Cuba the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean where the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean meet, it is east of the Yucatán Peninsula, south of both the U. S. state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Haiti and north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. Havana is capital; the area of the Republic of Cuba is 110,860 square kilometres. The island of Cuba is the largest island in Cuba and in the Caribbean, with an area of 105,006 square kilometres, the second-most populous after Hispaniola, with over 11 million inhabitants; the territory, now Cuba was inhabited by the Ciboney Taíno people from the 4th millennium BC until Spanish colonisation in the 15th century. From the 15th century, it was a colony of Spain until the Spanish–American War of 1898, when Cuba was occupied by the United States and gained nominal independence as a de facto United States protectorate in 1902.
As a fragile republic, in 1940 Cuba attempted to strengthen its democratic system, but mounting political radicalization and social strife culminated in a coup and subsequent dictatorship under Fulgencio Batista in 1952. Open corruption and oppression under Batista's rule led to his ousting in January 1959 by the 26th of July Movement, which afterwards established communist rule under the leadership of Fidel Castro. Since 1965, the state has been governed by the Communist Party of Cuba; the country was a point of contention during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, a nuclear war nearly broke out during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. Cuba is one of few Marxist–Leninist socialist states, where the role of the vanguard Communist Party is enshrined in the Constitution. Independent observers have accused the Cuban government of numerous human rights abuses, including arbitrary imprisonment. Culturally, Cuba is considered part of Latin America, it is a multiethnic country whose people and customs derive from diverse origins, including the aboriginal Taíno and Ciboney peoples, the long period of Spanish colonialism, the introduction of African slaves and a close relationship with the Soviet Union in the Cold War.
Cuba is a sovereign state and a founding member of the United Nations, the G77, the Non-Aligned Movement, the African and Pacific Group of States, ALBA and Organization of American States. The country is a middle power in world affairs, it has one of the world's only planned economies, its economy is dominated by the exports of sugar, tobacco and skilled labor. According to the Human Development Index, Cuba has high human development and is ranked the eighth highest in North America, though 67th in the world, it ranks in some metrics of national performance, including health care and education. It is the only country in the world to meet the conditions of sustainable development put forth by the WWF. Historians believe the name Cuba comes from the Taíno language, however "its exact derivation unknown"; the exact meaning of the name is unclear but it may be translated either as'where fertile land is abundant', or'great place'. Fringe theory writers who believe that Christopher Columbus was Portuguese state that Cuba was named by Columbus for the town of Cuba in the district of Beja in Portugal.
Before the arrival of the Spanish, Cuba was inhabited by three distinct tribes of indigenous peoples of the Americas. The Taíno, the Guanahatabey and the Ciboney people; the ancestors of the Ciboney migrated from the mainland of South America, with the earliest sites dated to 5,000 BP. The Taíno arrived from Hispanola sometime in the 3rd century A. D; when Columbus arrived they were the dominant culture in Cuba, having an estimated population of 150,000. The Taíno were farmers, while the Ciboney were farmers as well as hunter-gatherers. After first landing on an island called Guanahani, Bahamas, on 12 October 1492, Christopher Columbus commanded his three ships: La Pinta, La Niña and the Santa María, to land on Cuba's northeastern coast on 28 October 1492. Columbus claimed the island for the new Kingdom of Spain and named it Isla Juana after Juan, Prince of Asturias. In 1511, the first Spanish settlement was founded by Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar at Baracoa. Other towns soon followed, including San Cristobal de la Habana, founded in 1515, which became the capital.
The native Taíno were forced to work under the encomienda system, which resembled a feudal system in Medieval Europe. Within a century the indigenous people were wiped out due to multiple factors Eurasian infectious diseases, to which they had no natural resistance, aggravated by harsh conditions of the repressive colonial subjugation. In 1529, a measles outbreak in Cuba killed two-thirds of those few natives who had survived smallpox. On 18 May 1539, Conquistador Hernando de Soto departed from Havana at the head of some 600 followers into a vast expedition through the Southeastern United States, starting at La Florida, in search of gold, treasure and power. On 1 September 1548, Dr. Gonzalo Perez de Angulo was appointed governor of Cuba, he arrived in Santiago, Cuba on 4 November 1549 and declared the liberty of all natives. He became Cuba's first permanent governor to reside in Havana instead of Santiago, he built Havana's first church made of maso
Pakistan the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212,742,631 people. In area, it is the 33rd-largest country. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, China in the far northeast, it is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, shares a maritime border with Oman. The territory that now constitutes Pakistan was the site of several ancient cultures and intertwined with the history of the broader Indian subcontinent; the ancient history involves the Neolithic site of Mehrgarh and the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilisation, was home to kingdoms ruled by people of different faiths and cultures, including Hindus, Indo-Greeks, Turco-Mongols and Sikhs. The area has been ruled by numerous empires and dynasties, including the Persian Achaemenid Empire, Alexander III of Macedon, the Seleucid Empire, the Indian Maurya Empire, the Gupta Empire, the Arab Umayyad Caliphate, the Delhi Sultanate, the Mongol Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Afghan Durrani Empire, the Sikh Empire and, most the British Empire.
