Stanisław Ferdynand Rzewuski

Stanisław Ferdynant Rzewuski was a Polish noble. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded on 1760. Son of Marshal, Hetman Wacław Rzewuski and Princess Anna Lubomirska, he married the daughter of Hetman and Court Marshals Michał Kazimierz "Rybeńko" Radziwiłł, Katarzyna Karolina Radziwiłł on 13 June 1758 in Nieśwież. They had six children together: Seweryn Rzewuski, Adam Wawrzyniec Rzewuski, Teofilia Rzewuska, Anna Rzewuska, Franciszka Rzewuska and Karolina Rzewuska, he was Rotmistrz Pancerny since 1755, Great Podstoli of Lithuania since 1759, Great Chorąży of Lithuania from 1762 to 1782, starost of Chełm and Field Marshal of Austria

Skyros Pony

The Skyrian Horse is a breed of miniature horse found on the Greek isle of Skyros. The Skyros breed stands between 9.1 and 11 hands high, may be, dun, brown or black. The small-bodied species of the Skyrian horse is one of the rarest horse breeds in the world, it is native to Greece, in ancient times lived throughout the country, but now is only found in the wild in Skyros and in breeding and welfare farms on the island of Skyros. At the time of writing there are 220 Skyrian horses in Greece; the Skyrian horse is a protected species. The Skyrian horses are friendly, social and intelligent animals; the head is handsome. The mane is long and thick and a hue darker than the skin colour, their legs are slim and wiry, with strong joints. The tail is low set; the hooves are small and strong black, do not need shoeing. The Silva Project is working to promote the foundation of Skyros herds elsewhere in Greece and abroad; the Skyros Island Horse Trust based in Skyros is running a successful breeding, conservation and welfare project with the Skyrian horses.

Another key organisation working to protect the Skyrian horse is the Skyrian horse society, which has created a stud book and is setting up a pedigree for the Skyrian horse. Another non profit organisation Hippolytus est.2010 based in Falani Larissa is making efforts towards promoting the breed culturally and at the same time helping with its preservation. The Skyros breed is believed to be descended from horses brought to the island of Skyros during the 5th to 8th centuries BCE by Athenian colonists, it is possible that they were used by Alexander the Great in his conquests, possible that they are the horses depicted in the friezes of the Parthenon. They developed as semi-feral horses in the mountainous area on the southern part of the island, although individuals were caught and tamed by farmers for agricultural uses; the advances in agricultural mechanisation during the 1960s threatened the survival of the breed, as they were no longer needed for farm work and their numbers were low. The prevalence of feral donkeys in the same area of Skyros is a threat, as the two groups cross-breed and prevent pure breeding by the Skyros horses.

During the 1970s there was a short-lived breeding program focused on the Skyros breed. This program brought publicity to the breed, resulted in them being declared critically endangered in 1991; the horses are kept semi-wild, ranging the mountainous interior of the island until they are needed at the harvest for threshing grain. Skyroi are used as pack horses, harness horses, for riding. Katsarelias Simpson Project Blog Silva Project homepage Hippolytus homepage Hippolytus blog Area of Controlled Reproduction for the Preservation of Skyros Horse The Skyrian Horse Society