Fast5 Netball World Series
The Fast5 Netball World Series is an international netball competition, contested for the first time in October 2009. The new competition features modified "Fast5" rules, has been likened to Twenty20 cricket and rugby sevens; the competition is contested by the six top national netball teams in the world, according to the INF World Rankings. Before 2008, the major competitions in international netball were the Netball World Championships and the netball event of the Commonwealth Games, both held every four years. First-tier national teams participated in yearly test series, with others playing in regional events. However, several significant changes in international netball occurred in 2008. Changes to international test rules were finalised at an International Federation of Netball Associations congress in Auckland in 2007, progressively rolled out across netball-playing countries the following year; the IFNA introduced a new world rankings system to compare the performances of national teams.
In England, a campaign was started advocating netball's inclusion in the Olympic Games, as a demonstration sport in 2012 and as a competitive sport from 2016. In the Southern Hemisphere, the sport attained semi-professional status in Australia and New Zealand with the introduction of the ANZ Championship. In December 2008 a new international netball competition was announced, the World Netball Series, to be contested in 2009 under modified rules; the new rules had been trialled by senior squads over a 12-month period. DVDs were sent to coaches of the participating teams for consultation; some of the new rules were announced in December 2008, including six-minute playing quarters and power plays. Prior to the 2012 edition the rules were revamped and renamed Fast5; the competition is held over three days, is played under Fast5 rules. Each team plays each other once during the first two days in a round-robin format; the four highest-scoring teams from this stage progress to the finals, played on the final day of competition, in which the 1st-ranked team plays the 4th-ranked team, while 2nd plays 3rd.
The winners of these two matches contest the Grand Final. The first three editions of the tournament were held in England. Manchester was to host all three seasons in England at the MEN Arena; the venue is the largest indoor arena in Europe, capable of seating around 20,000 spectators. However, the 2010 tournament was held in Liverpool as will the 2011 tournament; the World Netball Series is organised by the International Netball Federation, in conjunction with the national governing bodies of the six competing nations each year, UK Sport and the host city's local council. England Netball covers air travel, accommodation and local travel expenses for all teams during the competition, while the respective netball governing bodies cover player allowances. Australian coach Norma Plummer greeted the new tournament positively: "If you want your sport to keep growing these days, it's got to become up with the times and keep having innovations that make the game exciting for not only the players, but all the spectators."
But Plummer expressed some reservations about power plays being used against weaker teams, about penalty shootouts and the new centre pass rule. Netball New Zealand Chief Executive Raelene Castle stated that she was "excited about what the new competition could bring to the ever-increasing profile of Netball internationally". However, Castle acknowledged that the shortened version of the game "may not be for everyone". New Zealand netball and basketball player Donna Wilkins stated her concerns about the sport becoming too similar to basketball. Official website WNS Coverage from NetballOnline.com World Netball Series Images
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play with 15 teams in each league; the NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining separate entities beginning in 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000; the organization oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises 256 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament. Baseball's first all-professional team was founded in Cincinnati in 1869; the first few decades of professional baseball were characterized by rivalries between leagues and by players who jumped from one team or league to another. The period before 1920 in baseball was known as the dead-ball era. Baseball survived a conspiracy to fix the 1919 World Series, which came to be known as the Black Sox Scandal.
The sport rose in popularity in the 1920s, survived potential downturns during the Great Depression and World War II. Shortly after the war, Jackie Robinson broke baseball's color barrier; the 1950s and 1960s were a time of expansion for the AL and NL new stadiums and artificial turf surfaces began to change the game in the 1970s and 1980s. Home runs dominated the game during the 1990s, media reports began to discuss the use of anabolic steroids among Major League players in the mid-2000s. In 2006, an investigation produced the Mitchell Report, which implicated many players in the use of performance-enhancing substances, including at least one player from each team. Today, MLB is composed of 1 in Canada. Teams play 162 games each season and five teams in each league advance to a four-round postseason tournament that culminates in the World Series, a best-of-seven championship series between the two league champions that dates to 1903. Baseball broadcasts are aired on television and the Internet throughout North America and in several other countries throughout the world.
