Dunston, Tyne and Wear
Dunston is the most westerly part of the town of Gateshead on the south bank of the River Tyne, in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, North East England. Dunston had a population of 18,326 at the 2011 Census. Dunston is served by Dunston railway station on the Tyne Valley Line. Dunston is split into two areas separated by the A1 dual carriageway. Much of the area south of the A1 is known as Dunston Hill. For electoral purposes, the northern section is grouped along with the Teams area to form Dunston and Teams ward, while the southern section is combined with parts of Whickham, forming Dunston Hill and Whickham East. To the west of Dunston is the site of Dunston Power Station, now demolished; the site is now home to Costco, with the MetroCentre, occupying the former site of the station's ash ponds. The Gateshead-based Go-Ahead Group has constructed a new bus depot to replace its Sunderland Road and Winlaton depots on the eastern part of the power station site. Another Dunston landmark was the Derwent Tower, a tower block, once the highest building in Gateshead.
It was designed by the Owen Luder Partnership and completed in 1973. A well-known structure that had appeared in two films, it was demolished in 2012, it had always proved unpopular with residents, fallen into a poor condition: Gateshead Council decided that the renovation costs would be prohibitive. As of 2016, the remainder of the late 1960s Tower Court development was being replaced by new housing and shops. Luder designed the maligned Trinity Centre Multi-Storey Car Park, in Gateshead town centre. On 6 June 1993 the IRA attacked a gas holder in the nearby area of Low Team; the damage was limited, no one was injured. Dunston has one sports team, association football club called Dunston UTS who play in the Northern League. Dunston is known for wooden coal staiths, first opened in 1893 as a structure for loading coal from the North Durham coalfield onto ships. In the 1920s, 140,000 tons of coal per week were loaded from the staiths, they continued to be used until the 1970s, they were a shipping point for coke produced at the nearby Norwood Coke Works, as well as pencil pitch manufactured at the Thomas Ness Tar Works using by-products from the Norwood plant and the Redheugh Gasworks.
Throughout their working life, motive power for shunting wagons on the staiths and in their extensive sidings known as the Norwood Coal Yard came in the form of locomotives from Gateshead MPD. The staiths' output declined with the contraction of the coal industry, they were closed and dismantled in 1980. Now redundant, the railway lines leading to the staiths were lifted allowing the demolition of several low bridges that had become a nuisance to bus operators by limiting the routes available to double-deckers in the area. For many years, the men who worked on the staiths, known as teemers and trimmers, had their own room in the nearby Dunston Excelsior Club. For anyone not employed in the club or on the staiths, access to the room was by invite only, the staithesmen held a reputation for unceremoniously ejecting anyone who fell foul of this rule; the staiths was restored and opened to the public as part of the Gateshead Garden Festival in 1990, following similar events in Liverpool, Stoke-on-Trent and Glasgow.
The Garden Festival was divided into five zones, Eslington, The Boulevard and Riverside. It was spread over a large area of Dunston and the lower Team Valley occupied by heavy industries. Though other parts of the Garden Festival site, such as Dunston and Norwood, in the Team Valley, gained an immediate spur for regeneration, The Boulevard was left as a green space. Riverside, centred around the staiths and the site of the former gasworks, was derelict and inaccessible for the remainder of the 1990s, although parts of the site have now been developed into new housing. Today, the staiths are reputed to be the largest wooden structure in Europe, are protected as a Listed Building and a Scheduled Ancient Monument. In 2002, work began on a development of riverside houses designed by Wayne Hemingway. Known as Staiths South Bank, this development celebrates the area's heritage as well as improving the setting for the historic structure. In the early hours of 20 November 2003, a section of the staiths was destroyed by fire.
