Xichuan County

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Xichuan County
Chinese transcription(s)
 • Chinese 淅川县
 • Pinyin Xǐchuān
Xichuan County is located in Henan
Xichuan County
Xichuan County
Location in Henan,China
Coordinates: 33°0′N 111°25′E / 33.000°N 111.417°E / 33.000; 111.417Coordinates: 33°0′N 111°25′E / 33.000°N 111.417°E / 33.000; 111.417
Country China
Province Henan
Prefecture Nanyang
 • Total 2,798 km2 (1,080 sq mi)
 • Total 746,000
 • Density 270/km2 (690/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 474450
Area code(s) 0377
Website http://www.xichuan.gov.cn/

Xichuan County (Chinese: 淅川; pinyin: Xīchuān Xiàn) is a county of Nanyang, Henan, China.

Xichuan has an area of 2,798 square kilometers and a population of 746,000.Both of the Danjiangkou Reservoir and the Central route of South–North Water Transfer Project's canal head are located in Xichuan.[1]

The state of Chu's first capital Danyang was in Xichuan.

Xichuan is located south of Funiu Mountain. The county is about 107 kilometers from northwest to southeast, with a width of 46 kilometers and a total area of 2,798 square kilometers. Xichuan County is a horseshoe-shaped terrain that protrudes to the southeast in the northwest direction. The northwest is a low mountain area, the middle is a hilly area, and the southeast is a hilly and alluvial plain. Danjiangkou Reservoir is located in the south of the county. The northern and northwestern parts of the county belong to the eastern part of the Qinling Mountains. On the south side of Funiu Mountain, the mountain body is roughly east-west. The mountains about 900 meters above sea level extend from north to south. There are Qinling and Daba Mountains in the west and southwest of the county. The elevation of the east and west peaks at the junction of ZouMa ling and Hubei is 1,033 meters. 1086 meters is the highest peak of the county. The east side of the Danjiangkou Reservoir belongs to the southwestern margin of the Nanyang Basin and is flat and ridge-like.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Xichuan has 2 subdistricts, 11 towns, and 4 townships:

  • Subdistricts: Longcheng (龙城街道), Shangsheng (商圣街道)
  • Towns: Jingziguan (荆紫关镇), Laocheng (老城镇), Xianghua (香花镇), Houpo (厚坡镇), Jiuchong (九重镇), Shengwan (盛湾镇), Jinhe (金河镇), Siwan (寺湾镇), Cangfang (仓房镇), Shangji (上集镇), Madeng (马蹬镇)
  • Townships: Xihuang (西簧乡), Maotang (毛堂乡), Dashiqiao (大石桥乡), Taohe (滔河乡)

Famous residents[edit]

  • Fan Li, the politician and economist of the country in the late Spring and Autumn Period.
  • Fan Ye,famous historian and essayist in the Southern Song Dynasty.
  • Fan Zhen,(about 450 years - 515 years), materialist philosopher, atheist.
  • Famous Taiwanese poet Chou Meng-tieh was born in Xichuan County in 1921.


  1. ^ (in Chinese) Profile of Xichuan County, visited on May 29, 2008.

External links[edit]