MLB has the highest season attendance of any sports league in the world with more than 73 million spectators in 2015. MLB is governed by the Major League Baseball Constitution; this document has undergone several incarnations since its creation in 1876. Under the direction of the Commissioner of Baseball, MLB hires and maintains the sport's umpiring crews, negotiates marketing and television contracts. MLB maintains a unique, controlling relationship over the sport, including most aspects of Minor League Baseball; this is due in large part to the 1922 U. S. Supreme Court ruling in Federal Baseball Club v. National League, which held that baseball is not interstate commerce and therefore not subject to federal antitrust law; this ruling has been weakened only in subsequent years. The weakened ruling granted more stability to the owners of teams and has resulted in values increasing at double-digit rates. There were several challenges to MLB's primacy in the sport between the 1870s and the Federal League in 1916.
The chief executive of MLB is the commissioner Rob Manfred. The chief operating officer is Tony Petitti. There are five other executives: president, chief communications officer, chief legal officer, chief financial officer, chief baseball officer; the multimedia branch of MLB, based in Manhattan, is MLB Advanced Media. This branch oversees each of the 30 teams' websites, its charter states that MLB Advanced Media holds editorial independence from the league, but it is under the same ownership group and revenue-sharing plan. MLB Productions is a structured wing of the league, focusing on video and traditional broadcast media. MLB owns 67 percent of MLB Network, with the other 33 percent split between several cable operators and satellite provider DirecTV, it operates out of studios in Secaucus, New Jersey, has editorial independence from the league. In 1920, the weak National Commission, created to manage relationships between the two leagues, was replaced with the much more powerful Commissioner of Baseball, who had the power to make decisions for all of professional baseball unilaterally.
From 1901 to 1960, the American and National Leagues fielded eight teams apiece. In the 1960s, MLB expansion added eight teams, including the first non-U. S. Team. Two teams were added in the 1970s. From 1969 through 1993, each league consisted of an West Division. A third division, the Central Division, was formed in each league in 1994; until 1996, the two leagues met on the field only during the All-Star Game. Regular-season interleague play was introduced in 1997. In March 1995 two new franchises, the Arizona Diamondbacks and Tampa Bay Devil Rays, were awarded by MLB, to begin play in 1998; this addition brought the total number of franchises to 30. In early 1997, MLB decided to assign one new team to each league: Tampa Bay joined the AL and Arizona joined the NL; the original plan was to have an odd number of teams in each league, but in order for every team to be able to play daily, this would have required interleague play to be scheduled throughout the entire season. However, it
Negro World Series
The Negro World Series was a post-season baseball tournament, held from 1924 to 1927 and from 1942 to 1948 between the champions of the Negro leagues, matching the mid-western winners against their east-coast counterparts. The series was known as the Colored World Series during the 1920s, as the Negro League World Series, in more recent books, though contemporary black newspapers called it the "World Series", without any modification. After the organization of first Negro National League in 1920 and of the Eastern Colored League in 1923, many Negro league fans hoped that the two leagues would compete in a post-season championship similar to the World Series held by the white leagues. On September 2, 1924, Rube Foster, president of the NNL announced that Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis, Commissioner of Baseball for the white major leagues, had been asked to arbitrate the differences between the NNL and the ECL and establish an agreement similar to the one used by the American and National Leagues.
The proposed agreement required the two leagues to respect each other's contracts, made allowances for players who had jumped contracts to stay with their current teams, for a post-season championship between the leagues. The first game of the championship series opened at Philadelphia on October 3, 1924, between the Kansas City Monarchs of the NNL and the Hilldale Club of the ECL. In 1928, the ECL folded, with their teams returning to independent play, the series entered a 15-year hiatus; the first NNL folded after the 1931 season. 1924 Kansas City Monarchs NNL 5-4 Hilldale Club ECL 1925 Hilldale Club ECL 5-1 Kansas City Monarchs NNL 1926 Chicago American Giants NNL 5-3 Bacharach Giants ECL 1927 Chicago American Giants NNL 5-3 Bacharach Giants ECL A second Negro National League was organized in 1933, though this league played predominantly in the East. The Negro American League was organized in 1937 in the West. In 1942, the two leagues agreed to resume playing a championship series between the two leagues.
