I Do Not Care If We Go Down in History as Barbarians
I Do Not Care If We Go Down in History as Barbarians is a 2018 internationally co-produced comedy film directed by Radu Jude. It was selected as the Romanian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 91st Academy Awards, but it was not nominated; the film examines the 1941 Odessa massacre on the Eastern Front in 1941. Ioana Iacob as Mariana Alex Bogdan as Traian Alexandru Dabija as Movila List of submissions to the 91st Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film List of Romanian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film I Do Not Care If We Go Down in History as Barbarians on IMDb
Dalia Friedland is an Israeli actress and singer. Dalia Friedland was born in Tel-Aviv to parents who were both actors and founders of Israel's "Habima" National Theater, Zvi Friedland and Chana Hendler. After completing two years of military service she pursued drama studies at the Central School of Speech and Drama in London along with Judi Dench, Vanessa Redgrave and Anna Cropper. Upon completion of her studies she joined the company of the Habima Theater, she appeared in her first role in Habima Theatre, directed by her father. She appeared in Who's Afraid of Virginia Wolf, directed by Hy Kalus, "Long Day's Journey Into Night", "Six Characters in Search of an Author", "The Seagull", Cat on a Hot Tin Roof", "A Doll's House", "The Hypochondriac", Abraham Goldfaden's "The Witch", one-woman show The Servant Tzerlin, in Neil Simon's The Prisoner of Second Avenue, she co-wrote and, along with the English actress, Anna Cropper, acted in, "Across The Bridge", the story of two Holocaust survivors, whose premiere performance was at "Yad Vashem" in Jerusalem.
She co-wrote and performed n the play If I Forget Thee oh Jerusalem for the 30000th anniversary of Jerusalem, in Israel and the United States, which included a special performance at the United Nations. The tour had a special emphasis on reaching non-Jewish audiences. Friedland's biographical one-woman show, Born to the Theatre, was performed in Israel, the United States and Russia in Hebrew and Russian, she was appointed to perform her one-women show by the Israeli Ministry representing Israel in an International Jewish Theatre Festival in Russia. She appeared in several International Films, including "Impossible on Saturday" with Robert Hirsch, "Neither by Day Nor by Night" with Zalman King and Edward G. Robinson, "7 fois... par jour" with Jean Coutu and Rosanna Schiaffino. Friedland is known in Israel for her performances and records for children, including "Shmulik-Hedgehog", "Shubi the Teddy Bear" by Gideon Koren, Babar the Elephant, barbapapa and the Tramp and many others./. Her children's album and performance, "Bubble Gum Seeds", toured for the Jewish National Fund in Canada and for the UJA in the United States.
Friedland was the recipient of the "Kinor David" prize on three occasions. In 1999, she received the Israeli Oscar as Best Supporting Actress for her role in the Israeli Oscar winner for best film, Yana's Friends. Music of Israel Theater of Israel Culture of Israel Official website Dalia Friedland on IMDb Dalia Friedland at habima.co.il
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Avi Benjamin is an Estonian and Israeli composer and performer, musical director of the Israeli Gesher Theater since its foundation in 1991. Avi Benjamin was born as Avi Nedzvetsky in Tallinn, his father was a professor of psychology at the University of Tartu and his mother was a physician. At age of 4, Benjamin started to learn piano in Tartu, when he was 15 his family moved to Tallinn, where he continued his studies at the Musical College with the pianist and teacher Renate Goznaya. After graduation from the college he was accepted to the Estonian Academy of Theater. At the academy, Benjamin was studying piano under Toivo Nahkur. Among his teachers were pianist Anna Klas and composer Jaan Rääts. In mid-70s, in Tallinn, Benjamin became familiar with the contemporary Western music prohibited in the USSR at that time. Rock'n' Roll, hard rock and jazz soon became a part of his life together with the classical music. During his studies at the academy, Benjamin was performing with the Estonian Philharmonic Orchestra, following his graduation he became a musical director of the Estonian State Russian Drama Theater in Tallinn.
In mid 80-s Benjamin moved to Moscow to work as a theater composer. In Moscow, Benjamin composed music for the TYUZ and the Hermitage Theater, his musical “Goodbye America!” based on the famous children poem “Mister Twister” by Samuil Marshak and staged in TYUZ by director Henrietta Yanovskaya, was named the “Best Show in Moscow” in the 1988-1989 season. He composed music to the “Journey of Benjamin the Third to the Holy Land” for Hermitage Theater; the play translated from Yiddish by the poet Velvl Chernin was directed by Nikolay Sheiko casting Eugene Gerchakov as a main character – the “Jewish Don Quixote” Benjamin the Third. Soon the performance built up a cult status with the Moscow Jewish community as its premiere coincided with the start of the new wave of Jewish exodus from the Soviet Union. During his time in Moscow Benjamin became interested in Jewish music and formed a Klezmer band. In February 1991, Benjamin moved to Israel and settled in Jerusalem. Soon after arrival he was approached by Slava Maltzev and Yevgeny Arye – founders of the Gesher Theater and asked to join a new theater as its “house composer”.
At this time he adopted “Benjamin” as his last name as a tribute to his father. His first work for Gesher was a music to the “Dreyfus Case”, followed by the “Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead”, both directed by Yevgeny Arye. In his twenty years as a composer and a conductor with Gesher, Benjamin wrote music to more than 30 plays. In his theatrical work, Benjamin explored and combined various musical styles: from rock to jazz to klezmer to name a few. In particular, Benjamin composed music to the play “Adam – the Son of Dog” based on the book of the same name by Yoram Kaniuk and directed by Yevgeny Arye; the play, staged in the circus tent built for this performance, became the signature of the theater and the basis of documentary “Adam’s Circus" directed by Lihi Hanoch. In 1997, Benjamin was awarded the Meir Margalit Prize for his work with Gesher; the musical “Devil in Moscow” after the famous classical novel “The Master and Margarita” by Mikhail Bulgakov became another highlight in Benjamin’s theatrical career.
In 2001, he won Israeli Theater Award as the best composer for this work. The musical became the most outspoken event of the 2000-2001 theatrical season and its cast included famous Israeli actors Chaim Topol and Sassi Keshet among others. In addition to his work for Gesher, Benjamin composed music to the play Gebirtig for the Tel Aviv Yiddishpiel Theater, he wrote the score to the number of movies – most famous of them Yana's Friends directed by Arik Kaplun won the Ophir Prize as the best Israeli movie of 1999 and the number of awards on the various film festivals in Israel and abroad. In 2002, the recording company AOC released the collection of two CDs “The Gesher Music” with the music composed and performed by Benjamin for Gesher Theater. In 2003, the Raanana Symphonette Orchestra performed a world premiere of the symphonic suite by Benjamin based on the material for the musical “Devil in Moscow”. In 2012, Benjamin started a new conceptual music and multimedia project "Soundtracks to the movies that don't yet exist".
The project is co-produced by Michael Vaisburd and it combines on-stage performance by Benjamin using the musical instruments of new generation with on-screen performers Evgenia Dodina, Michal Weinberg, Neta Shpiegelman, Ilya Mem and Noemi Meylakh and voice-over by Lihi Hanoch, Makiko Ikehara, Noa Koler and others. Avi Benjamin is married to the actress Evgenia Dodina, they have a daughter Anna. Benjamin has a son Gur from his first marriage. Avi Benjamin's channel on YouTube Biography on the Habama website Biography on the Gesher Theater website Interview with Avi Benjamin on the CultureBuzz Israel Channel on YouTube Avi Benjamin on IMDb Interview with Avi Benjamin published in the Haaretz newspaper, in Hebrew
Mosko Alkalai was an Israeli stage and film actor, a Jew born in Romania. He was best known for a string of hits including Blaumilch Canal, The Fox in the Chicken Coop and Yana's Friends. Alkalai's career in acting started late, though his career in film and theater roles spanned 40 years, he appeared in dozens of Israeli films and theater productions. Alkalai was active in professional organizations within the Israeli entertainment industry, he served as the chairman of the Israeli Union of Performing Arts. and was a member of the Israeli Film Academy and the Israeli Arts Council. Alkalai was the 2003 winner of the Israeli Film Academy's lifetime Achievement Award. Mosko Alkalai died of respiratory failure at the age of 77 on April 2008 in Tel Aviv, he had undergone surgery at Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center several weeks prior to his death, but never recovered. His casket was placed at the Habima Theatre in Tel Aviv before he was buried at Kiryat Shaul Cemetery, he was survived by his wife and their two sons and Shai.
Mosko Alkalai on IMDb The Jerusalem Post: In Appreciation: Moscu Alkalai, 1931-2008
Nine Days in One Year
Nine Days in One Year is a 1962 Soviet black-and-white drama film directed by Mikhail Romm about nuclear particle physics and their relationships. The film is based on true events, it is one of the most important Soviet films of the 1960s. It won the Crystal Globe Award in 1962. Two young physicists and old friends — the possessed experimental physicist Dmitri Gusev and the skeptical theoretical physicist Ilya Kulikov — conduct nuclear studies at a research institute in Siberia. Dmitri leads the research started by his teacher Sintsov, who has received a deadly dose of radiation as a result of an experiment. Dmitri has been irradiated. Doctors warn him. Meanwhile, his friend Ilya and Lyolya, a love interest of Dmitri, have developed a romantic relationship; the enamoured couple is getting prepared for the wedding and looking for an opportunity to inform Dmitri. When they meet, Dmitri suspects Lyolya and Ilya and treats them coldly. Caught up in self-contradictions, Lyolya tries to understand Dmitri's true feelings for her, only to learn the terrible diagnosis.
Realizing that she still loves Dmitri, Lyolya cancels the wedding to Ilya. Despite the health warnings, Dmitri continues with his experiments in fusion power. After a number of failures, he turns to Ilya for help. Whilst carrying out of the experiment Dmitri receives a new radiation dose, he tries to hide this fact from everyone, including his wife Lyolya, misinterpreting his sudden isolation, though the truth rises to the surface. The research work has been continued by Ilya. Dmitri's health is getting worse, but he decides to fight his illness to the end and agrees to undergo bone marrow transplantation; the film's working title was 365 Days. Mikhail Romm assembled a team of people with whom he had never worked before. Popular actors Yury Yakovlev and Alexey Batalov were hired for the main roles. Before the filming started, Yakovlev was hospitalized and had to be replaced with Innokenty Smoktunovsky. For the main female part a young and little-known actress Tatyana Lavrova of the Sovremennik Theatre was invited.
The role of Lyolya was Tatiana’s best known role in her film career she devoted herself to the theater. I had great interest in working on my portrayal of Dmitry Gusev; the life of this atomic scientist is filled with a persistent and moreover with quite an inconspicuous feat. The role of Gusev appeals to me the fact that he is a modern man intelligent, we can say – a man of the new Soviet formation; the screenplay was written by Romm jointly with Khrabrovitsky. The cinematographer of the film was a newcomer German Lavrov. In many respects, the picture became a new word in the Soviet cinema. Experts have noted an unusual interpretation of the theme song and sound engineering - in fact there is no music, there is only a certain sound accompaniment of the technological sense; the sets of the film were innovative. The filming took 6 months; the premiere was on the 5th of March 1962 at the Rossiya Theatre in Moscow.7 actors participated in the film who were awarded the title of People's Artist of the USSR: Batalov, Plotnikov, Gerdt, Durov.
The director Mikhail Romm became the People's Artist of the USSR in 1950. Alexey Batalov witnessed that numerous dark parts which were conceived by the authors were removed from the film per censorship requirements; as a result, an episode was removed where Gusev visits his mother's grave, a possible indication that in the finale the disease leads to Gusev becoming blind. Hoberman, J.. "FILM. The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-02-06. Aleksey Batalov as Dmitri Gusev, nuclear physicist Innokenty Smoktunovsky as Ilya Kulikov, nuclear physicist Tatyana Lavrova as Lyolya Nikolai Plotnikov as professor Sintsov Sergei Blinnikov as Paul D. Butov, director of the Institute Yevgeniy Yevstigneyev as Nikolai Ivanovich, physicist Mikhail Kozakov as Valery Ivanovich, physicist Valentin Nikulin as young physicist Pavel Shpringfeld as physicist Aleksandr Pelevin as physicist Yevgeni Teterin as professor Pokrovsky Nikolai Sergeyev as Gusev's Father Ada Vojtsik as Maria Tikhonovna, Sintsov's wife Valentina Belyayeva as doctor Igor Yasulovich as Fedorov, physicist Lyusyena Ovchinnikova as Nura, Gusev's younger sisterOff-screen voice by Zinovi Gerdt.
Nine Days in One Year at AllMovie Nine Days in One Year on IMDb Nine Days in One Year at Turner Classic Movies
The Fall of Berlin (film)
The Fall of Berlin is a 1950 Soviet war film and an example of Soviet realism, in two parts separated in the manner of a serial, directed by Mikheil Chiaureli, released by the Mosfilm Studio. The script was written by Pyotr Pavlenko, the musical score composed by Dmitri Shostakovich, it starred Mikheil Gelovani as Joseph Stalin. Portraying the history of the Second World War with a focus on a positive depiction of the role the Soviet leader played in the events, it is considered one of the most important representations of Stalin's cult of personality. Alexei Ivanov, a shy steel factory worker surpasses his production quota and is chosen to receive the Order of Lenin and to have a personal interview with Joseph Stalin. Alexei has difficulties approaching her; when he meets Stalin, who tends his garden, the leader helps him to understand his emotions and tells him to recite poetry to her. They both have a luncheon with the rest of the Soviet leadership in Stalin's home. After returning from Moscow, Alexei confesses his love to Natasha.
While they are both having a stroll in a wheat field, their town is attacked by the Germans, who invade the Soviet Union. Alexei loses his consciousness and sinks into a coma; when he awakes, he is told that the Germans are at the gates of Moscow. In the capital, Stalin plans the defense of the city, explaining to the demoralized Georgy Zhukov how to deploy his forces. Alexei volunteers for the Red Army, takes part in the parade in the Red Square and in the Battle of Moscow. At Berlin, after receiving the blessings of his allies – Turkey, the Vatican and Japan – and watching a long column of Soviet slaves-laborers, Natasha among them, Adolf Hitler is furious to hear that Moscow has not fallen, he dismisses Walther von Brauchitsch from his office and offers the command of the army to Gerd von Rundstedt. Hitler orders to attack Stalingrad. In the meanwhile, Hermann Göring negotiates with British capitalist Bedstone, who supplies Germany with needed materials. After the Soviet victory in Stalingrad, Vasily Chuikov tells Ivanov that Stalin is always with the Red Army.
The storyline leaps to the Yalta Conference, where Stalin and his Western Allies debate the future of the war. Stalin asks his generals who will take they or the Western Allies; the generals answer. Alexei's Guards Army advances towards Berlin, while Hitler has a nervous breakdown and demands that his soldiers fight to the end; the Germans plan to execute the inmates of the concentration camp in which Natasha is held before the arrival of the Red Army, but Alexei's unit liberates the prisoners before they carry through their design. Natasha faints, he does not find her. Hitler and the German leadership fall into despair and lose their grip on reality the closer the Soviets get to Berlin. Hitler orders to flood the subway stations as the Soviets approach, he marries Eva Braun and commits suicide. Gen. Hans Krebs begs for a ceasefire. Stalin orders to accept only an unconditional surrender. Alexei is chosen to carry the Victory Banner, alongside Meliton Kantaria, their division storms the Reichstag and the three hoist the banner atop of it.
The Germans surrender and Red Army soldiers from throughout the USSR celebrate victory. Stalin's plane lands in Berlin, he is greeted by an enthusiastic crowd of peoples of "all the nations", holding posters with his picture and waving various nations' flags. Stalin carries a speech. Standing in the crowd and Natasha recognize each other and are reunited. Natasha asks Stalin to let her kiss him on the cheek, they hug while prisoners praise Stalin in numerous languages; the film ends with Stalin wishing all happiness. Stalin's cult of personality, which began to manifest itself in the late 1930s, was marginalized during World War II; the premier's character appeared in only two pictures during the war. However, as victory seemed secure, Stalin tightened his control over every aspect of the Soviet society, including cinema. After 1945, his cult returned to the screen with greater intensity than before, he was credited as the sole architect of Germany's defeat. Denise J. Youngblood wrote that shortly afterwards, there remained only three kinds of war heroes: "the dead, the maimed and Stalin."
Mikheil Chiaureli, Stalin's favourite director, writer Pyotr Pavlenko have collaborated to create the 1946 personality cult picture The Vow. The Soviet Minister of Cinema, Ivan Bolshakov, instructed them both to begin work on The Fall of Berlin shortly after the release of The Vow in July 1946; the film was conceived as the Mosfilm studio's gift to Stalin for his official 70th birthday, to be held on 21 December 1949. The Fall was supposed to be part of a cycle of ten films about the premier's role in World War II, entitled Stalin's Ten Blows, though not corresponding with the eponymous series of Eastern Front campaigns; the project was only fulfilled until Stalin's death. As with all films in which his character made an appearance, Stalin took a keen interest in the work on The Fall of Berlin; the premier intervened in Pavlenko's writing, read the screenplay's manuscript and corrected several grammatical mistakes.