Pakistan is the only country to have been created in the name of Islam. It is an ethnically and linguistically diverse country, with a diverse geography and wildlife. A dominion, Pakistan adopted a constitution in 1956, becoming an Islamic republic. An ethnic civil war and Indian military intervention in 1971 resulted in the secession of East Pakistan as the new country of Bangladesh. In 1973, Pakistan adopted a new constitution which stipulated that all laws are to conform to the injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Quran and Sunnah. A regional and middle power, Pakistan has the sixth-largest standing armed forces in the world and is a nuclear power as well as a declared nuclear-weapons state, the second in South Asia and the only nation in the Muslim world to have that status. Pakistan has a semi-industrialised economy with a well-integrated agriculture sector and a growing services sector, it is ranked among the emerging and growth-leading economies of the world, is backed by one of the world's largest and fastest-growing middle class.
Pakistan's political history since independence has been characterized by periods of military rule, political instability and conflicts with India. The country continues to face challenging problems, including overpopulation, poverty and corruption. Pakistan is a member of the UN, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the OIC, the Commonwealth of Nations, the SAARC and the Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition; the name Pakistan means "land of the pure" in Urdu and Persian. It alludes to the word pāk meaning pure in Pashto; the suffix ـستان is a Persian word meaning the place of, recalls the synonymous Sanskrit word sthāna स्थान. The name of the country was coined in 1933 as Pakstan by Choudhry Rahmat Ali, a Pakistan Movement activist, who published it in his pamphlet Now or Never, using it as an acronym referring to the names of the five northern regions of British India: Punjab, Kashmir and Baluchistan; the letter i was incorporated to ease pronunciation. Some of the earliest ancient human civilisations in South Asia originated from areas encompassing present-day Pakistan.
The earliest known inhabitants in the region were Soanian during the Lower Paleolithic, of whom stone tools have been found in the Soan Valley of Punjab. The Indus region, which covers most of present day Pakistan, was the site of several successive ancient cultures including the Neolithic Mehrgarh and the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilisation at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro; the Vedic period was characterised by an Indo-Aryan culture. Multan was an important Hindu pilgrimage centre; the Vedic civilisation flourished in the ancient Gandhāran city of Takṣaśilā, now Taxila in the Punjab, founded around 1000 BCE. Successive ancient empires and kingdoms ruled the region: the Persian Achaemenid Empire, Alexander the Great's empire in 326 BCE and the Maurya Empire, founded by Chandragupta Maurya and extended by Ashoka the Great, until 185 BCE; the Indo-Greek Kingdom founded by Demetrius of Bactria included Gandhara and Punjab and reached its greatest extent under Menander, prospering the Greco-Buddhist culture in the region.
Taxila had one of the earliest universities and centres of higher education in the world, established during the late Vedic period in 6th century BCE. The school consisted of several monasteries without large dormitories or lecture halls where the religious instruction was provided on an individualistic basis; the ancient university was documented by the invading forces of Alexander the Great, "the like of which had not been seen in Greece," and was recorded by Chinese pilgrims in the 4th or 5th century CE. At its zenith, the Rai Dynasty of Sindh ruled the surrounding territories; the Pala Dynasty was the last Buddhist empire, under Dharmapala and Devapala, stretched across South Asia from what is now Bangladesh through Northern India to Pakistan. The Arab conqueror Muhammad bin Qasim conquered Sindh in 711 CE; the Pakistan government's official chronol
Tropicana Casino & Resort Atlantic City
Tropicana Atlantic City is a casino hotel located on the beach and Boardwalk in Atlantic City, New Jersey. It is owned by Gaming and Leisure Properties and operated by Eldorado Resorts, is one of the largest hotels in New Jersey with just under 2,400 guest rooms and the 200,000-square-foot shopping and entertainment complex, The Quarter, it has over 25 restaurants, 25 shops, 20 bars and lounges, 4 pools, the Tropicana Showroom, an IMAX Theatre and a spa. In 2018, Tropicana completed over $200 million in renovations and additions, including a Multimedia Light and Sound Show, the addition of AtlantiCare LifeCenter Fitness, Garces restaurants, renovations to over 900 hotel rooms, casino floor; the Ambassador Hotel, designed by Warren & Wetmore was built at a cost of $4 million. It contained 400 rooms, was soon expanded with a second tower adding another 400 rooms in 1921. On June 18, 1922, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and his friend Harry Houdini met at the hotel, for Doyle's spiritualist wife Anna to contact Houdini's late mother in a seance.
