Elizabeth II is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. Elizabeth was born in London as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, she was educated at home, her father acceded to the throne on the abdication of his brother King Edward VIII in 1936, from which time she was the heir presumptive. She began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, serving in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. In 1947, she married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, a former prince of Greece and Denmark, with whom she has four children: Charles, Prince of Wales; when her father died in February 1952, she became head of the Commonwealth and queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Ceylon. She has reigned as a constitutional monarch through major political changes, such as devolution in the United Kingdom, Canadian patriation, the decolonisation of Africa. Between 1956 and 1992, the number of her realms varied as territories gained independence and realms, including South Africa and Ceylon, became republics.
Her many historic visits and meetings include a state visit to the Republic of Ireland and visits to or from five popes. Significant events have included her coronation in 1953 and the celebrations of her Silver and Diamond Jubilees in 1977, 2002, 2012 respectively. In 2017, she became the first British monarch to reach a Sapphire Jubilee, she is the longest-lived and longest-reigning British monarch as well as the world's longest-reigning queen regnant and female head of state, the oldest and longest-reigning current monarch and the longest-serving current head of state. Elizabeth has faced republican sentiments and press criticism of the royal family, in particular after the breakdown of her children's marriages, her annus horribilis in 1992 and the death in 1997 of her former daughter-in-law Diana, Princess of Wales. However, support for the monarchy has been and remains high, as does her personal popularity. Elizabeth was born at 02:40 on 21 April 1926, during the reign of her paternal grandfather, King George V.
Her father, the Duke of York, was the second son of the King. Her mother, the Duchess of York, was the youngest daughter of Scottish aristocrat the Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, she was delivered by Caesarean section at her maternal grandfather's London house: 17 Bruton Street, Mayfair. She was baptised by the Anglican Archbishop of York, Cosmo Gordon Lang, in the private chapel of Buckingham Palace on 29 May, named Elizabeth after her mother, Alexandra after George V's mother, who had died six months earlier, Mary after her paternal grandmother. Called "Lilibet" by her close family, based on what she called herself at first, she was cherished by her grandfather George V, during his serious illness in 1929 her regular visits were credited in the popular press and by biographers with raising his spirits and aiding his recovery. Elizabeth's only sibling, Princess Margaret, was born in 1930; the two princesses were educated at home under the supervision of their mother and their governess, Marion Crawford.
Lessons concentrated on history, language and music. Crawford published a biography of Elizabeth and Margaret's childhood years entitled The Little Princesses in 1950, much to the dismay of the royal family; the book describes Elizabeth's love of horses and dogs, her orderliness, her attitude of responsibility. Others echoed such observations: Winston Churchill described Elizabeth when she was two as "a character, she has an air of authority and reflectiveness astonishing in an infant." Her cousin Margaret Rhodes described her as "a jolly little girl, but fundamentally sensible and well-behaved". During her grandfather's reign, Elizabeth was third in the line of succession to the throne, behind her uncle Edward and her father. Although her birth generated public interest, she was not expected to become queen, as Edward was still young. Many people believed he would have children of his own; when her grandfather died in 1936 and her uncle succeeded as Edward VIII, she became second-in-line to the throne, after her father.
That year, Edward abdicated, after his proposed marriage to divorced socialite Wallis Simpson provoked a constitutional crisis. Elizabeth's father became king, she became heir presumptive. If her parents had had a son, she would have lost her position as first-in-line, as her brother would have been heir apparent and above her in the line of succession. Elizabeth received private tuition in constitutional history from Henry Marten, Vice-Provost of Eton College, learned French from a succession of native-speaking governesses. A Girl Guides company, the 1st Buckingham Palace Company, was formed so she could socialise with girls her own age, she was enrolled as a Sea Ranger. In 1939, Elizabeth's parents toured the United States; as in 1927, when her parents had toured Australia and New Zealand, Elizabeth remained in Britain, since her father thought her too young to undertake public tours. Elizabeth "looked tearful", they corresponded and she and her parents made the first royal transatlantic telephone call on 18 May.
