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World Games

The World Games, first held in 1981, are an international multi-sport event, meant for sports, or disciplines or events within a sport, that are not contested in the Olympic Games. The World Games are organised and governed by the International World Games Association, recognized by the International Olympic Committee; the World Games are held one year after the Summer Olympic Games. The next host city will be Birmingham, United States in 2021 Chengdu, China in 2025. A number of the sports that were on the programme of The World Games have been discontinued because they are now included in the programme of the Olympic Games, for example badminton, beach volleyball, rugby sevens, taekwondo and women's weightlifting. Other sports have been Olympic sports in the past; some of the sports that are held at The World Games are acrobatic gymnastics, orienteering, powerlifting, squash, billiards, water skiing, dance sport. The sports that are included in The World Games are limited by the facilities available in the host city.

Between 25 and 30 sports have been included in the official programme of The World Games. In addition, the IWGA, in coordination with the host city, can invite some sport to participate in the "invitational" programme. To become part of The World Games programme, the sport must be spread in the world and the specific international sports federation must be a member of the IWGA. In each sport, only the best athletes or teams may participate, as determined by the international sports federations. In most classes, it is necessary to qualify by a top ranking at the world championships or a qualification tournament to be able to participate. 1 The Republic of China is recognised as Chinese Taipei by IWGA and the majority of international organisations it participates in due to political considerations and Cross-Strait relations with the People's Republic of China. These were the official sports/disciplines of the 2017 World Games programme. Powerlifting Tug of war Through the 2017 World Games Olympic Games Commonwealth Games Universiade African Games Asian Games European Games Pacific Games Pan American Games Official website All-time Medal table The World Games 2017 Wrocław

Charles Ritchie, 1st Baron Ritchie of Dundee

Charles Thomson Ritchie, 1st Baron Ritchie of Dundee was a British businessman and Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1874 until 1905 when he was raised to the peerage. He served as Home Secretary from 1900 to 1902 and as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1902 to 1903. Ritchie was born at Dundee, the third son of William Ritchie, of Rockhill near Broughty Ferry in Forfarshire, head of the firm of William Ritchie & Sons, of London and Dundee, East India merchants, jute spinners and manufacturers; the Ritchie family had long been connected with the town of Dundee. His elder brother James Thomson Ritchie was Lord Mayor of London from 1903 to 1904 and was created a Baronet in 1903 (a title which became extinct on his death. Ritchie was educated at the City of London School, he married Margaret Ower, daughter of Thomas Ower of Perth, on 7 December 1858. In 1874 was returned to parliament as Conservative member for the Tower Hamlets. In 1885 he was made secretary to the Admiralty, from 1886 to 1892 was President of the Local Government Board in Lord Salisbury's second administration, sitting as member for St George in the East.

He was responsible for the Local Government Act 1888. In Lord Salisbury's ministries, as member for Croydon, he was President of the Board of Trade and Home Secretary. In his earlier years he had been a fair-trader and he was opposed to Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain's movement for a preferential tariff, leading to his sacking by Balfour in September 1903. Ritchie's son in law, the Scottish architect Mervyn McCartney, built a country house for Ritchie, Welders House, in the Buckinghamshire village of Jordans. On 22 December 1905, he was created a peer as Baron Ritchie of Dundee, of Welders in the Parish of Chalfont St Giles in the County of Buckingham. However, he was in ill-health, died at Biarritz in January 1906, he is buried at London. He was succeeded in the title by his second but only Charles. Ritchie was elected as Rector of the University of Aberdeen in late October 1902, taking up the position the following month, serving for three years until November 1905. Ridley, Jane. "Ritchie, Charles Thomson, first Baron Ritchie of Dundee".

