Wookieepedia: The Star Wars Wiki is an online encyclopedia for information on the Star Wars fictional universe—including information on all the films, as well as Clone Wars, The Clone Wars and its introductory film, the Star Wars expanded universe, any upcoming Star Wars material. It is a specialized wiki created to be an extensive encyclopedia of the Star Wars universe with some articles reaching up to 60,000 words, is written entirely from an in-universe perspective; the name Wookieepedia is a pun on the name of Wikipedia. The logo, too, is a visual pun showing the incomplete second Death Star as opposed to Wikipedia's incomplete "jigsaw logo", it is a fan-built version of the Holocron, a database maintained by Lucasfilm to track everything in the Star Wars universe and ensure continuity within it. Wookieepedia was conceived by Steven Greenwood and created at the request of hosting site Wikia by Chad Barbry. In January 2005, Greenwood and Barbry discussed details on a Wikipedia talk page which lead to the wiki's creation.
Barbry conceived the name "Wookiepedia", respelled with an extra'e'. On March 4, 2005, Wookieepedia was launched at Wikia. Wookieepedia was the most-visited wiki hosted by Wikia by April 2005. In 2015, it drew 3.7 million monthly visitors. On November 28, 2005, Wookieepedia was selected as the Sci-Fi Channel's "Sci-Fi Site of the Week." In January 2006, the site was featured as the Wikia of the Month. A 2014 April Fools' Day joke was posted on the site involving alien breasts; as of April 2019, the English language version of the wiki contains over 148,000 articles, making it the eighth-largest Wikia in terms of article count, ahead of other wikis such as Memory Alpha and WoWWiki. Wikia hosts Star Wars wikis in many other languages, Wookieepedia coordinates its efforts with the German language wiki called Jedipedia.net and the Polish language Biblioteka Ossus. After Star Wars expanded universe was declared non-canonical to the future works and rebranded as Star Wars Legends in April 2014, Wookieepedia implemented separate "Canon" and "Legends" tabs for subjects that appeared both before and after the continuity reboot.
"Legends" tab only includes information from sources released prior to the 2014 reboot, while "Canon" tab contains information from works published from 2015 onwards, including the movies released under The Walt Disney Company. Both tabs include information from The Clone Wars TV series. Actors in the Star Wars franchise have used Wookieepedia to have a better understanding of the Star Wars universe and better portray their characters, including Felicity Jones who portrayed Jyn Erso in the 2016 film Rogue One and Alden Ehrenreich who portrayed young Han Solo in the 2018 film Solo: A Star Wars Story. Fans have criticized the administrators; some have gone so far as to say it is a rather "alienating" wiki given its appeal being centered on only main Star Wars fans if nothing more. Media related to Wookieepedia at Wikimedia Commons Official website on Wikia Wookieepedia on WikiIndex
Star Wars expanded to other media
Star Wars expanded to other media includes all Star Wars fictional material produced by Lucasfilm or licensed by it outside of the original Star Wars films and television series. Intended as an enhancement to and extension of the theatrical films produced by George Lucas, the spin-off material was moderated by Lucasfilm, Lucas reserved the right to both draw from and contradict it in his own works; this includes an array of derivative Star Wars works produced in conjunction with and after the original trilogy, prequel trilogy, sequel trilogy of films, includes books, comic books, video games, television series. Material produced prior to 2014 were known as the Star Wars Expanded Universe rebranded to Star Wars Legends, with the exception of the 2008 The Clone Wars animated film and TV series, with most works produced after 2014 part of the official canon as defined by Lucasfilm; the Star Wars space opera media franchise began with Lucas's 1977 film Star Wars, set "a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away" and chronicles the attempt by the characters Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, the Wookiee Chewbacca—assisted by the Jedi Obi-Wan Kenobi and the droids C-3PO and R2-D2—to thwart the evil plans of Sith Lord Darth Vader and the Galactic Empire.