Although Anna transcribed pages of notes from her, Houdini revealed that his mother did not speak English, claimed Doyle's wife was a fraud, ended his friendship with Conan Doyle. In 1929, the Ambassador was the site of the infamous Atlantic City Conference, in which a number of organized crime bosses, including Al Capone, Meyer Lansky and Lucky Luciano, negotiated their territorial rights after a wave of violence. In 1931, as Philadelphia gangster Mickey Duffy slept in the hotel, he was shot and killed by assailants who were never caught; the incident was dramatized in the series Boardwalk Empire, with a character called Mieczyslaw "Mickey Doyle" Kuzik. The hotel closed in the 1970s. In 1978, Ramada purchased the derelict Ambassador Hotel building for $35 million, planning to renovate the property and convert it at a further cost of $70 million into The Phoenix, a 549-room hotel and 60,000-square-foot casino with amenities including a 1,200-seat theater and a 1,000-seat ballroom, they planned an additional newly built 1000-room hotel adjacent, should The Phoenix be successful.
Executives at Ramada were forced to alter their plans when their design was denied by the New Jersey Casino Control Commission and Governor Brendan Byrne, as both did not want casino operators doing "patch and paint" jobs, instead they preferred the companies building new properties from the ground up. Ramada was ordered to demolish the former hotel and start from the ground up, but the company threatened to appeal the decision in court as Resorts International, the Claridge Casino and Caesars Boardwalk Regency had all been allowed to open in existing structures. An agreement was reached to only reuse the steel framework of the old Ambassador building and construction began in October 1979. After Ramada bought the Tropicana Resort & Casino on the Las Vegas Strip in December 1979 for $70 million, company officials decided to call their new East Coast property Tropicana Atlantic City, as the Tropicana name was well known in the casino industry. Tropicana Atlantic City opened on November 23, 1981, with 521 guest rooms and a large casino.
In May 1985 a 1700-seat showroom was added with Wayne Newton serving as the opening act. Other acts have included Patti Labelle, Jay Leno, Dionne Warwick, The Smothers Brothers, Tom Jones and Tony Bennett. In 1988 the property underwent an expansion with another tower being added as well as the addition of an indoor amusement center called Tivoli Pier; the resort was renamed Entertainment Resort. In 1989, Ramada hotels split their gaming properties into the Aztar Corporation, the new division focused much of its projects on the Atlantic City property, which led to the eventual sale of the Las Vegas Tropicana. Aztar constructed a new 604-room hotel tower as well as renovations to the existing rooms and casino space in 1995 and 1996. Tivoli Pier was closed during the casino expansions to make way for a new poker and horse racing simulcast area. With the closing of the amusement area, the resort was renamed Tropicana Casino & Resort Atlantic City. Aztar followed this expansion with another one in 2003 and 2004 that added a 502-room tower, a 2,400 space parking garage, 22,000 square feet of meeting and convention space, The Quarter at Tropicana, a shopping mall designed in an old Havana theme.
The goal of this project was to turn the Tropicana into an integrated casino resort reminiscent of the megaresorts built in Las Vegas during the 1990s, to compete with the Borgata, another Las Vegas megaresort-style casino opened in the city in 2003. In May 2005, the Aztar Corporation was acquired by Columbia Sussex for $2.75 billion. The New Jersey Casino Control Commission granted Columbia Sussex an Interim Authorization to operate the resort on November 3, 2006; the acquisition concluded in January 2007 with the Aztar properties being merged into Columbia Sussex's gaming subsidiary, renamed Tropicana Entertainment LLC. In the first four months after the acquisition, Columbia Sussex reduced the number of employees at the Tropicana by 15 percent. On November 20, 2007, the New Jersey Casino Control Commission initiated hearings for the renewal of the casino license of Tropicana and whether its parent companies, Adamar of New Jersey and Columbia Sussex, were suitable to hold a casino license.
