A metro station or subway station is a railway station for a rapid transit system, which as a whole is called a "metro" or "subway". A station provides a means for passengers to purchase tickets, board trains, evacuate the system in the case of an emergency; the location of a metro station is planned to provide easy access to important urban facilities such as roads, commercial centres, major buildings and other transport nodes. Most stations are located underground, with entrances/exits leading up to street level; the bulk of the station is positioned under land reserved for public thoroughfares or parks. Placing the station underground reduces the outside area occupied by the station, allowing vehicles and pedestrians to continue using the ground-level area in a similar way as before the station's construction; this is important where the station is serving high-density urban precincts, where ground-level spaces are heavily utilised. In other cases, a station may be elevated above a road, or at ground level depending on the level of the train tracks.
The physical and economic impact of the station and its operations will be greater. Planners will take metro lines or parts of lines at or above ground where urban density decreases, extending the system further for less cost. Metros are most used in urban cities, with great populations. Alternatively, a preexisting railway land corridor is re-purposed for rapid transit. At street level the logo of the metro company marks the entrances/exits of the station. Signage shows the name of the station and describes the facilities of the station and the system it serves. There are several entrances for one station, saving pedestrians from needing to cross a street and reducing crowding. A metro station provides ticket vending and ticket validating systems; the station is divided into an unpaid zone connected to the street, a paid zone connected to the train platforms. The ticket barrier allows passengers with valid tickets to pass between these zones; the barrier may operated by staff or more with automated turnstiles or gates that open when a transit pass is scanned or detected.
Some small metro systems dispense with paid zones and validate tickets with staff in the train carriages. Access from the street to ticketing and the train platform is provided by stairs, escalators and tunnels; the station will be designed to minimise overcrowding and improve flow, sometimes by designating tunnels as one way. Permanent or temporary barriers may be used to manage crowds; some metro stations have direct connections to important nearby buildings. Most jurisdictions mandate; this is resolved with elevators, taking a number of people from street level to the unpaid ticketing area, from the paid area to the platform. In addition, there will be stringent requirements for emergencies, with backup lighting, emergency exits and alarm systems installed and maintained. Stations are a critical part of the evacuation route for passengers escaping from a disabled or troubled train. A subway station may provide additional facilities, such as toilets and amenities for staff and security services, such as Transit police.
Some metro stations are interchanges, serving to transfer passengers between lines or transport systems. The platforms may be multi-level. Transfer stations handle more passengers than regular stations, with additional connecting tunnels and larger concourses to reduce walking times and manage crowd flows. In some stations where trains are automated, the entire platform is screened from the track by a wall of glass, with automatic platform-edge doors; these open, like elevator doors, only when a train is stopped, thus eliminate the hazard that a passenger will accidentally fall onto the tracks and be run over or electrocuted. Control over ventilation of the platform is improved, allowing it to be heated or cooled without having to do the same for the tunnels; the doors add cost and complexity to the system, trains may have to approach the station more so they can stop in accurate alignment with them. Metro stations, more so than railway and bus stations have a characteristic artistic design that can identify each stop.
Some have frescoes. For example, London's Baker Street station is adorned with tiles depicting Sherlock Holmes; the tunnel for Paris' Concorde station is decorated with tiles spelling the Déclaration des Droits de l'Homme et du Citoyen. Every metro station in Valencia, Spain has a different sculpture on the ticket-hall level. Alameda station is decorated with fragments of white tile, like the dominant style of the Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències; each of the original four stations on Line 8 of the Beijing Subway is decorated traditionally with elements of Chinese culture. On the Tyne and Wear Metro, the station at Newcastle United's home ground St James' Park is decorated in the clubs famous black and white stripes; each station of the Red Line and Purple Line subway in Los Angeles was built with different artwork and decorating schemes, such as murals, tile artwork and sculptural benches. Every station of the Mexico City Metro is prominently identified by a unique icon in addition to its name, because the city had high illiteracy rates at the time the system was designed.
Some metro systems, such as those of Naples, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kiev, Lisbon and Prague are famous for their beautiful architecture and public art; the Paris Métro is famous for its art nouveau station entrances.
Baijiang station, is a station of Line 13 of the Guangzhou Metro. It started operations on 28 December 2017
Line 13 (Guangzhou Metro)
Line 13 of the Guangzhou Metro is a rapid transit rail line in operation as of 28 December 2017 in Guangzhou, China. It is envisioned to be the "East West express line" complimenting Line 3, the "North South express line"; the line serves some of the most popular areas in Guangzhou such as Luochongwai Bus Terminal, Zhujiang New Town CBD and Yuancun while passing through some of the densest and most populated areas of Tianhe and Liwan Districts. Due to the density of the areas served, demand for this line is expected to be high, with average daily ridership predicted at 1.44 million passengers per day when both phases are complete. Knowing this engineers designed the line to use 8 car wide body A size rolling stock, the highest capacity rolling stock in the Guangzhou Metro to date. To fulfill its role as a crosstown express service, the line is designed with a service speed of 100 km/h with a wider stop spacing; the first phase runs from Yuzhu in Huangpu to Xinsha in Zengcheng, opened on 28 December 2017 and is expected to serve 220,000 riders per day.
The first section of Phase 2 between Yuzhu to Tianhe Park is preparing for construction. Under Construction
Shuanggang station (Guangzhou Metro)
Shuanggang Station Wenyuan Station during planning, is a station of Line 13 of the Guangzhou Metro in Huangpu District
Yufengwei station, is a station of Line 13 of the Guangzhou Metro. It started operations on 28 December 2017
Yuzhu Station Maogang Station during planning, is a station on Line 5 of the Guangzhou Metro. It is located under Yumao Road near the south of the Maogang Interchange on Huangpu Avenue in the Huangpu District, it opened in 28 December 2009. The station is the terminus of the Guangzhou-Dongguan-Shenzhen Rapid Transit, which will connect to Dongguan and Shenzhen; the line will be completed in 2011
Zengcheng District romanized as Tsengshing, is a district of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province. Zengcheng County was established under the Qin following their conquest of the area held by the Baiyue tribes. Under the Ming, the northern area of the county was separated to form Longmen County, administered from Huizhou; the county was promoted to city status in 1993. In 2006, a western section of Zengcheng was severed to form Guangzhou's Luogang District, renamed Huangpu in 2014. On 12 February of the same year, Zengcheng was annexed to Guangzhou as a district. A riot of migrant workers occurred in Zengcheng in 2011. Zengcheng's mild climate, fertile land, annual average temperature of 22.02 degrees and average yearly rainfall of 1,967 millimetres make it suitable for tropical and subtropical crop growth. The district is noted for production of the lychee. There are 4 subdistricts and 7 towns. On 28 August 2012 one new town were established from carving out of Xintang. Twin Dragon Resort opened to public in December 2014.
The resort has a total area of 163 acres, it consists of two theme parks, East Village and West Village. Located in the heart of Erlongshan subtropical rainforest, Twin Dragon Resort is blessed with exceptional natural resources and marvelous landscapes. To experience traditional Chinese culture, Twin Dragon Resort offers a variety of family activities and events, suitable for visitors of all ages to participate. Owing to the distance from Guangzhou's city center, many locals consider themselves distinct from the other Guangzhounese, they speak separate Yue and Hakka dialects. Guangdong University of Technology Huali College Guangzhou University Songtian College Guangdong University of Finance & Economics Huashang College Guangzhou Kangda Vocational Technical College Utahloy International School Zengcheng Official website of Zengcheng Government Weather-forecast in Zengcheng