Wycombe Wanderers F.C.
Wycombe Wanderers Football Club is a professional association football club based in the town of High Wycombe, England. The team play in the third tier of English football; the club plays at Adams Park, situated on the western outskirts of High Wycombe, they traditionally play in quartered shirts of navy and pale blue. The club's nicknames are "the Chairboys" and "the Blues"; the current manager of the club is Gareth Ainsworth, appointed as player/manager following a period during which he served as caretaker manager, after Gary Waddock was relieved of his duties following a 1–0 defeat at home to Wimbledon on 22 September 2012. Ainsworth retired from playing at the end of the 2012–13 season, he is assisted by Richard Dobson. The club was awarded the Family Club of the Year award twice in a row in 2006–07 and 2007–08; this is the only time. The club received a Football League Family Excellence Award after the 2009–10, 2011–12 and 2013–14 seasons; the exact details of the formation of Wycombe Wanderers F.
C. have been lost to history. A group of young furniture trade workers started a team to play matches in 1884; this team was called North Town Wanderers. In 1887, a meeting held at the Steam Engine public house in Station Road, High Wycombe saw the formation of Wycombe Wanderers F. C, it is likely the club was named Wanderers after the famous Wanderers, winners of the first F. A. Cup in 1872; the club played friendly matches between 1887 and 1896. It first entered the F. A. Amateur Cup in 1894 and the F. A. Cup in 1895. In 1895 the club moved to Loakes Park. In 1896 the club joined the Southern League and competed in the Second Division until 1908. In the summer of 1908 the club declined the invitation to retain their membership of the Southern League; the club decided to pursue amateur instead of professional football and joined the Great Western Suburban League and remained there until the outbreak of the First World War. After the hostilities had ended the club joined the Spartan League in 1919 and were Champions in successive years.
In March 1921 the club's application to join the Isthmian League was accepted. The club remained a member of the Isthmian League until 1985, when they accepted promotion to the Alliance Premier League. For over sixty years the Wanderers sought to be the greatest amateur club in the country. One of the club's greatest achievements came in April 1931 when it won the F. A. Amateur Cup; the Wanderers beat Hayes 1 -- 0 in the final at home of Arsenal. The club reached the first round proper of the F. A. Cup for the first time in November 1932, losing to Gillingham in a replay at Loakes Park; the club remained active during the Second World War, competing in the Great Western Combination, won in 1945. In 1947 Frank Adams, who had captained the club to its double Championship victories in the Spartan League and made 331 appearances for the Wanderers, scoring 104 goals, made arguably his greatest contribution when he gave Loakes Park to the club, it provided the basis for a period of unprecedented success in 1950s.
The club appointed Sid Cann as coach in 1952 and he led the Wanderers to their first Isthmian League title in 1956. The title was defended the following season, the club reached Wembley for the first time in their history, they were beaten 3–1 by Bishop Auckland in the final of the F. A. Amateur Cup in April 1957, their North-East rivals were something of a nemesis having beaten the Chairboys at the semi-final stage in both 1950 and 1955. The second round proper of the F. A. Cup was reached in December 1959; the stars of the team included striker Paul Bates. Cann left the club to join Norwich City in 1961 and the club's fortunes took something of a downturn during the 1960s; that changed in December 1968. He changed several aspects of the club including team selection, which up to that point had been chosen by committee, he led the Wanderers to a third Isthmian League title in 1971 and it was again defended in 1972. The club suffered yet more F. A. Amateur Cup disappointment at the semi-final stage, losing 2–1 to Hendon at Griffin Park, Brentford.
