The Harrisburg Stampede were a professional indoor football team based in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The Stampede participated in several different leagues over their history: the American Indoor Football Association in 2009 and 2010, the Southern Indoor Football League in 2011, American Indoor Football in 2012 and 2013, the Professional Indoor Football League in what became their final season of play in 2014; the team suspended operations on December 30, 2014. The Stampede played their home games at the Pennsylvania Farm Show Complex & Expo Center for their first five seasons. In 2014, they played in the Giant Center in nearby Hershey; the "Stampede" name alluded to the team's original home venue, which hosts the annual Pennsylvania Farm Show, the team's colors were blue and white. The team was co-founded by Fred Clark. In September 2008, the team announced that they would use the nickname "Stampede" after narrowing a list of entries down to 3. In the Stampede's inaugural game, they beat an opposing team of American Indoor Football Association All-Stars, 46–26, in the 2009 AIFA Kickoff Classic.
In their first regular season game, the Stampede were defeated by the reigning AIFA champion, Florence Phantoms by a score of 19 - 13. In their second regular season game, the Stampede defeated the Baltimore Mariners 37-34. After a 2-4 start, Morris fired head coach Kelly Logan and replaced him with defensive coordinator, Mike McDonald. Marques Colston, a New Orleans Saints wide receiver, held a share during the team's first season. Colston left the group after the inaugural season. For the 2010 season, the team hired Ramon Robinson as their head coach. Robinson helped the Stampede turn their record around, leading them to an 11-3 regular season record, clinching a playoff spot; the #2 seeded Stampede defeated the #3 Erie Storm by a score of 52-48 in the first Stampede playoff game ever. The following week, the Stampede were defeated by the undefeated Mariners by a score of 65-13 in the Eastern Conference Championship Game; the Stampede began the 2011 season by naming Bernie Nowotarski the team's head coach and general manager.
2011 brought a new league for the Stampede, as they moved into the Southern Indoor Football League after the merger of the AIFA's Eastern Conference with the SIFL After an 0–6 start to the 2011 season, Nowotarski was removed as General Manager and Head Coach of the Stampede. He was replaced by Josh Resignalo; the following season, the SIFL disbanded, leading the Stampede to re-join their former league, now going by American Indoor Football. In 2012, the team joined American Indoor Football, the league was run by previous AIFA owner/CEO John Morris. In January 2012, Morris sold the team to local businessman Justin Coble, who made moves to broaden the fan base and re-energize the city of Harrisburg about the Stampede team; as of August 2012 Marques Colston's Dynasty Group acquired full control of the team and had continued to grow the footprint of the Stampede with its primary mission of servicing the community in the Greater Harrisburg area. The Stampede advanced to the AIF Championship Game for the second straight year in 2013, this time defeating the Cape Fear Heroes 57-42 earning their first title.
In September 2013, the Stampede announced that they would be joining the Professional Indoor Football League for the 2014 season. After the 2014 season, on December 30, 2014, Colston shuttered the team due to financial problems and purchased a stake in the Philadelphia Soul of the Arena Football League; the following Stampede players were named to All-League Teams: QB E. J. Nemeth RB Victory Sesay WR Scorpio Brown, Colis Martin, Jerrell Jones OL Randall Bennett, Adam Hoffman, Troy Bennett DL Daniel Orlebar, Fearon Wright, Jashawn Williams, Amara Kamara LB Vincent Tiberi, Jermaine Thaxton, Will Hines DB Richard Johnson, Armar Watson, Travis Proctor K Cap Poklemba KR Armar Watson Official website Stampede's 2009 stats Stampede's 2010 stats Stampede's 2011 stats
A running back is an American and Canadian football position, a member of the offensive backfield. The primary roles of a running back are to receive handoffs from the quarterback for a rushing play, to catch passes from out of the backfield, to block. There are one or two running backs on the field for a given play, depending on the offensive formation. A running back may be a wingback or a fullback. A running back will sometimes be called a "feature back"; the halfback or tailback position is responsible for carrying the ball on the majority of running plays, may be used as a receiver on short passing plays. In the modern game, an effective halfback must have a blend of both quickness and agility as a runner, as well as sure hands and good vision up-field as a receiver. Quarterbacks depend on halfbacks as a safety valve receiver when primary targets downfield are covered or when they are under pressure. Halfbacks line up as additional wide receivers; when not serving either of these functions, the primary responsibility of a halfback is to aid the offensive linemen in blocking, either to protect the quarterback or another player carrying the football.