Hogan, Lawrence D.. Shades of Glory: The Negro Leagues and the Story of African-American Baseball. Washington, D. C.: National Geographic. ISBN 079225306X. Lester, Larry. Baseball's First Colored World Series. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. ISBN 0786426179
Junior League World Series (softball)
The Junior League Softball World Series is a softball tournament for girls aged between 12 and 14. The tournament is administered by Little League Baseball, Inc. and is held annually in the Seattle suburb of Kirkland, Washington. The tournament started in 1999, is a true "World Series" since ten regions from around the world send in teams: Asia-Pacific Canada Europe/Africa Latin America United States Central USA East USA South USA Southwest USA West Host team The ten teams are divided into two pools of five members each; the two best teams from each pool advance to the semi-finals. The winners in the semi-finals play for the championship. All matches; the losing teams face off in classification games for third through tenth place. Little League Softball World Series List of Little League Softball World Series champions by division Juniors Softball World Series official website
Little League World Series
The Little League Baseball World Series is an annual baseball tournament in the eastern United States for children aged 10 to 12 years old. Called the National Little League Tournament, it was renamed for the World Series in Major League Baseball; the Series was first held 72 years ago in 1947 and is held every August in South Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Only teams from the United States competed in the Series, but it has since become a worldwide tournament; the tournament has gained popular renown in the United States, where games from the Series and from regional tournaments are broadcast on ESPN. The United States collectively as a country has won a plurality of the series, although from 1969 to 1991 teams from Taiwan dominated the series, winning in 15 out of those 23 years. Taiwan's dominance during those years has been attributed to a national effort to combat its perceived diplomatic isolation around the world. From 2010 to the present, teams from Tokyo, have dominated the series, winning five of the last nine matchups.
While the Little League Baseball World Series is referred to as just the Little League World Series, it is one of twelve tournaments sponsored by Little League International, in twelve different locations. Each of them brings community teams from different Little League International regions around the world together in baseball, girls' softball, boys' softball; the tournament structure described here is. The structure used for the other World Series with different regions. In the summer months leading up to the Little League World Series, held each year in August, Little Leagues around the world select and an All-Star team made up of players from its league, it is these All-Star teams that compete in district, sectional and/or divisional, regional tournaments, hoping to advance to Williamsport for the Little League World Series. How many games a team has to play varies from region to region. In the United States, the tournaments at the lowest level lack nationwide standardization; some use pool double elimination, while others use single elimination.
In the United States, the fate of district winners varies from state to state. In some larger states such as Pennsylvania, New York, California, the district winners advance to one of many sectional tournaments; the winners of each sectional tournament advance to a state or divisional tournament, the latter only being held in Texas and California and are similar to the state tournaments held in less populous states. Most smaller states lack competition at the sectional level and go straight from district to state tournaments. A handful of states are composed of only one district, the district champion is the automatic state champion. With 4 exceptions, every state as well as the District of Columbia crowns a state champion, sends that team to represent it to one of eight regional tournaments; the exceptions involve California, North Dakota, South Dakota. Because of their large geographic and population sizes and Texas send two representatives to their regional tournament. Conversely, North Dakota has only one city.