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35762. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Ritchie, Charles Thomson Ritchie, 1st Baron". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Charles Ritchie Portraits of Charles Ritchie at the National Portrait Gallery, London

Jake and Amir

Jake and Amir is an American comedy duo made up of podcasters and former CollegeHumor writers Jake Hurwitz and Amir Blumenfeld. The duo came into prominence in 2007 when they began writing and starring in the web series Jake and Amir; the program would be picked up and produced by CollegeHumor. It portrays humorous versions of Jake and Amir, where Jake is depicted as a sensible "regular guy" and Amir as his annoying co-worker. In 2013, Jake and Amir started the podcast, If I Were You, an advice show where listeners email in questions which are answered in a humorous way, their involvement in podcasting led them to founding the podcasting network HeadGum. Jake and Amir left CollegeHumor in 2015 to focus on producing their own content. In 2016, the duo released an on-demand comedy series called Horny on Vimeo; the series was picked up by CollegeHumor for its second season. Jake and Amir is a web series set in CollegeHumor's office in New York City and Los Angeles where Jake Hurwitz and Amir Blumenfeld played humorous versions of themselves: Jake is depicted as a sensible "straight man" and Amir as his annoying and odd co-worker.

Running for over eight years and Amir was CollegeHumor's longest-running series and has amassed one-billion views as of April 2017. The show was started in 2007 as a way for Amir to have fun at work; as it grew in popularity, CollegeHumor began paying Jake and Amir to make the videos for their website. Over its eight-year run, the web series featured a number of guests, including actors Thomas Middleditch, Kumail Nanjiani, Ben Schwartz, Rick Fox. In 2011, CollegeHumor released Jake and Amir: Fired, a thirty-minute special in which Amir is fired and Jake is promoted; the special was CollegeHumor's first paid content, was available for purchase online or as a DVD. Jake and Amir ended in February 2015. On October 27, 2016, the pair returned to CollegeHumor for a single episode of Jake and Amir, titled Jake and Amir: Donald Trump, to comment on the 2016 United States presidential election. In December 2013, Deadline reported that Jake and Amir were being brought on by TBS to star in a comedy directed by Ed Helms.

When news came in February 2015 of Jake and Amir's departure from CollegeHumor, fans pushed for TBS to pick up the production with the Twitter trending campaign #GreenLightJakeandAmir. TBS declined the proposal, but TruTV noticed the social media campaign and ordered a pilot episode. On December 20, 2015, it was announced. While TruTV and TBS did not run their TV series and Amir were offered the opportunity to return to Vimeo to create an original web series. On April 8, 2016, a new web series titled Lonely and Horny, directed by Jake and written by and starring Jake and Amir, was released on Vimeo; the on-demand series is about a 30-something-year-old Ruby Jade, played by Amir, who wants to have sex more than anything. His dating-coach, Josh Rice, played by Jake, sets out to help Ruby find love. While Lonely and Horny is intended to be a "completely different universe" than their original Jake and Amir web series, Isabelle Hellyer of Vice writes that Ruby Jade is, "written to be flawed in all the same ways as Jake and Amir's Amir."

Conversely, Hellyer writes that the straight-man character Josh Rice is "the most multifaceted role they've written." The New Yorker's Ian Crouch compares the series with Jake and Amir, writing that many of the jokes and themes from the duo's shorter sketches have been "exported to the longer-form space of'Lonely and Horny,'" and that, while "frequently funny, it lacks the comedic density of their best short sketches."On September 26, 2018, CollegeHumor announced the production of a second season of Lonely and Horny as part of their subscription service, but in 2019 the agreement between Jake and Amir and CollegeHumor ended and the show is no longer available on Dropout. In May 2013, Jake and Amir started the podcast If I Were You as an advice show where they take listener questions and try to answer them in a helpful but funny way. Jake said that If I Were You was inspired by the NPR show Car Talk, in that their audience listens for the banter between the two hosts, not the questions themselves.

Averaging 1 million views per month, Amir says that If I Were You's audience is made up of 15- to 34-year-olds. Jake says that they like advising people younger than them, "because we were there, we came out the other side." More than that, Jake says that he enjoys reaching out to "nerdy" younger fans because they can act as role-models to show that their best days are ahead of them: "We're like a little beacon of hope for losers that are told they're gonna be cool in ten years."Kayla Culver for The Concordian writes, "the responses Jake and Amir give wouldn’t qualify as great advice but it’s not the worst advice given." Admitting that they are not experts who should be giving out advice, Amir puts forward that he at least "tends to think of us as expert 20-somethings because we’ve been doing it for a decade."In 2018, Jake and Amir began producing a video version of the podcast for their Patreon page supporters. On August 1, 2015, after leaving CollegeHumor and Amir founded a podcast network named HeadGum with their friend Marty Michael.