If a team uses a Wildcat formation the halfback is the one who receives the snap directly instead of the quarterback. As a trick play, running backs are used to pass the ball on a halfback option play or halfback pass; the difference between halfback and tailback is the position of the player in the team's offensive formation. In historical formations, the halfback lined up halfway between the line of scrimmage and the fullback; because the halfback is the team's main ball carrier, modern offensive formations have positioned the halfback behind the fullback, to take advantage of the fullback's blocking abilities. As a result, some systems or playbooks will call for a tailback as opposed to a halfback. In Canadian football, the term tailback is used interchangeably with running back, while the use of the term halfback is exclusively reserved for the defensive halfback, which refers to the defensive back halfway between the linebackers and the cornerbacks. In most modern college and professional football schemes, fullbacks carry the ball infrequently, instead using their stronger physiques as primary "lead blockers."
On most running plays, the fullback leads the halfback, attempting to block potential tacklers before they reach the ball carrier. When fullbacks are called upon to carry the ball, the situation calls for gaining a short amount of yardage, as the fullback can use his bulkiness to avoid being tackled early. Fullbacks are sometimes receivers for passing plays, although most plays call for the fullback to block any defensive players that make it past the offensive line, a skill referred to as "blitz pickup". Fullbacks are technically running backs, but today the term "running back" is used in referring to the halfback or tailback. Although modern fullbacks are used as ball carriers, in previous offensive schemes fullbacks would be the designated ball carriers. In high school football, where player sizes vary fullbacks are still used as ball carriers. In high school and college offenses, the triple option scheme uses the fullback as a primary ball carrier; the fullback plays a unique role by establishing an inside running threat on every play.
College teams such as Georgia Tech and Air Force have employed the triple option scheme. While in years past the fullback lined up on the field for every offensive play, teams opt to replace the fullback with an additional wide receiver or a tight end in modern football. Fullbacks in the National Football League today carry or catch the ball since they are used exclusively as blockers. Fullbacks are still used as rushers on plays when a short gain is needed for a first-down or touchdown or to surprise the defense since they are not expecting a full back to run or catch the ball. Pro Football Hall of Fame members Jim Brown, Marion Motley, Franco Harris, John Riggins, Larry Csonka were fullbacks. There is a diversity in those. At one extreme are smaller, shiftier players; these quick and elusive running backs are called "scat backs" because their low center of gravity and maneuverability allow them to dodge tacklers. Running backs known for their elusiveness include Red Grange, Hugh McElhenny, Gale Sayers, Barry Sanders.
At the other extreme are "power backs:" bigger, stronger players who can break through tackles using brute strength and raw power. They are slower runners compared to other backs, run straight ahead rather than dodging to the outside edges of the playing field. Hall of Famers Earl Campbell, Bronko Nagurski, John Riggins, Larry Csonka, as well as NFL all-time leading rusher Emmitt Smith, were considered power running backs. Over the years, NFL running backs have been used as receivers out of the backfield. On passing plays, a running back will run a "safe route," such as a hook or a flat route, that gives a quarterback a target when all other receivers are covered or when the quarterback feels pressured. Hall of Famer Lenny Moore was a halfback who played as a pass receiver; some teams have a specialist "third down back,", skilled at catching passes or better at pass blocking and "picking up the blitz," and thus is
Clemson Tigers football
The Clemson Tigers, known traditionally as the "Clemson University Fighting Tigers,” represent Clemson University in the sport of American football. The Tigers compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision of the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the Atlantic Division of the Atlantic Coast Conference. Ranked among the most elite college football programs in the United States, the team is known for its storied history, distinctive helmet, fight song and colors as well as the many traditions associated with the school. Formed in 1896, the program has over 700 wins and has achieved three consensus Division I Football National Championships in the modern era, were College Football Playoff National Championship Finalists in 2015, 2016, 2018, winning the championship game over the Alabama Crimson Tide for the 2016 and 2018 seasons. Clemson has had 6 undefeated seasons, 4 consecutive College Football Playoff appearances, 24 conference championships, 7 divisional titles, has produced over 100 All-Americans, 17 Academic All-Americans and over 200 NFL players.
