Taum Sauk Mountain
Taum Sauk Mountain in the Saint Francois Mountains is the highest natural point in the U. S. state of Missouri at 1,772 feet. The topography of Taum Sauk is that of an elongated ridge with a NNW-SSE orientation rather than a peak. While low in terms of elevation at 1,772 feet compared to other peaks, Taum Sauk and the St. Francois range are true mountains, being the result of a volcanic orogeny. Whereas vertical relief in the rest of the Ozarks region is the result of erosion of sedimentary strata, the St. Francois are an ancient Precambrian igneous uplift several times older than the Appalachians. Geologists believe that Taum Sauk and its neighbors may be among the few areas in the US never to have been submerged in ancient seas; the peaks of the St. Francois range existed as islands in the shallow seaway throughout most of the Paleozoic Era as the sandstones and shales typical of the Ozarks were deposited. Weathering and erosion of these ancient peaks provided the clastic sediments of the surrounding rock layers.
Taum Sauk is said to be named for a Piankeshaw chief named Sauk-Ton-Qua. Though Taum Sauk Mountain is the highest mountain in Missouri, it is not the most prominent. Taum Sauk rises 522 feet from an elevated base. Mudlick Mountain rises 693 feet from a lower base to an elevation of 1,313 feet. Black Mountain, in Madison County, has the highest rise in elevation in Missouri. From its base, along the St. Francis River to its summit, Black Mountain rises just under 1,000 feet in elevation from the valley below. In 1991 Missouri created Taum Sauk Mountain State Park, a 7,448-acre state park on the mountain: it has a rustic campground, a paved trail to the highpoint marked by a polished granite plaque, a lookout tower from which a good view can be had. Taum Sauk State Park is in a common jurisdiction with nearby Johnson's Shut-ins State Park, together they comprise the second largest state park in Missouri with a total area of 15,961.5 acres. These parks and the adjacent Bell Mountain Wilderness Area make up part of a large wilderness area, popular with hikers and backpackers.
The 33-mile Taum Sauk section of the Ozark Trail is considered by the Ozark Trail Association to be one of the finest trails in Missouri. Mina Sauk Falls, the highest waterfall in Missouri, is on Taum Sauk and can be visited by hiking a rugged trail that makes a 3-mile loop from the highpoint parking area; these falls have water cascading over them only during times of wet weather. At other times they are reduced to a trickle or less; the Taum Sauk pumped storage plant, which failed on December 14, 2005 sending a flash flood 20 feet deep down the Black River, is not on Taum Sauk Mountain. It is on Proffit Mountain, about five miles southwest. List of mountain peaks of Missouri List of U. S. states by elevation "Taum Sauk Mountain". SummitPost.org
Tishomingo County, Mississippi
Tishomingo County is a county located in the northeast corner of the U. S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,593, its county seat is Iuka. Tishomingo County was organized February 9, 1836, from Chickasaw lands that were ceded to the United States; the Chickasaw were forced by Indian Removal to relocate to lands in the Indian Territory. Jacinto was the original county seat of Tishomingo County and its historic courthouse building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 1870 the area was divided into Alcorn and Tishomingo counties. Tishomingo's county seat was relocated to Iuka. Tishomingo was referred to in the Coen brothers' film, O Brother, Where Art Thou?. Brandon Grissom, District 1 Nicky McRae, District 2 Danny Ryan, District 3 Jeff Holt, District 4 Greg Collier, District 5 Peyton Cummings Representative Lester Carpenter, Mississippi House of Representatives - District 1 Representative Mark DuVall, Mississippi House of Representatives - District 19 Senator Eric Powell, Mississippi State Senate - District 4 Senator J. P. Wilemon, Mississippi State Senate - District 5 According to the U.
S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 445 square miles, of which 424 square miles is land and 20 square miles is water; the highest natural point in Mississippi, the 806 feet Woodall Mountain, is located in the county. Tishomingo County is the only county in Mississippi with outcroppings of natural limestone formations. Hardin County, Tennessee Lauderdale County, Alabama Colbert County, Alabama Franklin County, Alabama Itawamba County Prentiss County Alcorn County Natchez Trace Parkway As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 19,593 people residing in the county. 94.5% were White, 2.6% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 1.7% of some other race and 0.8% of two or more races. 2.8% were Hispanic or Latino. As of the census of 2000 there were 19,163 people, 7,917 households, 5,573 families residing in the county; the population density was 45 people per square mile. There were 9,553 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 94.93% White, 3.11% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.06% from other races, 0.59% from two or more races.
