Xanthus-class repair ship
The Xanthus-class repair ships were a class of five auxiliary ships built for the United States Navy and Royal Navy. Ships of the class served in a diverse range of environments in varying capacities during both World War II and the Korean War. Xanthus-class ships were in commission between 1945–1955. On 26 February 1944, the United States CNO FADM Ernest J. King authorized the construction of five vessels in response to a British Royal Navy request for several Heavy Duty Fleet Repair Ships; these ships were to have been constructed in the United States and transferred to Britain under the Lend-Lease agreement. Xanthus-class vessels were first laid down in mid-1944 by Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard under a Maritime Commission contract; these ships were intended as Liberty ships, hull design EC2-S-C1. Instead, five of the completed Liberty ship hulls were requisitioned for conversion into repair ships, it was soon realized that the Liberty ship hull and configuration would not be suitable for the role of repair ship.
Substantial modification was necessary in order to ensure operating functionality. A planning commission investigating the problem decided that the modifications would be based off the design of Luzon-class repair ships, ARG type repair ships which had seen substantial service in the Pacific. Construction proceeded, with armament based off the Luzon class; the Luzon-class repair ship USS Tutuila was selected as the conversion template. It was realized that conversion based off the Luzon would not be successful, because British configuration requirements for the ships differed from the Luzon design. A complete overhaul of the internal configuration, thus new plans for the internal configuration, were necessary; each remained in Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard for most of the construction process. At 80% completion, the ships were transferred to the conversion docks. Four of the five ships were converted by the Maryland Drydock Company; the other ship, AR-19, was sent to Bethlehem-Simpson Yard in Massachusetts.
While all five ships were intended for the Royal Navy, only two were delivered. The other three were expropriated by the US Navy sometime prior to completion and were given the Xanthus class designation. Xanthus-class vessels provided a diverse range of auxiliary repair functions for both the US and British navies. American-flagged ships served in the Pacific with the US Navy, repairing ships damaged in the final battles against Japan; these ships continued their role after the war by providing support for the Allied occupation of Japan. British flagged ships served in the Atlantic with the Royal Navy repairing both aircraft and destroyers before being returned to the United States shortly following the war's end. One ship, USS Laertes served in the Korean War. HMS Assistance was laid down in May 1944 and delivered to the Royal Navy on 20 January 1945; the ship served in British home waters as an aircraft repair ship. She was returned to US Navy and transferred to the National Defense Reserve Fleet in 1946.
HMS Diligence was laid down in June 1944 and transferred to Britain in 1945. She served as a destroyer repair vessel until returning to US Navy in 1946, she was subsequently transferred to National Defense Reserve Fleet. USS Xanthus was laid down in June 1944, launched in July and commissioned in May 1945, she arrived at Pearl Harbor on 20 July 1945 and served in the repair role. On 11 August, Xanthus sailed for Alaska, where she was to join forces massing for the planned assault on the Japanese held Kuril Islands; the invasion never took place, instead Xanthus was sent to Japan where she served as the flagship of Task Group 56.2. Xanthus operated out of Okinawa until January 1946. In February 1946, Xanthus sailed for China, she was withdrawn in April of that year and sent to the National Defense Reserve Fleet in James River, Virginia. USS Laertes was laid down in August 1944, launched in September and commissioned in March 1945, she was sent to the naval facilities at Enewetak Atoll, where she spent four months repairing battle damaged ships.
