football League season at Mongkok Stadium. The game attracted a full house of over 8,500 spectators, the first full house for 11 years for a Hong Kong League game at Mongkok Stadium.
On 22 March 2013, Hong Kong hosted against Vietnam national football team in the 2015 AFC Asian Cup qualification match. The game attracted the first full house after the renovation of the stadium. Hong Kong came to a late victory by a header from captain Chan Wai Ho in the 87th minute. On the 11 November, 2015, Hong Kong played against China national football team in the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification – AFC Second Round, where there was a full house and Hong Kong tied 0–0. In the 2017 AFC Champions League, all 3 of Eastern SC matches were sold out. In May 2017, Eastern SC and Kitchee SC played the deciding match of the 2016–17 Hong Kong Premier League in which Kitchee won 4–1. In the 2018 AFC Champions League, Kitchee SC played Tianjin Quanjian F. C. in front of a full house at Mong Kok Stadium. From Autumn 2009, Mongkok Stadium will undergo a series of modifications, including the addition of a roof, close-circuit televisions, refurbishment of the seats, better lighting, refurbishment of the changing rooms, adding a press room and doping rooms, while the stadium's capacity will be reduced to 6,680.
The work is expected to be complete by October 2011. Three First Division clubs - Citizen, Fourway Rangers and Sun Hei - have asked to use the stadium as their home ground, but it is believed that the owner of the facility, the Leisure and Cultural Services Department, has reservations over the number of clubs using it. Vincent Yuen Man-chuen, general secretary of the HKFA, said they had submitted a proposal to use the stadium as the home ground for three clubs. "We are in the process of negotiation with the government," said Yuen. "There were more than a hundred matches a season held before, but the number can be reduced to half if three teams use it for their home matches plus some major cup competitions." There is doubt that the new Mong Kok Stadium will be ready for use in October. On 16 October 2011, the renovated Mong Kok Stadium re-opened; the first match was a Hong Kong First Division match between Sun Hei and Sham Shui Po SA. 4,499 fans attended the game. Sun Hei won the game 5–0, Sun Hei players Cheng Siu Wai scored the goal while Barry was the first player to score a hat-trick after renovation.
The Secretary for Home Affairs, Mr Tsang Tak-sing attended Mong Kok Stadium's official re-opening ceremony. To celebrate the re-opening of the stadium, the Leisure and Cultural Services Department organised a ceremony for 15 November 2011 and invited the Russian National Youth Team for a friendly football match with the Hong Kong Youth Representative Team. A sport towel, a limited edition souvenir specially produced to celebrate the re-opening of the stadium, was distributed to each attendee to make this meaningful day more memorable. There were performances including rhythmic drumming with flag waving, wushu and a lion dance, showing a unique Chinese flavour; the ceremony featured impressive performances by cheering teams and the Hong Kong Police Band. Hong Kong Rugby Football Union chairman Trevor Gregory said he was exploring the possibility of using the stadium to host HSBC Asian Five Nations home games. Hong Kong played both their A5N rugby games in front of full houses at the 2,500-capacity Hong Kong Football Club this season.
A move to Mong Kok, with its new capacity of 6,650, admitted HKRFU's Gregory. "Our initial thoughts are to play our international fixtures in the A5N at Mong Kok Stadium. At the moment we have no plans to hold any domestic games there," Gregory said. On 26 May 2012, Hong Kong blitzed Kazakhstan 55–0 to claim third place in the 2012 HSBC Asian Five Nations Top Five competition, it was Hong Kong’s first international in 13 years at the newly renovated Mong Kok Stadium. Hong Kong hosted its first Super Rugby fixture on 19 May 2018; the Japanese outfit, the Sunwolves, playing a home game at Mong Kok, defeated the Stormers from Cape Town, South Africa, by 26–23. It is accessible from the Prince Edward Station of the MTR on the Kwun Tong lines, it is near Mong Kok East Station on the East Rail Line. Mong Kok, the area where the stadium is situated Mong Kok Stadium Mong Kok Stadium Satellite image of Mong Kong Stadium
Vietnam national football team
The Vietnam national football team is the national football team representing Vietnam in international football competitions and is managed by the Vietnam Football Federation. During the late 1950s, known by the name South Vietnam national football team, it was one of the four teams to advance into the final round of 1956 AFC Asian Cup, 1960 AFC Asian Cup, finishing fourth both times; the team won 10th Merdeka Tournament in Malaysia, 1966. While Vietnam was split into North and South Vietnam, two national teams existed and both were controlled by similar Vietnam Football Associations. After the two countries unified in 1976, the Vietnam Football Associations was renamed to VFF; the introduction of football into Vietnam traced its roots in 1896 during the era of colonial French Cochinchina. At the early stage, the sport are only played among French civil servants and soldiers; the French encouraged local Vietnamese to played football and several other sports that were introduced to them to divert their interest from politics which resulting the sport being spread to other regions the northern and central region.