1.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. By 2005 the population was 93.4% non-Hispanic white. 3.6% of the population was African-American. 2.6% of the population was Latino. In 2000 there were 7,917 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.6% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.89. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,315, the median income for a family was $34,378.
Males had a median income of $28,109 versus $19,943 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,395. About 11% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over. Tishomingo State Park is located in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains in Tishomingo County, north of Tupelo, Mississippi. Activities in the park including canoeing, rock climbing and hiking; the park was constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the 1930s. Many of the original buildings are still standing; the park is named for an early leader of Chief Tishomingo. J. P. Coleman State Park is a state park in the U. S. state of Mississippi. It is located north of Iuka off Mississippi Highway 25, it sits along the banks of the Tennessee Pickwick Lake. The park is named for a former governor of Mississippi. Activities include sailing, camping, hiking and fishing for smallmouth bass. Bay Springs Lake is a reservoir on the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway in the U.
S. state of Mississippi. It is impounded by Dam; the lake is nine miles long, between waterway mile markers 412 at the dam, 421 near the entrance to the divide cut. The Tennessee–Tombigbee Waterway is a 234-mile artificial waterway that provides a connecting link between the Tennessee and Tombigbee rivers; the waterway begins at Pickwick Lake on the Tennessee River flows southward through northeast Mississippi and west Alabama connecting with the established Warrior-Tombigbee navigation system at Demopolis, Alabama. Iuka Belmont Burnsville Tishomingo Paden Golden Dennis Doskie Midway Mingo Oldham Pittsburg Short Battle of Iuka Natchez Trace Parkway National Register of Historic Places listings in Tishomingo County, Mississippi Woodall Mountain Tishomingo County Development Foundation Tishomingo County Archives & History Museum
Humphreys Peak is the highest natural point in the U. S. state of Arizona, with an elevation of 12,633 feet and is located within the Kachina Peaks Wilderness in the Coconino National Forest, about 11 miles north of Flagstaff, Arizona. Humphreys Peak is the highest of a group of dormant volcanic peaks known as the San Francisco Peaks; the summit can be most reached by hiking the 4.8 miles long Humphreys Summit Trail that begins at the Arizona Snowbowl ski resort in the Coconino National Forest. Humphreys Peak was named in about 1870 for General Andrew A. Humphreys, a U. S. Army officer, a Union general during the American Civil War, who became Chief of Engineers of the United States Army Corps of Engineers. However, a General Land Office map from 1903 showed the name San Francisco Peak applied to this feature, thus the United States Board on Geographic Names approved the variant name in 1911. In 1933, the application of the names was rectified. List of U. S. states by elevation List of Ultras of the United States List of mountains and hills of Arizona by height San Francisco Peaks "Humphreys Peak".
SummitPost.org. "The peaks cam project". U. S. Forest Service. "Kachina Trail #150". U. S. Forest Service. "Humphreys Peak Trail #151." HikeArizona.com. "Kachina Peaks Wilderness." U. S. Forest Service
Bluegrass music is a genre of American roots music that developed in the 1940s in the United States Appalachian region. The genre derives its name from the Blue Grass Boys. Bluegrass has roots in traditional English and Scottish ballads and dance tunes, by traditional African-American blues and jazz; the Blue Grass Boys played a Mountain Music style that Bill learned in Asheville, North Carolina from bands like Wade Mainer's and other popular acts on radio station WWNC. It was further developed by musicians who played with him, including 5-string banjo player Earl Scruggs and guitarist Lester Flatt. Bluegrass pioneer Bill Monroe characterized the genre as: "Scottish bagpipes and ole-time fiddlin'. It's Holiness and Baptist. It's blues and jazz, it has a high lonesome sound."Bluegrass features acoustic string instruments and emphasizes the offbeat. Notes are anticipated in contrast to laid back blues where notes are behind the beat, which creates the higher energy characteristic of bluegrass. In bluegrass, as in some forms of jazz, one or more instruments each takes its turn playing the melody and improvising around it, while the others perform accompaniment.
