Xishui County, Hubei

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Xishui County
浠水县
County
浠水县街景.jpg
Xishui is located in Hubei
Xishui
Xishui
Location in Hubei
Coordinates: 30°27′N 115°15′E / 30.450°N 115.250°E / 30.450; 115.250Coordinates: 30°27′N 115°15′E / 30.450°N 115.250°E / 30.450; 115.250
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hubei
Prefecture-level city Huanggang
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website 浠水县人民政府门户网 (Xishui County People's Government Web Portal) (in Simplified Chinese)

Xishui County (simplified Chinese: 浠水; traditional Chinese: 浠水; pinyin: Xīshuǐ Xiàn) is a county of eastern Hubei province, People's Republic of China. The county extends over an area of 2,000 square kilometres (770 sq mi) and is under the administration of Huanggang City.

History[edit]

Xishui was a center of revolutionary activity during the Chinese Civil War. In 1922, an underground group was formed to try to undermine the Kuomintang. Between 1926 and 1949, thousands of locals lost their lives in the struggle.

Famous persons whose ancestral home was Xishui County:

  • Wen Yiduo ( Chinese: 聞一多), famous writer of China.
  • Yang Jisheng (historian) ( Chinese traditional: 楊繼繩), the author of Tomb: Great famine of China: 1959-1962( Chinese name:

< 墓碑:中國1959-1962年三年大饑荒> )

  • Xu Fuguan, a Chinese historian and philosopher, notable for Confucian studies

Geography[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Xishui County administers:[1][2][3]

# Name Chinese (S)
Towns
1 Qingquan 清泉镇
2 Bahe 巴河镇
3 Lanxi 兰溪镇
4 Sanhua 散花镇
5 Zhuwa 竹瓦镇
6 Wanggang 汪岗镇
7 Tuanpi[4][5][6][7] 团陂
8 Bailian 白莲镇
9 Caihe 蔡河镇
10 Xianma 洗马镇
11 Dingsidang 丁司垱镇
12 Guankou 关口镇
Township
13 Lüyang 绿杨乡
Other Areas
14 Sanjiaoshan Forestry Area 三角山林场
15 Cehu Breeding Farm (formerly Qi Lake)[8] 策湖养殖场
16 Xishui Economic Development Zone 经济开发区

Natural Resources[edit]

Xishui county has large proven reserves of ore, including magnetite, vanadium, copper, pyrite, yellow sand, granite, potassium, quartz, green jade, and gold.

Economy[edit]

The very first agricultural cooperative in Hubei province was established at Xishui in 1952, as impoverished peasants pooled their land and cattle to create one large farm. In the first year, the commune increased its production by one third. The commune also expanded fresh-water fish and lotus root cultivation, and began planting two crops of rice per year. In 1956, the Xishui cooperative was recognized as an exemplary “national production growth model.” A major flood-control and irrigation reservoir was completed in 1961 and it began generating electricity the following year. This again became a national model for other villages to follow.

Yangtze Flooding[edit]

Xishui is subject to flooding from the Yangtze River. In 1996, the main dike wall shielding the village from the Yangtze broke in several places, endangering the entire county. Emergency support personnel from Qichun County and Wuxue City were required to help deal with the emergency. Since then, the dike was widened and raised in height.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "浠水县行政区划" (in Simplified Chinese). 浠水县信息中心. Retrieved 10 January 2018. 行政区划 (2016年6月资料更新)全县完成乡镇区划撤并工作,共撤并巴驿、马垅2个镇,麻桥、余堰、三店、西河、六神、朱店、松山、华桂、胡河、堰桥11个乡,现辖清泉、巴河、兰溪、散花、竹瓦、汪岗、团陂、白莲、蔡河、洗马、丁司当[sic]、关口12镇,绿杨1个乡,共649个行政村、15个城区社区。另全县设有非行政区划单位有3个:三角山林场、策湖养殖场、经济开发区(省级)。 
  2. ^ ""黄冈市乡镇(街道)名录" [Huanggang City Township-level Divisions List]" (in Simplified Chinese). 行政区划网站 [Administrative Divisions Website]. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2018. 浠水县辖12个镇、1个乡:清泉镇、巴河镇、竹瓦镇、汪岗镇、团陂镇、关口镇、白莲镇、蔡河镇、洗马镇、丁司垱镇、散花镇、兰溪镇、绿杨乡。县政府驻清泉镇。 
  3. ^ 中国地质邮政编码簿(2015). 中国邮政集团公司. 2015. pp. 594–595. 
  4. ^ 浠水县地名领导小组, ed. (April 1983). 浠水县地名志 [Xishui County Geographical Terminology Annals] (in Chinese). 浠水县. Xishui County, Hubei: 浠水县印刷厂. Xishui County Printing Factory. p. 95. 团 陂 Tuánpí 
  5. ^ http://www.sohu.com/a/73238868_176661 TUANPISIYUN
  6. ^ http://www.xstpgz.cn/ Xishui Tuanpi Gaozhong
  7. ^ https://v.qq.com/x/page/e0558vg4999.html
  8. ^ http://en.hubei.gov.cn/photo_gallery/rivers/201403/t20140313_492975.shtml Ce Lake, formerly known as Qi Lake, is located at Xishui County of Central China’s Hubei Province, with an area of 11.14 square kilometers.