Bruce Kelly (landscape architect)
Bruce R. Kelly was a landscape architect based in New York City, an advocate for the preservation and restoration of the landscapes designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, he is remembered for his own designs in New York's parks, including Strawberry Fields, the memorial to John Lennon in New York's Central Park. Bruce Kelly was born in 1948 at Georgia. In 1971, he received a bachelor's degree in landscape architecture from the University of Georgia and in 1973, he received a master's degree in historic preservation from Columbia University. From July to September 1974, Kelly was in Tuscany preparing archaeological drawings of the ancient Roman town of Cosa, excavated under the auspices of the American Academy in Rome. After returning to New York, he worked from 1974 to 1977 for the Central Park Task Force, formed to help rehabilitate Central Park. In May 1977, Kelly formed Bruce Kelly Associates. An early client, the Central Park Conservancy, engaged Kelly to help compile an inventory of the park's assets, the first done in decades.
Completed between 1982 and 1985, the exercise led to the creation of the Conservancy's master plan for the subsequent restoration of the park. In October 1981, Kelly and Gail Guillet organized an exhibit at the Metropolitan Museum of Art entitled "Art of the Olmsted Landscape." The exhibit and the accompanying catalogue helped cement Kelly's reputation as an Olmsted expert. That same month, Kelly obtained his license to practice landscape architecture in New York State. In March 1986, Kelly formed a partnership with David Varnell, a classmate from the University of Georgia, where in 1971 they jointly published their senior thesis, a planning study for Washington, Georgia. Kelly and Varnell were well known for their many master plans and projects for public spaces, but on a parallel track they cultivated a private practice. Writing in 1988, James Baily noted that Kelly was active "...in the most rarefied strata of the private sector, undertaking elaborate garden projects for such clients as Mary Morgan, Carolyne Roehm and Henry Kravis, Yoko Ono and Gayfryd Steinberg, some dozen others.
These are good times to be Bruce Kelly." Other glamorous commissions included the garden of Angier Biddle Duke in Southampton, New York, that of Ashton Hawkins on the Greek island of Patmos and the restoration of the gardens of the Pallazo Abrizzi in Venice. Kelly died in 1993 at the age of 44, after which David Varnell continued the practice, completing the Eleanor Roosevelt Monument in New York's Riverside Park, dedicated in October 1996. In 2000, the firm changed its name to Kelly Varnell Virgona. Master Plan for the Arboretum, South Park, New York. Strawberry Fields, Central Park, New York City. Master Plan, Boulevard East Promenade, New Jersey. James Michael Levin Playground, Central Park, New York City. Restoration of the Dene in Central Park, New York City. Garden Design, Metropolitan Home Magazine Show House, 126 East 65th St. New York City. Restoration of the Shakespeare Garden in Central Park, New York City. Forest Park Redevelopment Proposal, Forest Park, St. Louis, Missouri. Perennial Garden, Rusk Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, New York City.
The Hermitage, Ho-Ho-Kus, New Jersey, Specifications for Landscape Restoration and Construction. Renovation of the Boulevard East Promenade and ancillary parks, New Jersey. Eleanor Roosevelt Monument, Riverside Park, New York City. Bruce Kelly, Gail Travis Guillet and Mary Ellen W. Hern. Art of the Olmsted Landscape. Elizabeth Barlow Rogers with Marianne Cramer, Judith L. Heintz, Bruce Kelly, Philip N. Winslow, John Berendt. Rebuilding Central Park: A Management and Restoration Tool
Fernando Velasco (American football)
Fernando Velasco is an American football center, a free agent. He was signed by the Tennessee Titans as an undrafted free agent in 2008 and played for the Pittsburgh Steelers, Carolina Panthers and Buffalo Bills, he played college football at Georgia. Velasco played offensive tackle for Jefferson County High School in Georgia. During this time, he was a starter for all four years and was ranked in Rivals Top 75 Offensive Tackles in the Nation and Top 25 Offensive Tackles in Georgia, he was voted Class AAA First Team All-State by Atlanta Journal-Constitution and the Georgia Sportswriter Association. After graduating from Jefferson County High School, Velasco chose to attend Georgia; as a freshman his role was a back up offensive lineman for the majority of the season. He did receive the Georgia Football Team's Iron Man Award for his dedication, showing up to every practice on time. After having a solid spring practice, Velasco was the number 2 split guard on the roster, he received his first career start against Vanderbilt.