This is in contrast to old-time music, in which all instruments play the melody together or one instrument carries the lead throughout while the others provide accompaniment. Breakdowns are characterized by rapid tempos and unusual instrumental dexterity and sometimes by complex chord changes. There are three major subgenres of bluegrass. Traditional bluegrass has musicians playing folk songs, tunes with traditional chord progressions, using only acoustic instruments, with an example being Bill Monroe. Progressive bluegrass groups may use electric instruments and import songs from other genres rock & roll. Examples include Cadillac Bearfoot. Another subgenre, bluegrass gospel, uses Christian lyrics, soulful three- or four-part harmony singing, sometimes the playing of instrumentals. A newer development in the bluegrass world is Neo-traditional bluegrass. Bluegrass music has attracted a diverse following worldwide. Unlike mainstream country music, bluegrass is traditionally played on acoustic stringed instruments.
The fiddle, five-string banjo, guitar and upright bass are joined by the resonator guitar and harmonica or Jew's harp. This instrumentation originated in rural dance bands and is the basis on which the earliest bluegrass bands were formed; the guitar is now most played with a style referred to as flatpicking, unlike the style of early bluegrass guitarists such as Lester Flatt, who used a thumb pick and finger pick. Banjo players use the three-finger picking style made popular by banjoists such as Earl Scruggs. Fiddlers play in thirds and fifths, producing a sound, characteristic to the bluegrass style. Bassists always play pizzicato adopting the "slap-style" to accentuate the beat. A bluegrass bass line is a rhythmic alternation between the root and fifth of each chord, with occasional walking bass excursions. Instrumentation has been a continuing topic of debate. Traditional bluegrass performers believe the "correct" instrumentation is that used by Bill Monroe's band, the Blue Grass Boys. Departures from the traditional instrumentation have included dobro, harmonica, autoharp, electric guitar, electric versions of other common bluegrass instruments, resulting in what has been referred to as "newgrass."
Apart from specific instrumentation, a distinguishing characteristic of bluegrass is vocal harmony featuring two, three, or four parts with a dissonant or modal sound in the highest voice, a style described as the "high, lonesome sound." The ordering and layering of vocal harmony is called the "stack". A standard stack has the lead in the middle and a tenor at the top. Alison Krauss and Union Station provide a good example of a different harmony stack with a baritone and tenor with a high lead, an octave above the standard melody line, sung by the female vocalist. However, by employing variants to the standard trio vocal arrangement, they were following a pattern existing since the early days of the genre; the Stanley Brothers utilized a high baritone part on several of their trios recorded for Columbia records during their time with that label. Mandolin player Pee Wee Lambert sang the high baritone above Ralph Stanley's tenor, both parts above Carter's lead vocal; this trio vocal arrangement was variously used by other groups as well.
In the 1960s Flatt and Scruggs added a fifth part to the traditional quartet parts on gospel songs, the extra part being a high baritone. The use of a high lead with the tenor and baritone below it was most famously employed by the Osborne Brothers who first employed it during their time with MGM records in the latter half of the 1950s; this vocal arrangement would be the home aspect of the Osbornes' sound with Bobby's high, clear voice at the top of the vocal stack. Bluegrass tunes can be described as narratives on the everyday lives of the people whence the music came. Aside from laments about loves lost, interpersonal tensions and unwanted changes to the region (e.g. the visible effects of moun
William Starke Rosecrans was an American inventor, coal-oil company executive, politician, U. S. Army officer, he gained fame for his role as a Union general during the American Civil War. He was the victor at prominent Western Theater battles, but his military career was ended following his disastrous defeat at the Battle of Chickamauga in 1863. Rosecrans graduated in 1842 from the United States Military Academy where he served in engineering assignments as well as a professor before leaving the Army to pursue a career in civil engineering. At the start of the Civil War, leading troops from Ohio, he achieved early combat success in western Virginia. In 1862 in the Western Theater, he won the battles of Iuka and Corinth while under the command of Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, his brusque, outspoken manner and willingness to quarrel with superiors caused a professional rivalry with Grant that would adversely affect Rosecrans' career. Given command of the Army of the Cumberland, he fought against Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg at Stones River, outmaneuvered him in the brilliant Tullahoma Campaign, driving the Confederates from Middle Tennessee.
His strategic movements caused Bragg to abandon the critical city of Chattanooga, but Rosecrans' pursuit of Bragg ended during the bloody Battle of Chickamauga, where his worded order mistakenly opened a gap in the Union line and Rosecrans and a third of his army were swept from the field. Besieged in Chattanooga, Rosecrans was relieved of command by Grant. Following his humiliating defeat, Rosecrans was reassigned to command the Department of Missouri, where he opposed Price's Raid, he was considered as a vice presidential running mate for Abraham Lincoln in 1864 but the telegram correspondence Rosecrans sent back to Washington that stated his interest, was intercepted by Stanton, who buried the message. As a result, Lincoln began looking for other candidates. After the war, he served in diplomatic and appointed political positions and in 1880 was elected to Congress, representing California. William Starke Rosecrans was born on a farm near Little Taylor Run in Kingston Township, Delaware County, the second of five sons of Crandall Rosecrans and Jemima Hopkins.
