X-Men in other media
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|Adaptations of the X-Men in other media|
|Original source||Comics published by Marvel Comics|
|First appearance||X-Men #1 (September 1963)|
X-Men: Dark Mirror|
X-Men Mutant Empire Saga
|Reference book(s)||Science of the X-Men|
|Films and television|
Generation X (1996)|
X-Men: The Last Stand (2006)
X-Men Origins: Wolverine (2009)
X-Men: First Class (2011)
The Wolverine (2013)
X-Men: Days of Future Past (2014)
X-Men: Apocalypse (2016)
Deadpool 2 (2018)
Dark Phoenix (2019)
The Pryde of the X-Men (1989)|
X-Men: Evolution (2000)
Wolverine and the X-Men (2008)
The GIfted (2017)
The X-Men made their first animated appearance on The Marvel Super Heroes TV series in 1966 with Professor X commanding the original X-Men line-up of Cyclops, Beast, Marvel Girl, Angel, and Iceman. In this episode the X-Men are not referred to as the X-Men but rather as the Allies for Peace.
- The X-Men guest-starred in several episodes of Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends, starting with a flashback in "The Origin of Iceman". X-Men member Sunfire appeared in a later episode teaming up with the Amazing Friends. The X-Men's next appearance was in "A Firestar is Born", which included appearances from Professor X, Storm, Angel, Cyclops, Wolverine and Juggernaut. The X-Men returned the following season in "The X-Men Adventure", with appearances from Professor X, Cyclops, Sprite, Storm, Nightcrawler, Colossus and Thunderbird.
- In 1989, Marvel Productions produced a half-hour X-Men pilot episode titled X-Men: Pryde of the X-Men. It related the story of Kitty Pryde's first adventure with Professor X, Cyclops, Storm, Wolverine, Colossus, Nightcrawler, and Dazzler as they fought against Magneto, the White Queen, Juggernaut, the Blob, Pyro and Toad. The series was never picked up but the single episode aired infrequently in syndication during the Marvel Action Universe series and was released on video in 1990.
- In 1992, Fox launched an X-Men animated series with the roster of Cyclops, Wolverine, Rogue, Storm, Beast, Gambit, Jubilee, Jean Grey and Professor X with Morph making occasional appearances. The two-part pilot episode, "Night of the Sentinels", began a five-season series, ending in 1997.
- The X-Men guest-starred on Spider-Man in episodes "The Mutant Agenda" and "Mutants Revenge", when Spider-Man seeks Professor X's help. Storm would later guest-star in the Secret Wars arc.
- In 1995, Cyclops, Jean Grey, Gambit, Wolverine, Storm, and Juggernaut, along with the Scarlet Spider, made cameos in the Fantastic Four series, in "Nightmare in Green".
- In 2000, The WB Network launched X-Men: Evolution, which portrayed the X-Men as teenagers attending a regular public high school in addition to the Xavier Institute. The series ended in 2003 after its fourth season. The show focused on Cyclops, Jean Grey, Spyke (Storm's nephew), Storm, Wolverine, Rogue, Beast, Shadowcat and Nightcrawler.
- In 2003, the X-Men and mutant-kind were mentioned in an episode of the short-lived CGI series Spider-Man: The New Animated Series, "The Party". Peter Parker is quoted as saying, "I bet the X-Men get to go to parties." Soon after, he is ambushed by a group of cops, one of them calling him a "mutant freak".
- In 2006, Minimates released a short animated brickfilm, X-Men: Darktide on DVD with a box set of figures. The story involved the X-Men battling the Brotherhood at an oil rig. The team consists of Cyclops, Jean Grey, Archangel, Wolverine, the Beast, Xavier and Storm. The Brotherhood team is Mystique, Magneto and Juggernaut.
- Wolverine and the X-Men debuted in the United States on January 23, 2009. It featured Wolverine, Emma Frost, Cyclops, the Beast, Storm, Shadowcat, Iceman, Rogue, Nightcrawler, the Angel, Jean Grey and Professor X. The show was cancelled after just one season.
- The X-Men appeared on Cartoon Network's The Super Hero Squad Show.
As part of a four-series collaboration between the Japanese Madhouse animation house and Marvel, the X-Men and Wolverine both starred in two separate 12 episode anime series that premiered in Japan on Animax and in the United States on G4 in 2011. The X-Men series deals with the X-Men coming to Japan to investigate the disappearance of Armor. The antagonists are the U-Men.