A fifth Isthmian League title was won in 1974 and the following season it was defended yet again, this time by the narrowest of margins, a superior goal difference of 0–1 to Enfield. In the same season the club created history by reaching the third round proper of the F. A. Cup for the first time, losing 1–0 to First Division Middlesbrough in a replay at Ayresome Park having drawn 0–0 at Loakes Park. Lee retired as manager in 1976 and again the Wanderers suffered a decline. A significant factor was the abolition of amateur football by the F. A. in 1974 which left the club without a sense of purpose. The Wanderers rejected the invitation to join the Alliance Premier League on its formation in 1979 and again in 1981 with concern over the increased travelling costs; the club reached the semi-finals of the F. A. Trophy for the first time in 1982 but lost out to Altrincham. A seventh Isthmian League title was won in 1983 but promotion to the Alliance Premier League was again turned down; as a consequence crowds at Loakes Park dropped to record lows and the club decided to accept promotion to the Gola League in 1985, having finished third in the Isthmian League Premier Division.
The club's first season in a national league ended in disappointment, with the Wanderers relegated on goal difference. They soon returned after romping to an eighth Isthmian League title in 1987 after a battle with Yeovil To
2015 United Kingdom local elections
The 2015 United Kingdom local elections were held on Thursday 7 May 2015, the same day as the general election for the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. With the exception of those areas that have had boundary changes, the council seats up for election in England were last contested in the 2011 local elections. Elections would have been due in Northern Ireland given the previous elections to all 26 local councils in 2011, but these councils have since been scrapped and replaced by 11 super-councils, which had their inaugural elections in 2014. All registered electors who will be aged 18 or over on the day of the election were entitled to vote in the local elections; those who will be temporarily away from their ordinary address are entitled to vote in the local elections, although those who have moved abroad and registered as overseas electors cannot vote in the local elections. Those who are registered to vote at more than one address are entitled to vote in the local elections at either address, as long as they are not in the same local government area.
Full results as reported by BBC News: In 2015, direct elections were held in 279 of the 293 local districts in England: 36 metropolitan boroughs, 194 of the second-tier districts, 49 of the unitary authorities. There were no local elections in Scotland, or Wales. There were six elections for directly elected mayors, as well as elections to many parish councils and town councils, a few local referenda; as was the case in the simultaneously-held general election, the Conservative Party was considered the clear winners of the local elections, winning overall control of more than thirty local councils from councils that before the election had no overall control. The Conservatives retained control of the Solihull and Trafford councils, the only two metropolitan boroughs that it held before the election increasing its majority on both. Among the unitary councils, the Conservatives won control of Bath and North East Somerset for the first time; as was the case in the general election, the Labour Party and Liberal Democrats performed poorly.
Labour lost control of the Walsall metropolitan borough and the Plymouth and Stoke-on-Trent unitary authorities, both to no overall control. The Green Party of England and Wales lost their status as the largest party on Brighton and Hove City Council to Labour; the UK Independence Party won control of the Thanet District Council, going from two to 33 seats on that council. This marked the first time. According to an analysis by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher, more than three-quarters of councils across the UK are now under the majority control of the two largest parties and Labour—the highest percentage since the 1970s local government reform; the dominance of the Conservative and Labour parties was not limited to control of councils, but extended to a seat count, with the two parties holding 77% of seats, the highest since 1980. Rallings and Thrasher found that the decline of the Liberal Democrats accounted for part of this trend, they concluded that "much is said about multi-party Britain but it is time instead to talk about two-party local government."
In 35 of the 36 English metropolitan borough councils one-third of their seats are up for election. In Doncaster, all seats are up for election due to ward-boundary changes there. In 30 English unitary authorities the whole council is up for election; these were the last elections to the unitary authorities for Bournemouth and Poole, as they are set to be merged into one, along with the area covered by Christchurch District Council into one new authority in 2019. In 19 English unitary authorities one third of the council is up for election. In 128 English district authorities the whole council is up for election; these were the last elections to councils in Christchurch, East Dorset, East Northamptonshire, Forest Heath, North Dorset, Purbeck, South Northamptonshire, St Edmundsbury, Suffolk Coastal, Taunton Deane, Wellingborough, West Dorset and West Somerset. These councils are either being merged into larger districts those in Somerset and Suffolk at the 2019 local elections, while those in Northamptonshire and Dorset are due to have their county councils abolished and converted into 4 unitary authorities, with the new Dorset authorities electing in 2019 and the Northamptonshire authorities electing in 2020 - thus meaning all of the district and borough councillors in Northamptonshire have their terms extended for one year.
