RAF Wymeswold is a former Royal Air Force station located 3.5 miles north-east of Loughborough, England. The airfield is situated between Hoton and Burton on the Wolds, lying in the current district of Charnwood, it was opened on 16 May 1942 during the Second World War and was home to Vickers Wellington bombers amongst others. It was not for training, it trained bomber pilots until 1944 was taken over by RAF Transport Command, to train Douglas Dakota pilots. RAF Castle Donington was used as a satellite airfield which post-war has turned into East Midlands Airport. From 1949 it was part of Fighter Command, flying Spitfires until 1950 Meteors, although the aircraft were flown by the Royal Auxiliary Air Force; the RAuxAF was disbanded on 10 March 1957, which led to the closure of the airfield, after it had served as a satellite station of RAF Syerston for its BAC Jet Provost training aircraft. It was closed as an RAF station in early 1957, although it continued to be used for aircraft maintenance by various private organisations until 1968.
It did not close as an RAF Base in 1957 as RAF Syerston still used it as a satellite airfield in 1963. During the Second World War the airfield was home to Operational Training Units, however post war the airfield was used by squadrons flying new jets like the Hawker Hunter. No. 28 Operational Training Unit from May 1942 until October 1944 using the Short Stirling, Handley Page Halifax and the Avro Lancaster. No. 108 OTU from 15 October 1944 until August 1945 before being turned into No. 1382 Operational Conversion Unit RAF operating until December 1947 using the Airspeed Oxford, Miles Magister and the Dakota. 504 Sqn from 3 May 1949 until 12 February 1957 flying the Gloster Meteor Mk.8 664 Sqn from July 1954 until 10 March 1956. 56 Sqn from August 1955 until 1957 with the Hawker Hunter. 257 Sqn and 263 Sqn using the Hawker Hunter. The airfield is now disused although many of the original buildings remain and there is an industrial estate on the site; the airfield is home to the UK's largest solar farm.
The airfield and associated buildings lie outside the civil parish of Wymeswold, with the north half being in Hoton, the southern half in Prestwold. On the eastern fringe of the airfield is the Wymeswold Industrial Estate, where there is a go-karting facility; the Hoton-Wymeswold road runs alongside the airfield. The airfield has been host for regattas of land sailing. In the early 1990s, there were plans for a 6,000 population new town to be built on the airfield. On 14 April 1944 at around 16.30, Airspeed Oxford LB415 from 1521 Flight from the airfield collided with Avro Lancaster W4103 RC-E, from the 5 Lancaster Finishing School at RAF Syerston, over the Nottinghamshire village of Screveton. On Saturday 7 July 1951, a Meteor from 504 squadron at Wymeswold, piloted by Pilot Officer H Elliot, ran out of fuel; the pilot was killed. List of Royal Air Force Conversion Units A Brief History of the RAF Station at Wymeswold, 1942–78
Barkby is a village and civil parish in the Charnwood district of Leicestershire, England. It is situated north-east of Leicester, only a short way from Leicester's urban sprawl in Thurmaston and Syston. Nearby villages are Barkby Thorpe. Barkby Brook is the main watercourse; the parish has a population of around 300. In the 1870s John Marius Wilson stated that Barkby, "lies on an affluent of the river Wreak, 1½ mile S by E of Syston r. station, 4½ NE of Leicester. The 1086 Domesday Book records Barkby as "Barcheberie"; the name Barkby itself has an Old Norse origin meaning "Barki's farm/settlement". Barkby Hall and seat of the Pochin family since 1604, is a grade II listed building situated next to St Mary's Church; the country house has 3 storeys and 8-bay frontage, constructed in rendered brick c.1810. The parish church situated in Barkby is dedicated to St Mary. Earliest records state that the church was built in the late 13th century but its ground undertook extension in 1887; the grade I church was listed in June 1966.
The Church itself contains a 2 aisle nave. The church consists of a tower made up of 4 stages and a gothic organ case. Built from ironstone, granite was infused into the buildings structure during restoration work in the 19th century; the presence of the Pochin family is noticeable within St Mary's church as a number of memorials of past family members can be found around the Church. 1881 gave birth to the most organised classification of occupation within a UK Census. The total population in Barby was revealed to be 579 in this year, 305 of which were of an age able to have a form of occupation; this can be compared to 2011. Occupation sectors which were present in Barkby at this time included, Transport & Communications, Textile Fabrics and Local government. However, a significant disparity in occupation between males and females was evident. In fact the 1881 Census showed that females were only present in 5 occupational sectors within Barkby; the most male dominated industry at this time was the agricultural sector, where 60 males in Barbky were employed compared to 0 females.
