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World Tourism Organization

The World Tourism Organization is the United Nations specialized agency responsible for the promotion of responsible and universally accessible tourism. It is the leading international organization in the field of tourism, which promotes tourism as a driver of economic growth, inclusive development and environmental sustainability and offers leadership and support to the sector in advancing knowledge and tourism policies worldwide, it serves as a practical source of tourism knowledge. It encourages the implementation of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism to maximize the contribution of tourism to socio-economic development, while minimizing its possible negative impacts, is committed to promoting tourism as an instrument in achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, geared towards eliminating poverty and fostering sustainable development and peace worldwide. UNWTO generates market knowledge, promotes competitive and sustainable tourism policies and instruments, fosters tourism education and training, works to make tourism an effective tool for development through technical assistance projects in over 100 countries around the world.

UNWTO’s membership includes 158 countries, 6 territories and over 500 affiliate members representing the private sector, educational institutions, tourism associations and local tourism authorities. Its headquarters are in Madrid; the objectives of the UNWTO are to promote and develop sustainable tourism to contribute to economic development, international understanding, peace and universal respect for, observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction as to race, language or religion. In pursuing these aims, UNWTO pays particular attention to the interests of developing countries in the field of tourism; the origin of UNWTO stems back to 1925 when the first international congress of official tourist organisations was held at The Hague. The congress continued to meet annually and in 1930, it decided to form a formal union, which in 1934 became the International Union of Official Tourist Publicity Organizations. Following the end of the Second World War and with international travel numbers increasing, the IUOTPO restructured itself into the International Union of Official Travel Organizations.

A technical, non-governmental organization, the IUOTO was made up of a combination of national tourist organizations and consumer groups. The goals and objectives of the IUOTO were to not only promote tourism in general but to extract the best out of tourism as an international trade component and as an economic development strategy for developing nations. Towards the end of the 1960s, the IUOTO realized the need for further transformation to enhance its role on an international level; the 20th IUOTO general assembly in Tokyo, 1967, declared the need for the creation of an intergovernmental body with the necessary abilities to function on an international level in cooperation with other international agencies, in particular the United Nations. Throughout the existence of the IUOTO, close ties had been established between the organization and the United Nations and initial suggestions had the IUOTO becoming part of the UN. However, following the circulation of a draft convention, consensus held that any resultant intergovernmental organization should be linked to the UN but preserve its "complete administrative and financial autonomy".

It was on the recommendations of the UN that the formation of the new intergovernmental tourism organization was based. Resolution 2529 of the XXIVth UN general assembly stated: In 1970, the IUOTO general assembly voted in favor of forming the World Tourism Organization. Based on statutes of the IUOTO, after ratification by the prescribed 51 states, the WTO came into operation on November 1, 1974. Most at the fifteenth general assembly in 2003, the WTO general council and the UN agreed to establish the WTO as a specialized agency of the UN; the significance of this collaboration, WTO Secretary-General Mr. Francesco Frangialli claimed, would lie in "the increased visibility it gives the WTO, the recognition that will be accorded to. Tourism will be considered on an equal footing with other major activities of human society". In 2004, UNWTO established the World Committee on Tourism Ethics, the implementation body for the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism; the Committee, whose members are elected due to their professional capacities rather than their nationalities or country affiliations and disseminates the Code and evaluates and monitors the implementation of its principles.

The Committee was permanently headquartered in Rome in 2008. Taleb Rifai of Jordan became UNWTO Secretary-General in 2010. Under his mandate the Organization introduced Hotel Energy Solutions, a web-based tool to help hotels reduce their carbon footprint whilst increasing profits, worked with Members on research on benefits of easing visa facilitation, forecast that in 2030 the number of international tourists would reach 1.8 billion. It reached 1 billion in 2012. Taleb Rifai's mandate has seen focus placed on the people involved in the tourism experience. Two publications under the title "Tourism Stories" were released compiling research and interviews with individuals working in tourism from around the world. In 2014 the 69th session of the United Nations General Assembly adopted by consensus the resolution entitled'Promotion of sustainable tourism, including ecotourism, for poverty eradication and environment protection'; this was followed in 2015 by the adoption of 2017 as the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development, "Recognizing the important role of sustainable tourism as a positive instr

Mick Avory

Michael Charles Avory is an English musician, best known as the longtime drummer and percussionist for the English rock band the Kinks. He joined them shortly after their formation in 1964 and remained with them until 1984, when he left amid creative friction with guitarist Dave Davies, he is the longest-serving member of the band, apart from the Davies brothers. Before he joined the Kinks, Avory was a member of the band Bobby Angelo & The Tuxedos who had a No.30 hit with "Baby Sittin'" in August 1961. After leaving that group, he was asked twice to rehearse on drums at the Bricklayers Arms pub in London during late May/early June 1962 for a group of musicians who were to become the Rolling Stones, it has been said that he went on to play at their first show at The Marquee Club on 12 July 1962, yet Avory himself says "I think Tony Chapman did the gig at the Marquee. I didn't. I just rehearsed twice in the Bricklayers Arms in Soho." Avory joined the Kinks after their previous drummer Micky Willet left the band.