For the rest of his sophomore season he received playing time as a key back up lineman. He again was awarded the team's Ironman Award for the 2004 season. During his junior year, Velasco was redshirted. Georgia finally awarded Velasco with the Joseph F. Espy scholarship. Velasco was voted the team's most improved player. After showing improvement he was the number 1 split guard on the Bulldog's football team, he graduated with a diploma in Physical Education. After declaring for the 2008 NFL Draft, Velasco was thought to be a 6-7th round pick. After going undrafted he was signed by the Tennessee Titans and wore number 61, he only played in one game for the 2009 season. During the 2010 season, Velasco played left center in all 16 games, starting 3 of them, he had his first career start on October 10 in a 34-27 win over the Dallas Cowboys. For the 2011 season he played in all of them. In 2012, he would have a breakout year starting for the Titans at left guard and center for every regular season contest.
He was ranked the 11th best center for the 2012 season. After becoming a free agent after the 2012 season, he remained on the free agent market until Maurkice Pouncey of the Pittsburgh Steelers went down with a torn ACL in Week 1 of the regular season. After coming in and replacing Pouncey at Center, Velasco went down with an achilles tendon injury during a Thursday Night Football game against the Baltimore Ravens, he would be placed on injured reserved, being another lineman lost for the injury plagued Steelers 2013 season. He recorded 11 starts for the team that season and would become a free agent at the end of the season. In July 2014, the Carolina Panthers announced the signing of Fernando Velasco, he would return to wearing his college number of 75 and would play Guard for the Panthers. Velasco would play both left guard and right guard for the Panthers, starting 7 games and playing in 13. On June 9, 2015, the Tennessee Titans signed Fernando Velasco, he was signed after the Titans drafted quarterback Marcus Mariota and after a horrible 2014 season by Brian Schwenke.
Schwenke ranked 32nd among all centers in the NFL. The Titans brought in the five-year veteran to compete for the starting center job and protect the rookie quarterback. On August 30, 2015, it was reported. On September 17, 2015, Velasco was signed by the Carolina Panthers to play center and back up their four-time Pro Bowl center, Ryan Kalil. After an ankle injury to Kalil, Velasco would start the Week 8 contest against the Indianapolis Colts. On February 7, 2016, Velasco was part of the Panthers team that played in Super Bowl 50. In the game, the Panthers fell to the Denver Broncos by a score of 24–10. On April 7, 2016, Velasco signed with the Buffalo Bills. On September 2, 2016, he was released by the Bills as part of final roster cuts. On June 2, 2017, Velasco was hired as Player Relations Coordinator for the University of Georgia. Pittsburgh Steelers bio Tennessee Titans bio Georgia Bulldogs bio
Georgia (U.S. state)
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States. It began as a British colony in 1733, the last and southernmost of the original Thirteen Colonies to be established. Named after King George II of Great Britain, the Province of Georgia covered the area from South Carolina south to Spanish Florida and west to French Louisiana at the Mississippi River. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788. In 1802–1804, western Georgia was split to the Mississippi Territory, which split to form Alabama with part of former West Florida in 1819. Georgia declared its secession from the Union on January 19, 1861, was one of the original seven Confederate states, it was the last state to be restored to the Union, on July 15, 1870. Georgia is the 8th most populous of the 50 United States. From 2007 to 2008, 14 of Georgia's counties ranked among the nation's 100 fastest-growing, second only to Texas. Georgia is known as the Empire State of the South. Atlanta, the state's capital and most populous city, has been named a global city.
Atlanta's metropolitan area contains about 55% of the population of the entire state. Georgia is bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina, to the northeast by South Carolina, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by Florida, to the west by Alabama; the state's northernmost part is in the Blue Ridge Mountains, part of the Appalachian Mountains system. The Piedmont extends through the central part of the state from the foothills of the Blue Ridge to the Fall Line, where the rivers cascade down in elevation to the coastal plain of the state's southern part. Georgia's highest point is Brasstown Bald at 4,784 feet above sea level. Of the states east of the Mississippi River, Georgia is the largest in land area. Before settlement by Europeans, Georgia was inhabited by the mound building cultures; the British colony of Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe on February 12, 1733. The colony was administered by the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in America under a charter issued by King George II.
