X Multimedia System is an audio player for Unix-like systems released under a free software license. XMMS was written as X11Amp by Peter and Mikael Alm in November 1997; the player was made to resemble Winamp, first released in May that year. As such, XMMS has supported Winamp 2 "classic" skins since its release. Though the original release was made under a license that did not provide any access to the program's source code, it is now released under the GNU General Public License. On June 10, 1999, 4Front Technologies decided to sponsor X11Amp development and the project was renamed to XMMS - the name being an acronym for X MultiMedia System. Most XMMS users take this to mean "X11 MultiMedia System" or "X Window System MultiMedia System". In 2002, Peter Alm initiated the XMMS2 project, aiming to produce a successor to XMMS using all new code and devoted to audio playback. XMMS has continued to use GTK+ 1.x toolkit, despite a major revision of GTK being available for several years, the current version being GTK3.

The primary reason for this reluctance to upgrade is that many XMMS plugins are dependent on the older version of GTK+ to properly function, e.g. "about" boxes and configuration dialogs. Many software developers consider the XMMS codebase to be poorly designed and difficult to maintain; these factors led to various forks and related projects: The Beep Media Player, a fork of XMMS code that uses GTK+ 2, started around 2003 Youki, the remade continuation of Beep Media Player, started around the end of 2005 Audacious, a fork from Beep Media Player started around 2005 when Beep Media Player development ceased in favor of Youki A GTK+2 based fork by Mohammed Sameer, named XMMS2. It is unrelated to the current XMMS2 project, which uses a new codebase and client/server architecture not derived from XMMS. XMMS supports the following audio and video file formats: AAC support is provided by the FAAD2 library, supporting m4a files APE Monkey's Audio Codec.ape files — support provided by the mac-port project plugin Audio CD, including CDDB via FreeDB lookup FLAC support is provided by a plugin in the FLAC library Icecast and SHOUTcast streaming supported, is compatible with Winamp 2 skins.

Libmikmod supported formats See: MikMod’s Home JACK plug-in for support of the JACK Audio Connection Kit. ModPlug plug-in for playing. MOD. S3M. XM. IT and other famous tracker formats. Mp3PRO support is provided by a third party plugin MPEG Layer 1,2 and 3, using the mpg123 library Musepack support using XMMS-Musepack plugin. OGG Vorbis support is provided by a plug-in provided by SHN support is provided by a plug-in provided by etree. Speex high quality & ratio speech compression format via plugin TTA support is provided by a third party plugin UADE plug-in provides support for most Amiga music formats WAV WavPack with support provided by a third party plugin WMA Limited support provided by third party plugin. XMMS has a default skin provided, but it is possible to use any WSZ classic skins to enhance the graphic attractiveness of the player. Xmms-coverviewer is an XMMS plugin which allows XMMS to display album art and further enhance the graphical interface of the player. Official website

Chichibu 34 Kannon Sanctuary

The Chichibu 34 Kannon Sanctuary is a group of Japanese Buddhist temples linked on a pilgrimage route. Chichibu City in the province of Saitama is the centre of a self-contained valley, a mountain-ringed basin about 80 km north-west of Tokyo; the Chichibu pilgrimage dates back to the early 13th century. It consisted of 33 temples dedicated to Kannon but by 1536 a 34th temple was added to the list with the consequence that the Saigoku, Bandō and Chichibu pilgrimages together form a 100-temple Kannon pilgrimage. Visitors in numbers have been making the journey here since the Muromachi Period, covering the 100 kilometres it takes to reach all the temples. About two-thirds of the temples are located in urban areas. Unlike the temples on the Saigoku or Bandō routes, the Chichibu temples are small and understated. Admission to all 34 temples is free, it is said that about half of the 34 temples do not have resident priests and are maintained by caretakers who live nearby. The following list contains the temples of the Chichibu list.

Japan 100 Kannon, pilgrimage composed of the Bandō and Chichibu pilgrimages. Saigoku 33 Kannon, pilgrimage in the Kansai region. Bandō 33 Kannon, pilgrimage in the Kantō region. Shikoku Pilgrimage, 88 Temple pilgrimage in the Shikoku island. Chūgoku 33 Kannon, pilgrimage in the Chūgoku region. Kannon Buddhism in Japan Tourism in Japan For an explanation of terms concerning Japanese Buddhism, Japanese Buddhist art, Japanese Buddhist temple architecture, see the Glossary of Japanese Buddhism

Beaver Run Reservoir

Beaver Run Reservoir is a reservoir in Westmoreland County in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania, 23 miles east of Pittsburgh. The elevation of Beaver Run Reservoir is 1053 feet above sea level; the reservoir is the source of drinking water for 150,000 people, including those in Murrysville and Delmont. Fishing in the reservoir and hiking near the reservoir are not allowed, due to public health concerns; the Municipal Authority of Westmoreland County, the local water utility, leased the watershed in 1999 for gas drilling, about 100 shallow gas wells have been drilled since then. And in 2008, deeper drilling and fracking for gas in the Marcellus shale began near the reservoir; as of 2013, 41 deep wells have been drilled on 6 pads. The drillers are Consol Energy's CNX Gas; some of the chemicals used by Consol for fracking have been listed online by the MAWC. There is no information on the location, date, or total quantities of chemicals used, but Material Safety Data Sheets discuss the hazards and properties of these chemicals and others: hydrochloric acid.

In June 2013 there was a spill of 100 gallons of recycled frack wastewater into the ground at a pad near the reservoir. To limit pollution from the spill, soil was excavated, testing for chlorides was done, the tests indicated acceptable chloride levels. Fracking resumed several days later. List of lakes in Pennsylvania List of reservoirs and dams in the United States List of rivers of Pennsylvania List of tributaries of the Allegheny River Aerial photos of gas well pads near Beaver Run Reservoir