On December 12, 2007, the Casino Control Commission denied the application of renewal for Tropicana. The commission cited the management's "abysmal" regulatory compliance as well as a "lack of business ability... financial responsibility... and a lack of good character and integrity." The property was placed under the control of a trustee, former New Jersey State Supreme Court Justice Gary Stein, until it c
Melvin Manhoef is a Surinamese-born Dutch professional mixed martial artist and former kickboxer. In kickboxing, he is a former It's Showtime Champion, in MMA he was the Cage Rage Light Heavyweight Champion. In mixed martial arts, he is competing in Bellator's Middleweight division and has formerly competed for Strikeforce, DREAM, RINGS, It's Showtime, K-1, ONE FC, KSW. 28 of his 30 wins have come via knockout, the highest percentage of any MMA fighter with at least 15 wins. Manhoef was born in Suriname; when he was three years old his family moved to the Netherlands. Manhoef played soccer during his youth, was introduced to Muay Thai by his younger brother, Moreno. At the age of 18, Manhoef had his first fight, he made his comeback as part of Chakuriki Gym. In 2004, Manhoef entered the Cage Rage promotion in London, he became the British Cage Rage Light Heavyweight Champion by beating Fabio Piamonte at Cage Rage 13. He defended his title for two years, until entering the K-1's MMA affiliate promotion Hero's in 2006.
He won his first fight at Hero's 4 against Shungo Oyama by technical knockout in first round. Melvin has switched his main focus to MMA over the past couple of years, he lost to Dong-sik Yoon by submission armbar in K-1 Dynamite!! USA, he defeated Bernard Ackah at K-1 Hero's Middleweight Tournament Opening Round, got a TKO win against Fábio Silva, a Chute Boxe fighter, by TKO in K-1 Hero's Middleweight GP Final. At Dream 4 Melvin fought Kazushi Sakuraba. Manhoef and Sakuraba circled the ring for the first minute of the fight, before Manhoef dropped Sakuraba with a hard right head kick and finished him via TKO at 90 seconds into Round 1. With the win, Melvin had advanced to the semifinal round of the DREAM Middleweight Grand Prix. At Dream 6 Melvin fought Gegard Mousasi as the tournament dictated. Wary of Manhoef's standup, Mousasi took the fight to the ground despite attempts to shrug him with a sprawl. Mousasi took Manhoef's back until scrambling into a triangle choke at 1:28 of the first round, surviving a powerful slam attempt from Manhoef while he had the submission secured.
Mousasi went on to win the DREAM Middleweight Grand Prix. Manhoef has developed a reputation for being rude to superior fighters. In a 2005 fight with Bob Shribjer, Manhoef pointedly refused to touch gloves, he lost the fight by referee stoppage, when Shribjer shouted to the referee to stop the bout after Manhoef failed to prevent or answer repeated hard punches to the head and was unable to stand up. At Dynamite!! 2008 Melvin fought Mark Hunt as a late alternate at heavyweight, despite functioning at two weight classes below his opponent. Regardless of the size disadvantage, he knocked down the iron-jawed Samoan in 18 seconds and followed with punches as he was postured over Hunt, until the referee stopped the fight, it was the first time. He fought former WEC Middleweight Champion Paulo Filho on 20 July 2009 at Dream 10. Despite early success on the feet with his striking offensive, Manhoef was taken down and submitted via armbar in the first round. Manhoef signed a multi-year fight contract with Strikeforce.
Manhoef made his debut for the organization against Robbie Lawler on 30 January 2010 at Strikeforce: Miami. Despite a strong start with heavy leg kicks and punches, he was knocked out at 3:33 in the first round. Manhoef lost by submission. Manhoef returned to the United States in March 2011, facing Tim Kennedy at Strikeforce: Feijao vs. Henderson, he lost the fight via submission in the first round. On 31 January 2012 it was announced that Manhoef had signed with ONE Fighting Championship and would be fighting Renato Sobral in the main event at ONE Fighting Championship 3. However, Sobral pulled out of Manhoef faced Yoshiyuki Nakanishi; the fight ended in a No Contest due to an accidental injury to Manhoef's leg in round 1. Manhoef scored a knockout victory on 6 October 2012 against Ryo Kawamura, followed by a quick knockout of Dennis Kang on 31 December 2012. Melvin has gone 4 -- 0 on New Year's Eve. Manhoef was training with the famous Black House in the United States, he helped his teammate Lyoto Machida train for a fight with Dan Henderson.
