Royal Bank Plaza
Royal Bank Plaza is a skyscraper in Toronto, Canada that serves as the de facto operational headquarters of the Royal Bank of Canada. The building shares with the Fairmont Royal York Hotel; the block in Toronto's financial district is bordered by Bay, Front and Wellington streets. It is owned by the real estate firm Oxford Properties. Built to be the new main office of the Royal Bank after its decision to move its centre of operations from Place Ville Marie in Montreal to Toronto in the late 1970s, Royal Bank Plaza consists of a South Tower and a North Tower; the South Tower, a skyscraper, is the taller of the two at 180 m. The structures each sit on opposing corners of the square site; the exteriors of the structures are covered with gold-bronze glass with tan granite accents. Together, both towers contain more than 14,000 windows which project from the facade to form angular bays set into brushed aluminum frames. Six bays are grouped between piers; the upper stories contain three larger angled-bays between the piers.
The double-height entry is recessed from the facade and covered in dark-tinted glass set into dark aluminum frames. The glass for the body of the building was manufactured by Canadian Pittsburgh Industries and was coloured using 2,500 oz of gold, valued at CA$70 per pane at the time of installation. In addition to office space and the Toronto Main Branch of the Royal Bank, Royal Bank Plaza contains a shopping concourse, part of the PATH network, linking directly to the TD Centre as well as Union Station, Brookfield Place and the Fairmont Royal York; the concourse merchants mall and tower lobbies underwent extensive renovations between 2005 and 2007. The building was constructed with a large atrium above the main banking hall that linked the two towers, but in the 1990s a trading floor was added, closing the open space; the bank maintains a presence in a number of other towers in the downtown core, including the Royal Bank Building at 20 King Street West adjacent to Scotia Plaza, the RBC Centre at 155 Wellington Street West, the building complex at 310, 315, 320 and 330 Front Street West, next to the Metro Toronto Convention Centre, owned by Oxford.
Royal Bank of Canada Norton Rose Fulbright Vale S. A. JPMorgan Chase Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ Interac Corporation List of tallest buildings in Toronto List of tallest buildings in Canada Royal Bank Plaza North at Oxford Properties Group Royal Bank Plaza South at Oxford Properties Group
Imperial Oil Building
The Imperial Oil Building, now known as Imperial Plaza, is a skyscraper located at 111 St. Clair Avenue West in Toronto, Canada; the 21-storey building was completed in 1957 as the headquarters of Imperial Oil, Canada's largest oil company. The building's design had been rejected for a proposed new Toronto City Hall. After several decades of use as the head office of Imperial Oil, the building was sold in 2010 and converted into a condominium apartment building; the building sits atop a high escarpment with a commanding view to the south, before the construction of the downtown banking towers in the late 1960s, the top floor observation deck was, at 800 feet above sea level, the highest point in Toronto. The interior layout in its office days was based on the'core' concept, with most offices having windows and with the various service elements clustered in the center. With its thick walls small windows, a built-in cafeteria, a location separated from major targets, large offices that could be converted to wards, the IOB was designed to be used, in the event of nuclear attack, as an alternative hospital.
The ground floor lobby features a famous mural, "The Story of Oil", executed by York Wilson in 1957. Three years in the planning and construction, the two panels of the diptych are each 25 feet by 32 feet; the mural is made of vinyl acetate and is mounted to the wall in such a way that vibrations in the building will not be transmitted to the artwork causing it to crack. In addition, a ventilation system behind the same wall prevents moisture collecting on the material. Crawley Films of Ottawa was engaged to document the artwork's realization. A three-part mural by Oscar Cahén was completed in 1956, for the building's staff lounge and dining facility on the eighth floor; these were abstract compositions in bright colours, one with a sun motif. Painted on canvas, two sections were de-installed in 1979 and are now owned by the Robert McLaughlin Gallery in Oshawa, Ontario; as of 2014, they await a permanent home. The third section was lost; the architectural model for this building was a proposed design for a new Toronto City Hall.
