Line 10 (Beijing Subway)
Line 10 of the Beijing Subway is the second loop line in Beijing's rapid transit network as well as the longest and most used line. The line is 57.1 km in length and runs underground through Haidian and Fengtai Districts, either directly underneath or just beyond the 3rd Ring Road. The Line 10 loop is situated between two and six kilometers outside the Line 2 loop, which circumnavigates Beijing's old Inner City; every subway line through the city centre intersects with Line 10, which has 24 transfer stations along route, 45 stations in all. Line 10's color is Capri. Line 10 is the world's longest subway loop line and one of the longest underground subway lines requiring 104 minutes to complete one full journey in either direction; the Beijing Subway network was conceived to have only one ring line. The booming economy and explosive population growth of Beijing put huge demand on Line 2, surpassing its designed capacity. In 2001 and 2002, the China Academy of Urban Planning and Design proposed two "L-shaped" lines named Line 10 and 11.
Together they would form a second loop around Beijing and relieve pressure on line 2. On December 27, 2003, in preparation for the 2008 Summer Olympic Games in Beijing, Phase 1 of Line 10 started construction. On July 19, 2008, Phase I of Line 10 entered operation ahead of the opening of the Olympic Games, it had 22 stations. Phase I consisted of the northern and eastern sides of Line 10's rectangular loop from Bagou to Jinsong forming an inverted "L"-shaped line. Construction on Phase II began on December 28, 2007. Which meant that the original plan for Line 11 was not incorporated into the final network design and was instead absorbed into Line 10. Line 10 formed the second full loop around Beijing. In 2010, the Ministry of Railways proposed that Fengtai Railway Station was to be renovated and expanded to become a bigger intercity rail terminal for Beijing, with access to the Beijing-Guangzhou high-speed railway; the rationale was to ease intercity traffic pressure on Beijing West railway station.
Due to the need to reorganize the stations on Line 10 to better serve the new rail terminal, work stopped on 2 stations, namely Mengjiacun and Niwa. The planning department proposed that the original Mengjiacun and Niwa subway stations be merged into the new Fengtai railway station, known as the "three stops into one" program. Local residents, after realizing their travel to a subway station would be lengthened opposed the plan. Planners reconsidered and moved Niwa Station 300m north to its current position and Mengjiacun 100m north to be renamed as Fengtai Railway Station; the original station shells were demolished and new stations built in their respective new locations. Niwa station started reconstruction in February 2012, while Fengtai railway station started on April 11, 2012; this made the late 2012 opening date for that section of Line 10 unlikely and was postponed to the next year. On December 30, 2012, the first section of Phase II, consisting of the southern and western sides of the loop opened.
With the opening of Phase I and Phase II, Line 10 became a "C" shape. The near completion of Line 10 led to rapid growth of Line 10's ridership. At the same time, some traffic from Line 1 was diverted to the parallel and newly opened Line 6, allowing Line 10 to overtake Line 1 as Beijing's busiest subway line; the Beijing Subway started operating express trains that ran non-stop between Songjiazhuang to Jinsong to alleviate traffic in the southeastern section of Line 10. These trains stopped operation after the completion of the loop; the loop was enclosed on May 5, 2013 with the opening of Fengtai Railway Station and Niwa, as well as the infill Jiaomen East. Line 10 services consisted of a "full-loop" service that make the journey through all 45 stations in 104 minutes, "partial-loop" trains that run from Chedaogou in the northwest to Songjiazhuang in the southeast before turning back. With the delivery of more rolling stock, "partial-loop" trains were removed and all trains serving the full loop at a headway of 2 minutes and 15 seconds.
By 2014, the completed loop carried on average 1.69 million passengers per day. From Bagou near Wanliu Park in Haidian District, Line 10 runs straight east, between the northern 3rd and 4th Ring Roads. At Xitucheng, the line meets the northern section of the Yuan dynasty earthen city wall, called tucheng; the Jiandemen and Anzhenmen stops are named after former gates in the wall. At Beitucheng, Olympic Branch Line extends off Line 10 and provides access to the Beijing Olympic Green. Farther east, Line 10 turns south after the Sanyuanqiao and follows the eastern 3rd Ring Road straight south to Jinsong in Chaoyang District; the Bagou-Jinsong section constituted Phase I of Line 10, which first opened in July 2008, connects the university district in Haidian with the embassy district and Beijing CBD. A trip from Bagou to Jinsong takes about 40 minutes. Starting fare of RMB 3.00 that increases according to the distance fare scheme introduced in December 2014. Regular subway users can use a Yikatong card, which offers cheaper journeys, as well as mobile phone apps, which deploy payment via a QR code.
The first train on the inner loop departs from Xiju towards Shoujingmao at 5:20am. The first train on the outer loop departs from Shoujingmao towards Xiju at 6:12am; the last inner loop train leaves Xiju for Bagou at 11:29pm. The last outer loop train leaves Shoujingmao for Chedaogou at 11:06pm. For the official timetable, see. There are subway public security bureaus located in the Bagou and Liangmaqiao stations. Emergencies can be reported b
Songjiazhuang Station is a station on Line 5, Line 10, the Yizhuang Line of the Beijing Subway. This is terminal for Line 5 and Yizhuang Line; these two stations lie in the perpendicular directions, so that the passengers leaving the train from Line 5 proceed ahead to get to the station of Yizhuang Line. The station handled a peak passenger traffic of 262,800 people on May 5, 2013. On December 30, 2012, Phase 2 Section 1 of Line 10 opened, passing through Songjiazhuang Station, making Songjiazhuang Station the 3rd 3-way transfer station of Beijing Subway; the Yizhuang Line has three platforms employing the spanish solution. For the Yizhuang Line departing passengers use the middle platform, whereas the arriving passengers disembark to the side platforms
Zhichunli Station is a subway station on Line 10 of the Beijing Subway. It is located under Zhichun Road; this is an underground station
Niwa is a station on Line 10 of the Beijing Subway
Shaoyaoju Station is a station on Line 10 and Line 13 of the Beijing Subway
Jinsong Station is a subway station on Line 10 of the Beijing Subway. The station handled a peak entry and exit traffic of 109,700 people on May 5, 2013