The film was followed by multiple prequel films. Along the production of the films were an array of derivative Star Wars works, including books, comic books, video games, television series, which take place at the same time as, after the events of the original trilogy and prequel trilogy. All non-film material produced prior to 2014 was branded as the Star Wars Expanded Universe, was intended as an enhancement to and extension of the Star Wars theatrical films produced by George Lucas. Although the Star Wars film series itself has never been rebooted, a decision was made, due to works set after the original trilogy that contradict and deviate from Lucas' own view of the Star Wars story, to discard the EU works from the franchise canon. Lucas decided to cease creative involvement after selling, in October 2012, the Star Wars franchise as well as Lucasfilm to The Walt Disney Company; when Disney began development of a sequel trilogy of films and other works, needed its films to have full creative freedom unbound by the EU, nearly all EU works were removed from Star Wars franchise canon and rebranded as Star Wars Legends.
Most of the non-film works produced after April 2014 are part of the official Lucasfilm canon. In April 2014 Lucasfilm decreed prior expanded universe content non-canonical, christened it Star Wars Legends, with a new company division, Lucasfilm Story Group, ensuring that all forthcoming comics, books and other media were non-contradictory and true to one another, other canonical media, the story of the films themselves. From that point onward the official Star Wars canon was clarified to include the Star Wars theatrical films and The Clone Wars animated film and TV series. Works which have since been produced include the Rebels animated TV series, the 2015 film The Force Awakens and its 2017 sequel The Last Jedi, the 2016 anthology film Rogue One, the 2017 video game Star Wars Battlefront II, the 2018 film Solo: A Star Wars Story, a number of novels and comic book series. Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker, Alan Dean Foster's novelization of the original 1977 film Star Wars, was released six months before the film in November 1976.
Based on George Lucas's 1976 version of the screenplay, it was ghostwritten by Foster but credited to Lucas. Lucas commissioned Foster's subsequent 1978 novel Splinter of the Mind's Eye as the basis for a potential low-budget sequel to Star Wars if that film proved unsuccessful. Foster's works were followed by the film novelizations The Empire Strikes Back by Donald F. Glut and Return of the Jedi by James Kahn, as well as the two trilogies The Han Solo Adventures by Brian Daley, 1983's The Adventures of Lando Calrissian by L. Neil Smith. Running from April 1977 to May 1986, the Star Wars comic book series from Marvel Comics met with such strong sales that former Marvel editor-in-chief Jim Shooter credited it with saving Marvel financially in 1977 and 1978. Marvel's series became one of the industry's top selling titles in 1979 and 1980. Two spin-off television films focusing on the life of the Ewoks, creatures introduced in Return of the Jedi, aired in 1984 and 1985; the 1985 animated television series Star Wars: Droids featured the exploits of R2-D2 and C-3PO, the droids who have appeared in all the Saga films.
The series takes place between the events which were to be depicted in Revenge of the Sith and the original Star Wars. In 1986, Marvel Comics' Star Comics imprint published a comic book based on the cartoon series under the name Star Wars: Droids; the bi-monthly series ran for eight issues. The American/Canadian animated television series Star Wars: Ewoks aired for two seasons between 1985 and 1986. In 1985, Star Comics published a bi-monthly Ewoks comic, based on the animated series, which ran for two years, ending with issue #14. Like the TV series, this was aimed towards a younger audience, it was produced along with Droids, which was
Architecture of Star Wars
Architecture in Star Wars includes the cities, buildings and other structures of the fictional Star Wars universe as described and depicted in books, movies and cartoons. Architects Journal ranked the top 10, including the Jedi Temple. Comparing the urban and natural environments pictured in Star Wars, Mark Lamster wrote that the cities are places of danger and corruption, while the forces of good find sanctuary in the natural world, he describes the "retro-futurist" cities in the series as being in between those extremes and places of "great beauty but dubious moral character." He attributes the ambivalence towards urbanity to series creator George Lucas' own feelings about cities and urban environments. The settings of the movie have been praised, but one author took exception to the "anachronistic period architecture and statuary" of Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace, saying it improperly associated third world buildings with conceptions of innocence and the primitive in a way, discriminatory and demeaning.
Luke Skywalker is first seen in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope living with his adoptive parents in a "complex of caves and domed structures" on Tatooine, filmed in the Tunisian desert town of Matmata. The end of the first movie was shot in the Guatemalan rain forest where a celebration with rebel allies takes place in a caved area; the exotic locales provide scenery, unfamiliar to "all but a few experts in non-western architecture", providing the films with fantastic settings that could still be believable. Three architecture and planning students noted that the "latest" Star Wars movie offered "a variety of urban development options" in a San Diego Union-Tribune story headlined "How would you like to live on a Star Wars' world?" The article included illustrations of Coruscant, including views from the Jedi Council building, the city of Theed. On Coruscant, "development extends miles below the surface of the city and up into the clouds."The "urban future" has been depicted in Blade Runner where "the setting is a grimy, crime-ridden Los Angeles in the 21st century".
