Casper is a city in and the county seat of Natrona County, United States. Casper is the second largest city in the state, according to the 2010 census, with a population of 55,316. Only Cheyenne, the state capital, is larger. Casper is nicknamed "The Oil City" and has a long history of oil boomtown and cowboy culture, dating back to the development of the nearby Salt Creek Oil Field. In 2010, Casper was named the highest-ranked family-friendly small city in the West, ranked eighth overall in the nation in Forbes magazine's list of "the best small cities to raise a family". Casper is located in east-central Wyoming at the foot of Casper Mountain, the north end of the Laramie Mountain Range, along the North Platte River; the city was established east of the former site of Fort Caspar, built during the mid-19th century mass migration of land seekers along the Oregon and Mormon trails. The area was the location of several ferries that offered passage across the North Platte River in the early 1840s.
In 1859, Louis Guinard built a trading post near the original ferry locations. The government soon posted a military garrison nearby to protect mail service, it was under the command of Lieutenant Colonel William O. Collins. American Indian attacks increased after the Sand Creek Massacre in Colorado in 1864, bringing more troops to the post, by now called Platte Bridge Station. In July 1865, Lieutenant Caspar Collins was killed near the post by a group of Indian warriors. Three months the garrison was renamed Fort Caspar after Lieutenant Collins. In 1867, the troops were ordered to abandon Fort Caspar in favor of Fort Fetterman downstream on the North Platte along the Bozeman Trail; the town of Casper itself was founded well after the fort had been closed. The city was founded by developers as an anticipated stopping point during the expansion of the Wyoming Central Railway; the lack of a railhead doomed Bessemer in favor of Casper. Douglas a railhead, survives to the present day; the presence of a railhead made Casper the starting off point for the "invaders" in the Johnson County War.
The special chartered train carrying the men up from Texas stopped at Casper. The town is named "Casper", instead of "Caspar", honoring the memory of Fort Caspar and Lt. Caspar Collins, due to a typo that occurred when the town's name was registered; the city received a significant number of visitors during the solar eclipse of August 21, 2017, due to its position along the path of totality. Interstate 25, which approaches Casper from the north and east, is the main avenue of transportation to and from the city; the towns adjacent to Casper are Mills and Bar Nunn. Unincorporated areas include Allendale, Dempsey Acres, Red Buttes, Indian Springs, several others. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.24 square miles, of which, 26.90 square miles is land and 0.34 square miles is water. Casper, as with most of the rest of Wyoming, has a semi-arid climate, with long, but dry winters, hot but dry summers, mild springs, short and crisp autumns. Highs range from 32 °F in January to 88 °F in August.
Temperatures plummet during summer nights, with an average diurnal temperature variation approaching 35 °F. Snow can fall during the winter months, being the greatest in April, falls in May and October, but September. Precipitation is greatest in spring and early summer, but then it is not high. Highs reach 90 °F on 31 days per year and fail to surpass freezing on 46. Lows drop to 0 °F on 18 nights per winter; as of the census of 2010, there were 55,316 people, 22,794 households, 14,237 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,056.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 24,536 housing units at an average density of 912.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.3% White, 1.0% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 2.3% from other races, 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 7.4% of the population. There were 22,794 households of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.5% were non-families.
Of all households 30.3% were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age in the city was 36 years. 23.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 50.3 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 49,644 people, 20,343 households, 13,141 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,073.2 people per square mile. There were 21,872 housing units at an average density of 913.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.03% White, 0.86% Black, 1.00% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.04% from other races, 1.56% from two or more races. 5.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 20,343 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families.
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U. S. state of Utah. With an estimated population of 190,884 in 2014, the city is the core of the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, which has a population of 1,153,340. Salt Lake City is further situated within a larger metropolis known as the Salt Lake City–Ogden–Provo Combined Statistical Area, a corridor of contiguous urban and suburban development stretched along a 120-mile segment of the Wasatch Front, comprising a population of 2,423,912, it is one of only two major urban areas in the Great Basin. The world headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is located in Salt Lake City; the city was founded in 1847 by followers of the church, led by Brigham Young, who were seeking to escape persecution that they had experienced while living farther east. The Mormon pioneers, as they would come to be known, at first encountered an arid, inhospitable valley that they extensively irrigated and cultivated, thereby establishing the foundation to sustain the area's present population.