- In October 2015, Marvel Television announced that FX had ordered a pilot titled Legion.The series tells the story of David Haller, who is diagnosed as schizophrenic, but following a strange encounter is confronted with the possibility that the voices he hears and the visions he sees might be real. It premiered in February 2017.
- The Gifted is a Fox series that focuses on two parents who discover their children possess mutant powers. Forced to go on the run from a hostile government, the family joins up with an underground network of mutants and must fight to survive.
Marvel produced motion comics based on Astonishing X-Men, releasing them on Hulu, iTunes, the PlayStation Store and other video services. These animated episodes were released on DVD through Shout! Factory. It has been announced that Marvel Knights Animation will continue animating Joss Whedon and John Cassaday's run starting with the second storyline of the series Astonishing X-Men: Dangerous.
The titles in the series include:
- Astonishing X-Men: Gifted (2009)
- Astonishing X-Men: Dangerous (April 2012)
- Astonishing X-Men: Torn (August 2012)
- Astonishing X-Men: Unstoppable (November 2012)
The X-Men film series includes ten superhero films. The first three focus on the conflict between Professor Xavier and Magneto, who have opposing views on humanity's relationship with mutants. While Xavier believes humanity and mutants can coexist, Magneto believes a war is coming, which he intends to fight and win.
20th Century Fox bought the film rights to the characters in 1994. At that point, Marvel was nearing bankruptcy, and could make superhero films, so they sold the film rights. After numerous drafts, Bryan Singer was hired to direct X-Men for a 2000 release. Singer returned for the 2003 sequel X2, but left the franchise to direct Superman Returns. Singer was offered directing positions for other X-Men films, but declined, citing scheduling conflicts. Brett Ratner directed X-Men: The Last Stand for a 2006 release. Critics praised Singer's films for their dark, realistic tone, and their focus on prejudice as a subtext. Although Ratner's film was met with mixed reviews, it out-grossed both of its predecessors.
Two spin-offs were set before the original three films: X-Men Origins: Wolverine, directed by Gavin Hood, was released on May 1, 2009, and X-Men: First Class, directed by Matthew Vaughn was released in June 2011. Other movies include a further Wolverine spin-off, The Wolverine, directed by James Mangold, set in Japan, was released in July 2013 and X-Men: Days of Future Past, a sequel to both the original trilogy and X-Men: First Class, with Singer returned to direct, was released in 2014.
The spin-off Deadpool was released on February 12, 2016 and a sequel to Days of Future Past titled X-Men: Apocalypse was released on May 27, 2016. A Wolverine sequel titled Logan with Mangold returning was released on March 3, 2017 set in the year 2029. A sequel to Deadpool titled Deadpool 2 was released on May 18, 2018. A sequel to Apocalypse tilted X-Men: Dark Phoenix is scheduled for release on February 14, 2019. Another spin-off titled New Mutants is scheduled for release on August 2, 2019. A Gambit film is set for a release date of February 14, 2019 directed by Gore Verbinski. An adaptation of X-Force is also in development, with Jeff Wadlow writing and Drew Goddard directing X-Force and Josh Boone set to direct and co-write the screenplay with Knate Gwaltney for New Mutants.
Marvel Studios launched the Marvel Cinematic Universe in 2008, focused on the Avengers and their related characters, whose film rights they still owned. Marvel was then bought by Disney in 2009, but could not use the X-Men or their related characters. Quicksilver and the Scarlet Witch were an odd case, as they had strong ties with both the Avengers and the X-Men. The studios negotiated a deal so that they could both use their own versions of the characters. On December 14, 2017, Disney announced its intent to acquire 21st Century Fox's film and television studios, including the film rights to the X-Men franchise. Disney CEO Bob Iger later confirmed that the X-Men would be integrated into the MCU alongside the Fantastic Four and Deadpool stating "We're also looking forward to expanding the Marvel Cinematic Universe to include X-Men, Fantastic Four and Deadpool".
Early X-Men games
The first X-Men video game was released by Josh Toevs and LJN for the Nintendo Entertainment System and was titled The Uncanny X-Men. That same year (1989) a computer game was released called X-Men: Madness in Murderworld. Another title, X-Men II: The Fall of the Mutants was released the year after.
The X-Men made a few appearances in Spider-Man 2: Enter Electro. Professor X and Rogue run a Danger Room simulation for the player to train in. Beast appears in the first level to demonstrate the controller functions to the player.