Clemson has had seven members inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame including former players Banks McFadden, Terry Kinard, Jeff Davis, former coaches John Heisman, Jess Neely, Frank Howard, Danny Ford. Clemson's streak of eight consecutive 10 win seasons ranks second in active streaks behind the Alabama Crimson Tide; the Tigers have had fifteen seasons with 10 wins or more, nine of them with 11 to 12 wins or more by the end of the postseason. With 24 total conference titles, Clemson is one of the founding members of the ACC, holds 18 ACC titles, the most of any member, holds the most combined conference football titles of any Atlantic Coast Conference school; the Tigers' most recent ACC championships were won "four in a row" from 2015 to 2018, the latter with a 12–0 regular season and a 42–10 win over the Pittsburgh Panthers. Among its seven undefeated regular seasons, Clemson was crowned poll-era National Champions and finished with its third perfect season with a win over Nebraska in the 48th Orange Bowl, was the National Championship Finalist Runner-up with a 14–1 record in 2015.
The following season, Clemson won the National Title over #1 Alabama in college football's first National Championship rematch in 2016, again in 2018. The Tigers have 44 bowl appearances, 19 of which are among the New Year's Six Bowls, including 9 during the "Big Four" era. Clemson has finished in the Final Top 25 rankings 33 times in the modern era, finished in either the AP or Coaches Polls a combined 57 times since 1939; the Tigers play their home games in Memorial Stadium on the university's Clemson, South Carolina campus. The stadium is known as "Death Valley" after a Presbyterian College head coach gave it the moniker in 1948 due to the many defeats his teams suffered there, it is the 16th largest stadium in college football. Walter Merritt Riggs can be characterized as the "Father of Clemson Football", as he brought the game with him from Agricultural and Mechanical College of Alabama; the fact that Auburn and Clemson share the same mascot is no accident. Riggs allowed his players to pick the team mascot and, although he may have influenced their decision, the players chose Tigers because Princeton University had just won the national championship.
Riggs helped organize and coach the infant Tiger team in 1896. With little money to spend on uniforms, Riggs brought some of Auburn's old practice uniforms with him, which happened to have orange and navy jerseys; because the jerseys had gone through a few washboard scrubbings, they were quite faded, the navy worse than the orange. So Riggs made the school's predominant color orange and the faded condition of the navy became the purplish color known today as Regalia; the team played as a member of the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association, the first southern athletics conference. When the Tigers traveled to Greenville on Halloween to play Furman in their first match, only Coach Riggs and backfield player Frank Thompkins had seen a football game played. Today in Clemson, the soccer field is named Historic Riggs field after Walter Riggs. Riggs took the team to a 2–1 record in the inaugural year, he stepped aside at the urging of the military cadets/students, who felt that he should concentrate on his scholastic duties rather than coach the team for free.
William M. Williams coached the Tigers in 1897; the team was state champion. In 1898, John Penton led the Tigers to a 3–1 record. In 1899, when the Clemson Athletic Association could not afford a coaching salary, Riggs again took over the reins, one of only two Clemson football coaches to return to the position after stepping down; the 1899 squad went 4–2. Riggs' overall record of 6–3 gives him a.667 winning percentage. After decade as a Mechanical Engineering professor, he was named acting president of Clemson Agricultural College in 1910, being confirmed by the Board of Trustees as permanent president on March 7, 1911, he served until his untimely death on January 22, 1924 while on a trip to Washington, D. C. to meet with officials of other land grant institutions. Riggs hired John Heisman to coach Clemson. Heisman stayed only four years at Clemson, where he compiled a record of 19–3–2, an.833 percentage, the best in Clemson football history. In four seasons, he had two SIAA titles. In his first season of 1900, he coached the Tigers to their first undefeated season, first conference championship, outscoring their opponents 222–10 – the 64–0 win over Davidson on opening day was the largest score made in the South.