However, Nathan Phillips, Toronto's mayor in 1955, rejected the Mathers and Haldenby design for city hall and opened the commission to an international competition, won by Finnish architect Viljo Revell. Imperial Oil, in search of a design for their Toronto head office, bought the design from Mathers and Haldenby. During construction, catering to the wealthy local residents, welding was used, rather than the then-customary and much noisier riveting technique; the building, on completion, was the largest all-welded steel frame building in the world. When Imperial Oil assembled the residential properties for the site, Isabel Massie, owner of a house at 59 Foxbar Road, on a long angular lot at the rear of the site, refused to sell, despite being offered up to $100,000 for her house, at the time a princely sum; as a result, Imperial Oil had to move its building closer to St. Clair Avenue than planned; until she died in 1964, her property jutted into the Imperial Oil parking lot, an icon of a citizen's refusal to give in to a corporation.
Her heirs sold the house for $70,000 to Imperial Oil. The last traces of Isabel Massie's house across the street from 38 Foxbar Road, were dug up in 2012 when the subsequent owner excavated for an underground parking garage; as announced in a press conference on September 29, 2004, Imperial Oil re-located to Calgary, Alberta. Thereafter, the building was unoccupied for several years. Soil testing before the property was listed for sale found that sand about 40 feet below the eastern part of the parking lot was contaminated with heating oil that had leaked from an underground storage tank; the soil was excavated and replaced. In preparation for the sale, Imperial Oil told Deer Park United Church next door that they would no longer supply building heat to the church, effective July 2008; this led the dwindling congregation to vacate the church building and share space with a nearby Presbyterian congregation which had split off from the original Deer Park congregation in the mid 1920s. The church building remains vacant as of late 2016, but it is slated for incorporation into a new condominium development, named "Blue Diamond".
The Imperial Oil building was sold in the summer of 2010 to condominium developer Camrost-Felcorp, which began converting it into a condominium apartment building. At the same time, the church building next door was sold to a related developer, who subsequently sold a major interest to Camrost-Felcorp; the Imperial Oil building is now known as "Imperial Plaza". In addition to residential condominium units, the building includes an LCBO store and an upscale grocery store on the main floor; the developers secured the City of Toronto's approval for a second tower near the southeast corner of the site, a third tower replacing most but not all of the former Deer Park United Church building, a number of townhouses along the Foxbar Road frontage. As of February 2017, the tower near the southeast corner is under construction, its street address is 101 St. Clair Avenue West, it is planned as a 26-storey building. Fifth Avenue Place, Imperial Oil's current
Aura is a mixed-use skyscraper completed in 2014 in Toronto, Canada. It is the final phase of a series of new condominium buildings near College Park in Toronto's Downtown Yonge district, it is part of the Residences of College Park project, construction lasted from 2010 to 2014. With 79 floors, it has more floors than any other building in Canada; as of 2018, it is the tallest residential building in Canada and the 25th tallest residential building in the world. The original design proposed two towers; the building would have featured a ten-storey podium, with two towers on top. The taller tower would have been 60 storeys and 196.5 m tall. The shorter tower would have been 20 stories and 74.5 m tall. In February 2012, Toronto city council approved a three-storey increase to 78 floors, meaning that Aura is Canada's tallest residential building; the lower floors of the building were occupied. Floors 1-31 were opened for occupancy in Fall 2013; the second set of floors, 32 to 57, were occupied in spring 2014.
The final phase, floors 58-80, were expected to be completed in December 2014. The semi-transparent metal and high-tempered brick 78-storey tower has 100,000 m² of residential space; this makes largest residential building. The residential portion of the tower is built above a three-storey podium which has 14,000 m² of retail space; the building has a shared patio on the 5th floor and a 40,000 square-foot fitness facility called Hard Candy Fitness Aura Fitness, now Crunch Fitness. There is fast food court in the basement level of the building; the complex is not connected to the PATH system. As a result, unit owners are suing the developer for stating the possible connection when units were sold. City staff have indicated. List of tallest buildings in Toronto List of tallest buildings in Canada Aura on Skyscraperpage Aura on Emporis Aura on urbandb.com
Postmodern architecture is a style or movement which emerged in the 1960s as a reaction against the austerity and lack of variety of modern architecture in the international style advocated by Le Corbusier and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. The movement was introduced by the architect and urban planner Denise Scott Brown and architectural theorist Robert Venturi in their book Learning from Las Vegas; the style flourished from the 1980s through the 1990s in the work of Scott Brown & Venturi, Philip Johnson, Charles Moore and Michael Graves. In the late 1990s it divided into a multitude of new tendencies, including high-tech architecture, modern classicism and deconstructivism. Postmodern architecture emerged in the 1960s as a reaction against the perceived shortcomings of modern architecture its rigid doctrines, its uniformity, its lack of ornament, its habit of ignoring the history and culture of the cities where it appeared. In 1966, Venturi formalized the movement in his book and Contradiction in Architecture.