As a result, access onto the Staiths themselves is not possible, but the structure can be viewed from the new riverside walkway, constructed as part of the Staiths South Bank development. In 2005 Gateshead Council commissioned a study into possible options for the Staiths' restoration; the Staiths suffered further fire damage in July 2010. Following the award of a Heritage Lottery Fund grant of £420,000, restoration of the structure is expected to begin in the near future. Footballers Paul Gascoigne and Ray Hudson, the former lead singer of AC/DC Brian Johnson all spent their formative years in Dunston. Champion rower and boat-builder Harry Clasper was born in Dunston, Victoria Hopper, the celebrated Canadian-born British stage and film actress and singer, was raised in Dunston. Dunston In Pictures, Photo Gallery
Kibblesworth is a village 2 miles west of Birtley and Wear, England. Kibblesworth was a rural community until the development of the pit and brickworks and the resulting increase in population. Now, after the closure of the pit, few of the residents work in the village. In County Durham, it was transferred into the newly created county of Tyne and Wear in 1974; the village's name means "Cybbel's Enclosure". Kibblesworth is in the parish of Lamesley. While the area was agricultural, this was the centre of worship for the people of Kibblesworth. After the development of the mining industry, the Primitive Methodist Chapel and Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, provided social as well as religious life for the village; the present chapel was built by the Wesleyan Methodists in 1913. The Primitive Methodist Chapel has now been converted into flats. Although there had been coal-mining in the Kibblesworth area from medieval times few men were employed in the industry until the sinking of Robert Pit in 1842. From this date the fortunes of the village followed those of the industry with particular black spots during the strikes of 1921 and 1926 and the depression of the 1930s, high spots in the boom of the 1950s and 60s, closure of the pit in 1974.
The Bowes Railway was used for the transport of coal from Kibblesworth to the River Tyne at Jarrow. The line was started by George Stephenson in 1826 and extended to Kibblesworth when Robert Pit was sunk in 1842; the railway used three types of power - locomotives, stationary steam engines and self-acting inclines. There is now a cycletrack; the square at Spout Burn was built to house the miners of Robert Pit. It was demolished between 1965 and 1966, replaced by old people's bungalows the following year and the Grange Estate from 1973. Better known as'the Barracks', Kibblesworth Old Hall was divided up into tenements; the memory survives, in the street named Barrack Terrace. The hall was demolished and replaced by the Miner's Institute in 1934; the area has been redeveloped for housing. In 1855 a short test tunnel for the London Underground was built in Kibbleworth, because it had geological properties similar to London; this test tunnel was used for two years in the development of the first underground train.
Kibblesworth Hall was for many years the home of the colliery manager. It was demolished in 1973; the original Kibblesworth School was built in 1875, closed in 1972. It has since been redeveloped using Lottery funding to house the village community centre known as the'Millennium Centre'; the present school opened in 1972. 1842 The sinking of Robert Pit 1842-1850 The Square and Barrack Terrace built Old Hall converted to tenements 1855 Metropolitan Railway dug a small tunnel to test digging skills before moving onto London. 1862 Causey Row built 1864 The Opening of Primitive Methodist Chapel 1867 The Opening of Wesleyan Methodist Chapel 1875 The Opening of school 1901 School extensions built, Coronation Terrace built 1908 The Old Plough Inn demolished 1913 The Opening of New Wesleyan Chapel 1914 The Crescent built and Grange Drift opened 1921 Miners' strike 1922 First aged miners' homes, opposite Liddle Terrace 1926 General Strike 1932 Closure of Grange Drift 1934 Barracks demolished and Miners' Welfare Institute built on site 1936 First council housing in Ashvale Avenue and Laburnum Crescent 1947 Nationalisation of the pits 1965 The Square demolished 1974 Closure of the pit Si King, TV presenter.
Michael Aynsley, Pet Detective. Media related to Kibblesworth at Wikimedia Commons
Newcastle City Centre
Newcastle City Centre, is the city centre of Newcastle upon Tyne, England. Newcastle city centre is the historical heart of the city and the main cultural and commercial centre of North East England. Along with nearby Gateshead town centre, which lies on the opposite side of the River Tyne, the city centre forms the central core of the Tyneside conurbation; the area may be divided into the areas of Haymarket, Central station, Grainger Town, Monument and Chinatown. Haymarket is the northern edge of the city centre bordered by Spital Tongues and Jesmond to the north west and north east respectively, it is the location of Newcastle Civic Centre, Newcastle University, Northumbria University, Haymarket bus station and the City Pool, is a business area. The Church of St Thomas the Martyr is a prominent landmark in the area opposite the Metro station at the northern end of Northumberland Street, the city's main shopping street; the Quayside is a more modern part of Newcastle city centre known for its restaurants.