From there she sailed to Okinawa, where she spent only a week before setting course for the United States. Laertes served several months as a pre-inactivation repair ship in Bremerton and San Diego, California before being decommissioned and entering the Pacific Reserve Fleet. Laertes was recommissioned on 19 December 1951 in response to the outbreak of hostilities in Korea, she operated from the Japanese port of Sasebo and the Korean port of Pusan repairing the battle damaged ships of the United States Seventh Fleet. USS Dionysus was laid down in September 1944, launched in October and commissioned in April 1945, she operated from Enewetak Atoll and Tokyo Bay between July and September 1945. She was recommissioned in 1952 and joined the Atlantic Fleet, where she repaired ships in Puerto Rico and in ports along the Eastern United States; the class and the lead ship were named after Xanthus, one of Achilles' horses who spoke with a human voice. List of support ships of the Royal Navy List of auxiliaries of the United States Navy War in the Pacific Xanthus class on The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia Repair ships of the US Navy 1940–1945 This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
Aesop was a Greek fabulist and storyteller credited with a number of fables now collectively known as Aesop's Fables. Although his existence remains unclear and no writings by him survive, numerous tales credited to him were gathered across the centuries and in many languages in a storytelling tradition that continues to this day. Many of the tales are characterized by animals and inanimate objects that speak, solve problems, have human characteristics. Scattered details of Aesop's life can be found in ancient sources, including Aristotle and Plutarch. An ancient literary work called The Aesop Romance tells an episodic highly fictional version of his life, including the traditional description of him as a strikingly ugly slave who by his cleverness acquires freedom and becomes an adviser to kings and city-states. Older spellings of his name have included Isope. Depictions of Aesop in popular culture over the last 2500 years have included many works of art and his appearance as a character in numerous books, films and television programs.
The name of Aesop is as known as any that has come down from Graeco-Roman antiquity it is far from certain whether a historical Aesop existed... in the latter part of the fifth century something like a coherent Aesop legend appears, Samos seems to be its home. The earliest Greek sources, including Aristotle, indicate that Aesop was born around 620 BCE in Thrace at a site on the Black Sea coast which would become the city Mesembria. A number of writers from the Roman imperial period say that he was born in Phrygia; the 3rd-century poet Callimachus called him "Aesop of Sardis," and the writer Maximus of Tyre called him "the sage of Lydia."From Aristotle and Herodotus we learn that Aesop was a slave in Samos and that his masters were first a man named Xanthus and a man named Iadmon. Plutarch tells us that Aesop had come to Delphi on a diplomatic mission from King Croesus of Lydia, that he insulted the Delphians, was sentenced to death on a trumped-up charge of temple theft, was thrown from a cliff.
Before this fatal episode, Aesop met with Periander of Corinth, where Plutarch has him dining with the Seven Sages of Greece, sitting beside his friend Solon, whom he had met in Sardis. Problems of chronological reconciliation dating the death of Aesop and the reign of Croesus led the Aesop scholar Ben Edwin Perry in 1965 to conclude that "everything in the ancient testimony about Aesop that pertains to his associations with either Croesus or with any of the so-called Seven Wise Men of Greece must be reckoned as literary fiction," and Perry dismissed Aesop's death in Delphi as legendary. Still problematic is the story by Phaedrus which has Aesop in Athens, telling the fable of the frogs who asked for a king, during the reign of Peisistratos, which occurred decades after the presumed date of Aesop's death. Along with the scattered references in the ancient sources regarding the life and death of Aesop, there is a fictional biography now called The Aesop Romance, "an anonymous work of Greek popular literature composed around the second century of our era...
Like The Alexander Romance, The Aesop Romance became a folkbook, a work that belonged to no one, the occasional writer felt free to modify as it might suit him." Multiple, sometimes contradictory, versions of this work exist. The earliest known version was composed in the 1st century CE, but the story may have circulated in different versions for centuries before it was committed to writing, certain elements can be shown to originate in the 4th century BCE. Scholars long dismissed any biographical validity in The Aesop Romance. In The Aesop Romance, Aesop is a slave of Phrygian origin on the island of Samos, ugly. At first he lacks the power of speech, but after showing kindness to a priestess of Isis, is granted by the goddess not only speech but a gift for clever storytelling, which he uses alternately to assist and confound his master, embarrassing the philosopher in front of his students and sleeping with his wife. After interpreting a portent for the people of Samos, Aesop is given his freedom and acts as an emissary between the Samians and King Croesus.