Salt Lake City's street grid system is based on the north-south east-west grid plan developed by early church leaders, with the Salt Lake Temple constructed at the grid's starting point. Due to its proximity to the Great Salt Lake, the city was named Great Salt Lake City. In 1868, the 17th Utah Territorial Legislature dropped the word "Great" from the city's name. Immigration of international members of the church, mining booms, the construction of the first transcontinental railroad brought economic growth, the city was nicknamed the Crossroads of the West, it was traversed by the Lincoln Highway, the first transcontinental highway, in 1913. Two major cross-country freeways, I-15 and I-80, now intersect in the city. Salt Lake City has developed a strong outdoor recreation tourist industry based on skiing, the city hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics, it is the industrial banking center of the United States. Before settlement by members of the LDS Church, the Shoshone and Paiute had dwelt in the Salt Lake Valley for thousands of years.
At the time of Salt Lake City's founding, the valley was within the territory of the Northwestern Shoshone. One local Shoshone tribe, the Western Goshute tribe, referred to the Great Salt Lake as Pi'a-pa, meaning "big water", or Ti'tsa-pa, meaning "bad water"; the land was treated by the United States as public domain. The first American explorer in the Salt Lake area was Jim Bridger in 1825, although others had been in Utah earlier, some as far north as the nearby Utah Valley. US Army officer John C. Frémont surveyed the Great Salt Lake and the Salt Lake Valley in 1843 and 1845; the Donner Party, a group of ill-fated pioneers, had traveled through the Great Salt Lake Valley in August 1846. The valley's first permanent settlements date to the arrival of the Latter-day Saints in July 1847, they had traveled beyond the boundaries of the United States into Mexican Territory seeking a secluded area to safely practice their religion away from the violence and the persecution they experienced in the Eastern United States.
Upon arrival at the Salt Lake Valley, president of the church Brigham Young is recorded as stating, "This is the right place, drive on." Brigham Young claimed to have seen the area in a vision prior to the wagon train's arrival. They found. Four days after arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, Brigham Young designated the building site for the Salt Lake Temple; the Salt Lake Temple, constructed on the block called Temple Square, took 40 years to complete. Construction started in 1853, the temple was dedicated on April 6, 1893; the temple serves as its centerpiece. In fact, the southeast corner of Temple Square is the initial point of reference for the Salt Lake meridian, for all addresses in the Salt Lake Valley; the pioneers organized a state called State of Deseret, petitioned for its recognition in 1849. The United States Congress rebuffed the settlers in 1850 and established the Utah Territory, vastly reducing its size, designated Fillmore as its capital city. Great Salt Lake City replaced Fillmore as the territorial capital in 1856, the name was shortened to Salt Lake City.
The city's population continued to swell with an influx of converts to the LDS Church and Gold Rush gold seekers, making it one of the most populous cities in the American Old West. Explorer and author Richard Francis Burton traveled by coach in the summer of 1860 to document life in Great Salt Lake City, he was granted unprecedented access during his three-week visit, including audiences with Brigham Young and other contemporaries of Joseph Smith. The records of his visit include sketches of early city buildings, a description of local geography and agriculture, commentary on its politics and social order, essays and sermons from Young, Isaac Morley, George Washington Bradley and other leaders, snippets of everyday life such as newspaper clippings and the menu from a high-society ball. Disputes with the federal government ensued over the church's practice of polygamy. A climax occurred in 1857 when President James Buchanan declared the area in rebellion after Brigham Young refused to step down as governor, beginning the Utah War.
A division of the United States Army, comman
Sheridan is a city in Sheridan County, United States. The 2010 census put the population at 17,444 and a Micropolitan Statistical Area of 29,116, it is the county seat of Sheridan County. The city was named after Union cavalry leader in the American Civil War. Travel book information describe Sheridan at the scene of many fierce battles between US Cavalry and the Sioux and Crow Indian tribes. Sheridan is located at 44°47′48″N 106°57′32″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.95 square miles, of which, 10.93 square miles is land and 0.02 square miles is water. Sheridan experiences a semi-arid climate, with cold, dry winters and hot, wet summers, though summers in recent years have been trending more dry. Like many towns in the western United States, Sheridan's early industries included cattle ranching, coal mining, railroading and small factories including a flour mill and sugarbeet refinery. Residents today find employment in many fields including nearby coal mines.