Four bridges cross the River Tyne at the Quayside: The High Level Bridge, the Swing Bridge, the Tyne Bridge and the Gateshead Millennium Bridge. The QuayLink bus route links the area with Monument and Haymarket and Central station, Gateshead metro stations; the path along the river forms part of the cycle network eastwards towards North Shields and Tynemouth and westwards to Hexham. Newcastle railway station, or locally known as Central station, is surrounded by an assortment of bars and clubs. Towards the western end is the city's popular Gay District known locally as the Pink Triangle; the Centre for Life on Times Square, Metro Radio Arena, Newcastle Cathedral, Discovery Museum and the Mill Volvo Tyne Theatre are all located in the vicinity, as is the city's coach station. Grainger Town is the streets between, encompassing, Pilgrim Street, Clayton Street and Blackett Street, it was built in the mid-19th century and, today, is an area centred on shopping and most notable neo-classical architecture.
The Theatre Royal is situated on Grey Street. The Grainger Market is a covered market built to house the traders displaced during the re-modelling of the city. Gallowgate is a small area surrounding St James' Park, the stadium of Newcastle United F. C, St James Metro station, named after the main road running through the area. There are a small number of pubs in the area but it is not a major area of residence, except for some student accommodation. Businesses include and various law firms in Citygate and the built Time Central, a Sainsbury local store and sandwich shops. Behind it is Leazes Park; the area is to host a 400 square metre memorial garden to Sir Bobby Robson. Work began on it in November 2010, with it due to be opened in Spring 2011. Chinatown is on the western edge of the city centre centred on Stowell Street with a number of Chinese restaurants and the rear entrance to The Gate; the Tyne and Wear Metro has four stations in Newcastle city centre. Running north to south, Haymarket and Central Station are on both the Green and Yellow lines which run northbound to the Airport or towards the coast via Whitley Bay and southbound to South Hylton or South Shields.
St James is the western terminus of the Yellow precedes Monument. Trains run towards the coast via North Shields. Newcastle has two bus stations for regional terminating bus services. Services heading north and east use Haymarket bus station, whilst those to the south and west use Eldon Square bus station. Both bus stations are operated by Nexus. Many roads in the city centre are have bus lanes. Stagecoach is the predominant operator for bus services within the city, which tend to call at several stops in the city centre rather than at a bus station; the QuayLink service, with its bright yellow electric buses, has two routes - Q1 from Haymarket to Quayside and Q2 from Central Station to Gateshead. For long-distance coach services, National Express uses Newcastle Coach Station on St James Boulevard, Megabus stop outside Central Station. Newcastle, known locally as Central, is the city's mainline railway station and a principal stop on the East Coast Main Line From there, local and national destinations served directly.
Manors is the only other station in the city, but it has a limited service
Tyne and Wear Fire and Rescue Service
Tyne and Wear Fire and Rescue Service Tyne and Wear Metropolitan Fire Brigade, is the fire and rescue service for the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear. The service provides emergency fire cover to the five comprising metropolitan boroughs of Sunderland, Newcastle Upon Tyne, North Tyneside and South Tyneside, serving a population of 1.09 million people and a total geographical area of 538 square kilometres. Tyne and Wear Fire and Rescue Authority is responsible for the running of the service, as well as the publication of performance indicators in accordance with its legal obligations. In April 2017, Chris Lowther was appointed Chief Fire Officer. In November 2018, the service announced proposals to cut frontline operations in order to meet budget requirements imposed by the Government; the proposals are under public consultation and members of the public are welcome to complete the consultation survey and attend the remaining meetings, a full list of which can be found at the Tyne and Wear Fire Service website.