In 66 English district authorities one third of the council is up for election. Six direct mayoral elections were held. A local referendum in Bedfordshire was held on a proposal by Bedfordshire Police and Crime Commissioner Olly Martins, to fund one hundred additional police officers through a 15.8% increase in the police precept. The proposal would provide an additional £4.5 million in revenue. The referendum was triggered. Voters decisively rejected the proposal, with 30.5% voting yes and 69.5% no
Steve Baker (politician)
Steven John Baker is a British Conservative Party politician and former Royal Air Force engineer and bank worker. He is the Member of Parliament for Wycombe. In June 2015, he became co-chairman of Conservatives for Britain, a campaigning organisation formed of eurosceptic MPs, he co-founded The Cobden Centre. He established and chairs the all-party parliamentary group on Economics and Banking, he served as Chair of the European Research Group, a pro-Brexit group of Conservative MPs, until his promotion to ministerial office at the Department for Exiting the European Union on 13 June 2017, but resigned from his office on 9 July 2018 following the resignation of David Davis over concerns with the Government strategy on Brexit. On 9 July 2018, Chair Jacob Rees-Mogg appointed Baker as the Deputy Chair and de facto "Whip" of the ERG. Baker was born on 6 June 1971 in St Austell in Cornwall, he was educated at Poltair School in St Austell and St Austell Sixth Form College followed by the University of Southampton where he gained a BEng in Aerospace Engineering.
He studied at St Cross College, where he earned an MSc in Computation. On 3 September 1989, Baker was commissioned as an Acting Pilot Officer into the Engineering Branch of the Royal Air Force, having held the rank of Corporal, before being regraded as a Pilot Officer on 15 July 1992. Baker retired from the RAF on 1 August 1999 at his own request having attained the rank of Flight lieutenant, he worked as a consulting software engineer and manager. He was head of consulting and product manager with DecisionSoft Ltd in Oxford, 2000–01, he was appointed as Chief Technical Officer at BASDA Ltd, Great Missenden in 2002, a position he held until 2007. For a year from 2005 he was director of product development at Oxford, he was the chief architect of global financing and asset service platforms at Lehman Brothers, 2006–08. He has been principal of Ambriel Consulting Ltd since 2001, he is a founding member of an educational charity promoting Austrian economics. Baker was selected as the Conservative candidate for Wycombe on 31 October 2009, after former Conservative MP Paul Goodman stood down.
Baker held the seat for the Conservative Party. He received 23,423 votes – a vote share of 48.6%, higher than Goodman's 42.4% and 45.8% in the 2001 and 2005 general elections respectively. He was re-elected at 2017 general election. Baker was rated as one of the Conservatives' top 10 most rebellious MPs of the 2010 intake, he was nominated as a'Newcomer of the Year' on ConservativeHome. He was named as the most authoritative Member of Parliament on Twitter in January 2011. In March 2011, Baker initiated an adjournment debate on the malicious prosecution of an operator of an independent mental health unit; the Solicitor General Edward Garnier issued an apology. In 2011, Baker attracted controversy after he was one of three Conservative MPs who went on a luxury trip to Equatorial Guinea, funded by the Government of the state, via a trust based in Malta, they reported at the end of the trip that human rights violations in the country were "trivial", in contrast to Amnesty International, who had reported repeated incidents of torture in the country.