Bus service is available in Sheridan through Arrow/Blackhills Stage Lines. Local service is provided by the Sheridan Mini-Bus and the Sheridan Trolley runs from Memorial Day through Labor Day. Sheridan is served by Sheridan County Airport, located southwest of town. Bighorn Airways offers airplane and helicopter air charter service, as well as an aircraft repair and installation center. Key Lime Air flying as the Denver Air Connection operates scheduled passenger service with Fairchild Dornier 328JET regional jets nonstop to Denver, Colorado. Public education in the city of Sheridan is provided by Sheridan County School District #2. There are six elementary, two junior schools-Sheridan Junior High and The Wright Place, two high schools-Sheridan High School and Ft. Mackenzie High Schools; the Wright Place and Ft. Mackenzie High School are considered alternative education programs. In addition the district supports home schooling. Private and parochial schools are operated by Normative Services, Holy Name Parish, several religion-based organizations.
The Northern Wyoming Community College District offers post-secondary education with Sheridan College. In 2008, Sheridan High School was named #1,348 of the 1,355 best public high schools by Newsweek magazine; as of the census of 2010, there were 17,444 people, 7,680 households, 4,296 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,596.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 8,253 housing units at an average density of 755.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.9% White, 0.4% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.3% of the population. There were 7,680 households of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 44.1% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age in the city was 39.2 years. 22% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 49.6% male and 50.4% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 15,804 people, 7,005 households, 4,062 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,862.4 people per square mile. There were 7,413 housing units at an average density of 873.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.93% White, 0.22% African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.64% of the population. 24.0% were of German, 12.5% English, 10.3% Irish, 7.6% United States or American, 5.9% Norwegian and 5.3% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 7,005 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 42.0% were non-families.
35.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.88. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,420, the median income for a family was $40,106. Males had a median income of $30,829 versus $19,783 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,500. About 8.6% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over. Sheridan is governed via the mayor-council system; the city council consists of six members elected. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote.
The city has its own police department. The United Stat
Daughters of Utah Pioneers
The International Society Daughters of Utah Pioneers is a women's organization dedicated to preserving the history of the original settlers of the geographic area covered by the State of Deseret and Utah Territory, including Mormon pioneers. The organization is open to any woman who is: A direct-line descendant or adopted direct-line descendant with a pioneer ancestor. Travel through the geographic area covered by the State of Deseret/Utah Territory can be either east to west, west to east, north to south, or south to north; the Daughters of Utah Pioneers was organized 11 April 1901 in Salt Lake City. Annie Taylor Hyde, a daughter of John Taylor, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, invited a group of fifty-four women to her home seeking to perpetuate the names and achievements of the men and children who were the pioneers in founding this commonwealth; the DUP followed the lead of other national lineage societies, such as the Daughters of the American Revolution, in acting as a nonpolitical and nonsectarian organization.
In 1925, the now International Society Daughters of Utah Pioneers and its local units were incorporated. Kate B. Carter was President of Daughters of Utah Pioneers from April 1941 until her death in September 1976, serving the longest of any of its presidents, she served as President of the Days of'47 Parade from its start in 1947 until her death. In decades, the ISDUP has worked to conserve historical sites and landmarks, to collect artifacts, manuscripts, to educate its members and the general public; the society maintains satellite museums in the intermountain west, eighty-six of them in Utah, manages an extensive collection in its Salt Lake City museum. Numerous books have been published by the society, including community and family histories, history texts, children's stories, a four-volume collection of biographical sketches "Pioneer Women of Faith and Fortitude". ISDUP headquarters are located in the Pioneer Memorial Museum in Utah; the international organization is administered by a board.
Membership is organized into "companies," whose presiding officers oversee the activities of "camps" of ten or more members in a geographic area. In 2006, the ISDUP consisted of 185 companies overseeing 1,050 camps in the United States and Canada with a total living membership of 21,451. Daughters of the Utah Handcart Pioneers List of Mormon family organizations Mormon pioneers Sons of Utah Pioneers Carter, Kate B. editor. "The Daughters of Utah Pioneers", article within the 12 volume series, "Heart Throbs of the West." Daughters of the Utah Pioneers, Salt Lake City, 1939-51. Official site Daughters of the Utah Pioneers biographies, MSS 5888 at L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Brigham Young University
Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the western United States. The state is the 10th largest by area, the least populous, the second most sparsely populated state in the country. Wyoming is bordered on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota and Nebraska, on the south by Colorado, on the southwest by Utah, on the west by Idaho and Montana; the state population was estimated at 577,737 in 2018, less than 31 of the most populous U. S. cities including Denver in neighboring Colorado. Cheyenne is the state capital and the most populous city, with an estimated population of 63,624 in 2017; the western two-thirds of the state is covered by the mountain ranges and rangelands of the Rocky Mountains, while the eastern third of the state is high elevation prairie called the High Plains. Half of the land in Wyoming is owned by the U. S. government, leading Wyoming to rank sixth by area and fifth by proportion of a state's land owned by the federal government. Federal lands include two national parks—Grand Teton and Yellowstone—two national recreation areas, two national monuments, several national forests, historic sites, fish hatcheries, wildlife refuges.