The public consultation ends in January 2019. Tyne and Wear Fire and Rescue Service was established as Tyne and Wear Metropolitan Fire Brigade in 1974 as a result of changes to area boundaries within the North East of England. A fire service did exist through delivery of several smaller fire services established under the Fire Brigades Act 1938 which made it a requirement for local authorities to provide fire cover to their area, although the smaller services were never united as one service as they are today until 1974. During the second World War, all local fire services in the region and on a national level created under the 1938 legislation were nationalised to form the National Fire Service, remaining this way until the Fire Services Act 1947 which handed control back of fire cover back to local authorities in 1948; when the service was established in 1974, it brought together four small local fire services and parts of two others to form the service that exists today. In June 2003 Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott submitted a white paper to Parliament outlining reforms to the Fire Service in the UK.
Part of the reforms outlined included changing the name of fire services across the UK to'Fire and Rescue Service', giving greater emphasis to the changing role of the fire service. In 2004, following further government publications, the name of the service was changed from Tyne and Wear Metropolitan Fire Brigade to Tyne and Wear Fire and Rescue Service, with post-2004 vehicle livery and all other parts of the service reflecting the name change. In 2006, the service had built six new fire stations under the Public Private Partnership initiative, replacing older fire stations that were in need of extensive upgrade. In 2011, the location for the new Sunderland North fire station in Fulwell was announced, with the station expected to be opened in late 2014 and replacing the current station nearby. In July 2014, due to government budget cuts the fire and rescue service was forced to remove a frontline fire appliance from Swalwell and one from Wallsend fire station. May 2015 saw the introduction of two Targeted response vehicles to be based at Washington fire station.
In September 2015 a further two targeted response vehicles would replace two fire appliances, one at Newcastle central and one at Sunderland central. Further cuts were implemented in October 2016 removing a further two fire appliances, one at West Denton and one at Hebburn. Water Ladder: A01 / C01 / E01 / F01 / G01 / H01 / J01 / K01 / M01 / N01 / Q01 / S01 / T01 / V01 / W01 / Y01 Water Tender: C02 / F02 / J02 / K02 / N02 / Q02 / V02 / Z02 Targeted Response Vehicle: C17 / C172 / N17 / N172Aerial Ladder Platform: E03 / M03 / V03 Hazardous Response Unit: S04 Operational Support Unit: V05 Special Rescue Unit: K06 Incident Command Unit: A07 Swift Water Rescue Unit: F093 Fire Boat: F09 Boat Transporter Unit: F094 Outreach Support Vehicle: A12 L4V: K13 / Y15 Prime Mover: Q10 / Y16Pods: Bulk Foam Unit Flood Prevention Unit High Volume Pump Urban Search & Rescue: Prime Mover: L10 / L11 / L12Modules: Module 1 - Technical Search Equipment Module 2 - Heavy Transport, Confined Space & Hot Cutting Equipment Module 3 - Breaching & Breaking Equipment Module 4 - Multi Purpose Vehicle Module 5 - Shoring OperationsCBRN Response: Incident Response Unit: J08 Prime Mover + Mass Decontamination Unit: J10 Detection, Identification & Monitoring: W14 Training Water Tender: L01 / L02 / L03 / L04 Advanced Driver Training Water Tender: VTS1 / VTS2 Driver Training Lorry: Fire apparatus Fire service in the United Kingdom Fire station FiReControl List of British firefighters killed in the line of duty Official website Official Site of the FIRE KILLS: YOU CAN PREVENT IT!
Campaign Fire Gateway Website, Fire Safety Information and Fire Service locater Tyne & Wear YouTube channel
In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation, the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; the unit rolled out across England in the 1860s. A civil parish can range in size from a large town with a population of about 75,000 to a single village with fewer than a hundred inhabitants. Eight parishes have city status. A civil parish may be known as and confirmed as a town, neighbourhood or community by resolution of its parish council, a right reserved not conferred on other units of English local government. 35% of the English population live in a civil parish. As of 31 December 2015 there were 10,449 parishes in England; the most populous is Weston super Mare and those with cathedral city status are Chichester, Hereford, Ripon, Salisbury and Wells.