However the number of individuals working agriculture decreased by 2011, with only 7 Barkby residents now working in the sector. In 1881,the majority of females in Barkby had no specific occupation compared to just 5 males with the same situation, this statistic does not indicate unemployment. In comparison, the disparities in occupation are not as noticeable in 2011, where the majority of both males and females can be found working in the wholesale and retail trade industry. Barkby has a current population of 316 according to the United Kingdom Census 2011, however throughout its history, Barkby's population has fluctuated significantly. Between 1801 and 2011 the population peaked at 955 in 1931. Within this time period there has been two major decreases in Barkby's population; these came in between 1851-1861 where population fell from 857 to 504 and between 1931-1951 where population fell from 955 to 405. Since 1951 however, the population has continued to decrease. Barkby is situated 5 miles from the centre of Leicester.
The parish's landscape is dominated by farmland from four farms. The parish is not secluded as it is located adjacent to the villages of Syston and Thurmaston both of which have larger populations than Barkby. Barkby Brook is the main water source. Classified as a "main river", Barkby Brook is managed by the Environment Agency. Pochin school is the only school situated in Barkby; the primary school was founded by the Pochin family in the 1700s, who sought to provide education for the poorest children living in Barkby. The subjects taught in the school at this time were different to what can be expected in the modern day education system. Needlework and drilling were all subjects taught in the school's earliest days. During this time, the local church helped to fund and run the school, due to the Education Act 1944 responsibility for the school was handed over to the education authority; as a primary school, Pochin school educates children aged between 4–11 years old. In 1869 the main building, which now contains 5 classrooms in total was built.
A total of 142 children attend the school, from Barkby as well as surrounding villages such as Thurmaston and Queniborough due to its popularity. The school received an "Outstanding" rating on its latest Ofsted report in May 2014; the north east of Leicester sustainable urban extension is a proposed development set in the area surrounding Barkby. Described as "locally distinctive and thriving new community" the project will entail constructing up to 4500 new homes as well as health and school facilities. A number of green spaces are proposed to be placed within the new community; the main purpose of this development is to facilitate the increasing urban sprawl of Leicester and its surrounding villages such as Thurmaston, reducing housing price pressures in the process. However, many in Barkby are much against the development. One of their main arguments is the significant increase in traffic pressures on the roads in and around Barkby as a result of the development. All in all locals believe that such a development would threaten the rural idyll identity of the parish.
Media related to Barkby at Wikimedia Commons Barkby in the Domesday Book
Borough of Charnwood
The Borough of Charnwood is a local government district with borough status in the north of Leicestershire, which has a population of 166,100 as of the 2011 census. It borders Melton to the east, Harborough to the south east and Blaby to the south and Bosworth to the south west, North West Leicestershire to the west and Rushcliffe in Nottinghamshire to the north, it is named after an area which the borough contains much of. The administrative centre of the borough is located in Loughborough, the district's largest town and its main commercial centre; the town is the location of Loughborough University. Other notable settlements include Shepshed, Syston and Thurmaston; the district of Charnwood was formed on 1 April 1974 as a merger of the municipal borough of Loughborough, the Shepshed urban district and the Barrow upon Soar Rural District. It was granted borough status on 15 May 1974; the symbol of Charnwood Borough Council is the fox linked with Leicestershire, this is the symbol used by Leicestershire County Council.
Charnwood contains Quorn, believed to be the birthplace of fox-hunting. To the south it borders the City of Leicester, about 20 km away from Loughborough. There is a moderately urbanised A6 corridor between the two population centres and close to the River Soar, including Quorn, Barrow-on-Soar, Birstall, Thurmaston, Syston and East Goscote. To the south of the borough Birstall, Queniborough and Syston, form part of the Leicester Urban Area, while Quorn and Shepshed, amongst others, might be considerered to be part of a Loughborough urban agglomeration; the highest point is Beacon Hill to the north of the Charnwood Forest'area of natural beauty' extending WN-west into the National Forest There are two Parliamentary constituencies covering the district. Charnwood is represented by the Conservative Edward Argar MP. Loughborough is represented by the Conservative Party's Nicky Morgan. Charnwood is the largest borough by population in Leicestershire, has the largest school population as well. Anstey Barkby, Barkby Thorpe, Barrow upon Soar, Birstall, Burton on the Wolds Cossington, Cotes East Goscote Hathern, Hoton Mountsorrel Newtown Linford Prestwold Queniborough, Quorn Ratcliffe on the Wreake, Rothley Seagrave, Sileby, South Croxton, Syston Thrussington and Cropston, Thurmaston Ulverscroft Walton on the Wolds, Woodhouse, Wymeswold Charnwood Borough Council YouTube channel
Quorn is a village in Leicestershire, near the university town of Loughborough. The name was shortened from Quorndon in 1889, to avoid postal difficulties owing to its similarity to the name of another village, Quarndon, in neighbouring Derbyshire; the village's original name is thought to be derived from the Old English cweorndun, meaning "hill where millstones are obtained". The first known evidence of the village is in the Lincoln Episcopal Registers for 1209–1235, as Quernendon. Other variations of the village name over the centuries include Querne, Querendon, Qaryndon, Querinden and Quernedon; the quarrying of stone in Quorn began at a early age at Buddon Wood, on the edge of the parish. Granite millstones were quarried in the early Iron Age, under the Romans stone was quarried for building in Leicester; some of the larger millstones can still be seen in the area, however these days they are either used as garden ornaments, or worked into seats or slabs. Quorn Hall, off Meynell Road on the eastern edge of the village, was built for the Farnham family in about 1680.