On 20 July 1908, the newspaper Southern Luc Tan Van reported the match between two local Vietnamese teams for the first time. A first football guidebook published in 1925 by a local Vietnamese doctor named Pham Van Tiec to attract the interest among Vietnamese youngsters. By 1928, the Vietnamese had established the Annamite Sports Bureau and in the same year they sent a Vietnamese football team to compete in Singapore. More local football clubs established in both northern and southern Vietnam although it was not until after the World War II that football clubs in the region started to become more organised, it was the time Vietnam played their first international match, against Korea in Saigon which they lost 2–4. Two national football teams existed when Vietnam was divided into South Vietnam and North Vietnam; the team from the South participated in the first two AFC Asian Cup finals and finished in fourth place both times. They won the first Southeast Asian Games in 1959 in Thailand; the team entered qualification for the 1974 FIFA World Cup, beating Thailand 1–0 to qualify the classification matches before losing their group opening matches by 0–4 to Japan and 0–1 to Hong Kong.
The team played their last game against Malaysia in 1975 where they lost 0–3. Meanwhile, the team from the North was less active, not being a member of either AFC and FIFA playing against other Communist states between 1956 and 1966, they had their first match against China PR. They participated in the first GANEFO competitions at Indonesia in 1962 and Cambodia in 1966. Both team ceased to exist when the North and South regions were combined together into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam following the end of the Vietnam War, but North Vietnam remained not a member of AFC and FIFA before 1975. Due to South Vietnam was a member of FIFA, the unified Vietnam team is classified as successor of South Vietnam by FIFA. Vietnamese professional football league known as the All Vietnam Football Championship was launched in 1980 to redevelop Vietnamese football after a long period of civil war. In 1989, following the Đổi Mới reforms, a new football federation was formed. Vietnamese sports began to return to international events.
After three months of preparation, in August 1989, the First Congress of the new football federation took place in Hanoi, declaring the formation of the Vietnam Football Federation. Trịnh Ngọc Chữ, deputy minister of General Department of Sports, was elected president of VFF; the reunified Vietnam national football team played their first match against the Philippines in 1991 where they had a draw. In 1996, Vietnam participated in the first Tiger Cup where they finished in third place and hosted the second Tiger Cup in 1998 where they lost 0–1 to Singapore in the final. Vietnam hosted the 2007 AFC Asian Cup along with Indonesia and Thailand. In the group stage, Vietnam defeated UAE 2–0, drew 1–1 with another Gulf team, lost 1–4 to Japan and were the only Southeast Asian team to reach quarter-finals, where they lost to Iraq 0–2. Since 2007, after two unsuccessful attempts for 2011 and 2015, Vietnam qualified to the AFC Asian Cup again as they obtained four draws with Afghanistan and Jordan and two wins against Cambodia during the 2019 AFC Asian Cup qualification.
Vietnam won the first AFF Championship title in 2008, which they were held in Group B with Thailand and Laos. After losing Thailand 0–2 in the opener, Vietnam defeated Malaysia 3–2 and Laos 4–0. In semi-finals, Vietnam hold the defending champion Singapore by 0–0 in home match before winning 1–0 away. Vietnam met Thailand again in the finals and defeated them 3–2 aggregated, won the away match 2–1 drew 1–1 at home; the 2018 AFF Championship is Vietnam's second AFF Championship title. In Group A, Vietnam managed 3 victories against Laos, Cambodia and a draw with Myanmar. In semi-finals, they defeated the Philippines twice by 2–1 both home and away hence progressed towards the finals, where they defeated Malaysia 3–2 aggregated, drawing 2–2 away and winning 1–0 home. In the 2019 AFC Asian Cup, Vietnam managed to qualify into the Round of 16 after beating Yemen in their final group matches despite had earlier lose to Iraq by 2–3 and Iran by 0–2, they beat Jordan by 4–2 in penalty shoot-out after drawing 1–1 with the latter until the end of the match.
