Worms massacre (1096)

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The Worms massacre was the murder of 800 Jews from Worms, Germany, at the hands of crusaders. The massacre was headed by Count Emicho in May 1096.

The massacre at Worms was one of a number of attacks against Jewish communities perpetrated during the First Crusade (1096–1099). Followers of Count Emicho arrived at Worms on May 18, 1096. Soon after his arrival, a rumour spread that the Jews had drowned a Christian and used contaminated water to poison the town’s wells, the local populace later joined forces with Emicho and launched a savage attack on the town’s Jews.

Every Jew that was captured was killed. Bishop Adalbert intervened and allowed his palace to serve as a refuge for the remaining Jews. However, eight days later, the mob broke in and slaughtered those seeking asylum there,[1] the Jews were in the midst of reciting the Hallel prayer for Rosh Chodesh Sivan.[2]

In all, around 800 Jews were killed, with the exception of some who committed suicide and a few who were forcibly baptised.[3] One, Simchah ben Yitzchak ha-Cohen, stabbed the bishop's nephew while being baptised and was consequently killed.[2] One of the most famous victims was Minna of Worms.[4]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Runciman, Steven (2004). The First Crusade. Cambridge University Press. p. 65. 
  2. ^ a b Kantor, Máttis (2005). Codex Judaica: Chronological Index of Jewish History, Covering 5,764 Years of Biblical, Talmudic & Post-Talmudic History. Zichron Press. p. 186. 
  3. ^ "Worms". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Emily Taitz, Sondra Henry & Cheryl Tallan, The JPS Guide to Jewish Women: 600 B.C.E.to 1900 C.E., 2003