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Wooster, Arkansas

Wooster is a city in Faulkner County, United States. The population was 860 at the 2010 census, up from 516 at the 2000 census, it is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area. Wooster is located in northwestern Faulkner County at 35°12′2″N 92°27′13″W. Arkansas Highway 25 passes through the city, leading northeast 5 miles to Greenbrier and south 9 miles to Conway, the county seat. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.9 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 516 people, 200 households, 154 families residing in the town; the population density was 77.5/km². There were 214 housing units at an average density of 32.2/km². The racial makeup of the town was 97.29% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 0.78% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.58% from other races, 0.58% from two or more races. 0.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 200 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.0% were non-families.

21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.01. In the town the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.5 males. The median income for a household in the town was $35,063, the median income for a family was $39,375. Males had a median income of $30,438 versus $24,063 for females; the per capita income for the town was $15,421. About 4.5% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over. Public education for elementary and secondary school students is provided by the Greenbrier School District, beginning at the district's Wooster Elementary School and leading to graduation from Greenbrier High School


Squatting is the action of occupying an abandoned or unoccupied area of land or a building residential, that the squatter does not own, rent or otherwise have lawful permission to use. Author Robert Neuwirth suggested in 2004. Squatting occurs worldwide and tends to occur when people who are poor and homeless find empty buildings or land to occupy for housing, it has a long history, broken down by country below. In developing countries and least developed countries, shanty towns begin as squatted settlements. There are pavement dwellers in India and South Africa, represented by groups such as Slum Dwellers International and Abahlali baseMjondolo. In Hong Kong there are rooftop slums. In Brazil, there are favelas and large social movements of thousands of people such as the Homeless Workers' Movement and the Landless Workers' Movement. Squatted settlements are known in Spanish-speaking countries under terms such as villa miseria, pueblos jóvenes and asentamiento irregulares. In industrialized countries there are squats and political squatting movements, which can be anarchist, autonomist, or socialist in nature.

Oppositional movements from the 1960s and 1970s created freespaces such as Freetown Christiania in Denmark or Ruigoord in the Netherlands. Each local situation determines the context, for example in Italy there are self-managed social centres and in Athens, there are refugee squats. In England and Wales, there were estimated to be 50,000 squatters in the late 1970s; the majority of squatting is residential in nature. Squatting tends to occur when a homeless population sees derelict property or land. According to author Robert Neuwirth, there were over 1 billion squatters worldwide in 2004. If current trends continue, this will increase to 2 billion by 2030, 3 billion by 2050. However, despite the numbers of people squatting, according to academic Kesia Reeve, "squatting is absent from policy and academic debate and is conceptualised, as a problem, as a symptom, or as a social or housing movement."In many of the world's poorer countries, there are extensive slums or shanty towns built on the edges of major cities and consisting entirely of self-constructed housing built without the landowner's permission.

While these settlements may, in time, grow to become both legalised and indistinguishable from normal residential neighbourhoods, they start off as squats with minimal basic infrastructure. Thus, there is no sewerage system, drinking water must be bought from vendors or carried from a nearby tap, if there is electricity, it is stolen from a passing cable; such settlements exist in industrialized countries, such as for example Cañada Real on the outskirts of Madrid. Squatting can be related to political movements, such as autonomist, or socialist, it can be a means to conserve a protest action. Squats can be used by local communities as free shops, cafés, pirate radio stations or as multi-purpose autonomous social centres. Dutch sociologist Hans Pruijt separates types of squatters into five distinct categories: Deprivation-based – homeless people squatting for housing need An alternative housing strategy – people unprepared to wait on municipal lists to be housed take direct action Entrepreneurial – people breaking into buildings to service the need of a community for cheap bars, clubs etc.

Conservational – preserving monuments because the authorities have let them decay Political – activists squatting buildings as protests or to make social centres In many countries, squatting is in itself a crime. Property law and the state have traditionally favoured the property owner. However, in many cases where squatters had de facto ownership, laws have been changed to legitimize their status. Squatters claim rights over the spaces they have squatted by virtue of occupation, rather than ownership. Anarchist Colin Ward comments: "Squatting is the oldest mode of tenure in the world, we are all descended from squatters; this is as true of the Queen with her 176,000 acres as it is of the 54 percent of householders in Britain who are owner-occupiers. They are all the ultimate recipients of stolen land, for to regard our planet as a commodity offends every conceivable principle of natural rights."Others have a different view. UK police official Sue Williams, for example, has stated that "Squatting is linked to Anti-Social Behaviour and can cause a great deal of nuisance and distress to local residents.