The architecture of Star Wars may have been influenced by Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey. The designs continued Lucas' work from his first feature film, THX 1138, which featured a claustrophobic, Orwellian "subteranean world of black-and-white spaces" where the population is subdued with drugs and kept under constant surveillance. Architects' Journal rated the Jedi Temple third on its top-ten architecture of Star Wars list behind the second Death Star and Jabba the Hutt’s palace on Tatooine, ahead of Coruscant, capital city of the Old Republic; the temple is described in the article as adapting "the robust typology of Mayan temples, with durasteel cladding specified for the external stone walls for improved defensive strength" and said to be a ziggurat that "is built above a Force-nexus and has ample room for training facilities and the Jedi Archive." The temple has five towers, the tallest is Tranquillity Spire, that are stylistically similar to the minarets surrounding the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul.
Star Wars Insider listed it as the one hundredth greatest thing about Star Wars in its one hundredth issue special. The battle cruisers featured in Star Wars have been described as examples of "Suprematist architecture"; the San Francisco Federal Building designed by Thom Mayne has been compared to the Jawa Sandcrawler featured in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. The ING headquarters building has been described as looking like something out of Star Wars that could "move forward on its legs". Conversely, the Trinity College, Long Room Library is thought to be the basis for the Jedi Academy Library in Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones. Jedi Academy TIE fighter Technology in Star Wars Kippins, Jeffrey Star Wars III: The Battle at the Center of the Universe. Liana Stanstien. Vogue.com
A fighter-bomber is a fighter aircraft, modified, or used as a light bomber or attack aircraft. It differs from bomber and attack aircraft in its origins, as a fighter, adapted into other roles, whereas bombers and attack aircraft are developed for bombing and attack roles. Although still used, the term fighter-bomber has less significance since the introduction of rockets and guided missiles into aerial warfare. Modern aircraft with similar duties are now called multirole combat aircraft or strike fighters. Prior to World War II, general limitations in available engine and aeronautical technology required that each proposed military aircraft have its design tailored to a specific prescribed role. Engine power grew during the early period of the war doubling between 1939 and 1943; the Bristol Blenheim, a typical light bomber of the opening stages of the war, was designed in 1934 as a fast civil transport to meet a challenge by Lord Rothermere, owner of the Daily Mail. It had two Bristol Mercury XV radial engines of 920 hp each, a crew of three, its payload was just 1,200 lbs of bombs.
The Blenheim suffered disastrous losses over France in 1939 when it encountered Messerschmitt Bf 109s, light bombers were withdrawn. In contrast, the Vought F4U Corsair fighter—which entered service in December 1942—had in common with its eventual U. S. Navy stablemate, the Grumman F6F Hellcat and the massive, seven-ton USAAF Republic P-47 Thunderbolt—a single Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp radial engine of 2,000 hp in a much smaller and less expensive single-seat aircraft, was the first aircraft design to fly with the Double Wasp engine in May 1940. With less airframe and crew to lift, the Corsair's ordnance load was either four High Velocity Aircraft Rockets or 2,000 lbs of bombs; the massive, powerful 18-cylinder Double Wasp engine weighed a ton—half as much again as the V12 Rolls-Royce Merlin and twice as much as the 9-cylinder Bristol Mercury that powered some heavy fighters. Increased engine power meant that many existing fighter designs could carry useful bomb loads, adapt to the fighter-bomber role.
