The JSC A. S. Yakovlev Design Bureau is manufacturer, its head office is in Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow. The bureau formed in 1934 under designer Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev as OKB-115, but dates its birth from 12 May 1927, the day of maiden flight of the AIR-1 aircraft developed within the Department of Light Aircraft of GUAP under the supervision of A. S. Yakovlev. During World War II Yakovlev produced a famed line of fighter aircraft. Irkut acquired Yakovlev in April 2004; the Russian government merged the holding company with Mikoyan, Irkut and Tupolev as a new company named United Aircraft Building Corporation in February 2006. The firm designed the Pchela drone reconnaissance aircraft, but is best known for its successful line of World War II-era piston-engined fighter-aircraft. List of Yakovlev aircraft List of military aircraft of the Soviet Union and the CIS SOKOL Aircraft Building Plant A book by A. T. Stepanets. Yak Fighters in WWII ISBN 5-217-01192-0 Степанец А.Т.- Истребители "Як" периода Великой Отечественной войны.

Справочник. - М.: Машиностроение, 1992. - 224 с.: ил: click on ENG for English. Yakovlev Aircraft of U. S

Forged in Fire (TV series)

Forged in Fire is an American competition series that airs on the History channel, is produced by Outpost Entertainment, a Leftfield Entertainment company. In each episode, four bladesmiths compete in a three-round elimination contest to forge bladed weapons, with the overall winner receiving $10,000 and the day's championship title; the series is hosted by Wil Willis, with a three-judge panel consisting of J. Neilson, David Baker, Doug Marcaida, experts in weapon history and use. History ordered an initial eight episodes of the series with the first program premiering on Monday, June 22, 2015, at 10pm ET. Season two increased to 10 episodes; the third season premiered with a "Champion of Champions" match on August 23, 2016, was announced as having 16 episodes. The fourth season premiered on April 11, 2017, with a "Judges' Pick" episode in which the four judges each selected one smith from past seasons to compete again; the fifth season premiered on March 7, 2018. The sixth season premiered on February 6, 2019.

On April 17, 2018, a spin-off series titled Forged in Fire: Knife or Death premiered on History. This series is hosted by Bill Goldberg and co-hosted by Tu Lam, a martial arts expert and retired member of the Green Berets; the set, referred to as "The Forge," is stocked with a wide range of metalworking equipment, including propane forges, coal forges, power hammers and hydraulic presses. Medical personnel are present to treat any injuries or other health problems and may, at their discretion, disqualify smiths who are unable to continue safely. At the end of each round, the smith whose weapon is judged to be the least satisfactory must surrender it and leave the competition. In a typical episode, the four smiths are presented with a starting material that they must use in the first round to forge a blade in a style of their choosing. In some episodes, they all begin with the same material. Willis states one set of criteria concerning blade or blade/tang length, a second set for a feature that must be incorporated, such as serrations or a fuller groove.

The smiths are given 10 minutes to sketch out their designs, followed by three hours to forge the blades. Once time expires, the judges evaluate the blades based on Willis' criteria and inspect their workmanship and design deliberate before announcing their decision. Any smiths who fail to meet the criteria, or who fail to turn in a blade at all, are subject to immediate elimination. For the second round, the three remaining smiths are given an additional three hours to turn their blades into operational weapons, they must attach a handle, choosing from a range of provided materials, incorporate any additional special features stated by Willis. They must grind and polish the blades, and may address any flaws or issues pointed out by the judges in the first round, if they choose to do so. After the time expires, the judges put each weapon through a series of tests to gauge properties such as sharpness and ease of use. For these tests, the weapons are used to chop/slash/stab objects that include ropes, ice blocks, animal carcasses, steel car doors.

If one weapon suffers catastrophic failure, defined as damage that renders it unsafe or ineffective for further testing, its maker is disqualified. In the case of catastrophic failure by multiple weapons, the worst performer is eliminated; the judges may, at their discretion, choose not to subject a weapon to a particular test if it is sufficiently cracked or flawed. In the third round, the two remaining smiths are shown a significant weapon and are given five days to create a version of it, they return to their home forges to do the work and must comply with any specifications set by Willis. Afterwards, they return to the Forge and submit their weapons for testing against objects and environments similar to the historical scenarios in which they were used. Based on the test results, the judges select one smith to receive the $10,000 prize; some episodes have incorporated modifications to the rules, as follows: Extension or omission of the 10-minute design period in the first round. Omission of a required special feature in the first round.

Extension or shortening of the three-hour forging time in the first and/or second rounds, depending on the difficulty level of the blade design and any special features. Requiring the smiths to forge a blade of a specific style in the first round. Omission of the requirement to attach a handle in the second round. Shortening of the working time from five days to four in the third round; the "Master & Apprentice" episode in Season 4 featured four master/apprentice pairs of smiths. Only one member of each pair was allowed to work at any time, trading off every 30 minutes in the first two rounds, every day in the third; the non-working member was allowed to offer advice. For this episode, the forging time in the first round was extended to three and a half hours; the "Ultimate Champions Edition" and "Rookies Edition" each featured five smiths instead of four. The smiths were required to forge a particular type of blade at their homes and bring those weapons to the studio for a preliminary test. One smith was eliminated based on the results of this test, after which the competition proceeded through the normal three rounds.

