Woodlawn Cemetery (Bronx, New York)
Woodlawn Cemetery is one of the largest cemeteries in New York City and a designated National Historic Landmark. Located in Woodlawn, New York City, it has the character of a rural cemetery. Woodlawn Cemetery opened during the Civil War in 1863, in what was southern Westchester County, in an area, annexed to New York City in 1874, it is notable in part as the final resting place of some great figures in the American arts, such as authors Countee Cullen, Nellie Bly, Herman Melville, musicians Irving Berlin, Miles Davis, Duke Ellington, W. C. Handy, Max Roach and husband and wife magicians Alexander Herrmann and Adelaide Herrmann. Holly Woodlawn, after changing her name to such, falsely told people she was the heiress to Woodlawn Cemetery; the Cemetery is the resting place for more than 300,000 people. Built on rolling hills, its tree-lined roads lead to some unique memorials, some designed by famous American architects: McKim, Mead & White, John Russell Pope, James Gamble Rogers, Cass Gilbert, Carrère and Hastings, Sir Edwin Lutyens, Beatrix Jones Farrand, John La Farge.
The cemetery contains seven Commonwealth war graves – six British and Canadian servicemen of World War I and an airman of the Royal Canadian Air Force of World War II. In 2011, Woodlawn Cemetery was designated a National Historic Landmark, since it shows the transition from the rural cemetery popular at the time of its establishment to the more orderly 20th-century cemetery style; as of 2007, plot prices at Woodlawn were reported as $200 per square foot, $4,800 for a gravesite for two, up to $1.5 million for land to build a family mausoleum. Woodlawn was the destination for many human remains disinterred from cemeteries in more densely populated parts of New York City: Rutgers Street church graves were moved to Woodlawn. Most graves were re-interred with a stated date of December 20, 1866 into the Rutgers Plot, lots 147-170. West Farms Dutch Reformed Church, at Boone Avenue and 172nd Street in The Bronx, had most of its graves moved to Woodlawn Cemetery in 1867 and interred in the Rutgers Plot, Lots 214-221.
Bensonia Cemetery known as "Morrisania Cemetery", was a Native American burial ground. The graves were moved to Woodlawn Cemetery with a stated date of April 21, 1871 and re-interred into Lot 3. Public School #138, in The Bronx, is now on the site. Harlem Church Yard cemetery internees were moved to Woodlawn. Most graves were re-interred with a stated date of August 1, 1871 into the Sycamore Plot, lots 1061–1080. Nagle Cemetery remains were moved in November–December 1926 and reinterred in Primrose Plot, Lot 16150. Identities of those interred are unknown; the Dyckman-Nagle Burying Ground, West 212th Street at 9th Avenue, in the Borough of Manhattan, was established in 1677 and contained 417 plots. In 1905, the remains, with the exception of Staats Morris Dyckman and his family, were removed. By 1927, the Dyckman graves were moved to Woodlawn Cemetery; the former Dutch colonial-era cemetery is now a 207th Street subway train yard. The fictional cemetery of the Synagogue in Brooklyn in the film Once Upon a Time in America is located here, renamed "Riverdale Cemetery".
List of cemeteries in the United States List of mausolea List of National Historic Landmarks in New York City Rural Cemetery Act Woodlawn Official Page Woodlawn Cemetery at Find a Grave Photographs of graves of famous persons in Woodlawn Woodlawn Cemetery Records are held by the Drawings and Archives Department of the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University
Woodlawn Cemetery (Washington, D.C.)
Woodlawn Cemetery is a historic cemetery in the Benning Ridge neighborhood of Washington, D. C. in the United States. The 22.5-acre cemetery contains 36,000 burials, nearly all of them African Americans. The cemetery was added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 20, 1996; the District of Columbia was established in 1791, for the first 160 years of its existence nearly all cemeteries in the city were segregated by race. Many cemeteries refused to bury African Americans, while others separated whites from "colored people". By the 1880s, most of the city's African American population lived in the eastern part of the Federal City and Washington County and east of the Anacostia River. Just two cemeteries met the needs of the city's black populace: Graceland Cemetery and Payne's Cemetery. Woodlawn Cemetery was founded because of a crisis among the black burying grounds. Graceland Cemetery, founded in 1871 on the edge of the Federal City, was engulfed by residential development. By the early 1890s, the decomposition of bodies in the filled cemetery was polluting the nearby water supply and creating a health hazard.