Notable examples include Hawker Typhoon and Republic P-47 Thunderbolt. Various bombing tactics and techniques could be used: some designs were intended for high-level bombing, others for low-level semi-horizontal bombing, or for low-level steep dive bombing as exemplified by the Blackburn Skua and North American A-36 Apache. Larger twin-engined aircraft were used in the fighter-bomber role where longer ranges were needed for naval strikes. Examples include the Lockheed P-38 Lightning, the Bristol Beaufighter, de Havilland Mosquito; the Beaufighter MkV had a Boulton-Paul turret with four 0.303 in machine guns mounted aft of the cockpit but only two were built. Bristol's Blenheim was pushed into service as a fighter during the Battle of Britain but it was not fast enough. Equipped with an early Airborne Interception radar set, however, it proved to be an effective night fighter; the first single seat fighters to drop bombs were on the Western Front, when fighter patrols were issued with bombs and ordered to drop them at random if they met no German fighters.
The Sopwith Camel, the most successful Allied aircraft of the First World War with 1,294 enemy aircraft downed, was losing its edge by 1918 over 12,000 ft. During the final German offensive in March 1918, it dropped 25 lb Cooper bombs on advancing columns: whilst puny by standards, the four fragmentation bombs carried by a Camel could cause serious injuries to exposed troops. Pilot casualties were high; the Royal Aircraft Factory S. E.5. was used in the same role. The Royal Flying Corps received the first purpose-built fighter-bomber, it was not called a fighter bomber at the time, but a Trench Fighter as, what it was designed to attack. The Sopwith Salamander was based on the Sopwith Snipe fighter but had armour plating in the nose to protect the pilot and fuel system from ground fire, it was intended to have two machine guns jutting through the cockpit floor so as to spray trenches with bullets as it passed low overhead. But this did not work and it was fitted with four Cooper bombs, instead.
It was ordered in large numbers, but most were cancelled after the Armistice. In February and April 1918 the Royal Flying Corps conducted bombing tests at Orfordness, Suffolk dropping dummy bombs at various dive angles at a flag stuck into a shingle beach. Both WW1 fighter bombers were used with novice and experienced pilots. Best results were achieved with a vertical dive into the wind using the Aldis Sight to align the aircraft, but they were not considered good enough to justify the expected casualty rate. When war broke out in Europe, Western Allied Air Forces employed light twin-engined bombers in the tactical role for low level attack; these were found to be vulnerable both to ground fire and to single engine fighters. The German and Japanese Air Forces had chosen dive bombers which were vulnerable; the Ilyushin Il-2 is a armoured two seat single-engine ground attack aircraft. It first flew a month although few had reached the Soviet Air Force in time for Operation Barbarossa. Naval forces chose both dive bombers.
None of these could be considered as fighter bombers. The Bristol Blenheim and Douglas A-20 Havoc were used as night fighters during the Blitz, as they could carry the heavy early airborne radarsThe Hawker
Physics and Star Wars
The space opera interstellar epic Star Wars uses science and technology in its settings and storylines. The series has showcased many technological concepts, both in the movies and in the expanded universe of novels and other forms of media; the Star Wars movies' primary objective is to build upon drama, political science and less on scientific knowledge. Many of the on-screen technologies created or borrowed for the Star Wars universe were used as plot devices; the iconic status that Star Wars has gained in popular culture and science fiction allows it to be used as an accessible introduction to real scientific concepts. Many of the features or technologies used in the Star Wars universe are not yet considered possible. Despite this, their concepts are still probable. In the past scientists thought. However, recent simulations indicate that planets are just as to form around binary star systems as single-star systems. Of the 3457 exoplanets known, 146 orbit binary star systems, they orbit what are known as "wide" binary star systems where the two stars are far apart.
Tatooine appears to be of the other type — a "close" binary, where the stars are close, the planets orbit their common center of mass. The first observationally confirmed binary — Kepler-16b — is a close binary. Exoplanet researchers' simulations indicate that planets form around close binaries, though gravitational effects from the dual star system tend to make them difficult to find with current Doppler and transit methods of planetary searches. In studies looking for dusty disks—where planet formation is likely—around binary stars, such disks were found in wide or narrow binaries, or those whose stars are more than 50 or less than 3 AU apart, respectively. Intermediate binaries, or those with between 3 and 50 AU between them, had no dusty disks. In 2011 it was reported by The Guardian that NASA space craft Kepler had discovered a planet, named Kepler-16b, with twin suns as seen in the Star Wars films. Certified astrophysicist and Star Wars fan Jeanne Cavelos explains that scientists have been skeptical about the likelihood of binary star systems such as Tatooine since the gravity of one star may prevent planets from developing around the other.