The Trustees implemented an elaborate plan for the colony's settlement, known as the Oglethorpe Plan, which envisioned an agrarian society of yeoman farmers and prohibited slavery. The colony was invaded by the Spanish during the War of Jenkins' Ear. In 1752, after the government failed to renew subsidies that had helped support the colony, the Trustees turned over control to the crown. Georgia became a crown colony, with a governor appointed by the king; the Province of Georgia was one of the Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution by signing the 1776 Declaration of Independence. The State of Georgia's first constitution was ratified in February 1777. Georgia was the 10th state to ratify the Articles of Confederation on July 24, 1778, was the 4th state to ratify the United States Constitution on January 2, 1788. In 1829, gold was discovered in the North Georgia mountains leading to the Georgia Gold Rush and establishment of a federal mint in Dahlonega, which continued in operation until 1861.
The resulting influx of white settlers put pressure on the government to take land from the Cherokee Nation. In 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, sending many eastern Native American nations to reservations in present-day Oklahoma, including all of Georgia's tribes. Despite the Supreme Court's ruling in Worcester v. Georgia that U. S. states were not permitted to redraw Indian boundaries, President Jackson and the state of Georgia ignored the ruling. In 1838, his successor, Martin Van Buren, dispatched federal troops to gather the tribes and deport them west of the Mississippi; this forced relocation, known as the Trail of Tears, led to the death of over 4,000 Cherokees. In early 1861, Georgia became a major theater of the Civil War. Major battles took place at Chickamauga, Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta. In December 1864, a large swath of the state from Atlanta to Savannah was destroyed during General William Tecumseh Sherman's March to the Sea. 18,253 Georgian soldiers died in service one of every five who served.
In 1870, following the Reconstruction Era, Georgia became the last Confederate state to be restored to the Union. With white Democrats having regained power in the state legislature, they passed a poll tax in 1877, which disenfranchised many poor blacks and whites, preventing them from registering. In 1908, the state established a white primary, they constituted 46.7% of the state's population in 1900, but the proportion of Georgia's population, African American dropped thereafter to 28% due to tens of thousands leaving the state during the Great Migration. According to the Equal Justice Institute's 2015 report on lynching in the United States, Georgia had 531 deaths, the second-highest total of these extralegal executions of any state in the South; the overwhelming number of victims were male. Political disfranchisement persisted through the mid-1960s, until after Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965. An Atlanta-born Baptist minister, part of the educated middle class that had developed in Atlanta's African-American community, Martin Luther King, Jr. emerged as a national leader in the civil rights movement.
King joining with others to form the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in Atlanta in 1957 to provide political leadership for the Civil Rights Movement across the South. By the 1960s, the proportion of
Louisville is a city in Jefferson County, United States. It is the county seat of Jefferson County, it is located southwest of Augusta on the Ogeechee River, its population was 2,493 at the 2010 census, down from 2,712 at the 2000 census. The name is pronounced "Lewis-ville" by locals. Louisville was incorporated on January 1786, as the prospective state capital. Savannah had served as the colonial capital, but was considered too far from the center of population in the growing state. Louisville was named for Louis XVI, still the King of France and had aided the Continentals during the successful American Revolutionary War. Development of the city began and its state government buildings were completed in 1795. An old Revolutionary War Soldiers Cemetery is located on the western side of town; the city of Louisville served as the state capital of Georgia from 1796 to 1806. It was a center of trade and political influence; the Jefferson County courthouse, built in 1904, stands on the site of Georgia's first permanent capitol building.
Louisville's historic, open-sided market house still stands in the center of downtown. The original market had sections for sales of farm produce, household goods, enslaved African Americans; the Old Market is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Roads and other transportation routes intersected at the market square, the hub of the region when the town was the state capital; the state capital was moved to Milledgeville and to Atlanta, in the Piedmont. As a small city and county seat, Louisville now has few major industries. A marker dedicated to the Yazoo land scandal of the 19th century is located in front of the Jefferson County Courthouse. Queensborough National Bank and Trust Company was founded in 1902 and is headquartered in Louisville, on U. S. Highway 1. Louisville is located south of the center of Jefferson County at 33°0′15″N 82°24′18″W. U. S. Route 1 passes through the east side of the city, leading northeast 46 miles to Augusta and south 30 miles to Swainsboro. U. S. Route 221 passes through the north side of downtown as Peachtree Street and leads southwest 10 miles to Bartow.