Original inhabitants of the region include the Crow, Arapaho and Shoshone. Southwestern Wyoming was in the Spanish Empire and Mexican territory until it was ceded to the United States in 1848 at the end of the Mexican–American War; the region acquired the name Wyoming when a bill was introduced to the U. S. Congress in 1865 to provide a "temporary government for the territory of Wyoming"; the name was used earlier for the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania, is derived from the Munsee word xwé:wamənk, meaning "at the big river flat". The main drivers of Wyoming's economy are mineral extraction—mostly coal, natural gas, trona—and tourism. Agricultural commodities include livestock, sugar beets and wool; the climate is semi-arid and continental and windier than the rest of the U. S. with greater temperature extremes. Wyoming has been a politically conservative state since the 1950s, with the Republican Party candidate winning every presidential election except 1964. Wyoming's climate is semi-arid and continental, is drier and windier in comparison to most of the United States with greater temperature extremes.
Much of this is due to the topography of the state. Summers in Wyoming are warm with July high temperatures averaging between 85 and 95 °F in most of the state. With increasing elevation, this average drops with locations above 9,000 feet averaging around 70 °F. Summer nights throughout the state are characterized by a rapid cooldown with the hottest locations averaging in the 50–60 °F range at night. In most of the state, most of the precipitation tends to fall in early summer. Winters are cold, but are variable with periods of sometimes extreme cold interspersed between mild periods, with Chinook winds providing unusually warm temperatures in some locations. Wyoming is a dry state with much of the land receiving less than 10 inches of rainfall per year. Precipitation depends on elevation with lower areas in the Big Horn Basin averaging 5–8 inches; the lower areas in the North and on the eastern plains average around 10–12 inches, making the climate there semi-arid. Some mountain areas do receive a good amount of precipitation, 20 inches or more, much of it as snow, sometimes 200 inches or more annually.
The state's highest recorded temperature is 114 °F at Basin on July 12, 1900 and the lowest recorded temperature is −66 °F at Riverside on February 9, 1933. The number of thunderstorm days vary across the state with the southeastern plains of the state having the most days of thunderstorm activity. Thunderstorm activity in the state is highest during early summer; the southeastern corner of the state is the most vulnerable part of the state to tornado activity. Moving away from that point and westwards, the incidence of tornadoes drops with the west part of the state showing little vulnerability. Tornadoes, where they occur, tend to be small and brief, unlike some of those that occur farther east; as specified in the designating legislation for the Territory of Wyoming, Wyoming's borders are lines of latitude 41°N and 45°N, longitude 104°3'W and 111°3'W, making the shape of the state a latitude-longitude quadrangle. Wyoming is one of only three states to have borders along only straight latitudinal and longitudinal lines, rather than being defined by natural landmarks.
Due to surveying inaccuracies during the 19th century, Wyoming's legal border deviates from the true latitude and longitude lines by up to half of a mile in some spots in the mountainous region along the 45th parallel. Wyoming is bordered on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota and Nebraska, on the south by Colorado, on the southwest by Utah, on the west by Idaho, it is the tenth largest state in the United States in total area, containing 97,814 square miles and is made up of 23 counties. From the north border to the south border it is 276 miles; the Great Plains meet the Rocky Mountains in Wyoming. The state is a great plateau broken by many mountain ranges. Surface elevations range from the summit of Gannett Peak in the Wind River Mountain Range, at 13,804 feet, to the Belle Fourche River val
OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Incorporated d/b/a OCLC is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs". It was founded in 1967 as the Ohio College Library Center. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat, the largest online public access catalog in the world. OCLC is funded by the fees that libraries have to pay for its services. OCLC maintains the Dewey Decimal Classification system. OCLC began in 1967, as the Ohio College Library Center, through a collaboration of university presidents, vice presidents, library directors who wanted to create a cooperative computerized network for libraries in the state of Ohio; the group first met on July 5, 1967 on the campus of the Ohio State University to sign the articles of incorporation for the nonprofit organization, hired Frederick G. Kilgour, a former Yale University medical school librarian, to design the shared cataloging system.
