Wulguru language

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Region Townsville, Queensland
Extinct 1900?[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog wulg1239[2]

Wulguru, or Manbara, is an extinct Australian Aboriginal language that was spoken around the area around present day Townsville, Queensland, on the east coast of Australia. The range of Wulguru dialects known to have been around the area include two varieties mentioned from Palm Island, two from the Cleveland Bay area, and various dialects from Townsville.


Wulguru seems to be a Pama–Nyungan language that was typical for the sort found on the eastern Australian coast. Wulguru ceased to be spoken before it was properly documented, and as a result much of what linguists know of the language is fragmentary.

Possible dialect names include Mulgu, Buluguyban, Wulgurukaba, Coonambella, Nhawalgaba.[4]


  1. ^ Wulguru at MultiTree on the Linguist List
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Wulguru". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Wulguru at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
  4. ^ Dixon, R. M. W. (2002). Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development. Cambridge University Press. p. xxxiii.


  • Donahue, Mark (2007). "Introduction". Wulguru: a salvage study of a north-eastern Australian language from Townsville. Munich: LINCOM GmbH. pp. 1–4.