It became the home of renowned fox hunter Hugo Meynell in 1753. He established his pack of hounds there, where it continued under masters until 1905, thus giving a name to the famous Quorn Hunt. Three Royal Navy ships have been named HMS Quorn after the hunt. 96 men from Quorn lost their lives in the two World Wars. A cenotaph in Quorn's Memorial Gardens honours these men. Quorn Camp was established on the grounds of Quorn House during World War II, it was used as a PoW camp and was host to a number of the United States Army 82nd Airborne Division's 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment. These paratroopers were involved in liberating the town of Sainte-Mère-Église, in Normandy, France, on the morning of D-Day and included Pvt. John Marvin Steele who famously became caught on the town's church spire; this incident is today commemorated with a dummy paratrooper and parachute attached to the church in Sainte-Mère-Église. A number of American veterans come back to Quorn every tenth anniversary of the D-Day landings, to remember their time in Quorn and their comrades who did not return.
There is a plaque commemorating the lost US servicemen in Quorn's Memorial Gardens, upon which a poppy wreath is placed each year on Remembrance Sunday. There is an avenue of lime trees in Stafford Orchard in remembrance of those American soldiers that died, together with a plaque. Quorn is built around the old A6 road. On 28 October 1991 a dual carriageway bypass opened taking the A6 away to the north-eastern edge of the village; the village has a railway station called "Quorn and Woodhouse", shared with the neighbouring hamlet of Woodhouse, on the national Great Central Railway network. The station is now on the preserved Great Central Steam Railway. Numerous royal visitors have disembarked at the station to take part in the Quorn Hunt, including the Prince of Wales; as well as being a site of historical and cultural interest throughout the year, the station hosts a fireworks display on the Bonfire weekend. Sarson Street, running adjacent to Rawlins Community College, features many 19th Century terraced cottages those of framework knitters.
Framework knitting was a major local industry until the onset of major mechanisation, the cottages along this road display certain features typical of such an activity. Large windows for example were intended to allow in the necessary amount of light by. M. Wright & Sons Ltd have been manufacturing fabrics at Quorn Mill, on Leicester Road, since 1870. Producing fabrics for the footwear and corset trades, the factory now produces high technology textiles for various industries including military and leisure."The Banks" area of the village is an ornate paved area with seating, designed to resemble the letter'Q' when seen from the air. The village prides itself on its green spaces, more evidence of this can be seen with the opposition to proposed development at Caves field; this is a large cricket pitch with a pavilion near the centre of Quorn, the focus of interest from a housing development company. Objection was widespread, not only at the prospect of losing the cricket field but due to the threat to a neighbouring wetland ecosystem, considered valuable by environmentalists and the village population.
In the past few years, efforts have been made to cater for the local young people. These have resulted in a half pipe being built next to the basketball court on the park, a green shelter erected on the same site; the large park, with its shaded area by the stream, large football pitch and half pipe now appeals to people of all ages. Examples of how the park contributes to the village can be seen at the large and successful Mayday fete, as well as the local pub football matches held there; the Church of St Bartholomew and Farnham Chapel is a Grade I listed building. Quorn House, off Meeting Street, is a grade II listed building, built in 1820, was the seat of the Farnham family since c1260 until 1993 when it was sold to fitness instructor Rosemary Conley, whose business occupied the building until 2015. St Bartholomew's Primary School is a Church of England controlled school for foundation-age children through year 6. In the centre of the village, adjacent to St Bartholomew's Church, is Rawlins Academy, a secondary school which goes from years 7 to Sixth form where they got a good in the 2017 Ofsted report and outstanding in the Sixth form.