In the quarter-finals, Vietnam meet Japan but failed to continue the success after their opponent being awarded a penalty kick which being decided through the video assistant referee
2015 AFC Asian Cup
The 2015 AFC Asian Cup was the 16th edition of the men's AFC Asian Cup, a quadrennial international football tournament organised by the Asian Football Confederation. It was held in Australia from 9 to 31 January 2015; the tournament was won by Australia after defeating South Korea 2–1 in extra time in the final, thereby earning the right to participate in the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup, hosted by Russia. The win was Australia's first Asian title since their move from the Oceania Football Confederation in 2006, it was the first time a men's team has become champions of two confederations, following Australia's four OFC Nations Cup titles: 1980, 1996, 2000 and 2004. Australia was chosen as the host on 5 January 2011, after being the sole bidder for the right to host the 2015 tournament; the matches were played in five different stadiums across five cities: Sydney, Brisbane and Newcastle. It was the first time that Australia had hosted the tournament, it was the first time the Asian Cup had been held outside the continent of Asia.
As hosts, Australia automatically qualified for the final tournament, while the remaining 15 finalists were decided through a qualification process, featuring 44 teams, from February 2013 to March 2014. The final tournament was Played in two stages: the knockout stage. In the group stage each team played three games in a group of four, with the winners and runners-up from each group advancing to the knockout stage. In the knockout stage the eight teams competed in single-elimination matches, beginning with the quarter-finals and ending with the final match of the tournament. A third-place match was played between the two losing teams of the semi-finals. Japan were the defending champions going into the tournament, having won the previous competition in 2011, they recorded their worst finish in the Asian Cup since the 1996 edition in the United Arab Emirates, being knocked out in the quarter-finals by that team in a penalty shootout. Australia put forward its bid to host the 2015 AFC Asian Cup in 2010.
As the sole bidder for the hosting rights, Australia was named host on 5 January 2011. Considering the efforts of the Football Federation Australia in developing the game on their territory and considering all the achievements that have been made towards the development of football in Australia and to encourage Australia to take steps towards developing the game, I am happy and honoured to announce that the executive committee of the Asian Football Confederation has approved Australia as the host nation of the 2015 AFC Asian Cup; the 2015 AFC Asian Cup qualification process determined the 16 participating teams for the tournament. In the initial scheme, ten places were determined by qualification matches, while six places were reserved for the 2015 host nation, top three finishers in the 2011 AFC Asian Cup, the two winners of the AFC Challenge Cup. Though, as the host nation Australia finished as runners-up in the 2011 Asian Cup, the initial six automatic qualification spots were reduced to five, with a total of 11 spots determined by the qualification matches, in which 20 AFC members competed.
There were two main competitive paths to the 2015 Asian Cup. The AFC Challenge Cup acted as a qualification competition for eligible countries within the emerging and developing category of member associations; the winners of the AFC Challenge Cup competitions in 2012 and 2014 qualified automatically for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup finals. The remaining spots were available for the teams competing in the main Asian Cup preliminaries; the AFC decided that the 20 teams involved in the qualifiers would be split into five groups of four teams each. The top two teams from each group and one best third-placed team from among all the groups would qualify for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup. Out of the sixteen teams that qualified, fourteen that participated in the 2011 tournament. Oman qualified for the first time since 2007. Palestine, winners of the 2014 AFC Challenge Cup, were the only team making their first appearance in the tournament. India and Syria are the only two teams from the 2011 tournament who failed to qualify for the subsequent edition.
Excluding hosts Australia, none of the other 11 members of the ASEAN Football Federation qualified, nor did any of the South Asian national teams. The draw for the final tournament occurred at the Sydney Opera House on 26 March 2014; the draw procedure involved the 16 participating teams drawn at random into the four groups of the group stage. In preparation for this, the teams were organised into four pots based on a seeding which used the March 2014 FIFA World Rankings; the draw and seeding ensured a fair distribution of teams in the groups, with each of the four groups in the group stage made up of one team from each pot. The host nation was automatically placed into Pot 1, with the team having been predetermined to be in Group A. In addition, at the time of the draw, the identity of the 2014 AFC Challenge Cup winners was not known yet, they were automatically placed into Pot 4; the five host cities for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup, Melbourne, Brisbane and Newcastle, were announced on 27 March 2013, with a total five stadia to be used.