Two stars of different masses orbiting one another would cause gravity fields to shift, causing potential instabilities in the orbits of any planets in their system. Planets in more stable orbits of a binary star system would suffer other kinds of problems according to her such as climatic problems; as an example, a planet in a binary star system orbiting the larger star would be drawn closer to its gravitational field, causing the planet to endure heat of great temperatures during this period. As the planet passes its larger star and reaches the orbit of its smaller star, the gravitational field of that star would give the planet more distance from it; the distance would send the planet into extreme frigid temperatures. According to Cavelos, astronomers hypothesize at least two possible solutions to these problems exist and that life supporting binary star systems could exist. One scenario could be two stars billions of miles apart. A planet or planets would be able to orbit one star while at minimum influence of the other.
A star known as Proxima Centauri, or Alpha Centauri C, is about one trillion miles away from its sister stars, Alpha Centauri A and B. According to her, astronomers believe that Proxima Centauri could have planets of its own, if so, would be minimally influenced by Proxima Centauri's sister stars due to the vast distance between them and these sister stars. Assuming the existence of planets around Proxima Centauri, the sister stars from these planets would appear as bright stars in the sky. Another scenario would be two stars that would be closer to one another at a distance of only a few million miles. A planet orbiting far enough away would be affected by their gravitational fields as if there were one. If the distance between the two stars was a small fraction of the distance between them and the planet, it would be stable for the planet. Dawn and dusk would occur on such a planet. Star Wars makes heavy use of blaster and ion weaponry, attributed to laser, plasma or particle based bolts of light.
Characters can be seen escaping, or dodging those bolts, the blaster bolts themselves can be seen flying at a moderate-fast speed. Dodging a laser bolt would be nearly impossible, as it would travel at the speed of light. Due to that, it is reasonable the blaster fire would pass like a sparkle, hit its target. Sometimes, characters will call the bolts "laser bolts" that, while they do not travel at light speed, are made of intense light energy. However, many official canonical Star Wars sources state that blaster technology is different from real lasers. According to official canon, they are a form of particle beam; this is supported by. The Polish Academy of Sciences in collaboration with the University of Warsaw managed to film an ultra short laser pulse by using cameras that produce billions of frames per second; these laser pulses were so powerful that they instantly ionized the atoms they encountered, resulting in the formation of a plasma fiber filament. The effects of a blaster on a live target were portrayed more or less the same in every part of the Star Wars series.
Since blaster bolts consist of light or particle based energy, the bolts would burn through the flesh of a target, with some exploding against their target, exerting great force. The latter eff
Luke Skywalker is a fictional character and the main protagonist of the original film trilogy of the Star Wars franchise created by George Lucas. Portrayed by Mark Hamill, Skywalker first appeared in the original 1977 film and returned in The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi. Three decades he portrayed the character in the Star Wars sequel trilogy beginning with The Force Awakens in 2015 and The Last Jedi in 2017. Hamill is slated to reprise his role in The Rise of Skywalker. Luke is a pivotal figure in the Rebel Alliance's struggle against the Galactic Empire, a friend and eventual brother-in-law of smuggler Han Solo, unknown to him until Return of the Jedi, the twin brother of Rebellion leader Princess Leia, he trains under Jedi Masters Obi-Wan Kenobi and Yoda, is the son of Anakin Skywalker and Padmé Amidala. He mentors Rey, the protagonist of the sequel trilogy, is the maternal uncle of Kylo Ren, the antagonist of the sequel trilogy; the character briefly appears in the Star Wars prequel Episode III: Revenge of the Sith as an infant.
The non-canonical Expanded Universe depicts him as a powerful Jedi Master, the husband of Mara Jade, father of Ben Skywalker and maternal uncle of Jaina and Anakin Solo. Introduced in the 1977 film Star Wars, the character represents the hero archetype of "the young man, called to adventure, the hero going out facing the trials and ordeals, coming back after his victory with a boon for the community". Luke Skywalker lives on a moisture farm on Tatooine with his Uncle Aunt Beru. Luke takes his first steps toward his destiny when he purchases the droids C-3PO and R2-D2. While examining R2-D2, he sees a message from Princess Leia Organa of Alderaan; when R2-D2 goes missing, Luke goes out to search for the droid, is saved from a band of Tusken Raiders by Obi-Wan Kenobi, an old hermit. Luke and Obi-Wan seek shelter, R2-D2 plays the full message for Obi-Wan from Leia, beseeching him to help her defeat the Galactic Empire. Obi-Wan says that he and Luke's father were once Jedi Knights, that his father was murdered by a traitorous Jedi named Darth Vader.