On 1 April 2014, Queen's Park became the first civil parish in Greater London. Before 2008 their creation was not permitted within a London borough. Wales was divided into civil parishes until 1974, when they were replaced by communities, which are similar to English parishes in the way they operate. Civil parishes in Scotland were abolished for local government purposes by the Local Government Act 1929, the Scottish equivalent of English civil parishes are community council areas, which were established by the Local Government Act 1973; the Parish system in Europe was established between the 8th and 12th centuries and in England was old by the time of the Conquest. These areas were based on the territory of one or more manors, areas which in some cases derived their bounds from Roman or Iron Age estates. Parish boundaries were conservative, changing little, after 1180'froze' so that boundaries could no longer be changed at all, despite changes to manorial landholdings - though there were some examples of sub-division.
The consistency of these boundaries, up until the 19th century is useful to historians, is of cultural significance in terms of shaping local identities, a factor reinforced by the adoption of parish boundaries unchanged, by successor local government units. There was huge variation in size between parishes, for instance Writtle in Essex was 13,568 acres while neighbouring Shellow Bowells was just 469 acres, Chignall Smealy 476 acres; until the break with Rome, parishes managed ecclesiastical matters, while the manor was the principal unit of local administration and justice. The church replaced the manor court as the rural administrative centre, levied a local tax on produce known as a tithe. In the medieval period, responsibilities such as relief of the poor passed from the Lord of the Manor to the parish's rector, who in practice would delegate tasks among his vestry or the monasteries. After the dissolution of the monasteries, the power to levy a rate to fund relief of the poor was conferred on the parish authorities by the Act for the Relief of the Poor 1601.
Both before and after this optional social change, local charities are well-documented. The parish authorities were consisted of all the ratepayers of the parish; as the number of ratepayers of some parishes grew, it became difficult to convene meetings as an open vestry. In some built up, areas the select vestry took over responsibility from the entire body of ratepayers; this innovation allowed governance by a self-perpetuating elite. The administration of the parish system relied on the monopoly of the established English Church, which for a few years after Henry VIII alternated between the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England, before settling on the latter on the accession of Elizabeth I in 1558. By the 18th century, religious membership was becoming more fractured in some places, due for instance to the progress of Methodism; the legitimacy of the parish vestry came into question and the perceived inefficiency and corruption inherent in the system became a source for concern in some places.
For this reason, during the early 19th century the parish progressively lost its powers to ad hoc boards and other organisations, for example the loss of responsibility for poor relief through the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834. Sanitary districts covered England in Ireland three years later; the replacement boards were each entitled to levy their own rate in the parish. The church rate ceased to be levied in many parishes and became voluntary from 1868; the ancient parishes diverged into two distinct, nearly overlapping, systems of parishes during the 19th century. The Poor Law Amendment Act 1866 declared all areas that levied a separate rate: C of E ecclesiastical parishes, extra-parochial areas and their analogue, chapelries, to be "civil parishes". To have collected rates this means these beforehand had their own vestries, boards or equivalent bodies; the Church of England parishes, which cover more than 99% of England, became termed "ecclesiastical parishes" and the boundaries of these soon diverged from those of the Ancient Parishes in order to reflect modern circumstances.
After 1921 each ecclesiastical parish has been the responsibility of the parochial church councils. In the late 19th century, most of the ancient irregularities inheri
Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom
Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom provide emergency care to people with acute illness or injury and are predominantly provided free at the point of use by the four National Health Services of England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Emergency care including ambulance and emergency department treatment is free to everyone, regardless of immigration or visitor status; the NHS commissions most emergency medical services through the 14 NHS organisations with ambulance responsibility across the UK. As with other emergency services, the public access emergency medical services through one of the valid emergency telephone numbers. In addition to ambulance services provided by NHS organisations, there are some private and volunteer emergency medical services arrangements in place in the UK, the use of private or volunteer ambulances at public events or large private sites, as part of community provision of services such as community first responders. Air ambulance services in the UK are not part of the NHS and are funded through charitable donations.