In the 1990s, Sega released two X-Men video games for its Genesis; X-Men and X-Men 2: Clone Wars. Wolverine starred in a solo game in 1994 for both the Super NES and Genesis titled Wolverine: Adamantium Rage. That same year, the X-Men appeared in the X-Men: Mutant Apocalypse game for the Super NES.
X2: Wolverine's Revenge was a stealth-action game for the sixth generation of video games starring Wolverine as the only playable character.
The X-Men are featured in many 2-D and 3-D fighting games.
In order of release:
- X-Men: Children of the Atom
- Marvel Super Heroes
- X-Men vs. Street Fighter
- Marvel Super Heroes vs. Street Fighter
- Marvel vs. Capcom
- X-Men: Mutant Academy
- Marvel vs. Capcom 2: New Age of Heroes
- X-Men: Mutant Academy 2
- X-Men: Next Dimension
- Marvel vs. Capcom 3: Fate of Two Worlds
- Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3
- Marvel: Contest of Champions
- Marvel Future Fight
To coincide with the release of the third film, Activision released X-Men: The Official Game which filled in gaps between X2: X-Men United and X-Men: The Last Stand, such as explaining Nightcrawler's absence.
X-Men Legends and Marvel: Ultimate Alliance
X-Men Legends and its sequel are games that featured multiple X-Men as playable characters.
Deadpool, Iceman, Storm, and Wolverine are playable in the major Marvel video game, Marvel: Ultimate Alliance. Colossus is playable on the Xbox 360, Wii and PS3 versions of the game, and Jean Grey is playable on the GBA version. Cyclops, Jean Grey, Nightcrawler, Professor X, and Psylocke appear as NPC's on all versions while the Beast, Forge, Karma and Dr. Moira MacTaggert were mentioned by different characters. In addition, during a cut-scene, the Beast, Colossus, Cyclops, Gambit, Magneto, Professor Xavier, Psylocke, and Shadowcat were seen defeated by Doctor Doom alongside the Hulk. Xbox 360 owners were later able to download eight new playable characters for the game, including X-Men heroes and villains: Cyclops, Magneto, Nightcrawler and Sabretooth.
In Marvel: Ultimate Alliance 2, Wolverine, Deadpool, Iceman, Storm, Gambit, and Jean Grey are featured as playable characters while Cyclops and Psylocke are exclusive to PS2, PSP and Wii. While Colossus appears as an NPC. In the briefing that follows the Wakanda incident, Captain America and Iron Man mention that the other X-Men members have been absorbed into The Fold. Psylocke, Cable, Magneto and the Juggernaut were later added as downloadable characters for Marvel: Ultimate Alliance 2.
Science of the X-Men by Linc Yaco and Karen Haber explains how different superpowers would work and how such abilities would affect the people that have them. The mutants featured include Quicksilver, Wolverine, Shadowcat, and Nightcrawler.
Several X-Men novels have been published.
|The Marvel Superheroes||Len Wein
|Pocket Books||0671820915 / 9780671820916||August 1979||Pocket Books series (1978–1979) #9; short story collection; includes stories featuring the Avengers, Daredevil, the X-Men, and the Hulk.|
|X-Men: Cyclops and Phoenix||Paul Mantell
|Random House||0679876596 / 9780679876595||October 1995||Young adult novel; "based on comics by Scott Lobdell"|
|X-Men: Sabretooth Unleashed||Vicki Kamida||Random House||0679876618 / 9780679876618||October 1995||Young adult novel; "based on comics by Larry Hama and Fabian Nicieza"|
|X-Men: Mutant Empire Book One: Siege||Christopher Golden||Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||1572971142 / 9781572971141||May 1996||First in Mutant Empire trilogy; is followed by Mutant Empire Book Two: Sanctuary|
|The Ultimate X-Men||Stan Lee (editor)||Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||1572972173 / 9781572972179||October 1996||Short story collection|
|X-Men: Mutant Empire Book Two: Sanctuary||Christopher Golden||Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||1572971800 / 9781572971806||November 1996||Second in Mutant Empire trilogy; is followed by Mutant Empire Book Three: Salvation|
|X-Men: Mutant Empire Book Three: Salvation||Christopher Golden||Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||1572972475 / 9781572972476||May 1997||Third in Mutant Empire trilogy|