The state champions compete in one of eight different regional tournaments. Each regional tournament winner advances to the Little League World Series. See for a comprehensive breakdown of current and historical US regional tournament locations and results. Other countries and regions pick their own way of crowning a champion. Little League Canada holds tournaments at the provincial and divisional level to field six champions at the national tournament: Alberta, Quebec, British Columbia and the Atlantic Provinces; the host site of the national tournament varies from year to year, the host team gets an automatic berth as the seventh team. The tournament uses the page playoff format; the winner of the national tournament earns the right to represent Canada at the Little League World Series. The eight regional tournament winners which compete in the United States Bracket of the Little League World Series, as well as the states those regional champions could hail from are as follows: New England Mid-Atlantic Midwest Great Lakes Southeast Southwest *Known as Gulf States during 2001 LLWS Northwest West The eight divisions which compete in the International Bracket are as follows: Asia-Pacific and Middle East Australia Canada Caribbean Europe and Africa Japan Latin America MexicoThe eight divisions which compete in the United States bracket represent 96% of the players in Little Le
World Series Baseball (video game)
Sega Sports' World Series Baseball, or World Series Baseball, is a sports game developed by BlueSky Software and published by Sega for the Genesis/Mega Drive and Game Gear. It is the first game in the series and was released in 1994. A version for the Sega 32X, World Series Baseball starring Deion Sanders, would follow in 1995; the game was a major advancement in Sega baseball games in that it included licensed MLB players and teams, accurate gameplay. The series concluded with World Series Baseball 2K3 on the Xbox. After that, Sega contracted with 2K Games to take over their sports game contracts and the line continued as the Major League Baseball 2K franchise. San Diego Padres broadcaster Jerry Coleman provides the play-by-play for the game. GamePro gave the Genesis version a rave review, calling it "arguably the best baseball cart ever." They praised the use of real life teams and stadiums, the accurate graphical recreation of the stadiums, the catcher's-eye view of the action, the impressive graphics
The World Series of Pop Culture
The World Series of Pop Culture was a VH1 game show tournament program sponsored by Alltel Wireless, based on Entertainment Weekly's Pop Culture Quiz. Sixteen teams, comprising three people each, compete to determine which team, knows the most about elements of popular culture. One of the teams each season was made up of three qualifiers selected on the basis of a test over the internet. Tapings for the first season took place in New York City from April 29–30, 2006 at the Ziegfeld Theatre. A wide range of topics are covered such as music, TV and other miscellaneous pop culture; the top prize was $250,000. The show began on July 10, 2006, the finale aired on Thursday, August 3, 2006; the hosts were Lisa Guerrero. The second season of the show premiered on July 9, 2007. Auditions for the second season were held in January and February, the tapings took place on March 22 and 23 at the Grand Ballroom of the Manhattan Center. There were two online qualification tests that season which took place on February 14 and February 20.
Kiernan returned as host, with season 1 competitors "Cheetara" replacing Guerrero as backstage interviewers. The World Series of Pop Culture was not renewed for a third season in 2008; each show begins with a declaration of the rules: "The game is played in a best-of-five-rounds format. After a category is announced, each team will send a representative to the microphone, who must play for the entire round; the player who answers the most questions out of a possible six total questions, in the round, will knock out his or her opponent. The first team to knock out all three members of the opposing team will be declared the winner and move on in the tournament."During each round, the category will be revealed. Categories could be as broad as "Family TV" or as specific as "The Karate Kid." Once the category is revealed, the teams have to send a teammate to the microphone to play for that entire category. Unless only one player is left remaining, a player may not compete in two consecutive categories.
The chosen players each get one category per round, each category contains six questions. If a player cannot provide the right answer, his or her opponent gets the opportunity to steal. At the end of each category, the player who gets the fewest questions correct is eliminated from the game. Once a player attains enough points that the opponent cannot beat, the category ends at that point. In the event of a tie, a tiebreaker question determines who remains in the competition and who gets knocked out; the tiebreaker question contains an number of multiple answers. Both players give one answer in succession, starting with the player who answered first in the tied category, until one player gives an incorrect answer; when an incorrect answer is given, if the score is still tied, the opposing player must give one more correct answer to win. If the opposing player has more correct answers by virtue of going first, that player wins the category. If the tiebreaker ends unresolved, either with both players answering incorrectly or if all correct answers have been given, a new tiebreaker round begins, but the first player to answer is switched.
The first team to eliminate all three of their opponents moves on to the next round. In the first-season World Series of Pop Culture final, airing first on August 3, 2006 each category involved ten questions rather than the typical six; the second-season final featured six-question categories. The World Series of Pop Culture The World Series of Pop Culture Official website Official website The World Series of Pop Culture on IMDb The World Series of Pop Culture at TV.com The World Series of Pop Culture at Embassy Row