He travels to the courts of Lycurgus of Babylon and Nectanabo of Egypt – both imaginary rulers – in a section that appears to borrow from the romance of Ahiqar. The story ends with Aesop's journey to Delphi, where he angers the citizens by telling insulting fables, is sentenced to death and, after cursing the people of Delphi, is forced to jump to his death. Aesop may not have written his fables; the Aesop Romance claims that he deposited them in the library of Croesus. Scholars speculate that "there existed in the fifth century a written book containing various fables of Aesop, set in a biographical framew
Xantho is a genus of crabs in the family Xanthidae, containing five extant species, all restricted to the north-east Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea, although Xantho granulicarpis is not universally recognised as a separate species from Xantho hydrophilus: Xantho granulicarpus Forest, 1953 Xantho hydrophilus Xantho pilipes A. Milne-Edwards, 1867 Xantho poressa Xantho sexdentatus Five species are known from the fossil record, including one species, still extant
Escape to Witch Mountain (1975 film)
Escape to Witch Mountain is a 1975 American fantasy-children's film, adapted from the 1968 science fiction novel of the same name written by Alexander H. Key; the film was produced by Walt Disney Productions, released in March 1975 by Buena Vista Distribution Company and directed by John Hough. Escape to Witch Mountain is the first film in the Witch Mountain franchise; the movie centers upon the brother and sister pair Tony and Tia, whose surname they know only as that of their deceased adoptive parents, Malone. The children are placed in an orphanage, where they face difficulties stemming from their strange psychic/psionic abilities: Tony can psychokinetically move and control inanimate objects with the aid of his harmonica, while Tia can communicate telepathically to Tony, commune empathically with animals, experience premonitions. Tia possesses minor telekinetic abilities, she carries a "star case" with her at all times, which reveals a strange map. Tia has fragmented memories of her early childhood, including an accident at sea and a man she remembers as the children's Uncle Bené, whom they believe drowned during their rescue.
During a field trip to see a movie, Tia experiences a premonition and warns wealthy attorney Lucas Deranian against a dangerous accident. Deranian informs millionaire Aristotle Bolt, of the children's unique abilities. Bolt, obsessed with the paranormal, demands. Deranian's detective work leads him to the orphanage, where he poses as Tia and Tony's uncle, though not under the name Bené, takes them to Bolt's mansion. Though suspicious of Bolt's motives and Tony are lured in by the wealthy trappings of Bolt's home. Bolt reveals that he has been monitoring the children via a closed-circuit television system and that he and Deranian are aware of their unusually strong powers; the night of this revelation and Tony make an escape, using their abilities to psionically control a wild mustang, guard dogs, the security fence, as well as using Winkie, Tia's cat, to make the allergic security guard let them pass. Bolt sends Deranian and a thug, after the children. Tia and Tony hide out in a green-and-white Winnebago motor home owned by a crotchety widower named Jason O'Day.
Negative toward the children, Jason begins to recognize their powers and the truth of their story. He agrees to take the children on the route indicated by Tia's star case, which leads them to a mountain known as Witch Mountain, home to unexplainable phenomena. Avoiding Bolt, the law, an incited mob convinced the children are witches, they make their way up Witch Mountain, pursued by Deranian and Ubermann, as well as by Bolt in a helicopter; as their memories begin to return, the children realize their accident at sea did not involve a boat but a spacecraft. Tony and Tia are of extraterrestrial origin. Having come to Earth because their own planet was dying, survivors of the journey made their way to Witch Mountain and formed a community to await the surviving children, each pair in possession of a star case to help them find their way to their new home. Tony and Tia are the first to reach their destination; the children are reunited with board another spacecraft. When Bolt and the others leave in defeat, Jason witnesses the spaceship's return as it flies over him to say a final goodbye.
Eddie Albert as Jason O'Day, an embittered widower who decides to travel across the country in his motor home. Ray Milland as Aristotle Bolt, a ruthless and greedy multi-millionaire obsessed with the paranormal and occult who intends to exploit Tony and Tia's powers to increase his wealth. Donald Pleasence as Lucas Deranian, a well-to-do attorney who works for Mr. Bolt. Kim Richards as Tia Malone, a nine-year-old orphan with psychic powers. Kyle Richards as young Tia Malone Ike Eisenmann as Tony Malone, older brother to Tia, orphan with telekinetic powers. Walter Barnes as Sheriff Purdey, a sheriff bribed by Bolt to pursue the children. Reta Shaw as Mrs. Grindley, owner of the orphanage Tia and Tony are sent to after the death of their foster parents, the Malones. Denver Pyle as Uncle Bené, the children's true uncle. Alfred Ryder as Astrologer. Lawrence Montaigne as Ubermann, a henchman who assists Deranian in his pursuit of the siblings. Terry Wilson as Biff Jenkins. George Chandler as Grocer. Dermott Downs as Truck, a child from the orphanage who bullies Tony to the point that Tony reveals his powers.