|Generation X||Scott Lobdell
Elliot S. Maggin
|Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||1572972238 / 9781572972230||June 1997|
|X-Men: Smoke and Mirrors||Eluki Bes Shahar||Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||1572972912 / 9781572972919||September 1997|
|X-Men: Empire's End||Diane Duane||Putnam/BPMC (hardback); Berkley Boulevard/BPMC (paperback)||0399143343 / 9780399143342 (hardback); 0425164489
|October 1997 (hardback)
September 1998 (paperback)
|X-Men: The Jewels of Cyttorak||Dean Wesley Smith||Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||1572973293 / 9781572973299||December 1997|
|X-Men: Law of the Jungle||Dave Smeds||Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||0425164861 / 9780425164860||March 1998|
|X-Men: Prisoner X||Ann Nocenti||Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||0425164934 / 9780425164938||May 1998|
|Star Trek: The Next Generation/X-Men: Planet X||Michael Jan Friedman||Pocket Books||0671019163 / 9780671019167||May 1998||One of three separate crossovers between Marvel (all three featuring the X-Men) and Star Trek (the other two in the comics); Marvel at the time was publishing Star Trek comics (1996–1998)|
|X-Men and Spider-Man: Time's Arrow Book 1: The Past||Tom DeFalco
|Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||0425164527 / 9780425164525||July 1998||First in Time's Arrow trilogy; is followed by Time's Arrow Book 2: The Present|
|X-Men and Spider-Man: Time's Arrow Book 2: The Present||Tom DeFalco
|Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||0425164152 / 9780425164150||August 1998||Second in Time's Arrow trilogy; is followed by Time's Arrow Book 3: The Future|
|X-Men and Spider-Man: Time's Arrow Book 3: The Future||Tom DeFalco
Eluki Bes Shahar
|Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||0425165000 / 9780425165003||September 1998||Third in Time's Arrow trilogy|
|X-Men: Codename Wolverine||Christopher Golden||Putnam/BPMC (hardback); Berkley Boulevard/BPMC (paperback)||0399144501 / 9780399144509 (hardback); 0425171116
|October 1998 (hardback); May 2000 (paperback)|
|Generation X: Crossroads||J. Steven York||Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||0425166317 / 9780425166314||November 1998|
|X-Men: Soul Killer||Richard Lee Byers||Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||0425167372 / 9780425167373||February 1999|
|X-Men and the Avengers: Gamma Quest Book 1: Lost and Found||Greg Cox||Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||0425169731 / 9780425169735||July 1999||First in Gamma Quest trilogy; is followed by Gamma Quest Book 2: Search and Rescue|
|X-Men and the Avengers: Gamma Quest Book 2: Search and Rescue||Greg Cox||Berkley Boulevard/BPMC||0425169898 / 9780425169896||August 1999||Second in Gamma Quest trilogy; is followed by Gamma Quest Book 3: Friend or Foe?|
|X-Men and the Avengers: Gamma Quest Book 2: Friend or Foe?||Greg Cox||Berkley Boulevard||0425170381 / 9780425170380||June 2000||Third in Gamma Quest trilogy|
|X-Men Legends||Stan Lee (editor)||Berkley Boulevard||0425170829 / 9780425170823||June 2000||Short story collection|
|X-Men: Shadows of the Past||Michael Jan Friedman||BP Books/iBooks||0743400186 / 9780743400183 (hardback); 074342378X / 978-0743423786 (paperback)||June 2000 (hardback)
June 2001 (paperback)
|X-Men||Kristine Kathryn Rusch, Dean Wesley Smith||Del Rey||0345440951 / 9780345440952||June 2000||Novelization of 2000 X-Men movie|
|X-Men/Doctor Doom: The Chaos Engine Book One||Steven A. Roman||BP Books/iBooks||0613950569 / 978-0613950565 (hardback); 0743400194
0743434838 / 9780743434836 (paperback)
|July 2000 (hardback); July 2000 (paperback); August 2001 (paperback)||First in Chaos Engine trilogy; is followed by X-Men/Magneto: The Chaos Engine Book Two|
|X-Men/Magneto: The Chaos Engine Book Two||Steven A. Roman||BP Books/iBooks||0613950569 / 9780613950565 (hardback)
0743400232 / 9780743400237 (paperback)
0743445465 / 9780743445467 (paperback)
|July 2000 (hardback); January 2002 (paperback); December 2002 (paperback)||Second in Chaos Engine trilogy; is followed by X-Men/Red Skull: The Chaos Engine Book Three|