On October 3, 2018, a five-week Invitational Tournament premiered, consisting of four prelimi

Angry Video Game Nerd

Angry Video Game Nerd is an American retrogaming review comedy web series, created by and starring James Rolfe. The series centers on Rolfe's character "The Nerd", a short-tempered and foul-mouthed video game fanatic who delivers commentary on retro games of poor quality. While the series began with Rolfe playing games while delivering a running commentary, the show would grow in scope to encompass sketches featuring guest characters, reviews of gaming consoles and peripherals, short lectures about video game history and culture. Starting out as an independent filmmaker, Rolfe intended for his earliest videos of the Nerd character to be a joke shown to his friends. In 2004, with collaboration from his friend Mike Matei, Rolfe put the Angry Nintendo Nerd videos on his website, In 2006, Matei persuaded Rolfe to put his work on YouTube. In 2007, the series became a program on ScrewAttack and GameTrailers, where it was renamed The Angry Video Game Nerd to avoid trademark issues with Nintendo, to allow Rolfe to review games from non-Nintendo consoles.

From there, the series became a cult success, Rolfe began appearing as the character in various other media such as a feature-length film and video games, many public appearances. Angry Video Game Nerd is considered one of the pioneers of internet review videos, being influential on the style and format of subsequent video reviewers as well as being responsible for helping to bring the concept into the mainstream. Various similar review/sketch comedy entertainers have since cited the show as inspiration for their own material–such as JonTron, Doug Walker, Arin Hanson, Angry Joe, among others; the show revolves around the Nerd's commentary of retro video games that he deems to be of low quality, unfair difficulty, or poor design. Rolfe's character, "the Nerd", is a short-tempered and foul-mouthed video game fanatic who satirically reviews old video games in the form reminiscent of insult comedies such as Mystery Science Theater 3000; the Nerd plays the game while talking about its various problems and imperfections, mixed with profanity, in an effort to warn people against playing the game, sometimes with a short lecture about the gaming era's history.

Dressed up as a stereotypical nerd in his basement, the Nerd reviews the game with his trademark eyeglasses and white collared shirt with a pocket full of pens, high khaki pants and white socks and loafers, while sometimes being bombarded by guest characters from video games and popular culture as well. These guests provide additional commentary on the games, mock the Nerd's anguish, act as parodies of the characters from which they had been derived. In response to them and to the games, the Nerd derives comic appeal from excessive and surrealistic use of fantasy scenarios and consumption of Rolling Rock while reviewing video games, his anger and profanity over these bad games would sometimes climax in him destroying whole game cartridges, or simulating defecating on, sometimes crushing entire video game consoles. In many cases, the Nerd dresses up as other popular characters while reviewing their games, such as Batman and Indiana Jones. Other characters in the show include Shit Pickle, Guitar Guy, the Game Glitch Gremlin, Super Mecha Death Christ 2000 B.

C. Version 4.0 Beta, an assortment of others, while the occasional guest appearance by other video game reviewers such as Pat the NES Punk. The show has had special guests, including Lloyd Kaufman of Troma Entertainment while the Nerd was playing various Toxic Avengers-based games, Macaulay Culkin of Home Alone fame assisting the Nerd in playing games based on the movie series. Most Gilbert Gottfried appeared in an episode, portraying the real-life rendition of fictional recurring character of the series Fred Fuchs. James Rolfe's first videos were intended as "just a joke", with no intentions of making them public, showing them only to his friends. In May 2004, Rolfe created his first on-camera game reviews just for fun. Rolfe explained in an interview for Daily News that the joke was just how upset one obsessive gamer could get over these games that were 20 years old. Although the Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde review was intended to be the last, Rolfe's friends, who enjoyed the previous “Bad NES Games” reviews, encouraged him to create another.

Collaborative friend Mike Matei helped in producing and publishing the videos on Cinemassacre, released outside of the website as "The Quickies" tape, part of a four VHS tape set called the "Cinemassacre Gold Collection". In 2006, Rolfe began making the episodes available on YouTube. Soon, Rolfe released a review of The Karate Kid game, the first episode where Rolfe's character is introduced as “The Angry Nintendo Nerd”. Naming these videos “The Angry Nintendo Nerd Trilogy”, Rolfe posted them on Cinemassacre; the success of the show made Rolfe branch out into other gaming systems, would change the title into the Angry Video Game Nerd to prevent trademark issues with Nintendo. Rolfe diversified the reviews of platforms and products such as the Atari 2600