In September 1939, Britain entered the Second World War. Lord Hailsham suggested that the two princesses should be evacuated to Canada to avoid the frequent aerial bombing; this was rejected by Elizabeth's mother. I won't leave wit
Johnny Paul Koroma
Major Johnny Paul Koroma was the head of state of Sierra Leone from May 1997 to February 1998. Koroma was born to Limba parents in Tombodu, in the Kono District of eastern British Sierra Leone, grew up in Freetown, the capital, he is from the same ethnic group as former presidents Joseph Saidu Momoh. He joined the Sierra Leonean army in 1985 and was sent to the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in England in 1988 to train as an officer, he returned to Sierra Leone the next year and was promoted to platoon commander, soon thereafter to company commander. He continued to move up the ladder, in 1994, he went to the Teshi Military College in Ghana for training in army command. Koroma received military training in United Kingdom, he commanded government forces who were fighting against the Revolutionary United Front, a rebel army led by the warlord Foday Sankoh. In August 1996, he was arrested for alleged involvement in a coup plot against the southern civilian officials who were in control of the country.
It was alleged that there were plans to kill President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah. Koroma was freed from prison during a successful military coup on 25 May 1997, when 17 junior soldiers serving the Sierra Leone Army broke into the central prison and made a do-or-die offer that brought him to power, he advocated making a peaceful settlement with Sankoh and allowing him to join the government, though this never happened. After the coup in 1997, Koroma was named head of state and chairman of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council, he invited the leadership of the Revolutionary United Front to join the AFRC, which they promptly did. To maintain order, he suspended the constitution, banned demonstrations and abolished all political parties; the AFRC coup was accompanied by an explosion of violence against civilians throughout the nation. The key strategic change was that the RUF had immediate access throughout the country, something they had failed to achieve through six years of military action. Koroma cited corruption, erosion of state sovereignty, over-dependence on foreign nations, leaders' failure to address tensions between the SLA and government-backed tribal militia movements as the pretext for the coup.
Koroma's story was consistent with that of the AFRC, which cited the failure of the Abidjan Peace Accord struck between the government of Sierra Leone and the RUF on 30 November 1996. By 2 June 1997, the RUF/AFRC found itself at odds with Nigerian forces, which were deployed unilaterally under the Economic Community of West African States' Ceasefire Monitoring Group and its mandate of August 1997; the Nigerians were stationed in and around Freetown's Western Area, trading mortar fire along the main highway into Freetown and around Freetown International Airport. Koroma sought to ease the situation, seeking mediation, which resulted in the signing of a peace accord in late October 1997 in Conakry, Guinea. Violations of the peace accord were perpetrated by all sides in the complex conflict. By January 1998, ECOMOG forces were preparing to oust the RUF/AFRC from power. On 6 February 1998, ECOMOG forces invaded key locations in the Western Area, removing the RUF/AFRC by 12 February. On 1 March, ECOMOG forces commenced operations in provincial Sierra Leone, removing the RUF/AFRC from every key town except Kailahun.
By December 1998, RUF/AFRC forces had reversed this position, they entered Freetown in January 1999. Failing to hold territory, the RUF/AFRC retreated into the Northern Province of Sierra Leone; the leadership of the RUF oversaw negotiations with the government of Sierra Leone that led to the signing of the Lomé Peace Accord on 7 July 1999. Koroma was cut out of the negotiations, the AFRC did not benefit from the substantive provisions of the agreement. Koroma participated in the disarmament process, encouraging those SLA soldiers who had joined the AFRC to demobilize. By 2000, Koroma no longer held significant influence over the RUF leadership, as evidenced by the involvement of ex-AFRC members in defending towns in Port Loko District against a renewed RUF offensive in May 2000. In August 2000, Koroma disbanded the AFRC and sought to consolidate his position by forming a political party. In early 2002, the government of Sierra Leone and the United Nations signed a bilateral treaty establishing the Special Court for Sierra Leone, mandated to try those who "bear the greatest responsibility" for crimes against humanity, war crimes, other serious violations of international humanitarian law.