Baker has campaigned for banking reform, calling for banks to re-adopt Generally Accepted Accounting Practice to account for devalued loans, as well as failed ones. He introduced a Ten Minute Rule bill to'bring casino banking into the light', by changing rules by which banks account for derivatives, he was elected to the executive of the 1922 Committee on 16 May 2012, saying he was'fed up with factionalism' and wanted'to stand as neither a modernising 301 candidate or a traditionalist'. Baker was shortlisted for the Grassroot Diplomat Initiative Award in 2015 for the founding of the Cobden Centre, remains in the directory of the Grassroot Diplomat Who's Who publication. In 2017, the Unite Union raised concerns that Baker had lobbied for the deregulation of white asbestos. In 2010, in a series of parliamentary questions, Baker asked the Work and Pensions Secretary: "If he will bring forward proposals to distinguish the white form of asbestos and the blue and brown forms of that substance," questioning: "If he will commission an inquiry into the appropriateness of the health and safety precautions in force in respect of asbestos cement."In February 2018, as a minister in the Department for Exiting the European Union he was forced to apologise after inaccurately claiming that civil servants had deliberately produced negative economic models to influence policy.
Answering questions in the House of Commons, Baker confirmed a claim by the Eurosceptic backbencher Jacob Rees-Mogg that Charles Grant, the Director of the Centre for European Reform, had reported that Treasury officials "had deliberately developed a model to show that all options other than staying in the customs union were bad, that officials intended to use this to influence policy". Audio emerged of the event in question, which showed the Grant had not made the comments attributed to him. By the time the audio was released by Prospect Magazine, the Prime Minister's spokesman had backed Baker's claims; the spokesman said that Baker had made a "genuine mistake". On 8 July 2018, Baker resigned following the resignation of the Brexit Secretary, David Davis after working on a Brexit white paper which Baker said "did not accord with what was put to the cabine
Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a ceremonial county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east. Buckinghamshire is one of the home counties and towns such as High Wycombe, Amersham and the Chalfonts in the east and southeast of the county are parts of the London commuter belt, forming some of the most densely populated parts of the county. Development in this region is restricted by the Metropolitan Green Belt. Other large settlements include the county town of Aylesbury, Marlow in the south near the Thames and Princes Risborough in the west near Oxford; some areas without direct rail links to London, such as around the old county town of Buckingham and near Olney in the northeast, are much less populous. The largest town is Milton Keynes in the northeast, which with the surrounding area is administered as a unitary authority separately to the rest of Buckinghamshire.
The remainder of the county is administered by Buckinghamshire County Council as a non-metropolitan county, four district councils. In national elections, Buckinghamshire is considered a reliable supporter of the Conservative Party. A large part of the Chiltern Hills, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, runs through the south of the county and attracts many walkers and cyclists from London. In this area older buildings are made from local flint and red brick. Many parts of the county are quite affluent and like many areas around London this has led to problems with housing costs: several reports have identified the market town of Beaconsfield as having among the highest property prices outside London. Chequers, a mansion estate owned by the government, is the country retreat of the incumbent Prime Minister. To the north of the county lies rolling countryside in the Vale of Aylesbury and around the Great Ouse; the Thames forms part of the county’s southwestern boundary. Notable service amenities in the county are Pinewood Film Studios, Dorney rowing lake and part of Silverstone race track on the Northamptonshire border.
Many national companies have offices in Milton Keynes. Heavy industry and quarrying is limited, with agriculture predominating after service industries; the name Buckinghamshire means The district of Bucca's home. Bucca's home refers to Buckingham in the north of the county, is named after an Anglo-Saxon landowner; the county has been so named since about the 12th century. The history of the area predates the Anglo-Saxon period and the county has a rich history starting from the Celtic and Roman periods, though the Anglo-Saxons had the greatest impact on Buckinghamshire: the geography of the rural county is as it was in the Anglo-Saxon period. Buckinghamshire became an important political arena, with King Henry VIII intervening in local politics in the 16th century and just a century the English Civil War was reputedly started by John Hampden in mid-Bucks; the biggest change to the county came in the 19th century, when a combination of cholera and famine hit the rural county, forcing many to migrate to larger towns to find work.