|Five Decades of the X-Men||Stan Lee (editor)||BP Books/iBooks||0743435001 / 9780743435000 (paperback); 0743475011 / 9780743475013 (paperback)||March 2002 (paperback); April 2003 (paperback)||Short story collection|
|X-Men: The Legacy Quest Book One||Steve Lyons||BP Books/iBooks||074344468X / 9780743444682 (paperback); 0743458486 / 9780743458481 (paperback)||June 2002 (paperback); April 2003 (paperback)||First in The Legacy Quest trilogy; is followed by The Legacy Quest Book Two|
|X-Men: The Legacy Quest Book Two||Steve Lyons||BP Books/iBooks||0743452437 / 9780743452434 (paperback)
0743474449 / 9780743474443 (paperback)
|July 2002 (paperback); April 2003 (paperback)||Second in The Legacy Quest trilogy; is followed by The Legacy Quest Book Three|
|X-Men: The Legacy Quest Book Three||Steve Lyons||BP Books/iBooks||0743452666 / 9780743452663 (paperback)
0743475194 / 9780743475198 (paperback)
|October 2002 (paperback); September 2003 (paperback)||Third in The Legacy Quest trilogy|
|X-Men/Red Skull: The Chaos Engine Book Three||Steven A. Roman||BP Books/iBooks||0743452801 / 9780743452809 (paperback); 0743479580 / 9780743479585 (paperback)||December 2002 (paperback); October 2003 (paperback)||Third in Chaos Engine trilogy|
|X-Men 2||Chris Claremont||Del Rey||0345461967 / 9780345461964||March 2003||Novelization of 2003 X-Men 2 movie|
|Wolverine: Weapon X||Marc Cerasini||Marvel (hardback); Pocket Books (paperback)||0785116052 / 9780785116059 (hardback)
141652164X / 9781416521648 (paperback)
|November 2004 (hardback); October 2005 (paperback)||Short lived attempt by Marvel to publish their licensed novels under their own imprint; lasted just this one hardcover release|
|The X-Men: Dark Mirror||Marjorie M. Liu||Pocket Books||141651063X / 9781416510635||December 2005|
|The X-Men: Watchers on the Walls||Christopher L. Bennett||Pocket Books||1416510672 / 9781416510673||April 2006|
|X-Men: The Last Stand||Chris Claremont||Del Rey||0345492110 / 9780345492111||May 2006||Novelization of 2006 X-Men: The Last Stand movie|
|Wolverine: Road of Bones||David Mack||Pocket Books||1416510699 / 978-1416510697||October 2006|
|Wolverine: Lifeblood||Hugh Matthews||Pocket Books||1416510737 / 978-1416510734||February 2007|
|X-Men: The Return||Chris Roberson||Pocket Books||1416510753 / 9781416510758||April 2007|
|Wolverine: Violent Tendencies||Marc Cerasini||Pocket Books||1416510745 / 9781416510741||October 2007|
|Astonishing X-Men: Gifted||Peter David||Marvel||September 12, 2012||Novelization and adaption of the 2004 comic book story arc Gifted within the Astonishing X-Men ongoing series originally written by Joss Whedon.|
- Mangels, Andy (August 1993). "Scorching the Screen". Wizard: X-Men Turn Thirty. pp. 70–73.
- Goldman, Eric (May 31, 2011). "The X-Men's TV History". IGN. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
- "Marvel Anime to Run on G4 in the United States in 2011". Anime News Network. July 23, 2010. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
- "SDCC: G4 Announces New Marvel Anime Series". Superhero Hype!. July 26, 2010. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved July 26, 2010.
- Lesnick, Silas (October 14, 2015). "X-Men TV Series Plans Including Both Legion and Hellfire". Coming Soon. Archived from the original on October 28, 2016. Retrieved October 18, 2015.
- Abrams, Natalie (May 9, 2017). "Fox orders Marvel drama The Gifted to series". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Manning, Shaun (July 23, 2011). "CCI: Marvel Television Panel". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on September 6, 2015.
- "Buy Astonishing X-Men: Dangerous Now on DVD". Marvel Comics. May 28, 2013. Archived from the original on November 19, 2015.
- Cardona, Ian (December 14, 2017). "With Disney Buying Fox, Do the Upcoming X-Men Movies Even Matter?". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
- "Activision to Release New Marvel: Ultimate Alliance Heroes and Villains on Xbox Live Marketplace". GameSpot. March 23, 2007. Archived from the original on June 8, 2013. Retrieved March 27, 2007.
- Yaco, Link; Haber, Karen (2004). The Science of the X-Men. New York: BP Books. p. 288. ISBN 9780743487252.
- The X-Men In Animation - A Retrospective