According to the indictment, the RUF/AFRC, under the orders of Koroma, had led armed attacks in Sierra Leone in which the primary targets included civilians, humanitarian aid workers, UN peacekeeping forces. These attacks served the purpose of terrorizing the population as a form of punishment for not supporting rebel activities, they included such crimes as looting, mutilations, sexual violence, rape. Child soldiers were conscripted, women and girls were kidnapped to be raped or turned into sex slaves. Men and boys were abducted and forced to work or fight for the rebel groups. On 7 March 2003, the prosecutor of the Special Court issued his first indictments. For his role in the RUF/AFRC, Koroma was among them, he fled Freetown in December to Liberia. On 1 June 2003, he was declared dead under mysterious circumstances, said to have been murdered. However, the prosecutor has yet to withdraw the indictment against Koroma. An October 2006 newspaper headline in Freetown read, "Johnny Paul has 1,000 armed soldiers".
According to an unconfirmed re
Foday Saybana Sankoh was the founder of the Sierra Leone rebel group Revolutionary United Front, supported by Charles Taylor-led NPFL in the 11-year-long Sierra Leone Civil War. Starting in 1991 and ending in 2002. An estimated 50,000 people were killed during the war, over 500,000 people were displaced in neighbouring countries. Foday Sankoh was born on 17 October 1937, in the remote village of Masang Mayoso, Tonkolili District in the Northern part of Sierra Leone to an ethnic Temne father and a Loko mother. Sankoh was the son of a farmer. Sankoh attended primary and secondary school in Magburaka, Tonkolili District and took on a number of jobs in Magburaka before he joined the Sierra Leone army in 1956, he undertook training in the United Kingdom. In 1971 a corporal in the Sierra Leone army, he was cashiered from the army's signal corps and imprisoned for seven years at the Pademba Road Prison in Freetown for taking part in a mutiny. On his release he worked as an itinerant photographer in the south and east of Sierra Leone coming in contact with young radicals.
Sankoh and confederates Rashid Mansaray and Abu Kanu solicited support for an armed uprising to oust the APC government. They traveled to Liberia, where they continued recruiting and served with Charles G. Taylor's National Patriotic Front of Liberia. On 23 March 1991, the RUF, led by Foday Sankoh and backed by Charles Taylor, launched its first attack in villages in Kailahun District in the diamond-rich Eastern Province of Sierra Leone; the RUF became notorious for brutal practices such as mass rapes and amputations during the civil war. Sankoh ordered many operations, including one called "Operation Pay Yourself" that encouraged troops to loot anything they could find. After complaining about such tactics and Mansaray were summarily executed. In March 1997, Sankoh fled to Nigeria, where he was put under house arrest and imprisoned. From this time until Sankoh's release in 1999, Sam Bockarie performed the task of director of military operations of the RUF. During the ten-year war, Sankoh broke several promises to stop fighting, including the Abidjan Peace Accord and the Lomé Peace Accord signed in 1999.
The United Kingdom and ECOMOG intervened with their own small, but professional, military forces, the RUF was crushed. Sankoh was arrested on 17 May 2000 after his soldiers gunned down a number of protesters, killing 19 people, including journalist Saoman Conteh, outside his Freetown home on 8 May 2000, his arrest led to massive celebrations throughout Sierra Leone. Sankoh was handed to the British. Under the jurisdiction of a UN-backed court, he was indicted on 17 counts for various war crimes, including use of child soldiers and crimes against humanity, including extermination, enslavement and sexual slavery. Sankoh died in hospital of complications arising from a stroke whilst awaiting trial on the night of 29 July 2003. In a statement by the UN-backed war crimes court, chief prosecutor David Crane said that Sankoh's death granted him "a peaceful end that he denied to so many others". BBC obituary Photos of Atrocities Economist obituary
Reuters is an international news organization. It has nearly 200 locations around the world; until 2008, the Reuters news agency formed part of an independent company, Reuters Group plc, a provider of financial market data. Since the acquisition of Reuters Group by the Thomson Corporation in 2008, the Reuters news agency has been a part of Thomson Reuters, making up the media division. Reuters transmits news in English, German, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, Japanese and Chinese, it was established in 1851. The Reuter agency was established in 1851 by Paul Julius Reuter in Britain at the London Royal Exchange. Paul Reuter worked at a book-publishing firm in Berlin and was involved in distributing radical pamphlets at the beginning of the Revolutions in 1848; these publications brought much attention to Reuter, who in 1850 developed a prototype news service in Aachen using homing pigeons and electric telegraphy from 1851 on in order to transmit messages between Brussels and Aachen, in what today is Aachen's Reuters House.