Obi-Wan presents Luke with his father's lightsaber and offers to take him to Alderaan and train him in the ways of the Force, but Luke rejects his offer. Luke changes his mind when he returns home to find out that Imperial stormtroopers have killed his aunt and uncle, he and Obi-Wan travel to Mos Eisley, where they meet smugglers Han Solo and Chewbacca at the cantina. They team up and travel on the Millennium Falcon to Alderaan, only to find out that it has been destroyed by the Death Star, they rescue Princess Leia. Obi-Wan deactivates the tractor beam, he sacrifices his life in a duel with Vader, so that Luke and his friends can board the Falcon and escape. During the Battle of Yavin, Luke joins the Rebel Alliance in attacking the Death Star. In the trench leading to the Death Star's exhaust port, Luke hears Obi-Wan's voice, telling him to "trust his feelings". In the film's final scene, he joins Chewbacca in receiving a royal medal from Leia. In The Empire Strikes Back, set three years Luke is now a lieutenant commander in the Rebel Alliance.
While on a mission on the ice planet Hoth, he manages to escape. In the frozen wasteland, he sees Obi-Wan's spirit, telling him to travel to the planet Dagobah and complete his training with the Jedi Master Yoda, before he is rescued by Han; when the Empire discovers the Rebel base on Hoth, Luke leads his squadron to battle a swarm of AT-ATs, but he is forced to retreat when his wingman is killed. Escaping in his X-wing, he travels to Dagobah, meets Yoda, he undergoes rigorous Jedi training increasing his power in the Force. During his training, Luke sees a vision of his friends in danger. Against both Obi-Wan and Yoda's advice to complete his training, he travels to Bespin to save them, only to be lured into a trap, he engages in a lightsaber duel with Darth Vader. As his mentors warned, Luke proves to be no match for Vader. Vader reveals that he is Luke’s father, offers him the chance to turn to the dark side of the Force and rule the galaxy at his side. Horrified, Luke throws himself into a deep reactor chasm.
He survives, but is pulled into a garbage chute to the underside of Cloud City, left hanging onto a weather vane. Leia, flying away from Cloud City in the Millennium Falcon, senses Luke's peril, turns the ship around to save him. Aboard the ship, he hears Vader telepathically telling him that it is his destiny to join the dark side. Luke's severed hand is replaced with a bio-mechanical one. In Return of the Jedi, set one year Luke is now a Jedi Knight, has constructed his own lightsaber, he returns to Tatooine to help Leia, the droids, Lando Calrissian save Han from the crime lord Jabba the Hutt. Luke offers to negotiate with Jabba, who rejects his offer and casts him into a pit to fight a Rancor; when Luke kills the Rancor, he is sentenced to death in the Sarlacc Pit. Luke escapes with R2-D2's help, destroying Jabba's sail barge. During his return trip to Dagobah, Luke learns from a dying Yoda. Luke learns from Obi-Wan's spirit that he has a twin sister, whom he realizes is Leia. Obi-Wan tells Luke.
Arriving on Endor as part of a Rebel commando squad, Luke surrenders to Vader in an attempt to bring his father back from the dark side of the Force
Rogue One: A Star Wars Story is a 2016 American epic space-opera film directed by Gareth Edwards. The screenplay by Chris Weitz and Tony Gilroy is from a story by Gary Whitta, it was distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. It is the first installment of the Star Wars anthology series, set just before the events of A New Hope, follows a group of rebels on a mission to steal the plans for the Death Star, the Galactic Empire's superweapon; the cast includes Felicity Jones, Diego Luna, Ben Mendelsohn, Donnie Yen, Mads Mikkelsen, Alan Tudyk, Riz Ahmed, Jiang Wen, Forest Whitaker. Based on an idea first pitched by Knoll, ten years before it entered development, the film was made to be different in tone and style from the traditional Star Wars films, omitting the customary opening crawl and transitional screen wipes. Principal photography on the film began at Elstree Studios near London in early August 2015 and wrapped in February 2016; the film went through extensive reshoots directed by Gilroy in mid-2016.