The Commissioners of the District of Columbia pressed for the closure of Graceland to accommodate the need for housing. With Graceland on the verge of closing, a number of white citizens decided that a new burial ground, much farther from any development, was needed. Woodlawn's incorporators consisted of five white men: president, they formed the Woodlawn Cemetery Association, were incorporated on January 8, 1895. A 22.5-acre plot of land adjacent to Payne's Cemetery was purchased, a portion of, the site of the American Civil War's Fort Chaplin. Burial plots were laid out, Woodlawn Cemetery opened on May 13, 1895. Between May 14, 1895, October 7, 1898, nearly 6,000 sets of remains were transferred from Graceland Cemetery to several mass graves at Woodlawn Cemetery. Over the years, the closure of smaller churchyard cemeteries in the Federal City as well as some large burying grounds resulted in more mass graves; the last major transfer occurred from 1939 to 1940, when 139 full and partial sets of remains were relocated to Woodlawn.
In all a dozen mass graves came to exist at Woodlawn Cemetery. Woodlawn Cemetery remained the preeminent cemetery for the city's African Americans into the 1950s. Nonetheless, records at the site were badly kept, bodies were buried in the incorrect plots. Woodlawn was an integrated cemetery, in that it accepted burials of both blacks. Internally, however, it was segregated, with Caucasians being buried in a whites-only section; as the cemetery filled and space for burial became available in desegregated cemeteries, income from the sale of burial plots dropped significantly. White burials at Woodlawn, once a significant source of income, plummeted after 1912. Lacking a perpetual care trust, the cemetery fell into disrepair; the last burial was made there about 1969, with the total number of dead at the cemetery about 36,000. The Woodlawn Cemetery Association passed into the control of local resident Louis H. Bell and his son Richard Bell in 1961, they planned to restore the cemetery by advertising its historic nature and importance to the African American community, generate income for the restoration.
But they discovered. Lacking the funds to explore the cemetery and determine which spaces remained free, the Bells abandoned their restoration efforts and the cemetery fell further into disrepair. In 1967, angry lotholders and their heirs decided to seize control of Woodlawn Cemetery; the group was led by lotholder Willard Wimp. Thornton, they incorporated the Woodlawn Cemetery Perpetual Care Association, sued the Bells. After a five-year legal battle, during which the cemetery association was declared bankrupt and the cemetery ruled to be abandoned, Louis Bell agreed to turn Woodlawn over to the WCPCA in 1972. With little funds and relying on volunteer help, the WCPCA worked for two decades to restore Woodlawn Cemetery. Reclamation went slowly; when the Washington Metro began laying the route for the Blue Line in the early 1970s, the WCPCA offered to sell the western half of the cemetery to Metro to accommodate the Benning Road station. But Metro declined the offer. Woodlawn reopened for burials in 1975.