The season had various other "firsts", including the school's first defeat of th
2001 NFL Draft
The 2001 NFL draft was the 66th annual meeting of National Football League franchises to select newly eligible football players. The draft, referred to as the "NFL Player Selection Meeting," was held at the Theater at Madison Square Garden in New York City, New York on April 21–22, 2001; each team is assigned one pick per round with the order based on the reverse order of finish in the previous season with the team with the worst record receiving the first draft slot. Exceptions to this are the Super Bowl participants from the previous season — the champion Baltimore Ravens were assigned the final draft slot and the runner-up New York Giants assigned the 30th slot in each round; the draft was broadcast on ESPN and ESPN2. Due to previous trades, the Dallas Cowboys and Tennessee Titans did not have selections in the first round. More than half of the players selected in the draft's first round would be elected to at least one Pro Bowl; the first player selected in the draft was quarterback Michael Vick from Virginia Tech, selected by the Atlanta Falcons after they acquired the first pick in a trade with the San Diego Chargers.
Vick spent six seasons with the Falcons before being sentenced to 21 months in prison for his involvement in an illegal interstate dog fighting ring rebounding his career with the Philadelphia Eagles after being released from prison and winning the NFL's Comeback Player of the Year Award in 2010. Florida State quarterback Chris Weinke, the 2000 winner of the Heisman Trophy, awarded to the player deemed most outstanding in college football, was selected in the fourth round by the Carolina Panthers. After being a regular starter for the Panthers in his first season, during which Carolina posted a 1–15 record, Weinke played only 12 games over his final five seasons before being released; the last player selected, who traditionally receives the unofficial title Mr. Irrelevant, was Tevita Ofahengaue of Brigham Young University, chosen by the Arizona Cardinals. Ofahengaue never played in the NFL, in 2011 was charged with stealing gasoline from a construction company in Salt Lake City, he is the Player Personnel Director at BYU.
There were 31 compensatory selections distributed among 16 teams during rounds three through seven, with the Jacksonville Jaguars and Buffalo Bills receiving 4 picks each. The University of Miami was the college with the most players selected in the first round, with Dan Morgan, Damione Lewis, Santana Moss and Reggie Wayne all picked at that stage. Across the whole draft, Florida State University had the most players selected, a total of nine compared to Miami's seven. No teams elected to claim any players in the 2001 supplemental draft. In the explanations below, denotes trades that took place during the draft, while indicates trades completed pre-draft. Round one Round two Round three Round four Round five Round six Round seven The 246 players chosen in the draft were composed of: General references"2001 NFL Draft". NFL.com. Archived from the original on December 8, 2008. Retrieved November 5, 2008. "2001 NFL Draft Pick Transactions". ProSportsTransactions.com. Archived from the original on November 6, 2013.
Retrieved November 6, 2013. "Pro Football Hall of Fame – 2001 Draft History". Archived from the original on May 15, 2007. Retrieved May 3, 2007. Trade references Specific references
Orangeburg, South Carolina
Orangeburg known as The Garden City, is the principal city in and the county seat of Orangeburg County, South Carolina, United States. The population of the city was 13,964 according to the 2010 United States Census; the city is located 37 miles southeast of Columbia, on the north fork of the Edisto River in the Piedmont area. Two black institutions of higher education are located in Orangeburg: Claflin University and South Carolina State University. European settlement in this area started in 1704 when George Sterling set up a post here for fur trade with Native Americans. To encourage settlement, the General Assembly of the Province of South Carolina in 1730 organized the area as a township, naming it Orangeburg for Prince William IV of Orange, the son-in-law of King George II of Great Britain. In 1735, a colony of 200 Swiss and Dutch immigrants formed a community near the banks of the North Edisto River; the site was attractive because of the abundance of wildlife. The river provided the all-important transportation waterway to the port of Charleston on the Atlantic coast for the area's agriculture and lumber products, for shipping goods upriver.
The town soon became a well-established and successful colony, composed chiefly of small yeomen farmers. Orangeburg's first church was established by a German Lutheran congregation, it identified as an Anglican Church, the established church and exempt from colonial taxation. The church building was erected prior to 1763 in the center of the village. A new church was built. After the American Revolution, the character of the county changed dramatically. Invention by Eli Whitney of a mass-produced cotton gin for processing short-staple or "green seed" cotton made this type of cotton profitable, it was grown in the upland areas, the county was developed into large cotton plantations. Agricultural labor was provided by enslaved African Americans, many brought into the area in a forced migration from the coastal areas or the Upper South via the domestic slave trade. Slaves became the majority of population in the city. Freed after the Civil War, blacks began to gain educations, two colleges were established in the city, the second designated as a land grant institution for all black students in the state under segregation.