Kilgour wished to merge the latest information storage and retrieval system of the time, the computer, with the oldest, the library. The plan was to merge the catalogs of Ohio libraries electronically through a computer network and database to streamline operations, control costs, increase efficiency in library management, bringing libraries together to cooperatively keep track of the world's information in order to best serve researchers and scholars; the first library to do online cataloging through OCLC was the Alden Library at Ohio University on August 26, 1971. This was the first online cataloging by any library worldwide. Membership in OCLC is based on use of services and contribution of data. Between 1967 and 1977, OCLC membership was limited to institutions in Ohio, but in 1978, a new governance structure was established that allowed institutions from other states to join. In 2002, the governance structure was again modified to accommodate participation from outside the United States.
As OCLC expanded services in the United States outside Ohio, it relied on establishing strategic partnerships with "networks", organizations that provided training and marketing services. By 2008, there were 15 independent United States regional service providers. OCLC networks played a key role in OCLC governance, with networks electing delegates to serve on the OCLC Members Council. During 2008, OCLC commissioned two studies to look at distribution channels. In early 2009, OCLC negotiated new contracts with the former networks and opened a centralized support center. OCLC provides bibliographic and full-text information to anyone. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat—the OCLC Online Union Catalog, the largest online public access catalog in the world. WorldCat has holding records from private libraries worldwide; the Open WorldCat program, launched in late 2003, exposed a subset of WorldCat records to Web users via popular Internet search and bookselling sites.
In October 2005, the OCLC technical staff began a wiki project, WikiD, allowing readers to add commentary and structured-field information associated with any WorldCat record. WikiD was phased out; the Online Computer Library Center acquired the trademark and copyrights associated with the Dewey Decimal Classification System when it bought Forest Press in 1988. A browser for books with their Dewey Decimal Classifications was available until July 2013; until August 2009, when it was sold to Backstage Library Works, OCLC owned a preservation microfilm and digitization operation called the OCLC Preservation Service Center, with its principal office in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The reference management service QuestionPoint provides libraries with tools to communicate with users; this around-the-clock reference service is provided by a cooperative of participating global libraries. Starting in 1971, OCLC produced catalog cards for members alongside its shared online catalog. OCLC commercially sells software, such as CONTENTdm for managing digital collections.
It offers the bibliographic discovery system WorldCat Discovery, which allows for library patrons to use a single search interface to access an institution's catalog, database subscriptions and more. OCLC has been conducting research for the library community for more than 30 years. In accordance with its mission, OCLC makes its research outcomes known through various publications; these publications, including journal articles, reports and presentations, are available through the organization's website. OCLC Publications – Research articles from various journals including Code4Lib Journal, OCLC Research, Reference & User Services Quarterly, College & Research Libraries News, Art Libraries Journal, National Education Association Newsletter; the most recent publications are displayed first, all archived resources, starting in 1970, are available. Membership Reports – A number of significant reports on topics ranging from virtual reference in libraries to perceptions about library funding. Newsletters – Current and archived newsletters for the library and archive community.
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Fenimore Chatterton was an American businessman and lawyer. He was the sixth Governor of Wyoming from April 28, 1903 until January 2, 1905. Chatterton was born in Oswego County, New York, but raised in Washington, D. C.. He attended the George Washington University Millersville State Normal School in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. In 1878, he moved to Sheridan, in Wyoming Territory, set up as a businessman, he received a law degree from the University of Michigan in 1892. Chaterton married Stella Wyland Chatterton. In 1888, he began his political career by running for treasurer and probate judge of Carbon County, he served time in two classes of the Wyoming State Legislature from 1890 until 1893. He was the Wyoming Republican state chair from 1893 to 1894. In 1898, he was elected Secretary of State, but his tenure was interrupted by the death of Governor DeForest Richards in 1903, thrusting him into the position of governor. Chatterdon served as governor from April 28, 1903 to January 2, 1905, it was during Chatterton's time as Governor.
Chatterdon was not nominated by his party to fill the office of governor for the 1904 election, but continued to serve as Secretary of State until his term expired in 1907. After his term as Secretary of State expired, Chatterton did not serve in public office again, he set up a private law practice, from which he retired in 1932. Chatterton died on May 9, 1958, is interred at Lakeview Cemetery in Cheyenne, Wyoming, he was a member of the Knights Templar Masonic Order. Chatterdon has been credited as the first to announce the Wyoming as the official state song, during the Industrial Convention in 1903; the song was endorsed as the official song by the state press association, state industrial convention and the state university. Works by or about Fenimore Chatterton at Internet Archive from the National Governors Association State biography from the Wyoming State Archives Biographical summary from the Political Graveyard North Platte River from Wyoming Tales and Trails Fenimore Chatterton at Find a Grave Roster of State Officers from the Wyoming Secretary of State website Wyoming Roundup State of Wyoming Website