Venturi summarized the kind of architecture he wanted to see replace modernism: I speak of a complex and contradictory architecture based on the richness and ambiguity of modern experience, including that experience, inherent in art... I welcome the problems and exploit the uncertainties... I like elements which are hybrid rather than "pure", compromising rather than "clean"...accommodating rather than excluding... I am for messy vitality over obvious unity... I prefer "both-and" to "either-or", black and white, sometimes gray, to black or white... An architecture of complexity and contradiction must embody the difficult unity of inclusion rather than the easy unity of exclusion. In place of the functional doctrines of modernism, Venturi proposed giving primary emphasis to the façade, incorporating historical elements, a subtle use of unusual materials and historical allusions, the use of fragmentation and modulations to make the building interesting. Venturi's wife, accomplished architect and urban planner Denise Scott Brown, Venturi wrote Learning from Las Vegas, co-authored with Steven Izenour, in which they further developed their joint argument against modernism.
They urged architects take into consideration and to celebrate the existing architecture in a place, rather than to try to impose a visionary utopia from their own fantasies. This was in line with Scott Brown’s belief that buildings should be built for people, that architecture should listen to them. Scott Brown and Venturi argued that ornamental and decorative elements "accommodate existing needs for variety and communication"; the book was instrumental in opening readers' eyes to new ways of thinking about buildings, as it drew from the entire history of architecture—both high-style and vernacular, both historic and modern—and In response to Mies van der Rohe's famous maxim "Less is more", Venturi responded, to "Less is a bore." Venturi cited the examples of his wife’s and his own buildings, Guild House, in Philadelphia, as examples of a new style that welcomed variety and historical references, without returning to academic revival of old styles. In Italy at about the same time, a similar revolt against strict modernism was being launched by the architect Aldo Rossi, who criticized the rebuilding of Italian cities and buildings destroyed during the war in the modernist style, which had had no relation to the architectural history, original street plans, or culture of the cities.
Rossi insisted that cities be rebuilt in ways that preserved their historical fabric and local traditions. Similar ideas were and projects were put forward at the Venice Biennale in 1980; the call for a post-modern style was joined by Christian de Portzamparc in France and Ricardo Bofill in Spain, in Japan by Arata Isozaki. Robert Venturi was both a prominent theorist of postmodernism and an architect whose buildings illustrated his ideas. After studying at the American Academy in Rome, he worked in the offices of the modernists Eero Saarinen and Louis Kahn until 1958, became a professor of architecture at Yale University. One of his first buildings was the Guild House in Philadelphia, built between 1960 and 1963, a house for his mother in Chestnut Hill, in Philadelphia; these two houses became symbols of the postmodern movement. He went on to design, in the 1960s and 1970s, a series of buildings which took into account both historic precedents, the ideas and forms existing in the real life of the cities around them.
Michael Graves designed two of the most prominent buildings in the postmodern style, the Portland Building and the Denver Public Library. He followed up his landmark buildings by designing large, low-cost retail stores for chains such as Target and J. C. Penney in the United States, which had a major influence on the design of retail stores in city centers and shopping malls. In his early career, he, along with the Peter Eisenman, Charles Gwathmey, John Hejduk and Richard Meier, was considered one of the New York Five, a group of advocates of pure modern architecture, but in 1982 he turned toward postmodernism with the Portland Building, one of the first major structures in the style; the building has since been added to the National Register of Historic Places. The most famous work of architect Charles Moore is the Piazza d'Italia in New Orleans, a public square composed of an exuberant collection of pieces of famous Italian Renaissance architecture. Drawing upon the Spanish Revival architecture of the city hall, Moore designed the Beverly Hills Civic Center in a mixture of Spanish Revival, Art Deco and Post-Modern styles.