Jake and Amir's podcast. HeadGum expanded into online video in 2016. HeadGum is headquartered in Los Angeles. Jake and Amir's official website Jake and Amir section on

Margarita Xirgu

Margarita Xirgu Subirà Margarida Xirgu, was a Spanish stage actress, popular throughout her country and Latin America. A friend of the poet Federico García Lorca, she was forced into exile during Francisco Franco's dictatorship of Spain, but continued her work in America. Notable plays in which she appeared include Como tú me Deseas, La casa de Bernarda Alba, Mariana Pineda. An opera, Ainadamar, by the composer Osvaldo Golijov and playwright David Henry Hwang, based on Xirgu's life and her association with Lorca, was premiered in 2003. A recording of the work released in 2006 on the Deutsche Grammophon label won the 2007 Grammy awards for Best Classical Contemporary Composition and Best Opera Recording. Born in Molins de Rei in 1888, her family moved first to Girona in 1890 and to Barcelona in 1896, her first theater work was in 1906 in the Teatre Romea. In 1908 was successful with Joventut de príncep in the Teatre Principal. After that, in 1909, she began her film career with Guzmán el Bueno.

In 1910 she married Josep Arnall. In 1911 Àngel Guimerà wrote “La reina jove” for her, that year she created her own theater company. In 1912 a Buenos Aires businessman contracted her for working in South America, he played the mermaid in La sirena varada in 1934, written by Alejandro Casona. She starred in the early film version of Garcia Lorca's Bodas de sangre, filmed in February–March 1938, the only film version of a Garcia Lorca play to star an actress, a personal friend of the author and who had appeared in his works onstage, it is Ms. Xirgu's only sound film, it has never been shown on American television or released on video, it was first shown on Argentine television in January 1966. Xirgu died in Maldonado in 1969, after she had become a Uruguayan citizen according to civil rights granted for exiles. In 1988 the Catalan government repatriated her remains and they are now buried in Molins de Rei. Xirgu's biography was written by Catalan author Antonina Rodrigo. In 2018 the New York Times published a belated obituary for her.

About Margarita Xirgu Margarita Xirgu's biography on the Uruguayan newspaper La República «Margarida Xirgu, el teatre». L'Arxiu de la Paraula. Ateneu Barcelonès, 2014. Bodas de sangre on YouTube

Bob Langley

Bob Langley is a British television presenter, now retired, best known for being a presenter of the BBC1 afternoon chat show Pebble Mill at One. Langley presented its late night version Saturday Night at The Mill. Langley is a novelist. Prior to his broadcasting career, Langley had a job in a Newcastle insurance office, served in the RAF travelled through America, he began his broadcast career in the early days of Tyne Tees television on the nightly news programme. "The early days could be a bit catastrophic, a real string and sealing wax job," he said. "There weren't too many of us who knew what we were doing. We didn't have an autocue, when we had it was like a giant toilet roll, but we had an awful lot of fun."From 1970 he was a reporter on Nationwide. It was as a result of his and fellow presenter Donny MacLeod's success on the show that they were reassigned to launch Pebble Mill in 1972. Bob Langley wrote several novels, including The War of the Running Fox. and a number of non-fiction works including a study of the sinking of the Argentinian light cruiser General Belgrano and a coast-to-coast guide, "Walking the Scottish Border".

Bob Langley on IMDb

Paul O'Neill (newspaper editor)

Paul O’Neill is an Irish journalist. In April 2017, he succeeded Kevin O'Sullivan as editor of The Irish Times. O'Neill's first journalism career was at the Waterford News & Star in 1982, he joined The Irish Times in 1989 as London Correspondent, before working as a news reporter, Crime Correspondent, Deputy News Editor, Finance Editor. He served as Deputy Editor of the newspaper under both Geraldine Kevin O'Sullivan. At some point, he left the newspaper to work in public relations. On 5 April 2017, the Irish Times Trust announced that O'Neill would be replacing O'Sullivan as the newspaper's editor. O'Neill was born in either 1964 or 1965, brought up in Waterford by his parents Paddy and Josie, his father was editor of the Waterford News & Star, while his mother's family owned a bar and grocery store in Enniscorthy, County Wexford. O'Neill is an avid cyclist, has written several articles on the subject, he and his wife Jennifer have two daughters