Manhoef hopes to sign with the UFC after visiting UFC 156 in Las Vegas and meeting with Dana White. In 2013 Manhoef fought UFC veteran Brock Larson at ONE FC on 5 April. After controlling the standup and Larson running away from him, Manhoef was taken down in the last two rounds and Larson won via unanimous decision, he lost to Mamed Khalidov at KSW23 on 8 June 2013. He lost to Zabit Samedov by unanimous decision in the semi-finals of the 93 kg/205 lb kickboxing tournament at Legend 2: Invasion in Moscow, Russia on 9 November 2013. Manhoef faced Evangelista Santos in a much-anticipated rematch for the Gringo Super Fight Welterweight title on 27 April; the fight was Melvin's first at 170 lbs. Manhoef won the bout via TKO, early in the first round, it was announced during the Glory 15: Istanbul broadcast that Manhoef would be one of eight fighters competing in the Glory 17: Los Angeles - Last Man Standing middleweight tournament in Inglewood, United States on June 21, 2014. He lost to Filip Verlinden in the quarter-finals, suffering a head kick knockdown in round one before losing a majority decision.
On 21 July 2014, Bellator MMA announced. Manhoef made his Bellator debut against Doug Marshall, in a middleweight bout, at Bellator 125 on 19 September 2014, he won the fight via knockout in the first round. Manhoef faced Glory veteran Joe Schilling on 15 Novemb
A low kick is a kick in which the attacker uses his or her leg to strike the opponent's lower body with the shinbone or foot. This type of kick, under different names, is utilized in numerous full-contact martial arts such as karate, taekwondo, kūdō, lethwei, Muay Thai, Krav Maga. Low kicks are utilized to damage the opponents legs, which causes the loss of dexterity and mobility. Being struck by low kicks can result in damage to bones, joints and muscle tissue; the sciatic nerve, the longest and widest nerve in the human body, beginning in the lower back and running through the buttocks all the way to the lower limb, is a frequent target for low kicks. The most common defense against a low kick is known as "checking", where the leg is bent and brought up to protect the thigh; this causes the kicker to slam their shin into the defending fighters' shin or knee, causing pain and damage to the offender. In some instances, a well executed check of a low kick can break the leg of the offender — as it was the case when Chris Weidman checked Anderson Silva's inside low kick in UFC 168.
Low kicks are prohibited under American kickboxing full contact rules. However, they are allowed in kickboxing under International rules and Oriental rules as well as in its variants such as muay Thai and shoot boxing, they are one of the most used weapons in full contact karate styles like Ashihara, Enshin and Seidokaikan. Notable examples of fighters using low kicks which affected the outcome of a match: Maurice Smith stopped Travis Everett to retain the WKA World Heavyweight Championship in Mexico City, Mexico in 1983. Maurice Smith stopped Raymond Horsey to retain the WKA World Heavyweight Championship in Atlanta, Georgia, USA in 1986. Maurice Smith stopped Bill Morrison to retain the WKA World Heavyweight Championship in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA in 1987. Changpuek Kiatsongrit stopped Rick Roufus in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA on November 5, 1988. Maurice Smith stopped Steven Kruwell at the World Martial Arts Challenge on March 16, 1992. Stan Longinidis broke Dennis Alexio's leg to win the ISKA World Heavyweight Oriental Championship at Clash of the Titans on December 6, 1992.