US-221 leaves Louisville to the north, running with US-1 15 miles to Wrens before continuing north toward Harlem. According to the United States Census Bureau, Louisville has a total area of 3.7 square miles, of which 3.6 square miles are land and 0.1 square miles, or 1.93%, are water. The western city boundary follows Rocky Comfort Creek, which flows into the Ogeechee River at the city limits' southwest corner; the Ogeechee flows to the Atlantic Ocean south of Savannah. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,712 people, 994 households, 664 families residing in the city; the population density was 755.5 people per square mile. There were 1,123 housing units at an average density of 312.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 65.93% African American, 33.63% White, 0.04% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.07% from other races, 0.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.37% of the population. There were 994 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.8% were married couples living together, 27.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.1% were non-families.
31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.22. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $19,883, the median income for a family was $32,578. Males had a median income of $31,500 versus $16,921 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,028. About 23.1% of families and 28.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.8% of those under age 18 and 51.8% of those age 65 or over. The Jefferson County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, consists of two elementary schools, two middle schools, a high school, an academy school.
The district has 199 full-time teachers and over 3,526 students. Louisville Academy Carver Elementary School Wrens Elementary School Louisville Middle School Jefferson County High School Thomas Jefferson Academy Central Savannah River Area List of municipalities in Georgia Local radio station: WPEH, Big Peach Radio National Register of Historic Places listings in Jefferson County, Georgia Strong, Robert Hale. Halsey, Ashley, ed. A Yankee Private's Civil War. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company. Pp. 106–108. LCCN 61-10744. OCLC 1058411. GovernmentOfficial websiteGeneral information Geographic data related to Louisville, Georgia at OpenStreetMap Louisville, Georgia at the Digital Library of Georgia Louisville, Georgia at Jefferson County Chamber of Commerce and Development Authority of Jefferson County Louisville, Georgia at New Georgia Encyclopedia Louisville Public Library at Jefferson County Library System The Sacking of Louisville at The Historical Marker Database
Central Savannah River Area
The Central Savannah River Area is a trading and marketing region in the U. S. states of Georgia and South Carolina, spanning thirteen counties in Georgia and eight in South Carolina. The term was coined in 1950 by C. C. McCollum, the winner of a $250 contest held by The Augusta Chronicle to generate the best name for the area. Today the initialism is so used that the full name is not known to all residents; the region is located on and named after the Savannah River, which forms the border between the two states. The largest cities within the CSRA are Augusta and Aiken, South Carolina; the total population of the CSRA is 768,402 in 2010. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the seven-county Augusta-Richmond County Metropolitan Statistical Area had an estimated population of 580,270 in 2013, making it the second most populous in the state of Georgia. Augusta-Richmond County, Georgia Pop: 197,872 Martinez, Georgia Pop: 35,795 Aiken, South Carolina Pop: 29,884 Evans, Georgia Pop: 29,011 North Augusta, South Carolina Pop: 21,873 Grovetown, Georgia Pop: 12,210 Thomson, Georgia Pop: 6,718 Belvedere, South Carolina Pop: 5,792 Waynesboro, Georgia Pop: 5,816 Sandersville, Georgia Pop: 5,912 CSRA Regional Commission CSRA Economic Opportunity Authority, Inc. Savannah River Site: CSRA Regional Science and Engineering Fair Regional science fair competition for science projects winning first-place at their respective schools Columbia County outpaces state population gains
A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service in a system it introduced in 1963. The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; the basic format consists of five digits. An extended ZIP+4 code was introduced in 1983 which includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits that reference a more specific location; the term ZIP Code was registered as a servicemark by the U. S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired; the early history and context of postal codes began with postal district/zone numbers. The United States Post Office Department implemented postal zones for numerous large cities in 1943. For example: The "16" was the number of the postal zone in the specific city. By the early 1960s, a more organized system was needed, non-mandatory five-digit ZIP Codes were introduced nationwide on July 1, 1963; the USPOD issued its Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code on October 1, 1963, with the list of two-letter state abbreviations which are written with both letters capitalized.
An earlier list in June had proposed capitalized abbreviations ranging from two to five letters. According to Publication 59, the two-letter standard was "based on a maximum 23-position line, because this has been found to be the most universally acceptable line capacity basis for major addressing systems", which would be exceeded by a long city name combined with a multi-letter state abbreviation, such as "Sacramento, Calif." along with the ZIP Code. The abbreviations have remained unchanged, with the exception of Nebraska, changed from NB to NE in 1969 at the request of the Canadian postal administration, to avoid confusion with the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Robert Moon is considered the father of the ZIP Code; the post office only credits Moon with the first three digits of the ZIP Code, which describe the sectional center facility or "sec center." An SCF is a central mail processing facility with those three digits. The fourth and fifth digits, which give a more precise locale within the SCF, were proposed by Henry Bentley Hahn Sr.