The film premiered in Los Angeles on December 10, 2016, was released in the United States on December 16. The film received positive reviews from critics, with praise for its acting, action sequences, musical score, visual effects, darker tone, but received some criticism for its underdeveloped characters and digital recreation of actors from the original trilogy, it grossed over $1 billion worldwide, making it the 27th highest-grossing film of all-time, the second highest-grossing film of 2016, the third highest-grossing film in the Star Wars franchise. It received two Academy Awards nominations for Best Sound Best Visual Effects. Research scientist Galen Erso and his family are in hiding on the planet Lah'mu when Imperial weapons developer Orson Krennic arrives to press him into completing the Death Star, a moon-sized space station with a superweapon capable of destroying entire planets. Galen's wife, attempts to confront Krennic, but she is shot dead by Krennic's Death Troopers while their daughter, escapes and is rescued by rebel extremist Saw Gerrera.
Fifteen years cargo pilot Bodhi Rook defects from the Empire, taking a holographic message recorded by Galen to Gerrera on the desert moon of Jedha. After learning about the Death Star from an agent at the Ring of Kafrene trading outpost, Rebel Alliance intelligence officer Cassian Andor frees Jyn from an Imperial transport at Wobani before bringing her to the Rebel leader Mon Mothma, who convinces her to find Galen so the Alliance can learn more about the Death Star. Cassian is covertly ordered to kill Galen rather than extract him. Jyn and reprogrammed Imperial droid K-2SO travel to the moon of Jedha, where the Empire is removing kyber crystals from the holy city to power the Death Star; however and his partisans engage in a guerrilla battle against one convoy transporting kyber crystals, steal the load as Imperial reinforcements arrive. With the aid of blind spiritual warrior Chirrut Îmwe and his mercenary friend Baze Malbus, Jyn makes contact with Gerrera, holding Rook captive. Gerrera shows her the message, in which Galen reveals he has secretly built a vulnerability into the Death Star and directs them to retrieve the schematics from an Imperial data bank on the planet Scarif.
On the Death Star, which has entered orbit above the moon of Jedha, Krennic orders a low-powered test shot which destroys Jedha's capital. Jyn and her group take Rook and flee the moon. Grand Moff Willhuff Tarkin congratulates Krennic before using Rook's defection and security leak as a pretext to take control of the project. Rook leads the group to Galen's Imperial research facility on the storm-covered planet Eadu. Jyn makes her presence known moments. Galen is fatally wounded and dies in his daughter's arms, before she escapes with her group on board a stolen Imperial cargo shuttle. Following the attack, Krennic is summoned by Darth Vader to his palace at Mustafar to answer for the attack on Eadu. Krennic seeks his support for an audience with the Emperor, but Vader instead orders him to ensure no further breaches occur. Jyn proposes a plan to steal the Death Star schematics using the Rebel fleet, but fails to gain the Alliance Council's approval. Frustrated at their inaction, Jyn's group leads a small squad of volunteers to raid the data bank themselves.
Arriving at Scarif on the stolen Imperial shuttle, which Rook dubs "Rogue One", a disguised Jyn and Cassian enter the base with K-2SO while the other rebels attack the resident Imperial garrison as a diversion. The Rebel fleet learns of deploy in support. K-2SO sacrifices himself so Cassian can retrieve the data. Îmwe is killed after activating the master switch to allow communication with the Rebel fleet, Malbus dies in battle shortly afterwards. During the battle, Rook is killed by a thermal detonator explosion after informing the Rebel fleet that they must breach the shield surrounding the planet to allow the transmission of the schematics. Jyn and Cassian obtain the schematics, but they are ambushed by Krennic, shot and wounded by Cassian. Jyn transmits the schematics to the Rebel command ship; the Death Star enters orbit above Scarif, where Tarkin uses another low-power shot to destroy the compromised base, killing Krennic, Cassian and anyone still alive on the surface. The Rebel fleet prepares to jump to hyperspace, but many of its ships are intercepted by Vader's flagship.
Vader boards the Rebel command ship and attempts to rega