It includes courtyards, colonnades and buildings, with both open and semi-enclosed spaces and balconies. The Haas School of Bu
Shangri-La Toronto is a hotel and condominium building in Downtown Toronto, Canada. It was designed by James K. M. Cheng and built by Westbank Projects Corp.. The building is one of the fifteen tallest buildings in Toronto; the hotel component has 202 guest rooms and suites. The condominium portion consists of 393 units. Excavation of the site started in 2008, work on the parking garage began in early 2009. Shangri-La Toronto is located on University Avenue and Adelaide Street, in an area just west of the Financial District that has seen rapid growth in recent years; the site was home to a number of smaller structures, most notably the historic Bishop's Block. The Bishop's Block was built in the 1830s by John Bishop, who built a series of Georgian row houses on the site. Most of the buildings were torn down and replaced with a large parking lot; the one exception was a structure that served as one of the city's first hotels and for many decades as a pub, the Pretzel Bell Tavern, which became a popular hangout of the Maple Leafs.
It too was abandoned for several decades. This building was disassembled for the construction of Shangri-La Toronto, but the developers had pledged to rebuild and restore the Bishop's Block as part of the project. Prior to excavation, the site was the subject of several months of archaeological exploration, many artifacts from the city's early history were found. At 102 ft, Shangri-La Toronto was the second-deepest excavation for a building in Canada's history, with only Scotia Plaza being deeper; this was done to create an eight-level below-grade parking garage. List of tallest buildings in Canada List of tallest buildings in Toronto Gray Jeff, "Hotel-condo complex gets committee nod" The Globe and Mail Hume, Christopher. "Brief window into the past: Archeologists have 4 months to excavate a former upscale neighbourhood before another is built." Aug 06, 2007. Media related to Shangri-La Toronto at Wikimedia Commons Shangri-La Hotel, Toronto - official website Hariri Pontarini Architects - Shangri-La Toronto
Canada Life Building
The Canada Life Building is a historic office building in Toronto, Canada. The fifteen-floor Beaux Arts building was built by Sproatt & Rolph and stands at 285 feet, 321 feet including its weather beacon, it is located at Queen Street in the city's downtown core. Work on the new headquarters of the Canada Life Assurance Company began in 1929 and it opened in 1931, it was the fourth building to serve as the headquarters of Canada Life, Canada's oldest, at the time largest insurance company. It had been housed in offices at Bay and King Street; the Beaux Arts structure was the first of a series of planned structures along University Avenue, but the Great Depression halted these plans. When it was completed it was one of the tallest buildings in Toronto, it remains one of the largest office buildings in Toronto with windows that can be opened by its occupants. The Canada Life Campus has been expanded several times over the last few decades and now consists of five structures: 330 University Avenue, 190 Simcoe Street, 180 Simcoe Street, 180 Queen Street West and a 5-storey parking garage at 206 Simcoe Street.
In addition, the Campbell House Museum was moved to the South-East corner of the Campus in 1972. The building is best known for its weather beacon, whose colour codes provide summarized weather forecasts at a glance; the information is updated four times every day by Environment Canada's Weather Centre at Toronto Pearson International Airport. The top light shows: Steady green = clear Steady red = cloudy Flashing red = rain Flashing white = snowThe white lights along the support tower show: Lights running up = warmer Lights running down = cooler Steady = steady temperature / No changeForecast Period: Day signals for the balance of the day. Night signals for the following day; the beacon was the first of its kind to appear in Canada and was built at a cost of $25,000. The top of the beacon tower stands 321 feet above University Avenue and, when completed on August 9, 1951, made the structure the third-highest in Toronto, after the Canadian Bank of Commerce Building and the Royal York Hotel. 190 Simcoe Street is a 9-floor addition to the Campus, built directly West of the original.
It connects to the original building through two enclosed, elevated walkways It was completed in 1970. 180 Simcoe Street is a 12-floor addition to the Campus, built directly South of 190 Simcoe Street. It connects to 190 Simcoe Street through a short walkway, it was completed in 1994. Canada Life Tower is a 16-floor addition to the campus, built South-West of the original, it connects to the rest of the Campus through an underground loading dock area. It was designed by Kuwabara Payne McKenna, it was completed in 2005. Canada Life Building, Montreal Weather Machine, a sculpture in Portland, Oregon Virtual tour "Canada Life Building". SkyscraperPage. "One Eighty Queen Street West". SkyscraperPage
CityPlace is a neighbourhood in Downtown Toronto, Canada, within the former Railway Lands. When completed, this area will be the largest residential development created in Toronto; the area is bordered by Bathurst Street to the west, Lake Shore Boulevard to the south, Front Street to the north and Blue Jays Way and the Rogers Centre to the east. Cityplace is a 5- to 10-minute walk from King Street West and Liberty Village and a 10- to 20-minute walk from Toronto's financial district; the neighbourhood is home to the Canoe Landing Park designed by famed Canadian writer and artist Douglas Coupland. What is now CityPlace was conceived as a way to revitalize what was Canadian National's former Spadina Street Yard Facility, part of the extensive Railway Lands in the waterfront area. Going as far back as 1965, when CN began to shift the functions of many of its yards in the Greater Toronto Area to a centralized facility in the northern suburb of Vaughan, there had been plans to revitalize this part of downtown.