The school provides adult education and leisure classes. This is on the site of the Thomas Rawlins Grammar School for Girls. Loughborough Grammar Sch
The Vickers Wellington is a British twin-engined, long-range medium bomber. It was designed during the mid-1930s at Brooklands in Weybridge, led by Vickers-Armstrongs' chief designer Rex Pierson. Development had been started in response to Air Ministry Specification B.9/32, issued in the middle of 1932. This specification called for a twin-engined day bomber capable of delivering higher performance than any previous design. Other aircraft developed to the same specification include the Armstrong Whitworth Whitley and the Handley Page Hampden. During the development process, performance requirements such as for the tare weight changed and the engine used was not the one intended; the Wellington was used as a night bomber in the early years of the Second World War, performing as one of the principal bombers used by Bomber Command. During 1943, it started to be superseded as a bomber by the larger four-engined "heavies" such as the Avro Lancaster; the Wellington continued to serve throughout the war in other duties as an anti-submarine aircraft.
It holds the distinction of having been the only British bomber, produced for the duration of the war, of having been produced in a greater quantity than any other British-built bomber. The Wellington remained as first-line equipment when the war ended, although it had been relegated to secondary roles; the Wellington was one of two bombers named after Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, the other being the Vickers Wellesley. A larger heavy bomber aircraft designed to Specification B.1/35, the Vickers Warwick, was developed in parallel with the Wellington. Many elements of the Wellington were re-used in a civil derivative, the Vickers VC.1 Viking. In October 1932, the British Air Ministry invited Vickers to tender for the issued Specification B.9/32, which sought a twin-engine medium daylight bomber. In response, Vickers conducted a design study, led by Chief Designer Rex Pierson Early on, Vickers' chief structures designer Barnes Wallis proposed the use of a geodesic airframe, inspired by his previous work on airships and the single-engined Wellesley light bomber.
During structural testing performed at the Royal Aircraft Establishment, the proposed structure demonstrated not only the required strength factor of six, but reached 11 without any sign of failure, proving the geodesic airframe to possess a strength far in excess of normal levels. This strength allowed for the structure design to be further developed to reduce the size of individual members and adopt simplified standard sections of lighter construction. Vickers studied and compared the performance of various air and liquid-cooled engines to power the bomber, including the Bristol Pegasus IS2, Pegasus IIS2, the Armstrong Siddeley Tiger, the Rolls-Royce Goshawk I; the Pegasus was selected as the engine for air-cooled versions of the bomber, while the Goshawk engine was chosen for the liquid-cooled engine variant. On 28 February 1933, two versions of the aircraft, one with each of the selected powerplants, were submitted to the tender. In September 1933, the Air Ministry issued a pilot contract for the Goshawk-powered version.
In August 1934, Vickers proposed to use either the Pegasus or Bristol Perseus engines instead of Goshawk, which promised improvements in speed, climb rate and single-engine flight capabilities without any major increase in all-up weight. Other refinements of the design had been implemented and approved, such as the adoption of variable-pitch propellers, the use of Vickers-produced gun turrets in the nose and tail positions. By December 1936, the specification had been revised to include front and midship wind-protected turret mountings. Other specification changes included modified bomb undershields and the inclusion of spring-loaded bomb bay doors; the proposal had been developed further, a mid-wing arrangement was adopted instead of a shoulder-mounted wing for greater pilot visibility during formation flight and improved aerodynamic performance, as well as a increased overall weight of the aircraft. Design studies were conducted on behalf of the Air Ministry into the adoption of the Rolls-Royce Merlin engine.