Not only did this alter the local economic situation, it meant a lot of land was going cheap at a time when the rich were more mobile and leafy Bucks became a popular rural idyll: an image it still has today. Buckinghamshire is a popular home for London commuters, leading to greater local affluence; the expansion of London and coming of the railways promoted the growth of towns in the south of the county such as Aylesbury and High Wycombe, leaving the town Buckingham itself to the north in a relative backwater. As a result, most county institutions are now based in the south of the county or Milton Keynes, rather than in Buckingham; the county can be split into two sections geographically. The south leads from the River Thames up the gentle slopes of the Chiltern Hills to the more abrupt slopes on the northern side leading to the Vale of Aylesbury, a large flat expanse of land, which includes the path of the River Great Ouse; the county includes parts of two of the four longest rivers in England.
The River Thames forms the southern boundary with Berkshire, which has crept over the border at Eton and Slough so that the river is no longer the sole boundary between the two counties. The River Great Ouse rises just outside the county in Northamptonshire and flows east through Buckingham, Milton Keynes and Olney; the main branch of the Grand Union Canal passes through the county as do its arms to Slough, Aylesbury and Buckingham. The canal has been incorporated into the landscaping of Milton Keynes; the southern part of the county is dominated by the Chiltern Hills. The two highest points in Buckinghamshire are Haddington Hill in Wendover Woods at 267 metres above sea level, Coombe Hill near Wendover at 260 metres. Quarrying has taken clay for brickmaking and gravel and sand in the river valleys. Flint extracted from quarries, was used to build older local buildings. Several former quarries, now flooded, have become nature reserves; as can be seen from the table, the Vale of Aylesbury and the Borough of Milton Keynes have been identified as growth areas, with a projected population surge of 40,000 in Aylesbury Vale between 2011 and 2026 and 75,000 in Milton Keynes within the same 15 years.
The population of the Borough of Milton Keynes is expected to reach 350,000 by 2031. Buckinghamshire is sub-divided into civil parishes. Today Bucking
Marlow is a town and civil parish within Wycombe district in south Buckinghamshire, England. It is located on the River Thames, 4 miles south south-west of High Wycombe, 5 miles west north-west of Maidenhead and 33 miles west of central London; the name is recorded in 1015 as Mere lafan, meaning "Land left after the draining of a pond" in Old English. From Norman times the manor and borough were formally known as Great Marlow, distinguishing them from Little Marlow; the ancient parish was large, including rural areas west of the town. In 1896 the civil parish of Great Marlow, created in the 19th century from the ancient parish, was divided into Great Marlow Urban District and Great Marlow civil parish. In 1897 the urban district was renamed Marlow Urban District, the town has been known as Marlow. Marlow is recorded in the Domesday Book as Merlaue. Magna Britannia includes the following entry for Marlow: "The manor of Marlow, which had belonged to the Earls of Mercia, was given by William the Conqueror, to his Queen Matilda.
Henry the First, bestowed it on his natural son, Robert de Melhent, afterwards Earl of Gloucester, from whom it passed, with that title, to the Clares and Despencers, from the latter, by female heirs, to the Beauchamps and Nevilles, Earls of Warwick. It continued in the crown from the time of Richard III's marriage with Anne Neville, until Queen Mary granted it to William Lord Paget, in whose family it continued more than a century, it is now the property of Sir William Clayton bart. A descendant of the last purchaser". Marlow owed its importance to its location on the River Thames, where the road from Reading to High Wycombe crosses the river, it had its own market by 1227, although the market lapsed before 1600. From 1301 to 1307 the town had its own Member of Parliament, it returned two members from 1624 to 1867. Marlow is adjoined by a mile to the north. Little Marlow is nearby to the east along the A4155 Little Marlow Road and Bourne End is further along the same road. To the south across the Thames are Bisham and Cookham Dean, both in Berkshire, There has been a bridge over the Thames at Marlow since the reign of King Edward III The current bridge is a suspension bridge, designed by William Tierney Clark in 1832, was a prototype for and is twinned with the much larger Széchenyi Chain Bridge across the River Danube in Budapest.