Upon moving to England, he founded Reuter's Telegram Company in 1851. Headquartered in London, the company covered commercial news, serving banks, brokerage houses, business firms; the first newspaper client to subscribe was the London Morning Advertiser in 1858. Afterwards more newspapers signed up, with Britannica Encyclopedia writing that "the value of Reuters to newspapers lay not only in the financial news it provided but in its ability to be the first to report on stories of international importance." Reuter's agency built a reputation in Europe and the rest of the world as the first to report news scoops from abroad. Reuters was the first to report Abraham Lincoln's assassination in Europe, for instance, in 1865. In 1872, Reuters expanded into the far east, followed by South America in 1874. Both expansions were made possible by advances in overland telegraphs and undersea cables. In 1883, Reuters began transmitting messages electrically to London newspapers. In 1923, Reuters began using radio to transmit a pioneering act.
In 1925, The Press Association of Great Britain acquired a majority interest in Reuters, full ownership some years later. During the world wars, The Guardian reported that Reuters "came under pressure from the British government to serve national interests. In 1941 Reuters deflected the pressure by restructuring itself as a private company." The new owners formed the Reuters Trust. In 1941, the PA sold half of Reuters to the Newspaper Proprietors' Association, co-ownership was expanded in 1947 to associations that represented daily newspapers in New Zealand and Australia; the Reuters Trust Principles were put in place to maintain the company's independence. At that point, Reuters had become "one of the world's major news agencies, supplying both text and images to newspapers, other news agencies, radio and television broadcasters." At that point, it directly or through national news agencies provided service "to most countries, reaching all the world's leading newspapers and many thousands of smaller ones," according to Britannica.
In 1961, Reuters scooped news of the erection of the Berlin Wall. Reuters was one of the first news agencies to transmit financial data over oceans via computers in the 1960s. In 1973, Reuters "began making computer-terminal displays of foreign-exchange rates available to clients." In 1981, Reuters began making electronic transactions on its computer network and afterwards developed a number of electronic brokerage and trading services. Reuters was floated as a public company in 1984, when Reuters Trust was listed on the stock exchanges such as the London Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. Reuters published the first story of the Berlin Wall being breached in 1989; the share price grew during the dotcom boom fell after the banking troubles in 2001. In 2002, Brittanica wrote that most news throughout the world came from three major agencies: the Associated Press and Agence France-Presse. Reuters merged with Thomson Corporation in Canada in 2008. In 2009, Thomson Reuters withdrew from the LSE and the NASDAQ, instead listing its shares on the Toronto Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange.
The last surviving member of the Reuters family founders, Baroness de Reuter, died at age 96 on 25 January 2009. The parent company Thomson Reuters is headquartered in Toronto, provides financial information to clients while maintaining its traditional news-agency business. In 2012, Thomson Reuters appointed Jim Smith as CEO; every major news outlet in the world subscribed to Reuters as of 2014. Reuters operated in more than 200 cities in 94 countries in about 20 languages as of 2014. In July 2016, Thomson Reuters agreed to sell its intellectual property and science operation for $3.55 billion to private equity firms. In October 2016, Thomson Reuters announced relocations to Toronto; as part of cuts and restructuring, in November 2016, Thomson Reuters Corp. eliminated 2,000 worldwide jobs out of its around 50,000 employees. Reuters employs 600 photojournalists in about 200 locations worldwide. Reuters journalists use the Reuters Handbook of Journalism as a guide for fair presentation and disclosure of relevant interests, to maintain the values of integrity and freedom upon which their reputation for reliability, accuracy and exclusivity relies.
