Xiaoshan District

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Downtown Xiaoshan, as seen from Beigan Hill
Downtown Xiaoshan, as seen from Beigan Hill
Xiaoshan is located in Zhejiang
Location in Zhejiang
Coordinates: 30°10′N 120°15′E / 30.167°N 120.250°E / 30.167; 120.250Coordinates: 30°10′N 120°15′E / 30.167°N 120.250°E / 30.167; 120.250
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Sub-provincial cityHangzhou
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Xiaoshan District
Simplified Chinese萧山区
Traditional Chinese蕭山區

Xiaoshan is a district of Hangzhou, the capital of China's Zhejiang Province. Xiaoshan was formerly a city in its own right, separated by the Qiantang River from Hangzhou proper, but the municipality was annexed by its more populous neighbor in 2001.

Xiaoshan has a permanent population with residential rights of around 1,511,000 and an additional non-permanent population of about 876,500. Most of the local residents are Han people who speak a local variety of Wu Chinese in addition to Mandarin Chinese; the area's history of human settlement dates back to more than 8000 years ago, as excavations at Xiaoshan's Kuahuqiao archeological site have shown.[1] Xiaoshan's manufacturing-dominated economy has made it one of the most affluent metropolitan districts in China. In 2012 it had a GDP of 161.2 billion CNY, or around $17,000 per capita. Hangzhou's international airport, Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport, is located in western Xiaoshan, close to the mouth of Hangzhou Bay; the district is also at the center of one of China's local real estate booms, as the demand for newer, more upscale housing from China's growing middle class has led to an explosion in construction of new high-rise condominiums. In addition, Hangzhou Xiaoshan Sports Centre is also found in Xiaoshan.

The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal in Xiaoshan

The local culture is deeply rooted in the area's communist character, and the Communist Party of China has a strong local presence and an estimated local membership of 250,000.[2]


Xiaoshan Economic & Technological Development Zone[edit]

Xiaoshan Economic & Technological Development Zone was established in 1990; the zone is only 10 km (6.2 mi) away from Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport, with Shanghai-Ningbo Expressway and Hangzhou-Qujiang Expressway passing through. Currently, it has formed leading industries including electronic communications, automobiles and auto parts, precision machinery, medical food, textiles, garments, chemical building materials.[3]


Loong Airlines has its headquarters in the Loong Air Office Building (Chinese: 长龙航空办公大楼; pinyin: Chánglóng Hángkōng Bàngōngdàlóu) on the property of Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport.[4]


  1. ^ http://www.antiquity.ac.uk/ProjGall/liu/
  2. ^ 中共杭州市萧山区第十五次代表大会隆重开幕——萧山网——中国县(市、区)第一网. www.xsnet.cn. Retrieved 2017-04-16.
  3. ^ RightSite.asia
  4. ^ "联系我们 Archived May 11, 2014, at the Wayback Machine." Loong Air. Retrieved on April 24, 2014. " 地址ADDESS [sic] 浙江省杭州市萧山国际机场5号路长龙航空办公大楼"

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