The WCPCA only raised enough money to pay for a twice-a-year weed cutting. In 1981, the association approved a plan to improve Woodlawn by having more than 5 short tons of fill dirt delivered to the cemetery; the goal was to use the earth to make it easier to maintain the grounds. Lacking funds for labor and equipment, however, a backhoe was used to move the fill dirt; this left a number of headstones buried under as much as 4 feet of earth, many others were damaged. The WCPCA acknowledged the situation was unfortunate, but made no plans to uncover the now-buried headstones. Financial problems at Woodlawn continued into the late 1980s; the Washington Post declared the cemetery so choked with weeds in 1987. The WCPCA established a five-year fundraising plan in 1987 to put the cemetery on a more financial footing; some financial assistance came
Woodlawn Cemetery (Las Vegas)
Woodlawn cemetery, consisting of 40 acres, is a cemetery located in Las Vegas, Nevada, listed on the United States National Register of Historic Places. It is owned by the City of Las Vegas and is a stop on the city's "Pioneer Trail", it houses the Veterans Circle that commemorates the sacrifice of Nevada veterans. The cemetery opened in 1914 on 10 acres of land and was designed by J. T. McWilliams; the cemetery was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on November 21, 1968. It is located at Owens. William H. Briare, mayor of Las Vegas "Nick the Greek" Dandolos, gambler "Diamondfield" Jack Davis and prospector Billy Guy, musician
Woodlawn Garden of Memories Cemetery
The Woodlawn Garden of Memories is a cemetery in Houston, Texas, included in the National Register of Historic Places. NRHP lists Dionicio Rodriguez as the cemetery's architect. Light, Patsy Pittman. Capturing Nature: The Cement Sculpture of Dionicio Rodriguez. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 978-1-58544-610-0
Showmen's Rest in Forest Park, Illinois, is a 750 plot section of Woodlawn Cemetery for circus performers owned by the Showmen's League of America The first performers and show workers that were buried there are in a mass grave from when between 56 and 61 employees of the Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus were interred. They were killed in the Hammond circus train wreck on June 22, 1918, at Hessville, when an empty Michigan Central Railroad troop train from Detroit, Michigan, to Chicago, plowed into their circus train; the engineer of the troop train, Alonzo Sargent, had fallen asleep. Among the dead were Arthur Dierckx and Max Nietzborn of the "Great Dierckx Brothers" strong man act and Jennie Ward Todd of "The Flying Wards"; the Showmen's League of America, formed in 1913 with Buffalo Bill Cody as its first president, had selected and purchased the burial land in Woodlawn Cemetery at the intersection of Cermak Road and Des Plaines Avenue in Forest Park, for its members. Services were held five days after the train wreck.
The identity of many victims of the wreck was unknown. Most of the markers note "unidentified male". One is marked "Smiley," another "Baldy," and "4 Horse Driver."The Showmen's Rest section of Woodlawn Cemetery is still used for burials of deceased showmen who are said to be performing now at the biggest of the Big Tops. A Memorial Day service is held at Woodlawn Cemetery every year. Other Showmen's Rests include one at Mount Olivet Cemetery, Oklahoma. Hugo is a winter circus home which calls itself Circus City, USA. In Miami, the largest Showmen's Rest is at Southern Memorial Park where large elephant and lion statues flank hundreds of markers commemorating circus greats and not-so-greats. Tampa, Florida's Showmen's Rest is located close to the Greater Tampa Showmen's Association near downtown. Following the wreck of June 22, 1918, the Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus had to cancel only two performances: the one in Hammond and its next stop Monroe, Wisconsin; this was due in part by the assistance by many of its so-called competitors, including Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus lending needed equipment and performers so that the show could go on.
The city of Hammond joined in to help the surviving circus performers and workers. Many of the city's residents and shopkeepers gave clothing as well. Statues of five elephants surround the Showmen's Rest section of Woodlawn Cemetery in Forest Park, Illinois; the elephants each have a foot raised with a ball underneath, the trunks lowered.. The base of the large central elephant is inscribed with "Showmen's League of America". On the others are the words "Showmen's Rest"; some nearby residents say. However, as a note, there were no elephants, and for those looking for an explanation for the sounds, Brookfield Zoo is only a few miles away. List of United States cemeteries Showmen's Rest webpage, Showmen's League of America Showmen's Rest at Find a Grave Annual Clown Week Observance/Celebration/Ceremony at Showmen's Rest National Showmen's Association Cemetery, New York Billboard article listing other Showmen's Rests
National Register of Historic Places listings in Jackson County, Illinois
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Jackson County, Illinois. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Jackson County, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register districts. There are 17 districts listed on the National Register in the county. Another property has been removed; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019. List of National Historic Landmarks in Illinois National Register of Historic Places listings in Illinois