In May 2000, Kurt Schork, an American reporter, was killed in an ambush while on assignment in Sierra Leone. In April and August 2003, news cameramen Taras Protsyuk and Mazen Dana were killed in separate incidents by U. S. troops in Iraq. In July 2007, Namir Noor-Eldeen and Saeed Chmagh were killed when they w
Kenema is the second largest city in Sierra Leone, the largest city in the country's Eastern Province. It is a major economic center of the Eastern Province. Sierra Leone's third-largest city, it surpassed Bo as the country's second-largest after the 2015 national census, its 2015 population was 200,354. By road, it is 300 kilometres southeast of Freetown and about 60 kilometres south of Bo. Kenema is one of Sierre Leone's most ethnically diverse cities, its most spoken language is Krio. One of Sierra Leone's six municipalities, Kenema is governed by a directly elected city council, headed by a mayor in whom executive authority is vested, and, responsible for the city's general management; the mayor and council members are elected every four years. Kenema's current mayor, Thomas Karimu Baio of the Sierra Leone People's Party. Karimu Baio was elected mayor with 79.4% of the votes in the 2018 Kenema Mayoral election. Kenema is an overwhelming political stronghold of the Sierra Leone People's Party.
As in the rest of Sierra Leone, football is by far the city's most popular sport. The Kamboi Eagles, a professional football club based in Kenema, represents the city in the Sierra Leone National Premier League. Kenema is known as the hometown of some of Sierra Leone's greatest international soccer stars, including the country's most known athlete, retired soccer star Mohamed Kallon. Other notable Sierra Leonean international footballers from Kenema include the country's current top striker, Kei Kamara, retired soccer stars Paul Kpaka, Kemokai Kallon and Musa Kallon. Kenema's growth was promoted by the logging and carpentry industries, which were linked to the city by the now-closed railway. Since its economy has benefited from the diamond mines first discovered in the area in 1931. Kenema was the first place in Sierra Leone to report Ebola; the city of Kenema is one of Sierra Leone's six municipalities and is governed with a city council form of government, headed by a mayor, in whom executive authority is vested.
The mayor is responsible for the general management of the city. The mayor is elected directly by the residents of Kenema in a municipal elections held every four years; the current mayor of Kenema is Joseph Samba Keifala, a member of the Sierra Leone People's Party, who won the 2012 Kenema Mayorship election with 74.99%, defeating his main opponent Ishmail Sesay of the APC, who took 19.36%. Kenema is a political stronghold of the main opposition party in Sierra Leone. In Presidential elections, Kenema has voted for the Sierra Leone People's Party by a vast majority of over 70%. Kenema is one of the most ethnically diverse cities in Sierra Leone; the city is home to all of the country's ethnic groups, though the Mende people make up the largest ethnic group. As in the rest of Sierra Leone, Kenema has an education system with six years of primary school, six years of secondary school. Primary schools start from ages 6 to 12, secondary schools start from ages 13 to 18. Primary Education is compulsory in government-sponsored public schools.
Prominent schools in Kenema include the Kenema Government Secondary School, The Holy Trinity Secondary School, Ahmadiyya Secondary School, Holy Rosary Secondary School, Islamic Secondary School, the Kamboi Lebanese International School. The Eastern Polytechnic situated at the main Combema Road is the highest learning institution in the city, offering certificates and degree courses. Kenema and Bo are endemic areas for a contagious tropical hemorragic fever known as Lassa fever; the Kenema Government Hospital is the centre of an international effort to combat the disease with support from the World Health Organization and UNAMSIL. New laboratories to improve rapid diagnosis are being installed at the hospital, which admits between 250 and 500 suspected cases per year; the city is served by the Kenema Airport. As in the rest of the country, football is by far the most popular sport in Kenema; the city two popular football clubs, the Kamboi Eagles and Gem Stars play in the Sierra Leone National Premier League, the top football league in country.