Marco Ruas stopped Paul Varelans at UFC 7 on September 8, 1995. Maurice Smith stopped Tank Abbott at UFC 15 on October 17, 1997. Pedro Rizzo utilized low kicks against Randy Couture but lost by split decision in a UFC Heavyweight Championship match at UFC 31 on May 4, 2001. Paul Slowinski stopped Faisal Zakaria to win the WMC in Bangkok, Thailand on December 23, 2001. Antoni Hardonk stopped Ibragim Magomedov at Bushido Europe: Rotterdam Rumble on October 9, 2005. Paul Slowinski stopped Abdumalik Gadzhiev at Knees of Fury 12 on February 2, 2006. Paul Slowinski stopped Peter Graham at the K-1 World Grand Prix 2006 in Auckland on March 5, 2006. Daniel Ghiță stopped Muhammad Ali Durmaz at LocalKombat 21 on June 2, 2006. Mirko "Cro Cop" Filipović stopped Hidehiko Yoshida at Pride Critical Countdown Absolute on July 1, 2006. Bas Rutten stopped Ruben Villareal at WFA: King of the Streets on July 22, 2006. Antoni Hardonk stopped Sherman Pendergarst at UFC 65 on November 18, 2006. Paul Slowinski stopped Abbas Asaraki at Fury in Macau on June 2, 2007.
Daniel Ghiță stopped James Phillips at LocalKombat 27 on November 3, 2007. Paul Slowinski stopped Mighty Mo at the K-1 World Grand Prix 2007 Final on December 8, 2007. Daniel Ghiță stopped Tadas Rimkevičius at LocalKombat 28 on December 14, 2007. Antoni Hardonk stopped Colin Robinson at UFC 80 on January 19, 2008. Forrest Griffin utilized low kicks against Quinton "Rampage" Jackson to win the UFC Light Heavyweight Championship by unanimous decision at UFC 86 on July 5, 2008. Thiago Alves utilized low kicks against Josh Koscheck to win by unanimous decision at UFC 90 on October 25, 2008. Pat Barry stopped Dan Evensen at UFC 92 on December 27, 2008. Mirko "Cro Cop" Filipović stopped Choi Hong-man at Dynamite!! 2008 on December 31, 2008. Daniel Ghiță stopped Igor Mihaljević at the K-1 Rules Tournament 2009 in Budapest on February 28, 2009. Brandon Vera stopped Mike Patt at UFC 96 on March 7, 2009. Daniel Ghiță stopped Tomáš Hron at It's Showtime 2009 Amsterdam on May 16, 2009. Daniel Ghiță stopped Yuki Niimura and Sergei Lascenko to win the K-1 World Grand Prix 2009 in Tokyo Final 16 Qualifying GP on August 11, 2009.
Paul Slowinski stopped Ben Edwards at Evolution 18 on October 9, 2009. Daniel Ghiță stopped Sergei Kharitonov at the K-1 World Grand Prix 2009 Final on December 5, 2009. José Aldo utilized low kicks against Urijah Faber to retain the WEC Featherweight Championship by unanimous decision at WEC 48 on April 24, 2010. Mauricio Rua uses leg kicks in his fights, most notably in his first bout against Lyoto Machida at UFC 104 Edson Barboza stopped Mike Lullo at UFC 123 on November 20, 2010. Pat Barry utilized low kicks against Joey Beltran to win by unanimous decision at UFC: Fight For The Troops 2 on January 22, 2011. Daniel Ghiță stopped Fikri Ameziane at It's Showtime 2011 Lyon on May 14, 2011
Peter Aerts is a Dutch semi-retired Super heavyweight kickboxer. Known for his devastating high kicks, which earned him the nickname "The Dutch Lumberjack", he is considered to be one of the greatest heavyweight kickboxers of all time. Born in Eindhoven, Aerts began training in Muay Thai at the age of fourteen, he won his first world title when he was nineteen years old in 1990, taking the International Kick Boxing Federation's Heavyweight Championship. He would add the Dutch heavyweight title and the World Muay Thai Association's heavyweight title to his mantelpiece before going on to compete in Japan, he competed in every K-1 World Grand Prix except one. A three-time K-1 World Grand Prix Champion, he debuted at the inaugural K-1 World GP in 1993 where he was eliminated by fellow K-1 legend Ernesto Hoost, he won his first Grand Prix in 1994 by knocking out Rob van Esdonk and Patrick Smith in the quarter-finals and semi-finals before taking a unanimous decision over Masaaki Satake in the finals.
However, he was stopped on more than one occasion by Mike Bernardo, being memorably knocked out of the 1996 K-1 World GP at the quarter-finals, as part of his series of wins over Aerts. Aerts' career was put on hold in 2001 when he suffered a devastating knockout blow at the hands of Seán Ryan in the final of the WOMAA world championships, which left him debating whether to return to martial arts again. Aerts won the GP the following year when he beat Toshiyuki Atokawa, Ernesto Hoost and stopped Jérôme Le Banner in the finals, he would not win the tournament again until 1998 when he stopped all three of his opponents in front of 63,800 spectators at the Tokyo Dome. In what is considered to be one of the best Grands Prix and the pinnacle of Aerts' career, he stopped Masaaki Satake with a knee strike in the quarters, forced the referee to stop his semi-final match with long-time rival Mike Bernardo and knocked out Andy Hug with one of his famous high kicks in the final, he won this tournament in six minutes and forty-three seconds, the quickest K-1 GP win at the time.