Crandall was a veteran of the War of 1812, in which he served as adjutant to General William Henry Harrison, subsequently ran a tavern and store as well as a family farm. One of Crandall's heroes, General John Stark, was the inspiration for William's middle name. Rosecrans was descended from Harmon Henrik Rosenkrantz, who arrived in New Amsterdam in 1651, but the family name changed spelling during the American Revolutionary War, his mother was the widow of Timothy Hopkins, a relative of Stephen Hopkins, the Colonial Governor of Rhode Island and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. William had little formal education in his early years, relying on reading books. At the age of 13, he left home to work as a store clerk in Utica, Mansfield, Ohio. Unable to afford college, Rosecrans decided to try for an appointment to the United States Military Academy, he interviewed with Congressman Alexander Harper, reserving his appointment for his own son, but Harper was so impressed by Rosecrans that he nominated him instead.
Despite his lack of formal education, Rosecrans excelled academically at West Point in mathematics, but in French and English grammar. It was at the academy that he received his nickname, "Rosy," or more "Old Rosy." He graduated from West Point in 1842, fifth in his class of 56 cadets, which included notable future generals such as James Longstreet, Abner Doubleday, D. H. Hill, Earl Van Dorn, he was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the prestigious Corps of Engineers, reflecting his high academic achievement. At his graduation, he met Anna Elizabeth Hegeman of New York City and fell in love, they were married on August 24, 1843. Their marriage lasted until her death on December 25, 1883, they had eight children. After graduating from West Point, Rosecrans was assigned to duty at Fort Monroe, engineering sea walls. After a year, he requested assignment as a professor at West Point, where he taught engineering and served as post commissary and quartermaster. Although West Point was a strong bastion of Episcopal Protestantism, during this assignment, he converted to Catholicism in 1845.
He wrote about this decision to his family, who had raised him in the Methodist faith, which inspired the youngest of his brothers, Sylvester Horton Rosecrans, to convert as well. Sylvester would become the first bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Columbus. Although most of the officers in his graduating class fought in the Mexican–American War, the War Department retained Rosecrans at West Point. From 1847 through 1853, he served on engineering assignments in Newport, Rhode Island, New Bedford, Massachusetts and at the Washington Navy Yard. During this period, Rosecrans sought several civilian jobs as an alternative way to support his growing family, now with four children, he applied for a professorship at the Virginia Military Institute in 1851, losing the position to fellow West Pointer Thomas J. Jackson. While serving in Newport, Rhode Island, he volunteered his services as the engineer for the construction of St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church; the church is best known as the site of the wedding of John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Bouvier in 1953 and was one of the largest churches constructed in the United States at that time.
There is a memorial window in Rosecra
Eagle Mountain (Minnesota)
Eagle Mountain is the highest natural point in Minnesota, United States, at 2,301 feet. It is in northern Cook County, in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness and Superior National Forest in the Misquah Hills, northwest of Grand Marais, it is a Minnesota State Historic Site. Eagle Mountain is only about 15 miles from Lake Superior, at 600 feet, it is part of the Canadian Shield. Confusingly, there is another, much shorter, peak named Eagle Mountain in northern Minnesota; the shorter peak is part of the Lutsen Mountains ski resort. The hike to the summit can be made in about two and a half hours; the distance to the peak is about 3.5 miles with an elevation gain of 550 feet. The trail is moderately strenuous. Whale Lake offers two campsites to hikers; the peak of the mountain is marked with a plaque. Permits are required. Self-issued permits are available at any Superior National Forest ranger station or at the trailhead. Instructions and the permit can be found at the trailhead kiosk. Among the highest natural points in each U.
S. state, Eagle Mountain ranks 37th. Minnesota portal Geography portal Mountains portal List of mountains of Minnesota List of U. S. states by elevation Eagle Mt/Brule Lake, U. S. Forest Service. Map and access information. "Eagle Mountain". SummitPost.org. Retrieved 2012-11-08. "U. S. State Highpoints". SummitPost.org. Retrieved 2011-05-14
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti