Ikoma is a city in the northwestern end of Nara Prefecture, Japan. It was founded on November 1, 1971; as of April 1, 2017, the city had an estimated population of 120,741, with 49,672 households. It had a population density of 2,300 persons per km², it is the third biggest population in the prefecture; the total area is 53.18 km². The city is famous for "chasen." Mount Ikoma Skyland Ikoma Kurondo-ike Pond Kuragari-toge Pass Ikoma Jinja Hozan-ji Chikurin-ji Chokyu-ji Chofuku-ji Enpuku-ji Sekibutsu-Ji Kintetsu Railway Nara Line: Ikoma Station - Higashi-Ikoma Station Ikoma Line: Ikoma Station - Nabata Station - Ichibu Station - Minami-Ikoma Station - Haginodai Station - Higashiyama Station Keihanna Line: Ikoma Station - Shiraniwadai Station - Gakken Kita-Ikoma Station - Gakken Nara-Tomigaoka Station Ikoma Cable Line: Toriimae Station - Hōzanji Station - Umeyashiki Station - Kasumigaoka Station - Ikoma-Sanjō Station Expressways Hanshin Expressway Dainihanna Route Japan National Route 163 Japan National Route 168 Japan National Route 308 Shigi Ikoma Skyline Media related to Ikoma, Nara at Wikimedia Commons Ikoma City official website NPO of Ikoma support intellectual disabilities and their families official website
Ichinomiya is a historical term referring to the Japanese Shinto shrines with the highest shrine rank in a province or prefecture. Most of the old provinces of Japan had one or more ichinomiya, which gave rise to place names, such as the city of Ichinomiya, Aichi. Shrines of the lower rank are called ninomiya, shinomiya, so forth. Ichinomiya developed from the system of ranking of shrines within a province. List of Shinto shrines Modern system of ranked Shinto Shrines Twenty-Two Shrines Sannomiya Kokubunji Fuchū National Association of Ichinomiya
Kokubun-ji were Buddhist temples established in each of the provinces of Japan by Emperor Shōmu during the Nara period. Shōmu decreed both a kokubun-ji for monks and a kokubunni-ji for nuns to be established in each province. Tōdai-ji, the provincial temple of Yamato Province, served as the head of all kokubun-ji, Hokke-ji held that duty for the kokubunni-ji; the words kokubun-ji and kokubunni-ji gave rise to many place names still in use today, including: Kokubunji, Kagawa Kokubunji, Tokyo Kokubunji, Tochigi Glossary of Japanese Buddhism Ichinomiya Fuchū
Nara is the capital city of Nara Prefecture located in the Kansai region of Japan. The city occupies the northern part of Nara Prefecture. Eight temples and ruins in Nara remain: Tōdai-ji, Saidai-ji, Kōfuku-ji, Kasuga Shrine, Gangō-ji, Yakushi-ji, Tōshōdai-ji, the Heijō Palace, together with Kasugayama Primeval Forest, collectively form "Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara", a UNESCO World Heritage Site. During 710 CE - 784 CE, Nara was the capital of Japan, the Emperor lived there before moving the capital to Kyoto. By the Heian period, a variety of different characters had been used to represent the name Nara: 乃楽, 乃羅, 平, 平城, 名良, 奈良, 奈羅, 常, 那良, 那楽, 那羅, 楢, 諾良, 諾楽, 寧, 寧楽 and 儺羅. A number of theories for the origin of the name Nara have been proposed, some of the better-known ones are listed here; the second theory in the list, by notable folklorist Kunio Yanagita, is most accepted at present. The Nihon Shoki suggests. According to this account, in September in the tenth year of Emperor Sujin, "leading selected soldiers went forward, climbed Nara-yama and put them in order.
Now the imperial forces flattened trees and plants. Therefore the mountain is called Nara-yama." Though the narrative itself is regarded as a folk etymology and few researchers regard it as historical, this is the oldest surviving suggestion, is linguistically similar to the following theory by Yanagita. "Flat land" theory: In his 1936 study of placenames, the author Kunio Yanagita states that "the topographical feature of an area of gentle gradient on the side of a mountain, called taira in eastern Japan and hae in the south of Kyushu, is called naru in the Chūgoku region and Shikoku. This word gives rise to the verb narasu, adverb narashi, adjective narushi." This is supported by entries in a dialect dictionary for nouns referring to flat areas: naru and naro. Yanagita further comments that the way in which the fact that so many of these placenames are written using the character 平, or other characters in which it is an element, demonstrates the validity of this theory. Citing a 1795 document, Inaba-shi from the province of Inaba, the eastern part of modern Tottori, as indicating the reading naruji for the word 平地, Yanagita suggests that naruji would have been used as a common noun there until the modern period.
Of course, the fact that "Nara" was written 平 or 平城 as above is further support for this theory. The idea that Nara is derived from 楢 nara is the next most common opinion; this idea was suggested by Yoshida Togo. This noun for the plant can be seen as early as in Man ` Harima-no-kuni Fudoki; the latter book states the place name Narahara in Harima derives from this nara tree, which might support Yoshida's theory. Note that the name of the nearby city of Kashihara contains a semantically similar morpheme. Nara could be a loan word from Korean nara; this idea was put forward by a linguist Matsuoka Shizuo. Not much about the Old Korean language is known today, the first written attestation of a word ancestral to Modern Korean nara is as late as the 15th century, such as in Yongbieocheonga, Wolinseokbo, or Beophwagyeongeonhae, there is no evidence that proves the word existed as far back as the 7th century; these 15th-century books used narah, an old form of nara in Korean, its older form might be reconstructed *narak.
American linguist Christopher I. Beckwith infers the Korean narak derives from the late Middle Old Chinese 壌, from early *narak, has no connection with Goguryoic and Japanese na. Kusuhara et al. points out this hypothesis cannot account for the fact there are lots of places named Nara and Naro besides this Nara. There is the idea. In some Tungusic languages such as Orok, na means land or the like; some have speculated about a connection between these Tungusic words and Old Japanese nawi, an archaic and somewhat obscure word that appears in the verb phrases nawi furu and nawi yoru. The "Flat land" theory is adopted by Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, various dictionaries for place names, history books on Nara and the like today, it is regarded as the most likely. By decree of an edict on March 11, 708 AD, Empress Genmei ordered the court to relocate to the new capital, Nara. Once known as Heijō or Heijō-kyō, the city was established as Japan’s first permanent capital in 710 CE. Heijō, as the ‘penultimate court’, was abandoned by the order of Emperor Kammu in 784 CE in favor of the temporary site of Nagaoka, Kyoto which retained the status of capital for 1,100 years, until the Meiji Emperor made the final move to Edo
World War II
World War II known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries; the major participants threw their entire economic and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China, it included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, the only use of nuclear weapons in war. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Finland and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history; this Eastern Front trapped most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States as well as European colonies in the Pacific. Following an immediate U. S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers declared war on the U.
S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories; the Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in Central China, South China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands; the war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945.
Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. Tribunals were set up by fiat by the Allies and war crimes trials were conducted in the wake of the war both against the Germans and the Japanese. World War II changed the political social structure of the globe; the United Nations was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The Soviet Union and United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the nearly half-century long Cold War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonisation of Africa and Asia.
Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic expansion. Political integration in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities and create a common identity; the start of the war in Europe is held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred and the two wars merged in 1941; this article uses the conventional dating. Other starting dates sometimes used for World War II include the Italian invasion of Abyssinia on 3 October 1935; the British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the fo
Sakurai is a city located in Nara Prefecture, Japan. As of March 31, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 58,386, 24,629 households; the population density is 590 persons per km², the total area is 98.92 km². Sakurai was the capital of Japan during the reign of Emperor Yūryaku; the life of the Imperial court was centered at Hatsuse no Asakura Palace where the emperor lived in 457–479. Other emperors built palaces in the area, including Iware no Mikakuri Palace, 480–484 in reign of Emperor Seinei Nimiki Palace, 499–506 in reign of Emperor Buretsu Iware no Tamaho Palace, 526–532 in reign of Emperor Keitai Hinokuma no Iorino Palace, 535-539 in reign of Emperor Senka Osata no Sakitama Palace or Osada no Miya, 572–585 in reign of Emperor BidatsuThe modern city was founded on September 1, 1956. Sakurai is home to Ōmiwa Shrine, traditionally considered one of the oldest Shinto shrines in Japan dedicated to the god of sake. Sake dealers across Japan hang a wooden sugi ball, made at Ōmiwa Shrine, as a talisman to the god of sake.
It was featured in Yukio Mishima's novel Runaway Horses. Buddhist temples Miwasanbyōdō-ji Hase-dera Asuka-dera Tachibana-dera Abe Monju-in Seirin-ji Shinto shrines Ōmiwa Shrine Tanzan Shrine Kasayamakō Shrine Tamatsura Shrine West Japan Railway Company Sakurai Line: Makimuku Station - Miwa Station - Sakurai Station Kintetsu Railway Osaka Line: Daifuku Station - Sakurai Station - Yamato-Asakura Station - Hasedera Station Japan National Route 165 Japan National Route 166 Japan National Route 169 Kumano, Mie Taisha, Shimane Chartres, France. Media related to Sakurai, Nara at Wikimedia Commons Sakurai City official website at the Library of Congress Web Archives Sakurai City official website
Yamatotakada is a city located in Nara Prefecture, Japan. As of April 1, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 29,713 households; the population density is 4,000 persons per km², the total area is 16.48 km². The city continues to develop as a local business and government center in the center of Nara Prefecture. Inhabited since the Paleolithic age, the city area nurtured paddy field agriculture in the fertile Nara Basin since ancient times. Large keyhole type burial mounds were constructed in the northwestern part of the city around the 5th century. A local samurai family ruled the area in the medieval age, but the lord of Takada perished in 1580 at the hand of a local vassal of the powerful Oda Nobunaga. In the early modern age, the city area developed as a local market town with a big Buddhist temple at its core. With the introduction of Western civilisation into Japan, a modern spinning factory was set up here at the end of the nineteenth century. Since the city became a center of the modern textile industry.
After the Second World War, Takada was designated as a city in 1948. In 1963, the city of Yamatotakada was established, through the arrangement of an Australian Catholic father, a sister-city relationship with Lismore, New South Wales, Australia, it is known as the first such relationship between the two countries. Toshiharu Matsuda, who served as mayor of the city since 1992, resigned in 2003. During his terms of office he executed ambitious construction plans resulting in burdensome borrowings, he was criticized for his connection with a gangster boss in the city of Nara. Masakatsu Yoshida, elected as new major in April, 2003, has had to cope with the deteriorating financial problems combined with a curtailed national subsidy and mounting unpaid city tax. A citizens' group advocates new friendship relation with Jiujiang, Jiangxi Province in central China, though city administrators are still reluctant. Nara Prefecture Kashihara Gose Kashiba Katsuragi Kōryō Lismore, Australia Primary Schools Takada Elementary School Iwasono Elementary School Katashio Elementary School Ukiana Elementary School Ukiananishi Elementary School Junior High Schools Takada Junior High School Takadanishi Junior High School Katashio Junior High School High Schools Takada High School Takadahigashi High School Nara Culture High School Japan Aviation High School Takada Commerce High School Universities Nara Culture Women's Junior College Other Bigei Gakuen Vocational School Apollo Gakuin Fashion Business School West Japan Railway Company Wakayama Line.