The five main radio stations in Kenema are Eastern Radio 101.9, Radio Nongowa - SPIN FM 101.3, City Radio 103.3, Starline Radio 98.4 and Sierra Leone's national radio and television stations, SLBS TV, SLBS Radio are on the air in Kenema. The BBC World Service, CNN International, several other international stations are on the air in Kenema on satellite only. Mohamed Kallon, football star Emmerson, musician Professor David John Francis, Chief Minister of the Republic of Sierra Leone Evans Brima Gbemeh, mayor Paul Kpaka, football star Alpha Lansana, football star Kei Kamara, football star Brima Sesay, football star Kemokai Kallon, football star Musa Kallon, football manager Dr Salia Jusu-Sheriff, former vice president of Sierra Leone and first West African chartered accountant J. B. Dauda, a former Sierra Leonean politician There are a number of places in Sierra Leone with this name; the Kenema District Association
Charles Taylor (Liberian politician)
Charles McArthur Ghankay Taylor is a Liberian war criminal and former politician who served as the 22nd President of Liberia from 2 August 1997 until his resignation on 11 August 2003. Born in Arthington, Montserrado County, Taylor earned a degree at Bentley College in the United States before returning to Liberia to work in the government of Samuel Doe. After being removed for embezzlement, he arrived in Libya, where he was trained as a guerrilla fighter, he returned to Liberia in 1989 as the head of a Libyan-backed rebel group, the National Patriotic Front of Liberia, to overthrow the Doe government, initiating the First Liberian Civil War. Following Doe's execution, Taylor gained control of a large portion of the country and became one of the most prominent warlords in Africa. Following a peace deal that ended the war, Taylor was elected president in the 1997 general election. During his term of office, Taylor was accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity as a result of his involvement in the Sierra Leone Civil War.
Domestically, opposition to his government grew, culminating in the outbreak of the Second Liberian Civil War. By 2003, Taylor had lost control of much of the countryside and was formally indicted by the Special Court for Sierra Leone; that year, he resigned, as a result of growing international pressure, went into exile in Nigeria. In 2006, the newly elected President, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, formally requested his extradition, he was detained by UN authorities in Sierra Leone and at the Penitentiary Institution Haaglanden in The Hague, awaiting trial by the Special Court. He was found guilty in April 2012 of all eleven charges levied by the Special Court, including terror and rape. In May 2012, Taylor was sentenced to 50 years in prison. Reading the sentencing statement, Presiding Judge Richard Lussick said: "The accused has been found responsible for aiding and abetting as well as planning some of the most heinous and brutal crimes in recorded human history." Taylor was born in Arthington, a town near the capital of Monrovia, Liberia, on 28 January 1948, to Nelson and Bernice Taylor.
He attended The Newman School in his early years. He took the name "Ghankay" on to please and gain favor with indigenous Liberians, his mother was a member of the Gola ethnic group, part of the 95% of the people who are indigenous to Liberia. According to most reports, his father was an Americo-Liberian who worked as a teacher, sharecropper and judge. In 1977, Taylor earned a degree at Bentley University in Waltham, United States. Taylor supported the 12 April 1980 coup led by Samuel Doe, which resulted in the murder of President William R. Tolbert Jr. and seizure of power by Doe. Taylor was appointed to the position of Director General of the General Services Agency, a position that left him in charge of purchasing for the Liberian government, he was sacked in May 1983 for embezzling an estimated $1,000,000 and sending the funds to an American bank account. Taylor fled to the United States but was arrested on 21 May 1984 by two US Deputy Marshals in Somerville, Massachusetts, on a warrant for extradition to face charges of embezzling $1 million of government funds while the GSA boss.
Citing a fear of assassination by Liberian agents, Taylor fought extradition from the safety of jail with the help of a legal team led by former US Attorney General Ramsey Clark. His lawyers' primary arguments before US District Magistrate Robert J. DeGiacomo stated that his alleged acts of lawbreaking in Liberia were political rather than criminal in nature and that the extradition treaty between the two republics had lapsed. In response, Assistant United States Attorney Richard G. Stearns argued that Liberia wished to charge Taylor with theft in office, rather than with political crimes, that any international political decisions that could hold up the trial should be made only by the US State Department. Stearns' arguments were reinforced by Liberian Justice Minister Jenkins Scott, who flew to the United States to testify at the proceedings. While awaiting the conclusion of the extradition hearing, Taylor was detained in the Plymouth County Correctional Facility. On 15 September 1985, four other inmates escaped from the jail.