One of them called for the construction of a large television/telecommunications tower as a showcase of Canadian industry, realized in the 1970s with the CN Tower in addition to the massive Metro Centre, cancelled. Further development took place in the 1980s, with the 1984 completion of the Metro Toronto Convention Centre drawing new attention to the area. With the arrival of new visitors and development of new commercial draws, a fresh master plan was drawn up by the City of Toronto for revitalization of this area. At the same time Via Rail, the sole remaining occupant of the Spadina Street Yards, relocated their local operations to the newly built Toronto Maintenance Centre in New Toronto, freeing up the lands necessary for the planned revitalization. Work commenced after the demolition of the last railway buildings with the construction of SkyDome, completed in 1989. At the same time, a new network of roads and infrastructure began to take shape; the project proceeded smoothly until an economic downturn caused many of the development plans to be shelved, much land stood abandoned until 1997 when construction of the Air Canada Centre arena commenced.
This began the third and final phase of redevelopment called CityPlace which called for a multipurpose development of commercial and retail along the western section of the Railway Lands. The current CityPlace development was conceived by Concord Adex Developments, the same company that helped revitalize a large section of former Expo 86 lands in Vancouver; the final portion of CityPlace to be developed is Block 31. The proposal for Block 31 included a 42-storey mixed-use tower, it was criticized for the shadows it would cast over nearby amenity spaces and the site's adjoining Canoe Landing Park, as well as the views it would obstruct. Following a round of public consultations in early 2015, the new schematic design for Block 31 was revealed, it will include a new community centre. Toronto District School Board and the Toronto Catholic District School Board have both been designated to use the new space; the shared school building will seek to maximize spatial efficiency, with a common gym and theatre complex for both schools.
Block 31's design attempts to maximize available green space. With an articulated green roof spanning the complex's footprint; the 150,000 square foot complex is expected to cost $55 million to construct, is set to be completed by 2019. Project size: 18 hectares including an 8-hectare community park. 7500 residential units upon completion. Residential development is divided into 10 street blocks, numbered from 1 to 10; each street block contains a number of residential towers with its own sets of common facilities. Block 1 was developed first with 4 towers, namely Matrix A/B and Apex C/D, all with Front Street West addresses; the street block features buildings directly facing the entertainment district and the closest walk to the Financial District. Block 2 features 1 building only, directly behind the Rogers Centre, fronting on Navy Wharf Court, it features a heightened privacy comparing to the other interconnected towers. Completed 2003. Block 3 is the largest street block in the entire CityPlace complex, with 4 towers and a mid-rise building, as well as townhouses to decrease the tension of high density development.
The project was named Harbour View Estates and was completed in 2006. Block 4 features 2 towers and a mid-rise, mirroring the Harbour View Estates both in location and in design; the buildings are named as WestOne, N1/N2 and The Gallery, was completed by October 2007. Block 5 contains one tower, completed in early 2009, a mid-rise building, completed in late 2008. Block 6 has further progressed in design as trend evolves, with 2 towers and 1 mid-rise and Luna Vista. Completed April 2010 Block 7-8 Two towers with a 2-story bridge at floors 28 and 29, 2 podium buildings and 2 mid-rise buildings. Completed 2013. Block 9 contains the 3.24 hectares Canoe Landing Park Block 10 will contain the Panorama building with a 7-story podium/mid-rise and a luxury high rise. The high-rise will feature a number of 1500+sqft units with private elevators. Completed April 2010. Number of Units: over 5,000 residential units to date. – denotes estimate See Concord Pacific Masterplan in External Links With its location nestled between the Gardiner Expressway and Union Station, CityPlace is a accessible area.
The development is serviced by the Toronto Transit Commission's 509 Harbourfront, 510 Spadina, 511 Bathurst streetcar lines. In addition, a median is being set aside along Bremner Boulev