Tickets for the venues were sold directly by AFC via its website, or distributed by the football associations of the 16 finalists. 500,000 tickets were available. Over 45,000 international visitors were forecast to visit Australia during the tournament. Pric
An exhibition game is a sporting event whose prize money and impact on the player's or the team's rankings is either zero or otherwise reduced. In team sports, matches of this type are used to help coaches and managers select and condition players for the competitive matches of a league season or tournament. If the players play in different teams in other leagues, exhibition games offer an opportunity for the players to learn to work with each other; the games can be held between parts of the same team. An exhibition game may be used to settle a challenge, to provide professional entertainment, to promote the sport, to commemorate an anniversary or a famous player, or to raise money for charities. Several sports leagues hold all-star games to showcase their best players against each other, while other exhibitions games may pit participants from two different leagues or countries to unofficially determine who would be the best in the world. International competitions like the Olympic Games may hold exhibition games as part of a demonstration sport.
In the early days of football, friendlies were the most common type of match. However, since the development of The Football League in England in 1888, league tournaments became established, in addition to lengthy derby and cup tournaments. By the year 2000, national leagues were established in every country throughout the world, as well as local or regional leagues for lower level teams. Since the introduction of league football, most club sides play a number of friendlies before the start of each season. Friendly football matches are considered to be non-competitive and are only used to "warm up" players for a new season/competitive match. There is nothing competitive at stake and some rules may be changed or experimented with; such games take place between a large club and small clubs that play nearby, such as those between Newcastle United and Gateshead. Although most friendlies are one-off matches arranged by the clubs themselves, in which a certain amount is paid by the challenger club to the incumbent club, some teams do compete in short tournaments, such as the Community Shield, Emirates Cup, Teresa Herrera Trophy, International Champions Cup and the Amsterdam Tournament.
Although these events may involve sponsorship deals and the awarding of a trophy and may be broadcast on television, there is little prestige attached to them. International teams play friendlies in preparation for the qualifying or final stages of major tournaments; this is essential, since national squads have much less time together in which to prepare. The biggest difference between friendlies at the club and international levels is that international friendlies take place during club league seasons, not between them; this has on occasion led to disagreement between national associations and clubs as to the availability of players, who could become injured or fatigued in a friendly. International friendlies give team managers the opportunity to experiment with team selection and tactics before the tournament proper, allow them to assess the abilities of players they may select for the tournament squad. Players can be booked in international friendlies, can be suspended from future international matches based on red cards or accumulated yellows in a specified period.
Caps and goals scored count towards a player's career records. In 2004, FIFA ruled that substitutions by a team be limited to six per match in international friendlies in response to criticism that such matches were becoming farcical with managers making as many as 11 substitutions per match. Matches in multinational football tournaments such as the King's Cup, the Kirin Cup, the China Cup are considered international friendlies by FIFA. In the UK and Ireland, "exhibition match" and "friendly match" refer to two different types of games; the types described above as friendlies are not termed exhibition matches, while annual all-star matches such as those held in the US Major League Soccer or Japan's Japanese League are called exhibition matches rather than friendly matches. A one-off match for charitable fundraising involving one or two all-star teams, or a match held in honor of a player for contribution to his/her club, may be described as exhibition matches but they are referred to as charity matches and testimonial matches respectively.
A bounce game is a non-competitive football match played between two sides as part of a training exercise or to give players match practice. Managers may use bounce games as an opportunity to observe a player in action before offering a contract; these games are played on a training ground rather than in a stadium with no spectators in attendance. Exhibition fights were once common in boxing. Jack Dempsey fought many exhibition bouts after retiring. Joe Louis fought a charity fight on his rematch with Buddy Baer, but this was not considered an exhibition as it was for Louis' world Heavyweight title. Muhammad Ali fought many exhibitions, including one with Lyle Alzado. In more modern times, Mike Tyson, Julio Cesar Chavez Sr. Jorge Castro, Óscar de la Hoya and Floyd Mayweather Jr. have been involved in exhibition fights. Although not fought for profit, amateur bouts and sparring sessions are not considered to be exhibition fights. Prior to the
Hanoi is Vietnam's capital and second largest city by population. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is 105 km west of Haiphong. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam, it was eclipsed by the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty. In 1873 Hanoi was conquered by the French. From 1883 to 1945, the city was the administrative center of the colony of French Indochina; the French built a modern administrative city south of Old Hanoi, creating broad, perpendicular tree-lined avenues of opera, public buildings, luxury villas, but they destroyed large parts of the city, shedding or reducing the size of lakes and canals, while clearing out various imperial palaces and citadels. From 1940 to 1945 Hanoi, as well as most of French Indochina and Southeast Asia, was occupied by the Japanese empire. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam; the Vietnamese National Assembly under Ho Chi Minh decided on January 6, 1946, to make Hanoi the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War. October 2010 marked 1,000 years since the establishment of the city; the Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a 6.5 km ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion. On July 16, 1999, the United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization presented the title “City for Peace” to Hanoi. Hanoi had many unofficial names throughout history. During the Chinese occupation of Vietnam, it was known first as Long Biên Tống Bình and Long Đỗ. Long Biên gave its name to the famed Long Biên Bridge, built during French colonial times, more to a new district to the east of the Red River. Several older names of Hanoi feature long, linked to the curved formation of the Red River around the city, symbolized as a dragon. In 866, it was named Đại La.. This gave it the nickname La Thành. Both Đại La and La Thành are names of major streets in modern Hanoi; when Lý Thái Tổ established the capital in the area in 1010, it was named Thăng Long.