Paramedics are seconded from a local NHS ambulance service, with the exception of Great North Air Ambulance Service who employ their own paramedics. Doctors are provided by their home hospital and spend no more than 40% of their time with an air ambulance service. Public ambulance services across the UK are required by law to respond to four types of requests for care, which are: Emergency calls Doctor's urgent admission requests High dependency and urgent inter-hospital transfers Major incidentsAmbulance trusts and services may undertake non-urgent patient transport services on a commercial arrangement with their local hospital trusts or health boards, or in some cases on directly funded government contracts, although these contracts are fulfilled by private and voluntary providers; the National Health Service Act 1946 gave county and borough councils a statutory responsibility to provide an emergency ambulance service, although they could contract a voluntary ambulance service to provide this, with many contracting the British Red Cross, St John Ambulance or another local provider.
The last St John Division, to be so contracted is reputed to have been at Whittlesey in Cambridgeshire, where the two-bay ambulance garage can still be seen at the branch headquarters. The Regional Ambulance Officers’ Committee reported in 1979 that “There was considerable local variation in the quality of the service provided in relation to vehicles and equipment. Most Services were administered by Local Authorities through their Medical Officer of Health and his Ambulance Officer, a few were under the aegis of the Fire Service, whilst others relied upon agency methods for the provision of part or all of their services.” The 142 existing ambulance services were transferred by the National Health Service Reorganisation Act 1973 from local authority to central government control in 1974, consolidated into 53 services under regional or area health authorities. This led to the formation of predominantly county based ambulance services, which merged up and changed responsibilities until 2006, when there were 31 NHS ambulance trusts in England.
The June 2005 report "Taking healthcare to the Patient", authored by Peter Bradley, Chief Executive of the London Ambulance Service, for the Department of Health led to the merging of the 31 trusts into 13 organisations in England, plus one organisation each in Wales and Northern Ireland. Following further changes as part of the NHS foundation trust pathway, this has further reduced to 10 ambulance service trusts in England, plus the Isle of Wight which has its own provision. Following the passage of the Health and Social Care Act 2012, commissioning of the ambulance services in each area passed from central government control into the hands of regional clinical commissioning groups; the commissioners in each region are responsible for contracting with a suitable organisation to provide ambulance services within their geographical territory. The primary provider for each area is held by a public NHS body, of which there are 11 in England, 1 each in the other three countries. In England there are now ten NHS ambulance trusts, as well as an ambulance service on the Isle of Wight, run directly by Isle of Wight NHS Trust, with boundaries following those of the former regional government offices.
The ten trusts are: East Midlands Ambulance Service NHS Trust East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust London Ambulance Service NHS Trust North East Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust North West Ambulance Service NHS Trust South Central Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust South East Coast Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust South Western Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust West Midlands Ambulance Service University NHS Foundation Trust Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS TrustThe English ambulance trusts are represented by the Association of Ambulance Chief Executives, with the Scottish and Northern Irish providers all associate members. On the 14 November 2018 West Midlands Ambulance Service became the UK's first university-ambulance trust; the service was operated before reorganisation in 1974 by the St Andrews’ Ambulance Association under contract to the Secretary of State for Scotland. The Scottish Ambulance Service is a Special Health Board that provides ambulance services throughout whole of Scotland, on behalf of the Health and Social Care Directorates of the Scottish Government.
Due to the remote nature of many areas of Scotland compared to the other Home Nations, the Scottish Ambulance Service has Britain's only publi
Blaydon is a town in the North East of England in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead - in County Durham. Blaydon, neighbouring Winlaton, which Blaydon is now contiguous with, form the postal town of Blaydon-on-Tyne; the Blaydon/Winlaton resident population in 2011 was 13,896. Between 1894 and 1974, Blaydon was an urban district which extended inland from the Tyne along the River Derwent for ten miles, included the mining communities of Chopwell and High Spen, the villages of Rowlands Gill, Blackhall Mill, Winlaton Mill and Stella, as well as Blaydon and Winlaton. During its existence, the Urban District's fourteen and a half square miles constituted the second largest administrative district by area, on Tyneside, after Newcastle upon Tyne; the town of Blaydon is an industrial area and is not more than two centuries old. Indeed, in the 1760s there was little here but a few cottages. In the latter part of the same century a smelting works was set up from which sprang the industrial growth of the area.