This record stood until 2009. Although 1998 was his last Grand Prix win, Aerts continued to compete and reached the final a further three times. Aerts was born in Eindhoven, North Brabant, Netherlands on October 25, 1970. After playing football in his childhood for seven years, he began practicing martial arts in 1983, beginning with taekwondo, his interest in combat sports came from an uncle. In 1984, he started kickboxing and began training in "Judoka-Kickboxing" in Best, with Mikki Benazzouz. After a year of training, Aerts fought his first match, soon one victory succeeded the other, he won his first world championship title. Aerts debuted as a professional kickboxer in 1985; some notable fights from his early career include a decision loss to Ernesto Hoost on November 20, 1988, a knockout loss to Andre Mannaart in 1989 while still a teenager. Aerts switched to "The Champs" gym in Eindhoven, with Eddy Smulders, in 1989 where he won his first world title, taking the IKBF World Heavyweight Championship in 1990.
1991 saw Aerts switch gyms again, this time moving to the famous Chakuriki Gym under Thom Harinck, where he had his greatest successes of his career. On November 18, 1991, Aerts defeated the legendary Frank Lobman via unanimous decision in Rotterdam to win the WMTA World Heavyweight Muay Thai Championship. In 1992, Aerts moved onto the world stage, he beat Maurice Smith by decision after nine rounds in Paris, France on April 9, 1992. Just a month on May 16, he knocked out Adam Watt in the second round in Tokyo, Japan, he rematched Frank Lobman on September 20, 1992 for the WMTA World Heavyweight Muay Thai Championship. Aerts emerged the victor once again, he ended the year with a draw against karate fighter Masaaki Satake in Japan and Sensei Martella in Italy. On January 29, 1993, Aerts defeated Peter Selkthorpe of England by first-round knockout with a knee strike to win the European Muay Thai title in Best, Netherlands, he rematched Maurice Smith in Amsterdam on March 7, 1993 and knocked him out with a right high kick, a technique that would become Aerts' signature move.
These wins gave Aerts the reputation as a top-level kickboxer and he was invited to take part in the K-1 Grand Prix'93, an eight-man, one-night tournament made up of the world's best heavyweights and light heavyweights held in Tokyo, Japan. He faced Ernesto Hoost in the quarter-finals, after a close three rounds, Hoost was named the winner by majority decision, he returned to K-1 on September 4, 1993 against Dino Homsey at K-1 Illusion and KO'd the American with a left high kick in round one. Fifteen days in Amsterdam, Aerts made the first defence of his WMTA World Heavyweight Muay Thai Championship against Rob van Esdonk, knocking him out with a right hook less than a minute into round four. Aerts knocked out Markus Fuckner of Germany on February 20, 1994 in Amsterdam to retain the WMTA Heavyweight Muay Thai title before heading out to Japan to take part in the K-1 Grand Prix'94, held in Tokyo on April 30, 1994. In the quarter-finals, Aerts was drawn against Rob van Esdonk whom he had defeated in the Netherlands six months earlier.
Van Esdonk knocked Aerts down in round one but Aerts was able to come back and KO him with a right high kick. In the semis, he faced an American with a wild, aggressive style. Aerts was still able to handle him, KO'd him just over one minute into the first round. Progressing into the final, he came up against Masaaki
Hilton Hotels & Resorts
Hilton Hotels & Resorts is a global brand of full-service hotels and resorts and the flagship brand of American multinational hospitality company Hilton. The original company was founded by Conrad Hilton; as of 2017, there were more than 570 Hilton Hotels & Resorts properties in 85 countries and territories across six continents. Properties are either managed by, or franchised to independent operators by Hilton. Hilton Hotels & Resorts is one of the largest hotel brands in the world; the brand is targeted at both business and leisure travelers with locations in major city centers, near airports, convention centers, popular vacation destinations around the world. Hilton Hotels & Resorts participates in Hilton's guest loyalty program. Members who book directly through Hilton-owned channels receive exclusive discounts and amenities such as free Wi-Fi, digital check-in, keyless entry, the ability to use a mobile app to choose specific rooms. Conrad Hilton founded the hotel chain in 1919, when he bought his first property, the Mobley Hotel, in Cisco, Texas.