In spite of a traditional preference of the establishment to adhere to the restrictive tare weight for the aircraft established in the tender, both Pierson and Wallis believed that their design should adopt the most powerful engine available. In response to pressure from Vickers, the Air Ministry overlooked, if not accepted, the removal of the tare weight restriction, as between the submission of the tender in 1933 and the flight of the first prototype in 1936, the tare weight rose from 6,300lb to 11,508lb; the prescribed bomb load and range requirements were revised upwards by the Air Ministry. F. Andrews stated to be "a high figure for a medium bomber of those days". During the development phase of the aircraft, the political and military situations in Europe drastically transformed. With the rise of fascist dictatorships in Germany and Italy, the British government had become keen to reevaluate the capabilities of the nation's armed forces, including the Royal Air Force. By 1936, the need for a high priority to be placed on the creation of a large bomber force, which would form the spearhead of British offensive power, had been recogn
Willoughby on the Wolds
Willoughby on the Wolds is a small village in Nottinghamshire, England, on the border with Leicestershire. Its nearest neighbouring villages are Wysall, Widmerpool and Keyworth, with the nearest towns and cities being Loughborough, Melton Mowbray and Leicester. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 484, increasing to 572 at the 2011 census; the village has its own Parish Council and comes within the jurisdiction of the Nottinghamshire County Council. But its postal address is Leicestershire; the village is the approximate location of the minor civil war battle of Willoughby Field which took place in July 1648. It is closely linked with the Roman encampment of Vernometum on the Fosse way which runs only a few hundred yards from the village. Church of St. Mary and All Saints, Willoughby-on-the-Wolds Willoughby village website A brief history of the village
South Croxton is a village and civil parish in the Charnwood district of Leicestershire, England. It has a population of around 250, measured at 261 in the 2011 census. Nearby places are Beeby and Twyford; the Parish Council meets on the first Monday of the month in the Village Hall. The meetings are open; the Village Hall Committee meets there on the second Thursday of the month. A programme of improvements to the hall begun in 2007 continues; the Golden Fleece reopened in 2008 as a pub/restaurant. The village has riding stables in Three Turns Lane, a Women's Institute that meets monthly, a Wednesday Luncheon Club meeting every other month; the village is served on Monday to Saturday by the hourly daytime bus service No. 100 between Leicester and Melton Mowbray. The nearest railway station is at Leicester; the local school closed about 1965. The nearest primary school today is at Gaddesby. There have been no shops since 1995, but there is a playing field with a slide and a single football goal; the recorded population of South Croxton in the last two centuries varied between a high of 324 in 1851 and to a low of 153 in 1951.
It was 234 at the time of the 2001 census. The highest point is the church, at 120 metres above mean sea level; this falls to 85 metres by the Queniborough Brook. The moated area to the north of the church formed part of a medieval manor enclosure and has yielded Saxon remains. Signs of medieval ridge and furrow field patterns can be seen to the north of the moated area; the Grade II* listed Church of St John's and four farmhouses in the parish are listed historic buildings. The village was designated as a Conservation Area in 1975, for its special architectural and historic interest, it has 90 houses, a 14th-century church, a pub and a village hall the local school. A considerable number of unlisted buildings are of architectural interest, having "survived unchanged over the last hundred years." Some are still roofed in slate, quarried at nearby Swithland, some ones in Welsh slate. As a community South Croxton antedates Domesday and the coming of the Danes, it appears as "Sudcroxtun" in the Coroner’s Rolls of 1212.
There were two manors known as Upper End, divided by the Queniborough brook. These were enclosed in 1794 respectively. There was a short-lived frame knitting industry in the village in the first half of the 19th century; the group of older houses down School Lane once formed. Since the 1960s, the character of South Croxton has changed from a farming community into a dormitory suburb for Leicester. In 2000, a grant was obtained to clean up the Queniborough Brook at the bridge and to provide seating there and at the top of the hill. Halfway up the hill, a little obelisk made of tiles produced by local children was placed to mark the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II in 2002. There is a public footpath from Lowesby past the deserted medieval village of Baggrave to South Croxton; this passes the mid-18th century Baggrave Hall, badly damaged by developers in 1988–89 and abandoned. There is a public footpath following the brook to the village of Queniborough; the Anglican church of St John the Baptist is the only place of worship in the village, although there was at one time a Methodist congregation.
The Anglican parish is united with Beeby. It forms part of the South West Framland Cluster of Parishes; the church is built in the late Decorated style, of local honey-coloured Waltham ironstone and dates from the early 14th century, when it replaced an earlier stone building from the Saxon period. However, the Romanesque font of the earlier church remains; the south aisle and the roof were built a hundred years later. The bells, cast in 1636, remain in the tower. Extensive repairs had to be made in 1925 due to subsidence. A 15th-century oak roof corbel from the church is displayed at the Charnwood Museum in Loughborough. Ambrose Lisle March Phillipps De Lisle, founder of Mount St. Bernard Abbey, attended a private school here in 1818. Bob Gerard, the racing driver, died here in 1990. "CROXTON, a parish in Barrow-upon-Soar district, Leicester. It has a post office, of the name of Croxton, under Leicester. Acres, 1,760. Real property, £2,535. Pop. 311. Houses, 68; the property is subdivided. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Peterborough.
Value, £130. Patron, the Duke of Rutland; the church is good. Charities, £32 and four cottages." A book of descriptive and oral history, South Croxton: The Village on the Hill by Philip Snelders, was published in 2007 and reprinted in 2008. Photo gallery: Retrieved 24 June 2011. See also. South Croxton Conservation Area Appraisal: Retrieved 24 June 2011. More detail on the early history of South Croxton: Retrieved 24 June 2011