Blacks were subject to Jim Crow laws passed by the Democrat-dominated state legislature. In 1919 The Orangeburg Regional Medical Center opened. Efforts by blacks to regain civil rights increased in the postwar period after World War II. In the 1960s, Orangeburg was a major center of Civil Rights Movement activities by students from both Claflin College and South Carolina State College as well as black residents of the city. After the US Supreme Court ruling in Brown v. Board of Education declaring segregation in public schools to be unconstitutional, local blacks sought integration of local schools in 1956. Whites retaliated economically, evicting them from rental housing. College students came to their support with hunger strikes and mass marches. In 1960, over 400 students were arrested on sit-ins and integration marches organized by the Congress of Racial Equality. In August 1963, the Orangeburg Freedom Movement, chaired by Dr. Harlowe Caldwell of the NAACP, submitted 10 pro-integration demands to the Orangeburg Mayor and City Council.
After negotiations failed, mass demonstrations similar to those in the Birmingham campaign in Alabama resulted in more than 1,300 arrests. Local efforts to end segregation in public places continued after Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. On February 8, 1968, after days of protests against a segregated bowling alley, violence broke out near the bowling alley as police attacked Black students from South Carolina State. Police opened fire on a crowd of students, killing Samuel Hammond, Henry Smith, Delano Middleton, wounding 27 others in what became known as the "Orangeburg Massacre". In May 2000, the city created the Orangeburg County Community of Character initiative, it is a collaborative effort in community development by the Downtown Orangeburg Revitalization Association, The Times and Democrat newspaper, the Orangeburg County Chamber of Commerce, the Orangeburg County Development Commission. In 2005, the National Civic League awarded Orangeburg County the All-America City Award which recognizes and encourages civic excellence.
It honors communities in which citizens, government and non-profit organizations demonstrate successful resolution of critical community issues. In 2007, Orangeburg hosted the first Democratic U. S. presidential candidate debate of the campaign season at Martin Luther King Jr. Auditorium on the campus of South Carolina State University. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.3 square miles, of which 8.3 square miles is land and 0.12% is water. The climate in this area is characterized by high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Orangeburg has a Humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the census of 2010, there were 13,964 people, 4,512 households, 2,526 families residing in the city. Th
2003 NFL season
The 2003 NFL season was the 84th regular season of the National Football League. Regular-season play was held from September 4, 2003, to December 28, 2003. Due to damage caused by the Cedar Fire, Qualcomm Stadium was used as an emergency shelter, thus the Miami Dolphins–San Diego Chargers regular-season match on October 27 was instead played at Sun Devil Stadium, the home field of the Arizona Cardinals; the playoffs began on January 3, 2004. The NFL title was won by the New England Patriots when they defeated the Carolina Panthers, 32–29, in Super Bowl XXXVIII at Reliant Stadium in Houston, Texas, on February 1; this was the last season until the 2016 NFL season where neither of the previous Super Bowl participants made the playoffs. If an onside kick inside the final five minutes of the game does not go 10 yards, goes out of bounds, or is touched illegally, the receiving team will have the option of accepting the penalty and getting the ball immediately; the kicking team was penalized, but had another chance to kick again from five yards back.
League officials encouraged networks to cut to a commercial break if an instant replay challenge review was initiated. Networks were not permitted to utilize those game stoppages for their prescribed commercial periods. Dick Hantak and Bob McElwee retired in the 2003 off-season. Hantak joined the league as a back judge in 1978, was assigned Super Bowl XVII in that position, he was promoted to referee in 1986, working Super Bowl XXVII. McElwee joined the NFL in 1976 as a line judge, became a referee in 1980, he was the referee for three Super Bowls: XXII, XXVIII, XXXIV. Walt Anderson and Pete Morelli were promoted to referee to replace McElwee. Cincinnati Bengals – Marvin Lewis. Dallas Cowboys – Bill Parcells. Detroit Lions – Steve Mariucci. Jacksonville Jaguars – Jack Del Rio. San Francisco 49ers – Dennis Erickson. Philadelphia Eagles – New stadium: Lincoln Financial Field. New Orleans Saints – New AstroPlay home turf by mid-season Atlanta Falcons – New FieldTurf surface Green Bay Packers – New remodeled Lambeau Field Chicago Bears – New remodelled Soldier Field.