The Junior Wing of the Royal Military College moved to Sandhurst on the borders of Berkshire and Surrey, was once based in West Street, Marlow, at Remnantz, a large house built in the early 18th century which served as the Junior Department of the College from 1801 until 1812. The weather vane on the building may date from that period; the building is now owned by the Bosley family. The Hand & Flowers, the first gastropub to hold two Michelin stars, is located on West Street, it is one of several local pubs serving award-winning beers brewed locally in Marlow Bottom by the Rebellion Beer Company. Marlow is the location of Marlow Lock, originating from the 14th century. Marlow is twinned with Marly-le-Roi, since 1980. Budavár, a district of Budapest, Hungary; the A4155 road runs through Marlow town centre, with the A404 lying one mile to the east, the M40 motorway further to the north, the M4 motorway to the south. Marlow is served by a railway station, the terminus of a single-track branch line from Maidenhead.
The train service is known as the Marlow Donkey, the nickname given to the steam locomotives that once operated on the line. There is a pub with the same name, located close to the railway station. Bus services are provided by Arriva to neighbouring towns, including High Wycombe, Henley-on-Thames and Reading. Education is provided by several schools, including: Great Marlow School Sir William Borlase's Grammar School Burford School Danesfield School Foxes Piece School Holy Trinity Church of England School Marlow Church of England Infant School Spinfield School St Peter's Catholic Primary School Marlow Rowing Club, founded in 1871, is one of Britain's premier rowing clubs and has produced many Olympic oarsmen including Sir Steve Redgrave; the club exercises above and below the lock. The Olympic lightweight men's double-sculls gold medallist at Beijing 2008, Zac Purchase, is a former member of Marlow Rowing Club. Marlow F. C. is the oldest football club in the town playing in Tier 8 Southern Football League Division One Central.
It finished 4th of 22 in the 2016/17 season. Another local football club, Marlow United F. C. plays in Tier 11 Thames Valley Premier League Premier Division and finished 2nd of 14 in the 2016/17 season. Marlow Rugby Club plays at Riverwoods Drive, it was founded in 1947 and runs a range of senior and mini-rugby teams. The England Rugby team had its training base at Marlow RFC until the late 1990s, when it moved to nearby Bisham Abbey. There are two cricket clubs, Marlow Park CC, Marlow Cricket Club, founded in 1829 and is now part of Marlow Sports Club. Marlow Cricket Club plays in the Thames Valley League; the Sports Club caters to field hockey, running, junior football and softball. There are two regattas associated with Marlow. Earliest records indicate a regatta took place annually on the River Th
John Simon Bercow is a British politician, the Speaker of the House of Commons since June 2009. He concurrently serves as the Member of Parliament for Buckingham. Prior to his election to Speaker, he was a member of the Conservative Party. A former right-winger, he changed his views after becoming an MP and at one time was rumoured to be to defect to the Labour Party. Bercow's election to the Speaker's chair depended on the backing of other parties, was unpopular with many of his former Conservative Party colleagues, he served as a councillor from 1986 to 1990 and unsuccessfully contested parliamentary seats in the 1987 and 1992 general elections. In the 1997 general election, Bercow was elected the MP for Buckingham and promoted to the shadow cabinet in 2001, he held posts in the shadow cabinets of Iain Duncan Michael Howard. In November 2002, he resigned from the shadow cabinet over disputes concerning the Adoption and Children Act but returned under Howard in 2003. In September 2004, Bercow was dismissed after disagreements with Howard.