In some cases there may be criminal activities involved." The public attitude toward squatting varies, depending on legal aspects, socioeconomic conditions, the type of housing occupied by squatters. In particular, while squatting of municipal buildings may be treated leniently, squatting of private property leads to strong negative reaction on the part of the public and authorities. Squatting, when done in a positive and progressive manner, can be viewed as a way to reduce crime and vandalism to vacant properties, depending on the squatter's ability and willingness to conform to certain socioeconomic norms of the community in which they reside. Moreover, squatters can contribute to the maintenance or upgrading of sites that would otherwise be left unattended, the neglect of which would create abandoned and decaying neighborhoods with

1911 Kikai Island earthquake

The 1911 Kikai Island earthquake occurred on June 15 at 14:26 UTC. The earthquake was located near Japan, it had a magnitude of Ms 8.1. The earthquake occurred near the northern end of the deepest region in Ryukyu Trench; the hypocenter was located near 28.00°E, 130.00°N, about 30 km south of the Kikai Island, with a depth of about 100 km. However, due to the instrumental precision of that time, the location of the hypocenter was just an approximation, estimations differ. A recent study estimated that the hypocenter was located near 28.90°E, 130.25°N, about 60 km NNE of the Kikai Island, with a depth of about 30 km. Twelve people were reported dead, including one on Kikai Island. Four hundred and twenty two houses were destroyed, 401 of which on Kikai Island. Damage was reported on Amami Ōshima, Toku-no-shima, Okinawa Island; the wall of Shuri Castle in Shuri was damaged. This earthquake could be felt as far as in Shanghai, Tainan and Fukushima, Japan; the earthquake triggered a tsunami, recorded on Kikai Island and Amami Ōshima.

The tsunami was small on the east coast of Kikai Island, but had a height of at least 5m on the west coast of Kikai Island and in Amami Ōshima, may have had a maximum height of over 10m in certain parts of Kikai Island. List of earthquakes in 1911 List of earthquakes in Japan The International Seismological Centre has a bibliography and/or authoritative data for this event

Rue de la Bûcherie

Rue de la Bûcherie is a street in the 5th arrondissement of Paris, France. Near the cathedral Notre-Dame de Paris and the Place Maubert, between La Seine and Boulevard Saint-Germain Rue de la Bûcherie is one of the oldest Rive Gauche streets. In the Middle Ages damaged meats were boiled here to feed the poorest. In the 17th century, La Voisin, a chief personage in the famous affaire des poisons, which disgraced the reign of Louis XIV, lived here. Nicolas-Edme Rétif, the French novelist, lived on Rue de la Bûcherie during the years leading to his death in 1806; until the late 1970s the place was a popular Parisian street with mixed modest restaurants, antiques dealers, art galleries. In the 1970s the Annick Gendron contemporary art gallery was established at no. 1. The dissection amphitheatre of the ancient Faculty of Medicine where Jacques-Bénigne Winslow taught is still located on Rue de la Bûcherie; the name come from a port where logs were put down. 13-15 - amphitheatre of the ancient Faculty of Medicine 37 - Shakespeare and Company, a bookstore specializing in English language books while employing and boarding English-speaking writers in Paris.

Métro line 10, Maubert-Mutualité, Cluny-la-Sorbonne Le Paris pittoresque: Archives of the old Paris

Ezra Drown

Ezra Drown was an attorney who escaped a shipwreck to become the district attorney of Los Angeles County, California in 1857–59 and 1861–63 and a member of the Los Angeles Common Council, the governing body of the city of Los Angeles, in 1859 and 1861. Drown was an attorney in Fairfield, when he and his wife, were called to California during the 1849 California Gold Rush by Adeline's father, Thomas Dickey, who had set up a pack horse business in that territory. "Much of the mining country was impractical to wagons, everything had to be packed in on the backs of mules."Drown did not make it to the mining country, but instead he settled in Los Angeles, where he became "an able lawyer and humorous, popular. Drown and his family were in passage for San Francisco from San Juan del Sud, Nicaragua, in 1853 aboard the Independence, which struck a reef or rocks south of Margarita Island off the coast of the Baja California Peninsula, caught fire and sank. Drown, being a good swimmer and a plucky fellow, set his wife adrift on a hencoop and put off for shore with his two children on his back.

Having deposited them safely on the beach, he swam back to get his wife. After the survivors arrived in California, Drown wrote a 1,623-word description of the tragedy, printed in the Alta California newspaper on April 2, 1853. Oh God! What a situation to be in! Planks, spars and coops, covered with human beings struggling energetically for life, some wafted to the shore, others out to sea, some sinking, others being miraculously preserved. Here I saw females and children providentially rescued — lost! Here was a kind husband who had sworn before God to protect her whom his soul loved, struggling for her safety. A group of the passengers and crew authorized Drown to "subscribe our names to an article for the public press to be prepared by him, in which he may charge the loss of the steamship Independence on the 16th of February 1853 to the carelessness, mismanagement of willfulness of Capt. Sampson," who "dismissed the rocks as whales." When Drown arrived in Los Angeles about May 1853, the lawyers present in that town "got on a bust," in his honor, "and ordered champagne and cigars first supper....