The SCF sorts mail to all post offices with those first three digits in their ZIP Codes. The mail is sorted according to the final two digits of the ZIP Code and sent to the corresponding post offices in the early morning. Sectional centers do not deliver mail and are not open to the public, most of their employees work the night shift. Mail picked up at post offices is sent to their own SCF in the afternoon, where the mail is sorted overnight. In the case of large cities, the last two digits coincide with the older postal zone number thus: In 1967, these became mandatory for second- and third-class bulk mailers, the system was soon adopted generally; the United States Post Office used a cartoon character, which it called Mr. ZIP, to promote the use of the ZIP Code, he was depicted with a legend such as "USE ZIP CODE" in the selvage of panes of postage stamps or on the covers of booklet panes of stamps. In 1971 Elmira Star-Gazette reporter Dick Baumbach found out the White House was not using a ZIP Code on its envelopes.
Herb Klein, special assistant to President Nixon, responded by saying the next printing of envelopes would include the ZIP Code. In 1983, the U. S. Postal Service introduced an expanded ZIP Code system that it called ZIP+4 called "plus-four codes", "add-on codes", or "add-ons". A ZIP+4 Code uses the basic five-digit code plus four additional digits to identify a geographic segment within the five-digit delivery area, such as a city block, a group of apartments, an individual high-volume receiver of mail, a post office box, or any other unit that could use an extra identifier to aid in efficient mail sorting and delivery. However, initial attempts to promote universal use of the new format met with public resistance and today the plus-four code is not required. In general, mail is read by a multiline optical character reader that instantly determines the correct ZIP+4 Code from the address—along with the more specific delivery point—and sprays an Intelligent Mail barcode on the face of the mail piece that corresponds to 11 digits—nine for the ZIP+4 Code and two for the delivery point.
For Post Office Boxes, the general rule is. The add-on code is one of the following: the last four digits of the box number, zero plus the last three digits of the box number, or, if the box number consists of fewer than four digits, enough zeros are attached to the front of the box number to produce a four-digit number. However, there is no uniform rule, so the ZIP+4 Code must be looked up individually for each box; the ZIP Code is translated into an Intelligent Mail barcode, printed on the mailpiece to make it easier for automated machines to sort. A barcode can be printed by the sender, it is better to let the post office put one on. In general, the post office uses OCR technology, though in some cases a human might have to read and enter the address. Customers who send bulk mail can get a discount on postage if they have printed the barcode themselves and have presorted the mai
Per capita income
Per capita income or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita income is national income divided by population size. Per capita income is used to measure an area's average income and compare the wealth of different populations. Per capita income is used to measure a country's standard of living, it is expressed in terms of a used international currency such as the euro or United States dollar, is useful because it is known, is calculable from available gross domestic product and population estimates, produces a useful statistic for comparison of wealth between sovereign territories. This helps to ascertain a country's development status, it is one of the three measures for calculating the Human Development Index of a country. In the United States, it is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as the following: "Per capita income is the mean money income received in the past 12 months computed for every man and child in a geographic area."
Critics claim that per capita income has several weaknesses in measuring prosperity: Comparisons of per capita income over time need to consider inflation. Without adjusting for inflation, figures tend to overstate the effects of economic growth. International comparisons can be distorted by cost of living differences not reflected in exchange rates. Where the objective is to compare living standards between countries, adjusting for differences in purchasing power parity will more reflect what people are able to buy with their money, it does not reflect income distribution. If a country's income distribution is skewed, a small wealthy class can increase per capita income while the majority of the population has no change in income. In this respect, median income is more useful when measuring of prosperity than per capita income, as it is less influenced by outliers. Non-monetary activity, such as barter or services provided within the family, is not counted; the importance of these services varies among economies.
Per capita income does not consider whether income is invested in factors to improve the area's development, such as health, education, or infrastructure. List of countries by average wage List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP at market or government official exchange rates per inhabitant List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP calculated at purchasing power parity exchange per inhabitant List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by income equality Total personal income