Following the resignation of Speaker Michael Martin, Bercow announced his intention to stand for the Speakership election on 22 June 2009 and was successful. He remained Speaker and was re-elected in his constituency at the general election on 7 May 2015, he was re-elected as Speaker, when the House sat at the start of the new parliament on 18 May 2015. Following the 2017 general election, Bercow was re-elected, again unopposed, as Speaker, on 13 June 2017, he is the first Speaker since the Second World War to be elected to the post three times. In October 2009, Bercow chaired the United Kingdom Youth Parliament's first annual sitting in the House of Commons, making them the only group except Members of Parliament to sit in the chamber, he has chaired every subsequent sitting and attended every annual conference and supporting Members of Youth Parliament from across the UK. In 2014, Bercow was appointed Chancellor of the University of Bedfordshire, in July 2017 he was appointed Chancellor of the University of Essex.
In October 2018, it was reported that Bercow intended to step down as Speaker in the summer of 2019, due to a report on the failure of high-level figures in Parliament to deal adequately with bullying of staff at Westminster and due to allegations of bullying made against him personally. However, it was reported that Bercow planned "to stay as speaker" until the end of parliament in 2022. Bercow was born in Edgware, the son of Brenda and Charles Bercow, a taxi driver, his father was born to his mother converted to Judaism. His paternal grandparents were Jews. Having settled in the UK, the family anglicised its surname from Berkowitz to Bercow. Bercow attended Frith Manor Primary School in Woodside Park, Finchley Manorhill, a large comprehensive school in North Finchley. In his youth, Bercow had been ranked Britain's No. 1 junior tennis player, but came down with bronchial asthma and was unable to pursue a professional career. Bercow graduated with a first-class honours degree in government from the University of Essex in 1985.
Professor Anthony King said "When he was a student here, he was right-wing, pretty stroppy, good. He was an outstanding student."As a young activist, Bercow was a member of the right-wing Conservative Monday Club. He stood as a candidate for the club's national executive in 1981 with a manifesto calling for a programme of "assisted repatriation" of immigrants, became secretary of its immigration and repatriation committee. However, at the age of 20 he left the club, citing the views of many of the club's members as his reason, has since called his participation in the club "utter madness" and dismissed his views from that period as "bone headed". After graduating from the University of Essex, Bercow was elected as the last national chairman of the Federation of Conservative Students, 1986–87; the FCS was broken up by the chairman of the Conservative Party, Norman Tebbit, after one of its members had accused previous Tory PM Harold Macmillan of war crimes in extraditing Cossacks to the Soviet Union.
Bercow attracted the attention of the Conservative leadership, in 1987 he was appointed by Tebbit as vice-chairman of the Conservative Collegiate Forum to head the campaign for student support in the run-up to the 1987 general election. After a spell in merchant banking, Bercow joined the lobbying firm Rowland Sallingbury Casey in 1988, becoming a board director within five years. With fellow Conservative Julian Lewis, Bercow ran an advanced speaking and campaigning course for over 10 years, which trained over 600 Conservatives in campaigning and communication techniques, he has lectured in the United States to students of the Leadership Institute. In 1986, Bercow was elected as a Conservative councillor in the London Borough of Lambeth, served for four years representing the Streatham, St Leonard's ward. In 1987, he was appointed the youngest deputy group leader in the United Kingdom. In 1995, Bercow was appointed as a special adviser to the Chief Secretary to the Treasury, Jonathan Aitken.
After Aitken's resignation to fight a libel action, Bercow served as a special adviser to the Secretary of State for National Heritage, Virginia Bottomley. Bercow was an unsuccessful Conservative candidate in the 1987 general election in Motherwell South, again at the 1992 general election in Bristol South. In 1996 he paid £1,000 to charter a helicopter so that he could attend the selection meetings for two safe Conservative parliamentary seats on the same day – Buckingham and Surrey Heath –
Chiltern Main Line
The Chiltern Main Line is an inter-urban and commuter railway, part of the British railway system. It links London and Birmingham, the United Kingdom's two largest cities, by a 112-mile route via High Wycombe and Leamington Spa, it is one of two main line railway routes between London and Birmingham, the other being the West Coast Main Line between London Euston and Birmingham New Street, the principal InterCity route between the two cities. The name Chiltern Line was invented as a marketing name for the line by Network SouthEast in 1985, in reference to the Chiltern Hills which the route passes through near its southern end; the route was part of the Great Western Railway's main line from London Paddington to Birmingham Snow Hill, Wolverhampton Low Level and Birkenhead Woodside. Most main line services between London and Birmingham on this route were discontinued in 1967 after the West Coast Main Line was electrified, Snow Hill station was closed. Services were resumed between London and the reopened Snow Hill in 1993, however they were routed into Marylebone the London terminus of the now-closed Great Central Main Line, instead of the historic terminus at Paddington.