Two days The Boston Globe reported that they sawed through a bar covering a window in a dormitory room, after which they lowered themselves 20 feet on knotted sheets and escaped into nearby woods by climbing a fence. Shortly thereafter and two other escapees were met at nearby Jordan Hospital by Taylor's wife and Taylor's sister-in-law, Lucia Holmes Toweh, they drove a getaway car to Staten Island in New York. All four of Taylor's fellow escapees, as well as Enid and Toweh, were apprehended. In July 2009, Taylor claimed at his trial that US CIA agents had helped him escape from the maximum security prison in Boston in 1985; this was during his trial by the UN-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone in The Hague. The US Defense Intelligence Agency confirmed that Taylor first started working with US intelligence in the 1980s but refused to give details of his role or US actions, citing national security. Taylor escaped undetected from the United States and shortly thereafter it is believed that he reached Libya.
He took part in guerrilla training under Muammar Gaddafi, becoming Gaddafi's protégé. He left Libya and traveled to the Ivory Coast, where he founded the National Patriotic Front of Liberia. In December 1989, Taylor launched a Gaddafi-funded armed uprising from the Ivory Coast into Liberia to overthrow the Doe regime, leading to the First Liberian Civil War. By 1990, his forces soon controlled most of th
Magburaka is the capital and largest city of Tonkolili District in the Northern Province of Sierra Leone. Its population was 16,313 in the 2004 census, and a current estimate of 40,313. It is located at around 8°43′1″N 11°56′36″W, along the Rokel River. Magburaka lies just about 26 miles drive south-west of Makeni, the economic center of Northern Sierra Leone and about 80 miles drive east of the country's capital Freetown. Magburaka is one of the main cities in Northern Sierra Leone. Magburaka is an educational center and is home to the Magburaka Government Secondary School for Boys, the first western standard Secondary school built in the Northern Sierra Leone; the school is one of the elite secondary schools in Sierra Leone and is well known for producing some of the most gifted students in the country. Sierra Leone's current president Ernest Bai Koroma is a graduate of the Government Secondary School for Boys; the city is home to a two-year technical college. The Golden Dragon F. C., based in Magburaka, represent the city in the Sierra Leone National Premier League, the top football league in the country.
The city along with the entire Tonkolili District is a stronghold of the APC. Magburaka is the educational center of Northern Sierra Leone; the city is home to the Magburaka Government Secondary School for Boys, the first Secondary school built in Northern Sierra Leone. The city is home to the first Girls Secondary School in the North, Mathora. Like the rest of Sierra Leone, football is the most popular sport in Magburaka; the major football club that represent the city and the entire Tonkolili District is the Golden Dragon F. C., playing in the Sierra Leone National Premier League, the top football league in the country. Minkailu Bah, Sierra Leone's minister of Education and Sports Mohammad Rashid, football star Osman Deen, Class of 1996, Government Secondary School for Boys. Founder & CEO of Deen's & Co. Group, Dba Telcom Logistics. Mr. Deen was born in the capital Freetown but spent most of his childhood life in Magburaka where he started his primary education and completed his secondary education up to sixth form.
He was an exceptional athlete who gained the title, “best senior” for being the fastest runner on the 100 meters dash during his time. He represented his school on both the soccer and volleyball teams, he was an active member of his Church, Free Gospel Light House in Magburaka Dr. John M Kabia, Programme Worker, Survivors for Peace, Dr. Mohamed Jalloh, Macroeconomic Policy Department, ECOWAS Commission, Nigeria Idriss Kamara, Political/Electoral Affairs Officer, African Union Commission, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 5. ^ http://www.telcomlogistics.com/meet-the-team 6. ^ http://www.telcomlogistics.com/meet-the-team 7. ^ http://www.telcomlogistics.com/meet-the-team