Buffalo Bills – New AstroPlay home turf Atlanta Falcons – New logo, new uniforms Detroit Lions – New uniforms, added black trim on logo and numbers Philadelphia Eagles – Added silver trim to numbers on uniforms. Introduce new home alternative uniforms. Black uniforms with white numbers with midnight green shadow in numbers. San Diego Chargers – White pants with road uniforms. New England Patriots – Added third alternative uniforms. Silver uniforms. Miami Dolphins – Added third alternate uniforms. Orange uniforms. Houston Texans – Added third alternate uniforms. Red Uniforms. Cleveland Browns – Added new alternate orange pants last worn in the Kardiac Kids era of coach Sam Rutigliano. Tennessee Titans – Added third alternate uniforms, powder blue Indianapolis finished ahead of Tennessee in the AFC South based on better head-to-head record. Denver clinched the AFC 6 seed instead of Miami based on better conference record. Buffalo finished ahead of N. Y. Jets in the AFC East based on better division record.
Jacksonville finished ahead of Houston in the AFC South based on better division record. Oakland finished ahead of San Diego in the AFC West based on better conference record. Philadelphia clinched the NFC 1 seed instead of St. Louis based on better conference record. Seattle clinched the NFC 5 seed instead of Dallas based on strength of victory. Within each conference, the four division winners and the two wild card teams qualified for the playoffs; the four division winners are seeded 1 through 4 based on their overall won-lost-tied record, the wild card teams are seeded 5 and 6. The NFL does not use a fixed bracket playoff system, there are no restrictions regarding teams from the same division matching up in any round. In the first round, dubbed the wild-card playoffs or wild-card weekend, the third-seeded division winner hosts the sixth seed wild card, the fourth seed hosts the fifth; the 1 and 2 seeds from each conference receive a bye in the first round. In the second round, the divisional playoffs, the number 1 seed hosts the worst surviving seed from the first round, while the number 2 seed will play the other team.
The two surviving teams from each conference's divisional playoff games meet in the respective AFC and NFC Conference Championship games, hosted by the higher seed. Although the Super Bowl, the fourth and final round of the playoffs, is played at a neutral site, the designated home team is based on an annual rotation by conference. * Indicates overtime victory ** Indicates double overtime victory The following teams and players set all-time NFL records during the season: The 2003 NFL Draft was held from April 26 to 27, 2003 at New York City's Theater at Madison Square Garden. With the first pick, the Cincinnati Bengals selected quarterback Carson Palmer from the University of Southern California. NFL Record and Fact Book NFL History 2001– Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League Football Outsiders 2003 Team Efficiency Ratings Pro Football Reference.com – 2003
The Frankfurt Galaxy was a professional American football team that played in the World League of American Football and in the resurrected NFL Europe. The team was based in Frankfurt and played in the Commerzbank-Arena called Waldstadion; the Galaxy was the only team in the league to have remained in operation and in the same city throughout the league's existence. In September 2014 it was announced that the Frankfurt Football Betriebs GmbH had purchased the rights for the Frankfurt Galaxy from the NFL, it plans to rename the Frankfurt Universe, playing in the German Football League 2 into Frankfurt Galaxy and to take the former's spot in the league in 2015. An attempt to do the same in 2007 had failed because the naming rights lay with the NFL. In 1991, the Galaxy was a founding member of the World League of American Football, they hosted the first WLAF game against the London Monarchs at the Waldstadion on March 23, 1991 and scored the first WLAF points with a safety, but lost the game. When the World League resumed in 1995, the Galaxy, the Monarchs, Barcelona Dragons were the only former WLAF teams that continued playing.
Before it folded, Frankfurt Galaxy was the oldest pro football team outside of the NFL and CFL. Frankfurt played in the last NFL Europa game, losing the 2007 World Bowl to Hamburg; the Frankfurt Galaxy's record eight appearances in the 15 World Bowl games were evenly split in the composite standings with four wins and four losses. The Football Database