Thăng Long became the name of a major bridge on the highway linking the city center to Noi Bai Airport, the Thăng Long Boulevard expressway in the southwest of the city center. In modern time, the city is referred to as Thăng Long – Hà Nội, when its long history is discussed. During the Hồ dynasty, it was called Đông Đô. During the Minh dynasty, it was called Đông Quan. During the Lê dynasty, Hanoi was known as Đông Kinh; this gave the name to Gulf of Tonkin. A square adjacent to the Hoàn Kiếm lake was named Đông Kinh Nghĩa Thục after the reformist Tonkin Free School under French colonization. After the end of the Tây Sơn had expanded further south, the city was named Bắc Thành. Minh Mạng renamed the city Hà Nội in 1831; this has remained its official name until modern times. Several unofficial names of Hanoi include: Kẻ Chợ, Tràng An, Hà Thành, Thủ Đô. Hanoi has been inhabited since at least 3000 BC; the Cổ Loa Citadel in Dong Anh district served as the capital of the Âu Lạc kingdom founded by the Thục emigrant Thục Phán after his 258 BC conquest of the native Văn Lang.
In 197 BC, Âu Lạc Kingdom was annexed by Nanyue, which ushered in more than a millennium of Chinese domination. By the middle of the 5th century, in the center of ancient Hanoi, the Liu Song Dynasty set up a new district called Songping, which became a commandery, including two districts Yihuai and Suining in the south of the Red River with a metropolis in the present inner Hanoi. By the year 679, the Tang dynasty changed the region's name into Annan, with Songping as its capital. In order to defeat the people's uprisings, in the half of the 8th century, Zhang Boyi, a Tang dynasty viceroy, built Luocheng. In the earlier half of the 9th century, it was further called Jincheng. In 866, Gao Pian, the Chinese Jiedushi and named it Daluocheng, the largest citadel of ancient Hanoi at the time. In 1010, Lý Thái Tổ, the first ruler of the Lý Dynasty, moved the capital of Đại Việt to the site of the Đại La Citadel. Claiming to have seen a dragon ascending the Red River, he renamed the site Thăng Long – a name still used poetically to this day.
Thăng Long remained the capital of Đại Việt until 1397, when it was moved to Thanh Hóa known as Tây Đô, the "Western Capital". Thăng Long became Đông Đô, the "Eastern Capital." In 1408, the Chinese Minh Dynasty attacked and occupied Vietnam, changing Đông Đô's name to Dongguan, or Đông Quan in Sino-Vietnamese. In 1428, the Vietnamese overthrew the Chinese under the leadership of Lê Lợi, who founded the Lê Dynasty and renamed Đông Quan Đông Kinh or Tonkin. Right after the end of the Tây Sơn Dynasty, it was named Bắc Thành (北城
Shatin Sports Association is a sport club based in the Sha Tin District of Hong Kong. The team current plays in the Hong Kong First Division; the club plays most of its home matches at Ma On Shan Recreation Ground and Tsang Tai Uk Recreation Ground. Shatin as 2008–09 Hong Kong Junior Shield winners, were invited to take part in the 2008–09 HKFA Cup by the HKFA; the team was drawn against Kitchee in the first round and lost the game 3–0. In 2017–18, the club achieved their highest finish, placing runners up in the First Division. Hong Kong First DivisionRunners-up: 2017–18Hong Kong Second DivisionChampions: 2008–09Hong Kong Third DivisionChampions: 2007–08Hong Kong Third Division "District" LeagueChampions: 2007–08 Hong Kong Junior Shield/Hong Kong FA Cup Junior DivisionChampions: 2007–08, 2008–09, 2017-18 Sha Tin at HKFA Official Website