The first hotel to bear the Hilton name was the Dallas Hilton, a high-rise that opened in Dallas, Texas in 1925. In 1954, at the Caribe Hilton Hotel's Beachcomber Bar in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Ramon "Monchito" Marrero created the Piña Colada; the Conrad Hilton Hotel in Chicago figured prominently in the 1968 Democratic Convention police riot that occurred on Michigan Avenue and across the street in Grant Park on August 28. During the riot the demonstrators took up the chant "The whole world is watching", the hotel's doors were locked for the first time in its history; the hotel suffered minor damage as a result of the violence, as a couple of street level windows gave way under the weight of dozens of protesters being pushed up against them by the police. John Lennon and Yoko Ono held their first Bed-In for Peace between March 25 and 31, 1969, at the Amsterdam Hilton, in Room 902; this room became a popular tourist destination. In the London Hilton bombing of September 1975, a bomb exploded in the lobby of the London Hilton on Park Lane killing two people and injuring 63.
With construction on the Beirut Hilton finished, the hotel was scheduled to open on April 14, 1975, but the Lebanese Civil War erupted one day before the April 13 Grand Opening date. The hotel never opened and was damaged during the war, the building was demolished in the late 1990s. However, a different hotel was established under the name "Hilton Beirut Grand Habtoor", in the nearby eastern suburb. On, the Hilton Chain bought the Metropolitan hotel directly facing the Grand Habtoor and renamed it "Hilton Metropolitan". On February 13, 1978, the Sydney Hilton Hotel was the site of one of the few terrorist incidents on Australian soil, when a bomb blast killed three people; the Hilton Nicosia in Nicosia, was the scene of the assassination of Youssef Sebai, an Egyptian newspaper editor and friend of Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat, on February 19, 1978. The assassination and the hijacking of a Cyprus Airways DC-8 at Larnaca Airport led to the Egyptian raid on Larnaca International Airport by Egyptian forces.
The intervention by the Egyptians led to the deterioration of relations between Egypt. In 1989, Hilton established Hilton's guest loyalty program. On October 24, 1999, the four double columns of the left hand side of the modern Barbados Hilton in Needham's Point, St. Michael, was collapsed and imploded inwards in just ten to fifteen seconds when the earthquake had rocked Barbados, it was demolished in May 2005 after they constructed the new Barbados Hilton in January 2005. In 2004, Hilton Hotels opened their new Kuala Lumpur property in KL Sentral, directly opposite the main entrance to the Sentral Terminal, as the replacement for their former premises in Jalan Sultan Ismail; the latter was the first internationally-run hotel in the city when opening in 1973, changed management in 2002 before being demolished in 2015 for a mixed-use development. In 2009, the company relocated its global headquarters from Beverly Hills, California to McLean, Virginia. In 2009 Hilton opened Canada's tallest hotel in Niagara Falls, Ontario.
In late 2010, Hilton announced a name change of the Hilton Hotels brand to Hilton Hotels & Resorts along with a new logo design, as part of a rebranding effort for the flagship brand. In March 2013, Hilton announced that it would be entering Burma for the first time with the construction of a 300-room hotel in Yangon. In 2015 20 Hilton Hotels & Resorts properties were inducted into the Historic Hotels of America organization. Among these hotels were Hilton Fort Worth, which hosted John F. Kennedy's final speech, Hilton Hawaiian Village Waikiki Beach Resort, the setting of the film Blue Hawaii. In 2016, Hilton N’Djamena opened in Chad, it was the brand's first property in the country and the 100th country Hilton began operations in worldwide. In June 2016, Hilton opened his first hotel in the Baltic states. In 2017, Hilton announced that it will remain the sponsor for McLaren until 2021. Hilton is one of the oldest sponsor of F1 series and is sponsoring McLaren since 2005. In October 2017, Hilton announced it had committed a total of $50m over five years to its Hilton Africa Growth Initiative to support the continued expansion of its Sub-Saharan African portfolio.
In early 2018, Hilton will be all set to open their first hotel in Bangladesh designed by Mustapha Khalid Palash. In March 2018, Hilton opened his first hotel in Serbia, it is a four-star hotel located in