Since the privatisation of British Rail in the 1990s, the main operator has been Chiltern Railways who have continued to develop the route and services. The line has undergone a major upgrade which has seen much of the line cleared for 100 mph running, resulting in significant reductions in journey times from 2013; the line is not electrified. The line forms part of the suburban rail networks in both cities; the majority of towns towards the London end of the route are prosperous suburbs or commuter-belt towns, such as Ruislip, Gerrards Cross and Beaconsfield. These have a journey time of 30 minutes or less to London Marylebone. In the West Midlands it is one of the Snow Hill Lines. Commuter trains operated by West Midlands Trains run between Birmingham Snow Hill and Leamington Spa; the original Great Western Railway line from London Paddington to Birmingham was completed in 1852. It ran via the Great Western Main Line to Didcot and via Oxford and Leamington Spa. Being circuitous, it could not compete with the London and North Western Railway's London-Rugby-Birmingham route on journey times.
The only open segments of the Chiltern Main Line were the Aynho–Banbury–Leamington–Birmingham route and the single-track Wycombe Railway between Princes Risborough and High Wycombe. In an attempt to compete with the LNWR's London–Birmingham route and speed up goods traffic between London and the west-coast port at Birkenhead, the GWR took advantage of its partnership with the Great Central Railway to build a new, direct Great Western and Great Central Joint Railway; this enabled the GCR to run faster services than had been possible on the Metropolitan Railway route through Aylesbury and Amersham, congested with stopping trains. The Joint line started at Northolt Junction in Middlesex, from which two lines ran southward: the direct "New North Main Line" towards London Paddington via Greenford and Old Oak Common, built by the GWR; this included a triangular junction at Greenford, providing access to the Great Western Main Line via Castle Bar Park. It was authorised by a GCR Act of 12 August 1898, being opened on 2 April 1906.
The Joint line ran northwest via Gerrards Cross to High Wycombe, where it met the Wycombe Railway's single-track branch from Maidenhead to Aylesbury via Princes Risborough. North of High Wycombe this line was followed, with significant upgrading of the formation, including dualling and a new alignment for the up line north of Saunderton; the original route, now the down line, has a gradient of 1 in 88, too steep for the heavy coal trains run by the GCR. As a result, the two tracks are horizontally and vertically separated, with the down line crossing the Chiltern Hills at the Risborough gap and the up line passing through an 88-yard tunnel on a flatter gradient. On reaching Princes Risborough, new construction started; the station was a major junction, with the single-track line dividing into three branches: to Chinnor and Watlington. The joint line was constructed in the'V' formed by the two latter branches, ran north west to Ashendon, where the line curved north to join the GCR's pre-1906 main line at Grendon Underwood Junction in Buckinghamshire.
The Joint Line was completed in 1906 by the GWR and benefited both parties. The GCR, unable to secure adequate access to its route via Aylesbury and Harrow, gained a new and fast bypass route for its express passenger and freight trains between London and the East Midlands, while the GWR gained a faster route for its Birmingham trains, from Paddington via Gerrards Cross and Princes Risborough and temporarily on to the Wycombe Railway via Thame to regain their original route at Oxford, pending the opening of the Bicester cut-off to Banbury. GCR expresses non-stop between London and Rugby could now use either the Metropolitan route or the Joint Line, while the Joint Line was used by GWR expresses from Paddington