Don Brodie as Gasoline Attendant. Paul Sorenson as Sergeant Foss. Harry Holcombe as Captain Malone. Sam Edwards as Mate. Dan Seymour as Psychic. Eugene Daniels as Cort. Escape to Witch Mountain is based on the novel by Alexander Key. Significant differences from the book include its plot elements. For example, in the book, the children are befriended by Father O'Day, an athletic, young Catholic priest, rather than crusty widower Jason O'Day; the children's ship is shot down, rather than crashed, the children are olive-skinned, though with light-colored hair, rather than fair-skinned and blond. In the book, Deranian is the main antagonist, he is working for a shadowy European cabal who are trying to capture the children for their special powers, instead of for Aristotle Bolt; the novel is set along or near the Atlantic coast of the United States, whereas the film was shot along the Pacific coast in California. Carmel, Monterey Felton, Santa C
USS Xanthus (AR-19)
USS Xanthus was a Xanthus-class repair ship acquired by the United States Navy for the task of providing repairs to the fleet. She was named after a mythical beast of Greek legend. Intended for the Royal Navy as HMS Hecla, she was laid down under Maritime Commission contract as Hecla on 6 June 1944 at Baltimore, Maryland, by the Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Inc.. She was launched on 31 July 1944, sponsored by Mrs. J. W. A. Waller, delivered to the Navy on a loan basis on 16 August 1944. On 6 December 1944, she was renamed Xanthus and designated AR-19, she was commissioned on 9 May 1945 with Commander Stanley G. Nichols in command. Following training operations and a transit of the Panama Canal, Xanthus arrived at Pearl Harbor on 20 July to serve there as a repair ship. On 11 August, she sailed for Adak, Alaska, to join forces massing there for the projected assaults on the Kurils and northern Japan; the Japanese capitulation, obviated such operations. Instead of an invasion there was now an occupation.
As part of Task Group 40.2, Xanthus proceeded to Japan and arrived at Ominato on 9 September—the same date that Japanese forces there surrendered to Vice Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher. The ship remained at Ominato through 21 November, serving as flagship for the commander of TG 56.2, the repair and logistics group. Subsequently reporting for duty with Service Squadron 104, the ship operated out of Okinawa through late January 1946. On 10 February 1946, Xanthus sailed for Tsingtao and helped to stabilize troubled conditions there in the wake of the Japanese withdrawal; as Communist and Nationalist Chinese jockeyed for position in the volatile situation in their country, Xanthus supported American naval activities in that port until sailing for home on 8 April 1946. Subsequently arriving at Norfolk, Virginia, in the spring of that year, the repair ship was laid up at the Maritime Commission facility in the James River, Virginia, in an "on hand" status, through 1961. On 1 September 1962, the ship was struck from the Navy List.
In 1974, Xanthus was sold for scrapping in Ohio. List of United States Navy ships World War II This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here. NavSource Online: Service Ship Photo Archive - AR-19 Xanthus
Protambulyx eurycles is a species of moth of the family Sphingidae first described by Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer in 1854. It is known from Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Bolivia, Costa Rica and Mexico, it is similar to Protambulyx euryalus but the forewing marginal band is much broader and the proximal edge is crenulated. Females are less marked than males. There are multiple generations per year. Adults have been recorded in March and October in Bolivia and in September in Brazil; the larvae feed on Anacardiaceae species
Cephonodes xanthus is a moth of the family Sphingidae. It is known from Japan, it resembles Cephonodes janus janus and Cephonodes trochilus in the unicolorous green upperside of the abdomen, the latter in the somewhat deeper tint posteriorly. It is distinguishable from both by the black abdominal tuft; the upperside of the abdomen is unicolorous green. The anal tuft is black and only the dorso-lateral scales are yellow; the underside of the head and abdomen are orange