About midnight the crowd had become hilariously noisy..." and a brawl followed. On October 12, 1857, a mass meeting at the Pavilion on the Los Angeles Plaza was held in concern over the Mountain Meadows Massacre by Mormons and American Indians in Utah Territory. Drown was appointed to a committee to draft a resolution which, the next day was adopted and called for "prompt measures" to be taken "for the punishment of the authors of the recent appalling and wholesale butchery of innocent men and children." Drown was a major in the Third, Second Brigade of the Iowa state militia in 1848, in on April 16, 1851, he became quartermaster general of the militia. He was a charter member of IOOF Lodge No. 6 in Lockridge, organized on December 11, 1848. Drown was a member of the Los Angeles Common Council, the governing body of the city, in 1859–60 and 1861–62 and was Los Angeles County district attorney in 1857–59 and 1861–63, it was while he was district attorney that Pancho Daniel, the alleged killer of Sheriff James R. Barton, was taken by a mob from the county jail and lynched.

Drown died in office and Alfred B. Chapman was appointed to succeed him. Drown instituted the first Los Angeles Odd Fellows lodge; the Maritime Heritage Project, for more on the S. S. Independence

Kafr 'Ana

Kafr'Ana' was a Palestinian town located 11 kilometers east of Jaffa, built on the ancient site of Ono. In 1945, the town had an estimated population of 220 Jews. Captured by the pre-state Jewish forces of the Alexandroni Brigade prior to the outbreak of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, it was depopulated. Today, the old village site lies within the confines of the modern Israeli city of Or Yehuda. Remains from the Chalcolithic Period and forward have been found here; the Canaanites and Israelites referred to the town as Ono, which name continued all throughout the First and Second Temple periods. Jewish classical writings mention the city as being enclosed by a wall. Kafr'Ana was known as Onous in the Byzantine era, ceramics from that era have been found here. Kafr'Ana represents a Byzantine-period expansion of a nearby and much older site –– Kafr Juna, believed to be the ancient Ono. During early Ottoman rule in Palestine, the revenues of the village of Kafr'Ana were in 1557 designated for the new waqf of Hasseki Sultan Imaret in Jerusalem, established by Hasseki Hurrem Sultan, the wife of Suleiman the Magnificent.

In 1596, Kafr ` Ana appeared in the census located in the Nahiya of part of Gaza Sanjak. The population was 11 households, all Muslim, they paid a fixed tax-rate of 25% on agricultural products, including wheat, summer crops, fruit trees, sesame and beehives. All of the revenue went to a waqf. In 1838, Kefr Ana was noted as a Muslim village in the Lydda District. French explorer Victor Guérin found it to have 500 inhabitants, he further noted that "near the village are two shallow basins hollowed in rock, not built up, which receive the winter rains. Several wells are here as well. By the side of one of these wells I observed trunks of columns which seemed ancient."An Ottoman village list of about 1870 counted 156 houses and a population of 499, though the population count included men, only. In 1882, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine described Kafr'Ana as a village built of adobe bricks and surrounded by palm trees. In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Kufr'Ana had a population of 1,374 inhabitants, all Muslims.

Increasing the 1931 census to 1,824, still all Muslims, in a total of 449 houses. The villagers raised poultry and bees. In the 1944/45 statistics a total 2,214 dunums were used for growing citrus and bananas, while 11,022 dunums of village land was used for cereals. 597 dunums were used for orchards, while 90 dunams were classified as built-up areas. The village of Kafr'Ana was depopulated in the weeks leading up to the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, during the Haganah's offensive Mivtza Hametz 28–30 April 1948; this operation was held against a group of villages east including Kafr ` Ana. According to the preparatory orders, the objective was for "opening the way to Lydda". Though there was no explicit mention of the prospective treatment of the villagers, the order spoke of "cleansing the area"; the final operational order stated: "Civilian inhabitants of places conquered would be permitted to leave after they are searched for weapons."On 23 September 1948 General Avner named Kafr'Ana as a suitable village for resettlement for new Jewish immigrants to Israel.

Today, the modern Israeli city, Or Yehuda, is built upon the lands belonging to Kafr'Ana and Saqiya village and Kheiriya village. Or Yehuda was founded on village land, south of the village site. In 1992 the village site was described: "Part of the site is a vacant lot. On other parts, olive trees grow, along with cypress and eucalyptus trees that have been planted by the residents of the Israeli settlements. No traces of the old houses can be discerned. Apartment buildings and a small park have been built on the surrounding land." A woman's thob, from Kafr Ana, from the 1930s, is in the Museum of International Folk Art collection at Santa Fe, United States. The dress is of white commercial cotton and the embroidery is multicolored cotton in red and blue; the qabbeh is not a separate panel. The embroidery on the skirt and sleeves is done directly on the dress. There is some machine embroidery; the dress has an uncommon round neckline, an innovation and was only used here and in the village of Salama, near Jaffa.

List of Arab towns and villages depopulated during the 1948 Palestinian exodus Palestinian costumes Palestine Remembered - Kafr'Ana Survey of Western Palestine, Map 13: IAA, Wikimedia commons Kafr'Ana, Zochrot Kafr'Ana from the Khalil Sakakini Cultural Center