Though the town itself has a short history there has been activity in the area for many centuries. The earliest recorded evidence of human activity at Blaydon is a Neolithic polished stone axe found in the early 20th century. Finds and structures from prehistoric periods include a bronze spearhead and log-boat, both recovered from the River Tyne in the 19th century. A number of Bronze Age cists are recorded from several others from Bewes Hill. Little is recorded of medieval Blaydon, which appears to have been based upon the modern farm sites of High and Low Shibdon; the Blaydon Burn Belts Corn Mill, part of a row of 5 or 6 water corn mills stretching from Brockwell Wood to the River Tyne is known to have been present by the early 17th century, suggesting a healthy population at that time. It is that, as well as farming, many industrial activities such as mining and quarrying had begun in the medieval and post-medieval periods, well before the industrial period of the 18th to 20th centuries when Blaydon became an important industrial centre.
Known as the Battle of Newburn or Newburn Ford, this unknown battle has been elevated in importance by English Heritage. On 28 August 1640, 20,000 Scots defeated 5,500 English soldiers who were defending the ford over the Tyne four miles west of Newcastle; the Scots had been provoked by Charles I, who had imposed bishops and a foreign prayer book on their church. The Scots army, led by Alexander Leslie, fought its way to Newcastle and occupied the city for a year before Charles I paid it £200,000 to depart; the battle brought to an end the so-called'Eleven Years of Tyranny' by forcing Charles to recall Parliament. This was the last battle in Britain to feature the use of archers; the stimulus for industry at Blaydon and Blaydon burn, as elsewhere in the region, was the growth in coal mining and the coal trade from the early 18th century, when the Hazard and Speculation pits were established at Low Shibdon linked to the Tyne by wagonways. The 18th century Blaydon Main Colliery was reopened in the mid-19th century and worked until 1921.
Other pits and associated features included Blaydon Burn Colliery, Freehold pit and the Blaydonburn wagonway. Industries supported by the coal trade included chemical works, bottle works, sanitary pipe works, lampblack works, an ironworks, a smithy and brickworks - Cowen's Upper and Lower Brickworks were established in 1730 and were associated with a variety of features including a clay drift mine and coal/clay drops; the Lower works remains in operation. Blaydon Burn Coke Ovens of 19th-century origin, were replaced in the 1930s by Priestman Ottovale Coke and Tar Works, the first in the world to produce petrol from coal known as Blaydon Benzole. In addition to the workers’ housing developments associated with industrialisation, a number of grand residences were constructed for industrialists in the area, such as Blaydon Burn House, home of Joseph Cowen, owner of the brickworks; the remains of Old Dockendale Hall, an earlier grand residence of 17th century or earlier construction, was destroyed when the coke and tar works was built at Blaydon Burn.
In the 1930s, pupils at the now demolished Blaydon Intermediate School, under the leadership of English teacher Mr Elliott and art teacher Mr Boyce developed a technique for producing hardback books. Their productions were respected and favourably compared to other successful private printing presses of the time. In one volume produced by the school in 1935, entitled "Songs of Enchantment", the pupils were successful in convincing the famous poet Walter de la Mare to write a foreword in which he praised their enterprise and efforts; the post war era of the late 40s and 50s saw a rapid rise in demand for electricity and, in the North East, the extension of existing and construction of a number of new power stations was seen as a key part of the solution. For the Blaydon area, this meant the arrival of a new power station at Stella Haugh, known as the South Stella Power Station, which helped to meet the energy demands of the North East until its closure in 1991, it was demolished in 1992. The House of Commons constituency seat of Blaydon is held by MP Liz Twist.
The area has traditionally been a Labour stronghold and has been held by the Labour Party since 1935. The Labour candidate David Anderson received 51.5% of the vote in 2005, with the Liberal Democrat candidate, Peter Maughan, second at 37.9%. Blaydon ward elects three councillors to Gateshead Council; as of the May 2007 election, they are Kathryn Ferdinand and Steve Ronchetti. Modern Blaydon stands close to the Tyne with the A695, a key road from Gateshead to Hexham, passi