Avory was hired to replace him after their management saw an advertisement Avory had placed in the trade magazine Melody Maker. Despite his ability, early Kinks recordings did not feature Avory on drums; the first single A-side Avory played on was "Ev'rybody's Gonna Be Happy", went on to play on all Kinks recordings from the 1966 album Face to Face until his departure in 1984. Avory was always considered the quietest and most easy-going member of the Kinks lineup and was Ray Davies's best friend. However, his turbulent working relationship with guitarist Dave Davies resulted in many legendary onstage fights. In the most notorious incident, at the Capitol Theatre, South Wales, in 1965, Avory hit Davies with his drum pedal, in reprisal for Davies kicking over his drum kit as revenge for a drunken fight the previous night in a Taunton hotel won by Mick, he fled into hiding for days to avoid arrest for grievous bodily harm. On other occasions, fuming, he would hurl his drumsticks at Dave. According to Ray, their problems began during the time Mick and Dave shared a flat in London for a short period in early 1965.

The relationship between Avory and the younger Davies brother deteriorated to the point where Avory left the band. By agreement with Ray Davies, he ceased performing and recording with the band in 1984, but accepted an invitation to manage Konk Studios, where the band and the Davies brothers record most of their records - a position he has held since. Ray explained the situation: The saddest day for me was when Mick left. Dave and Mick just couldn't get along. There were terrible fights, I got to the point where I couldn't cope with it any more. Push came to shove, to avoid an argument I couldn't face.... We were doing a track called "Good Day" and I couldn't face having Mick and Dave in the studio, so I did it with a drum machine. Dave said he wanted to replace Mick, and... I took Mick out, we got very drunk. We were in Guildford, after about five pints of this wonderful scrumpy, Mick said if any other band offered him a tour, he wouldn't take it, because he didn't want to tour, and I remember him getting the train.

Avory was replaced by former drummer with The Roulettes, Unit 4 + 2 and Argent. On, it would seem that Dave Davies and Avory settled their differences, as Avory subsequently played the drums on "Rock'n' Roll Cities", a track on the Think Visual album written by Dave Davies. Avory was asked to rejoin by Ray Davies, but he declined as he wanted a rest from the non-stop touring and performing schedule of two decades. In 1996, he started playing with The Kast Off Kinks, along with John Dalton, Dave Clarke, John Gosling and Jim Rodford, he has performed with them since. In the 1990s, he formed Shut Up Frank with Clarke, Noel Redding and Dave Rowberry of The Animals, they recorded several albums. Avory was inducted into both the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990 and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005, with original bassist Pete Quaife and the Davies brothers. By April 2004 at the request of The Animals, who were about to do their 40th anniversary tour, Chip Hawkes was asked to form a band to tour along with them.

This he brought together a true beat-era supergroup. The band features former original members of British 1960s groups, including Avory, Eric Haydock and Hawkes, who have now combined to perform as The Class of 64 featuring guitarists'Telecaster Ted' Tomlin and Graham Pollock; the band have toured around the world, have recorded an album of their former bands' hits. In 2007, Avory left The Class of 64 and, with other former 64 members Haydock, Tomlin, formed a new band called The Legends of the Sixties, which features Martin Lyon. Avory made a special guest appearance onstage at Ray Davies' Royal Albert Hall performance on 10 May 2007, he played tambourine. Guesting was Ian Gibbons, the former longtime Kinks keyboard player. Avory currently plays in The'60s A

Roger Thornton

Roger Thornton, the Dick Whittington of Newcastle, seems to have been a country boy who sought his fortune in town. He lived to become'the richest marchant, dwelling in Newcastell', three times mayor of that town; the old saying was: At the Westgate came Thornton in With a hap, a halfpenny, a lambskin. He was elected Mayor of Newcastle for 1400 -- 1402 -- 1406, 1416 -- 17 and 1423 -- 1426, a total of 9 times, he took the side of Henry IV against the rebel Earl of Northumberland and received on 28 July 1405'in consideration of his services and of the losses he had sustained, the charges he had borne in the late rebellion of the Earl of Northumberland, others, the Foucher House in Whickham, as well as other estates in Cleveland.' He represented Newcastle-upon-Tyne in parliament in 1399, 1411, 1417 and 1419, the last being the fifth year of the reign of Henry V. Thornton was a speculator in lead mines, he was working some in Weardale under lease from the Bishop of Durham in 1401, he was remembered for his liberality to Newcastle, building a town court and a Maison Dieu or hospital for poor people in the Sandhill.

Thornton died in the Broad Chare on 3 January 1430. His monumental brass, of the incised, Flemish type, is now in Newcastle Cathedral, is said to be the largest brass in the country, it was installed in the medieval All Saints' Church, Newcastle upon Tyne nearby, demolished and rebuilt. The brass is one of the finest. Thornton's is one of the four effigies of Northumberland worthies above 43–45 Northumberland Street in Newcastle. Biography at www.historyofparliamentonline.org Monumental brass of Roger and Agnes Thornton